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Natural resources

. Natural resources refer to the things that exist


freely in nature for human use and don’t necessarily
need the action of mankind for their generation or
production. The key aspect of natural resources is
that they dictate the survival of humans and other
life forms on earth. These resources include land,
rocks, forests (vegetation), water (ocean, lakes,
streams, seas, and rivers), fossil fuel, animals (fish,
wild life, and domesticated animals), minerals,
sunlight and air.

Some examples of natural resources are: air which


provides wind energy, Coal which act as an input for
electricity, forests which provide paper, wood and
various medicines, Water which is used for drinking
and production of hydroelectric energy, sunlight that
is used for drying clothes, photosynthesis and solar
energy.

They are known as Natural Resources because they


provide for the basis of life on earth. It is from the natural
resources that humans obtain and produce the components
and materials found within our environments. Every
artificial product is made from the natural resources. The
materials may be used as they occur naturally or may be
transformed in other forms.

However, most natural resources are prone to depletion


and degradation which has brought about worldwide
concerns for their sustainable usage and management.

CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT OF


NATURAL RESOURCES
CONSERVATION
Conservation goals include conserve habitat,
preventing deforestation, halting species extinction,
reducing overfishing and mitigating climate change.
Different philosophical outlooks guide
conservationists towards different goals.
The principal value underlying many expressions of
the conservation ethic is that the natural world has
intrinsic and intangible worth along with utilitarian
value – a view carried forward by parts of the
scientific conservation movement and some of the
older Romantic schools of ecology movement.
Philosophers have attached intrinsic value to
different aspects of nature, whether this is individual
organisms (biocentrism) or ecological wholes such
as species or ecosystems

management
refers to the management of natural resources such
as land, water, soil, plants and animals, with a
particular focus on how management affects
the quality of life for both present and future
generations (stewardship).
Natural resource management deals with managing
the way in which people and
natural landscapes interact. It brings together land
use planning, water management, biodiversity
conservation, and the future sustainability of
industries
like agriculture, mining, tourism, fisheries and forestr
y. It recognises that people and their livelihoods rely
on the health and productivity of our landscapes,
and their actions as stewards of the land play a
critical role in maintaining this health and
productivity.[1]
Natural resource management specifically focuses
on a scientific and technical understanding of
resources and ecology and the life-supporting
capacity of those resources.
SOCIO ECONOMIC,POLITICAL AND
ETHICAL ISSUES

sometimes with a negative connotation of


accompanying environmental degradation. It started
to emerge on an industrial scale in the 19th century
as the extraction and processing of raw
materials (such as in mining, steam power,
and machinery) developed much further than it had
in preindustrial areas. During the 20th
century, energy consumption rapidly increased.
Today, about 80% of the world’s energy
consumption is sustained by the extraction of fossil
fuels, which consists
of oil, coal and gas.[2] Another non-renewable
resource that is exploited by humans is subsoil
minerals such as precious metals that are mainly
used in the production of
industrial commodities. Intensive agriculture is an
example of a mode of production that hinders many
aspects of the natural environment, for example
the degradation of forests in a terrestrial
ecosystem and water pollution in an aquatic
ecosystem. As the world population rises
and economic growth occurs, the depletion of
natural resources influenced by the unsustainable
extraction of raw materials becomes an increasing
concern.[3]
ALSO DUE TO PRIVATE OWNERSHIP OF MANY natural

resources the conservation is very


difficult people are now exploiting it
even more for money.
Politicians are also in the business of
exploiting natural resources.