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ENN103F/102/2/2019

Tutorial Letter 102/2/2019

English for Academic Purposes


ENN103F

Semesters 2

Department of English Studies

This is a feed forward tutorial letter for assignment 1 and 2

BARCODE
CONTENTS

Page

1 INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................................... 3
2 ASSIGNMENT 1 ........................................................................................................................... 4
3 ASSIGNMENT 2 ......................................................................................................................... 10
4 LIVESTREAMING ...................................................................................................................... 18

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1 INTRODUCTION
Welcome to ENN103F. We have a study guide, tutorial letter 101 and a textbook. The purpose
of this tutorial letter 102 is to assist you when writing assignments and studying the module.
This module is based on reading and writing. It requires practice. You need a certain degree of
proficiency in English in order to master academic literacy. We therefore intend to guide you
through the various resources for the module in order for you to learn successfully. We are a
distance institution. We rely on technology, print and at times face-to-face. Enjoy reading this
tutorial letter and ask for help from tutors, e-tutors, lecturers, and support staff when you need
guidance.

IMPORTANT: WE HAVE GIVEN YOU THE MARK BREAKDOWN FOR EACH QUESTION:
PLEASE PAY CAREFUL ATTENTION TO THIS. You will note that language is an important
component of each question. Proof-read your work several times before submission to make
sure your work is error-free. The diagrams1 below may assist you in planning your work:

1
The diagrams were sourced from: https://slideplayer.com/slide/6354675/
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2 ASSIGNMENT 1
Before you attempt to answer this assignment, make sure that you have read and
understood the passage on which these questions are based.

QUESTION 1

The answers for this question SHOULD BE IN PARAGRAPH FORM. They should not be longer
than 100 words each. Please consult your Study Guide page 36-39 on writing paragraphs. Your
textbook also has detailed material on writing paragraphs (Gaetz et al. 2018: 83-88). Please
study these texts and the examples given carefully. A paragraph should have:
A Topic Sentence: which introduces the idea of the paragraph
A Supporting Sentence: which explains or gives examples of the idea
A Concluding Sentence: which sums up the ideas you have discussed

a) The author uses the word mensch in paragraph three. Find the meaning and
relevance of the word in the context of the title of the essay: ‘The Untranslatable
Word “Macho”’. Justify your answer. [10 marks]

There are two strategies, among many, that we will mention that can help you with
understanding the meaning of an unknown word. Firstly, you can deduce the meaning of
mensch in context – in other words, you can predict the meaning of the word if you have read
and understood the passage. The surrounding words and sentences can help you in this
regard. Now look at this sentence as an example:

Tlatso was playing a pleasant tune on the mbiro when his mother called him.

We may not know what the word "mbiro” means but from where it is located in the sentence we
can guess that it is an object of some sort. Because Tlatso was “playing a pleasant tune” on the
‘mbiro’ this leads us to make an educated guess that an ‘mbiro’ is a musical instrument. We can
thus see how syntax (organisation of words) gives us some clues as to the meaning of an
unfamiliar word.

Secondly, you may make use of an online dictionary or any standard dictionary to find out what
mensch means, but remember your definition should be in context to what is being discussed in
the passage. You should provide us with relevant examples and you may quote from the
passage to justify your answer. Your response should be about 100 words in length.

Content – 6 Marks
Language- 4 Marks [10 marks]

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b) The author uses the phrase patriarchal society in paragraph 10 and provides some
examples. In two paragraphs, analyse the notion of patriarchy in relation to your
context (society/country). Your analysis should demonstrate how your context
exhibits features of patriarchy. Name the country/state you have chosen to discuss
to provide context to your answer. [10 marks]

Use research, library and information skills and the two strategies mentioned in the previous
question to answer this question. You must understand what patriarchy is before you begin to
write about it. Try to understand the meaning of a patriarchal society in context – you should
read the surrounding sentences and words in order to understand what patriarchy is. If you still
struggle with this strategy, use a dictionary and check the meaning of ‘patriarchy’. Having done
that, you should be in a position to answer this question correctly. This question requires you to
choose one country/society of your choice and explain what a patriarchal society is and how
patriarchy is practised in such a country/society. You are required to provide us with
relevant examples from your chosen context. Again, you may quote from the text to justify your
answer. Your response should be about 100 words in length.

