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POSITIVE MATERIAL IDENTIFICATION – PMI

Positive Material Identification (PMI) is the analysis of a metallic alloy


to establish composition by reading the percentage quantities of its
constituent elements. The object of this nondestructive testing
method is to identify metal alloys in place using a portable X-Ray
fluorescent analyzer that determines the elemental composition of
the material.
IRISNDT APPLIES PMI

 To test ferrous and non-ferrous metallic materials, stainless steels,


Monels, Inconels, Hastelloys, Aluminum alloys, nickel based alloys,
exotic materials
 While verifying material compliance in power and petrochemical
industries
 To inspect valves and valve components, pipe, fittings, machined
parts, castings, forgings, bolts and stock items
 To inspect welds and weld overlays
 To verify compliance of new and in-service pressure vessels, plate
material, and structural steel
ADVANTAGES
 Rapid and accurate analysis

 Highly portable digital technology, can be used on site

 Certifies components requiring NACE MR0175/ISO 15156

 Leaves no trace of testing on test sample

 Care must be taken to ensure that the surface of the test specimen
is representative of the material as a whole
 The instrument must be able to maintain surface contact with the
material
LIMITATIONS
 The depth of penetration of the x-ray for most elements is less than
one thousandth of an inch in steel. Care must be taken to ensure
that the surface of the material being analyzed is chemically
representative of the whole
 Surface of the item must be accessible and subject to satisfactory
cleaning and visual inspection
 Analyzers are limited to identifying only those alloys that are listed
in the manufacturer’s library for the analyzer
 Material verification cannot be performed where the material
temperature is in excess of approximately 90 °C (200 °F), unless
specialized equipment and techniques are used
 Identification of small amounts of a specific element in an item
can be difficult
 Carbon, sulfur and phosphorous cannot be identified with x-ray
fluorescence
PMI FUNDAMENTALS
Typical methods for PMI include X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and optical
emission spectrometry (OES). IRISNDT carries out PMI using the latest
portable analyzers. All analyzers have a margin of error that varies
by element and activity of the radioactive source. The identification
of small amounts of a specific element in an item can be difficult.
Test results are summarized in an inspection report.