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University of Michigan-Dearborn

FALL 2019

ME 591, Degradation of Materials

Quiz 3

(09/24/2019)

1. The potential or the electromotive force corresponding to the corrosion reaction Mg + H 2 O + ½ O 2 Mg(OH) 2 (ΔG° = -142,600 calories) is :

a. ~-3.1 kV

b. ~0.74 V

c. ~-6.2 V

d. ~2.06 V

e. ~3.1 V

f. ~-3.1 V

g. None of the above

2. The potential or the electromotive force corresponding to the corrosion reaction Al + 3/2 H 2 O + 3/4 O 2 Al(OH) 3 (ΔG° = -15,700 calories) is :

a. ~-0.227 kV

b. ~0.227 V

c. ~-0.227 V

d. ~0.054 V

e. ~-0.054 V

f. None of the above

3. The standard electrode potentials (reduction) of few reactions are given below:

Ag + + e - Ag (0.799 V) 2H + + 2e - H 2 (0 V) O 2 + 4H + + 4e - 2H 2 O (1.229 V)

Which of the following is/are TRUE?

a. Under standard conditions, silver will corrode in both aerated and deaerated acid

b. Under standard conditions, silver will corrode in aerated acid but not in deaerated acid

c. Under standard conditions, silver will corrode in deaerated acid but not in aerated acid

d. Silver will not corrode in both aerated and deaerated acid whatever be the conditions

e. None of the above

4. For a corrosion reaction A + B + A + + B, if E > 0, the cell reaction

a. A corrodes

b. B corrodes

c. No corrosion reaction

d. Reaction proceeds in the forward direction

e. Reaction proceeds in the reverse direction

f. None of the above

5. The reversible potential for a strip of metallic zinc in contact with Zn 2+ having activity 10 -3 is :

a. 0.85 V

b. -0.85 V

c. 0.58 V

d. -0.58 V

e. -0.76

f. None of the above

6. The value of (2.303 R T)/F varies with

a. Temperature

b. The metal being considered

c. The melting point of the metal

d. The number of electrons involved

e. None of the above

7. Assume standard states for all corrosion reactants and products. Determine the spontaneous direction of the following reactions by calculating the cell potential:

Cu + 2HCl = CuCl 2 + H 2

8. Assume standard states for all corrosion reactants and products. Determine the spontaneous direction of the following reactions by calculating the cell potential:

2Al + 3 ZnSO 4 = Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 + 3 Zn

9. Calculate whether silver will corrode if immersed in 0.1M CuCl2 to form solid AgCl. What is the corrosion tendency in volts? (Assume temperature is 25 °C)