Content – 6 Marks
Language- 4 Marks [10 marks]

c) Identify the thesis statement of the essay. By focusing on the first two paragraphs,
explain how the thesis is developed in the central argument of those two
paragraphs. [10 marks]

Your textbook states that your thesis statement is “the main idea that you want to express. A
clear thesis statement presents the topic of the essay, and it includes a controlling idea that
expresses the writer’s opinion, attitude, or feeling about the topic” (Gaetz et al. 2018: 13).
Please read through the rest of the chapter (Gaetz et al. 2018:13-25) for ideas on how to
identify a thesis statement. Further information on thesis statements in an essay can be found
on pages 138 to 154 of your textbook (Gaetz et al. 2018: 138-154). Remember you are looking
for the writer’s thesis statement, not your own 

In this question, you are required to identify the thesis statement of the passage The
Untranslatable Word “Macho” by Rose del Castillo Guilbault. You must focus on the first two
paragraphs of the afore-mentioned passage. This means that you have to read the first two
paragraphs in order to understand what the main idea of the essay is Authors use different
strategies to develop or expand their thesis statement to strengthen their main ideas, having
said that, this question further requires you to explain how the author uses the strategies
referred to previously to develop her thesis statement. Identify or tell us what the main
idea/thesis statement is and quote evidence from the first paragraph to justify your answer.
Then, explain how this thesis statement is developed in paragraph 1 and 2, for example, what is
done by the author to support her thesis statement? Explain these ideas and support your
answer by quoting from the text to justify your answer. Your response should be about 100
words in length.

Content – 6 Marks
Language- 4 Marks [10 marks]

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d) What is the writer comparing and contrasting in the essay? Provide examples from
the essay to substantiate your answer. [5 marks]

For more information on comparing and contrasting, refer to page 98 of your prescribed
textbook.
In this question, we would like you to tell us: What is being compared (similarities) and
contrasted (differences) in the essay? Provide at least two examples (one compare and one
contrast example) from the text to show us you understand the comparison being made. You
may include quotations in your response. Your response should be about 100 words in length.
Content – 3 marks (1 mark where you show us the comparison being made, 2 marks for
providing two examples)
Language – 2 marks (2 marks for providing an error-free response) [5 marks]

QUESTION 2
Read the question carefully before you attempt to answer this question. We have
highlighted important key words that you should consider:

From reading Chapter 6 of your prescribed text, you should now have an idea of how the
features of academic writing are constituted. Find two paragraphs from an academic text,
such as published journal articles in your field of study. Submit the two paragraphs as part of
your answer and reference them properly. From the two paragraphs you have selected,
identify three features of academic writing the author of the text has used. These must include
the use of formal vocabulary, passive voice, cautious language, subjective vs objective
language and the use of questions. (List the features and provide a short explanation.)
[15 marks]

 The first thing you need to do is to find a journal article. Journals are available from libraries.
If you are unable to go to a library, try searching for one on the internet using Google
Scholar. The link to Google Scholar is: https://scholar.google.com/
 Enter a topic that interests you in the search bar and click on search. You will then be
presented with many articles. Choose ONE article.
 Then, copy and paste TWO paragraphs of your chosen article on to your assignment.
 Using the Harvard referencing system, reference the article you have used. If you have used
a printed journal to obtain your article, your reference should follow the following format 2:

Rucki, J.D. and Rice, T. (2012). The individual in musical ethnography. Ethnomusicology, 56(2),
pp.299-327.

2 The sample references were sourced from: https://dkit.ie.libguides.com/harvard/citing-referencing

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If you have used the internet to source your article, your reference should follow the following
format:

Gard Marshall, J. (2014). Linking research to practice: the rise of evidence-based health
sciences librarianship. Journal of the Medical Library Association [online], 102(1), pp.14-21.
Available from: Academic Search Complete [accessed 7 May 2015].

Note: You will be awarded marks for providing us with two paragraphs and a correct reference.

So…This is an example of what it would look like:

Next, I turned my attention to the rise of evidence-based medicine, since medicine was the first
health discipline to adopt the evidence-based practice model. I experienced some of this early
history first-hand when I was hired as a medical librarian at McMaster in 1970. The medical
school was brand new, and among the faculty recruits was Dr. David Sackett, who came to
head the Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics. At McMaster, it was not going
to be business as usual, and Dr. Sackett fit right in. He wanted to create a different kind of
department that would link research to clinical practice. None of us in the library were quite sure
how this would work, but Dr. Sackett's enthusiasm was contagious, and soon we were trying to
find ways of supporting the department. ✓
A clinical librarian program was developed by us to respond to information needs in the 450-bed
hospital that was part of the academic health sciences center. This was where I caught my first
glimpse of the impact of linking research to practice. One morning when I went to rounds, I saw
the residents poring over a paper copy of an article I had put up on the bulletin board in the
conference room, and I realized that they were going to change the care of a patient based on
the results of the study reported in the article. I was hooked! Eventually, thanks to the advice
and mentorship of Dr. Sackett and his colleagues, I was able to conduct a randomized
controlled trial to evaluate the educational impact of our clinical librarian service. ✓
Gard Marshall, J. (2014). Linking research to practice: the rise of evidence-based health sciences
librarianship. Journal of the Medical Library Association [online], 102(1), pp.14-21. Available from: Academic
Search Complete [accessed 7 May 2015]. ✓

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You need to analyse the text you provide. Identify any THREE features of academic writing from
the two paragraphs you have provided. You may choose either formal vocabulary, passive
voice, cautious language, subjective language, objective language or the use of questions.
Which THREE features can you find in your chosen text?
Note: You will be awarded marks for identifying the feature, quoting an example of that feature
and then explaining the feature.

Present your response like this:

Formal vocabulary✓ – “Next, I turned my attention to the rise of evidence-based medicine” ✓ –


Formal vocabulary is used as this article is scientific in nature. ✓

Objective language✓- “medicine was the first health discipline to adopt the evidence-based
practice model” ✓- Objective language is used to avoid bias, since it is a medical article, the
language used has be considered fair and accurate. ✓

Passive Voice✓- “A clinical librarian program was developed by us” ✓- The noun ‘A clinical
librarian program’ is being acted upon is made the subject of the sentence. ✓

Note: You will be awarded 3 marks for language. The breakdown of the language marks is as
follows:
3- Error-free response
2- Some errors but meaning is not affected
1-Many errors and meaning is affected
0-Nothing has been written or writing makes no sense
[15 Marks]
Additional Information:

Please ensure that you read Chapter 6 thoroughly for this answer. It gives examples of all the
features you need to use: formal vocabulary, passive voice, cautious language, subjective
voice, objective voice and the use of questions (Gaetz et al. 2018: 72-80). You need to identify,
quote and explain, in other words, clarify the term or concept given from the text. Here are
some useful notes from pages 72-80 of your text book:

Formal language is authoritative and clearer than informal language for example ‘Roberts
(2007) says that lower house prices do not affect you if you are not planning to sell your
property’. An informal statement would be ‘Lower house prices don’t matter if you are not
selling’.

Passive voice is preferred in academic writing: it is when something is done to somebody. For
example: ‘65 students were interviewed’; ‘the book was read’; ‘the assignment was written’.

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Cautious Language: In academic language, it is important not to make sweeping statements.


For this reason, academics avoid claiming “this is true and everyone agrees” and instead
suggest “this seems to be true, but more research is needed to confirm this.” This is called
cautious language. Here are some examples:
Instead of saying: “All first-year students have problems adjusting to a different culture”

We say: “First-year students may have problems adjusting to a different culture”

Other examples of cautious language include words such as; ‘can’, ‘could’, ‘may’, ‘might’,
‘should’, ‘claim’, ‘suggest’, ‘assert’, ‘maintain’, ‘argue’.

Subjective and Objective Voice: Academic writing is objective rather than subjective.
Subjective voice refers to the writer or the reader (for example ‘I think that’, ‘you should think
that’) it is personal. Objective voice aims to convey information (for example ‘It can be seen
that’, ‘it follows that’) and is impersonal: ‘’Buyers may choose a less expensive chain-saw’ is the
objective voice; ‘what about if I want a cheaper product’ is the active voice. (Gaetz et al. 2018:
79).

Use of Questions: Direct questions are not usually used in formal academic writing. The
correct style would be the statement followed by ‘the reason for this is’ (Gaetz et al. 2018: 80).
You need to look for sentences with words like ‘change’, ‘are now’, ‘have’, ‘what’ and other
question words.

Reference
Gaetz, L. et al. (2018). Academic English: Reading and Writing Across Disciplines (Eds).
Harlow: Pearson.

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3 ASSIGNMENT 2
Research based essay

We hope that you have been enjoying this module so far. Now that you are done and dusted
with Assignment 01, let us turn our attention to Assignment 02. This is a rather exciting
assignment as it is going to inspire you to further develop your writing skills. We know that
“exciting” is not a word usually associated with assignments, but we would like to encourage
you to think of your assignments as challenges that when conquered will benefit you beyond
this module and into your chosen careers.

By now you have been made aware that academic writing is a very specific and different style of
writing. At university level you are expected to write your assignments using academic
discourse and be able to construct an academic essay. Assignment 02 offers you the
opportunity to put your growing academic writing skills to the test. In this section of the tutorial
letter, we will give you some guidelines and tips on how to approach assignment 02. For further
assistance, please refer to pages 15-16 in your Tutorial Letter 101 for helpful guidelines for
writing essays

TIP: It might be useful for you to keep an ENN103F writing journal. In this journal, we
suggest that you keep a To-Do List to remind you of all the actions you need to
undertake as you work on this assignment.

Before you begin writing your assignment, please complete the following table. There is no
need to submit this table with your assignment, this is for your own personal use.

I have read Study Units 3 and 4 in my Study Guide. Yes/No

I have read the chapters 2, 3, 4 and 6 in my prescribed book. Yes/No

I have reviewed the writing process as laid out on page 68 of the Yes/No
Guide.

Once you have completed the required readings for your assignment, you should be ready to
tackle the essay.

Step 1: READ THE QUESTION CAREFULLY! We cannot emphasise this enough.


Understanding the question is one of the keys to a successful assignment/exam. You have no
idea how many students mis-read and mis-interpret the topic. A student may write a brilliant
essay but fail it simply because it was not what he/she was asked to do. Being able to follow
instructions and understanding the topic is vital at this level.

Step 2: Topic Analysis

When you are given a topic for an assignment or even for your examination, begin by analysing
your topic. You can ask yourself the following questions:

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 What is it that I have been asked to do?


 Have I been asked to compare and contrast, discuss, argue, explore, analyse?

In this particular assignment you have been asked to write either an argumentative essay or a
compare and contrast essay.

QUESTION 1: ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY

If you select this option, you are required to write an essay in which you have to adopt a
particular position and argue from that standpoint. It is very likely that you encounter arguments
on a regular basis. We see argumentative writing in journal articles, newspaper articles,
magazines, internet discussions etc. Even in your own social life you have probably attempted
to persuade someone to agree with your point of view. In other words, adopting a standpoint
and formulating an argument are not new activities to you. What is required of you in Question 1
is to present your point of view in an essay form, using academic discourse. (Discourse is the
use of written or spoken language in a specific context. Academic discourse therefore would be
the type of language used in academia). Pages 133 to 180 of your prescribed textbook contains
more information on Argument and Research Essay writing. As you read through the above-
mentioned pages, you will learn how to write a thesis statement for an argumentative essay.
You will also be exposed to the different types of transitional expressions used in an
argumentative essay, it is advisable that you use such transitions in your essay too. Remember,
the aim of an argumentative essay is to persuade your readers regarding a view you have taken
about a given topic, henceforth, the use of transitional expressions is vital. In addition, you will
learn that in order to make a convincing or sound argument, your essay should include facts,
statistics, examples, valid sources and arguing from different angles that complement your
thesis statement.

Read the following extract 3on Argumentative Essays to gain further insight:

The function of an argumentative essay is to show that your assertion (opinion, theory,
hypothesis) about some phenomenon or phenomena is correct or more truthful than others'.
The art of argumentation is not an easy skill to acquire. Many people might think that if one
simply has an opinion, one can argue it successfully, and these folks are always surprised when
others don't agree with them because their logic seems so correct. Argumentative writing is the
act of forming reasons, making inductions, drawing conclusions, and applying them to the case
in discussion; the operation of inferring propositions, not known or admitted as true, from facts
or principles known, admitted, or proved to be true. It clearly explains the process of your
reasoning from the known or assumed to the unknown. Without doing this you do not have an
argument, you have only an assertion, an essay that is just your unsubstantiated opinion.
Notice that you do not have to completely prove your point; you only have to convince
reasonable readers that your argument or position has merit; i.e., that it is somehow more
accurate and complete than competing arguments.

3
Sourced from: https://essayinfo.com/essays/argumentative-essay/
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Assignment Topic:

Brands and branding have become influential to youth, and organizational identities.
Garey presents two contrasting views, one being that ‘there’s a direct connection
between an individual’s level of exposure to advertising and levels of product consumption.’
Another view on the opposite side is that ‘the almost comedic presentation of most advertising
carries with it the underlying suggestion that we shouldn’t take any of it too seriously.’

Does advertising influence identities and the environment? Write an argumentative


essay in which you state your position on this question. Use supporting evidence for any
claims that you make.

Notice the words we have underlined and highlighted. In this topic, a question has been posed.
‘Does advertising influence identities and the environment”? This question naturally requires a
response. However, the response needs to be in the form of an argumentative essay. In
addition, the response to the question requires you to state your position AND use supporting
evidence for your claims.

QUESTION 2: COMPARE AND CONTRAST ESSAY

If you have selected this option, you are required to write an essay in which you have to
compare and contrast two elements. Read the following extracts on Compare and Contrast
essays.

Extract 1: To compare is to examine how things are similar, while to contrast is to see how they
differ. A compare and contrast essay therefore looks at the similarities of two or more objects,
and the differences4

Extract 2: Comparison in writing discusses elements that are similar, while contrast in writing
discusses elements that are different. A compare-and-contrast essay, then, analyzes two
subjects by comparing them, contrasting them, or both. The key to a good compare-and-
contrast essay is to choose two or more subjects that connect in a meaningful way. The
purpose of conducting the comparison or contrast is not to state the obvious but rather to
illuminate subtle differences or unexpected similarities. For example, if you wanted to focus on
contrasting two subjects you would not pick apples and oranges; rather, you might choose to
compare and contrast two types of oranges or two types of apples to highlight subtle
differences. For example, Red Delicious apples are sweet, while Granny Smiths are tart and
acidic. Drawing distinctions between elements in a similar category will increase the audience’s
understanding of that category, which is the purpose of the compare-and-contrast essay.5

4
Sourced from https://www.eapfoundation.com/writing/essays/candc/
5
Sourced from https://courses.lumenlearning.com/ivytech-engl111/chapter/comparecontrast-essays/
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Assignment topic:

Gender parity is a major concern for both industry and government. Write a research-
based essay where you compare and contrast a female leader and a male leader in
one or two organizations of your choice.

Notice the underlined and highlighted phrases. Make sure you understand what gender parity is
before you answer this question. You may make use of any standard or online dictionary to
assist you. You are required to explore the similarities and the differences between a female
leader and a male leader in an organization of your choice. Remember that you have to do
both. It is not a compare and contrast essay if you only compare the two elements. It may be
useful to make a list of the similarities and differences. Some students might find using a
Venn diagram useful when drafting ideas for this type of essay.
Read chapter 12 in your prescribed textbook to gain more insight on compare and contrast
strategies. The chapter in contention will expose you to the different techniques/patterns of
comparing and contrasting. You will also learn how to write a thesis statement for a compare
and contrast essay as well as how to support your ideas. As you go through the chapter in
question, you will learn that at the end of your comparison and contrast essay you should be
able to deliver a verdict or a judgement based on what you have compared and contrasted.

TIP: Self-reflection: What is your personal viewpoint on the issue of Gender Parity? Jot down
your own ideas and thoughts in your journal before you begin your research. It will be an
interesting exercise to see if your perceptions are cemented or changed after you have
conducted research into this topic. This will give you valuable insight into the importance of
research. It may also be beneficial to engage in discussions with fellow students and friends on
this interesting and relevant topic.

Step 3: Do your research.

This assignment requires that you conduct research on your chosen topic. You have been
asked to find at least five academically valid sources. Note the phrase “at least”. This means
that you should have a minimum of five academic sources, one of which should be from a
printed book or journal. Do keep this in mind. Students who submit an essay which presents, for
example, three sources, will certainly be placing themselves in a disadvantageous position.

Try and read as widely as you possibly can. We suggest that you do not limit yourself to reading
only five sources. Read more than that and then select the sources that you find most valuable.
There is a wealth of academic sources on the given topics which means that there is a lot to
choose from.

Read your selected sources carefully. Underline or circle anything that you think may be useful
for your essay. You may find that as you read your sources, your initial claim or point of view is
changing. Perhaps you had decided to argue that advertising carries no influence on identity,
but as you continued to read, you found that the writer’s arguments are persuading you to
change your position. Or you may find that based on your readings, you have changed your
mind on the issue of gender parity. This is of course perfectly normal and is a part of the
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research process. However, it is a good idea to be aware of the various strategies that writers
use to persuade and convince their readers towards a particular point of view. What techniques,
devices, strategies do writers use to persuade their readers? Think back to a time when you
had a point of view which was changed by a persuasive argument. What was it about the
argument that made you change your position?

Once you have done your research and selected your sources, you can begin to draft your
essay. Please refer to the Writing Process diagram on assignment 1 of this tutorial letter for
more information.

Your academic essay

Each essay MUST have three elements to it: An introduction, a body/support paragraphs and a
conclusion. Without these elements, you have not written an academic essay.
The following additional pages from your prescribed textbook may be helpful to you as you put
your essay together:
 Thesis statement (pages 12-14)
 Introduction (pages 37-38)
 Developing paragraphs and writing a topic sentence (pages 83-84) and body/support
paragraphs (page 42)
 Supporting ideas (pages 21, 22, 49, and 87)
 Concluding sentence (page 88) and connecting paragraphs (pages 91-94)
 Conclusion (pages 45 – 47)

The Introduction:

A good introduction is key to a good essay. Developing an attention-grabbing and thought-


provoking introduction makes your reader want to read further.

Think about the articles and essays you have read in newspapers, magazines on the internet,
etc. How many times have you been drawn into reading the whole article simply because the
introduction was so intriguing and interesting?

There are many ways to write an introduction. Some students may prefer to write the
introduction last, as that way they can look over what they have written and decide how to begin
the essay. This is one strategy that could work for you. Others may choose to write the
introduction first.

Some students choose to begin an introduction with the following examples:

1: “This essay will discuss the influence that advertising has over identity and the environment.”

OR

2: “This essay will compare and contrast a female leader and a male leader in an organization”.

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What is wrong with these introductions?

Technically nothing, except do you notice that the writers have simply repeated the words of the
essay topic? Of course you can still begin your introductions in this way but why not exercise
your own unique voice? You could perhaps start your introduction with an interesting or relevant
quote. How about a quote that sums up your ideas and your arguments or a quote that is
relevant to what you are going to be discussing?

You could (if necessary) use definitions in your introduction if your essay topic has key words
that may require defining. If you are writing an essay on Gender, for example, you could define
the term ‘Gender’ (using the correct sources and referencing properly).

Or you could begin your essay with a question. An intelligent question posed that sums up the
issues and ideas you will be discussing may be an interesting way to begin your essay. It could
be a rhetorical question or it could be a question that you attempt to answer in your conclusion?
That is an attention-grabbing way of writing an introduction. How about an opening sentence
that surprises or startles or even shocks your reader? What about a relevant anecdote?

An argumentative essay on the influence of advertising for example, could begin with a dramatic
anecdote (very short example/story). Attract your reader’s interest. You want to stand out
among the crowd. You want to have a unique and original stance. Use your creativity.

Your introduction should be one paragraph (no more than 10 lines) and it should encapsulate
the theme of your essay. Once you have written an enthralling and interesting introduction, you
can start with the body/support paragraphs of the essay. Please note that you do not have to
write ‘Introduction’ at the beginning of your essay. A well-written essay will have an
introduction that is obviously an introduction and needs no well introducing. The same goes for
the body/support paragraphs and conclusion, you are NOT required to write the subheading
“Body” and “Conclusion”.

TIP: Whenever you read a piece of writing, whether it be a newspaper article, a journal
article, magazines, etc, take particular note of the different types of introductions. Notice
the varying and creative (and sometimes not so creative) ways that writers choose to
introduce their topic to readers.

We remind you that each paragraph contains a topic sentence. A topic sentence is the sentence
which embodies the main idea of your paragraph. It is the ONE sentence in your paragraph that
tells your reader what your paragraph is about. Every other sentence in your paragraph will be
linked to the topic sentence and will be what we call “supporting sentences”. Think of your topic
sentence as the leader of the paragraph. We encourage you to read widely – newspaper
articles, magazine articles etc. As you read, attempt to identify topic sentences in the
paragraphs. If you are able to identity topic sentences in other writing you should find it easier to
construct your own topic sentences.

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Concluding your academic essay: The conclusion to your essay is your final opportunity to
capture your reader’s attention. A conclusion can make or break your essay. Have you ever
read a piece of writing in which the conclusion made you nod thoughtfully? We are sure you
have! As always we encourage you to be conscious readers. When you read and whatever you
read, be aware of the different ways in which writers conclude their pieces. Examine the
conclusions of the five academic sources you have selected. How did those writers conclude
their discussions?

Your essay is a form of communication with your reader. To extend this analogy, think of the
introduction to your essay as your way of saying “Hello reader, I have something to discuss with
you”. The body/support paragraphs of your essay is your discussion with your reader whereas
your conclusion is your way of saying “farewell dear reader and thank you for your attention”.

Try and avoid the following in your conclusion:

 Bringing in new arguments or points. The conclusion is not the place for new material.
 Repeating your introduction in your conclusion. This is very tempting to do particularly if
you have a strong introduction. However to simply repeat your introduction weakens your
essay and you lose the opportunity to further impress your readers (or in this case, your
marker!).
 Avoid using phrases such as “in conclusion” or “to summarize”. Good academic writing
speaks for itself. You do not need to inform your reader that you are writing a conclusion.

Remember that we will be marking thousands of assignments. As you write your assignment, try
to the best of your ability to make sure that your marker remembers your work (in a good way,
of course!). A powerful and captivating conclusion will certainly leave an imprint in your markers
mind.

After you have completed your final draft, it is a good idea to reflect on your writing before you
submit your assignment. Think about the topic and ask yourself if you have answered the
question to the best of your ability. It is also important that you consider your marker’s
expectations. Imagine that you are a marker for assignment 02: How would you react if the
essay you are marking demonstrated that the student had
 ignored the question altogether? (Wrote an essay on a topic that was irrelevant)
 supplied a mass of information, only some of which was related to the topic?
 misinterpreted key terms or task words in the question?
 Provided superficial arguments with no supporting evidence?
 Had poorly developed arguments?
 Written 300 words when you asked for 500?
 Had not proof-read or edited his/her work?
 Had obviously not read any sources?
 Relied too heavily on external sources (books and the internet)?

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ENN103F/102/2/2019

Mark Breakdown of Assignment 02.


Language: 40%
Content: 40%
Presentation: 20% [100 Marks]

Your essay will be marked using the Assessment Criteria in your Tutorial Letter 101 (see page
19). Before you submit your assignment, please go through the Assessment Criteria. This will
give you an indication of what your markers will be looking for and how they will be assessing
your essay. We suggest that you read through your essay once more after having looked at the
Assessment Criteria.

A note on plagiarism. As you are aware, plagiarism is one of the biggest no-no’s in academia.
The topics presented in Assignment 02 are relevant issues which have been discussed in a
plethora of newspapers, online articles, journals and books. With so many resources at our
fingertips, it is easy to fall into the trap of “copy and pasting” the information.

There are different ways in which you may end up being accused of plagiarising, whether
intentionally or unintentionally. Here are some of the examples of plagiarism:

Copying another student’s essay, copying from books or articles without using quotation marks
and copying directly from lecture notes.

Paraphrasing an author’s work, i.e. rewording it, or re-ordering the ideas and presenting them
as your own.

Lifting ideas by using an author’s ideas, expressed in your own words, and pretending that
they are yours.

Copying and pasting seems to be the most common occurrence when students submit their
assignments. Note that even if you use quotes or acceptable paraphrasing, this sort of essay
cannot be regarded as your own.

{Adapted from University of Witwatersrand lecture notes for Introduction to academic literacy
AELS 123/124 (2006)}

The problem is that students who simply “copy and paste” lose their own voices and ideas. To
use an analogy of a singer, we urge you to trust and rely on your own voice. Any sources you
use should be your “backup singers”, only there to support you. Ultimately it is your voice that
needs to emerge and to shine and it is your voice that we look forward to hearing.

Discussion Forums: It is in your best interest to visit the discussion forums regularly to engage
with your fellow students. We also post useful material that on the forum which will aid you in
your studies.

We hope that these tips and guidelines have been useful to you. We also hope that you see
your assignments as opportunities to grow and develop your skills. Please do not hesitate to
seek out assistance from your tutors, e-tutors and your lecturers. It is important for you to know
that you are not alone! There is a team supporting and cheering for you! We look forward to
reading your interesting and thought-provoking research essays!
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4 LIVESTREAMING
Livestreaming is a virtual interactive classroom that enables students to attend classes from
anywhere in the world. In the module ENN103F we have set up three dates in which we will be
using the Digital Teaching Lab to interact with you. In order to join the live session and
participate in the livestreaming you need to follow these steps:

 You will need a PC/laptop, a smartphone or an iPad/Tablet with access to the Internet
 You will need Google Chrome and set it as a default browser.
 You will receive an email invitation (on your myLife email) to join the session. The email
will come with a link which upon clicking will direct you to the JoinIn video platform.
Please note: By clicking on the link it will open directly in Google Chrome; in case
Chrome is not set as your default browser, right-click on the link and copy and
paste the hyperlink in the Chrome
 The JoinIn page will prompt you for your name as well as email address. Please enter
your name and email address (you can enter any email address, but preferably your
myLife address), then press “proceed” to join the session

The dates for livestreaming session are as follows:


1. 20 August 2019 11h00 – 11h30 Assignment 1 Guidelines
2. 09 September 2019 11h00 – 11h30 Assignment 2 Guidelines
3. 20 October 2019 11h00 – 11h30 Exam Guidelines

We hope this has been useful for you and we wish you all the best with your assignments!

ENN103F Team

UNISA 2019

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