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TOPIC 3/3:

PERFORMING ARTS CENTER CUM HIGH RISE OFFICE -RETAIL TOWER IN A VERTICAL
CONTEXT- SPACE CONSTRAINED URBAN SCENARIO

(RESEARCH TOPIC)

INTRODUCTION

In the past many decades, urban centres around the world have experienced fourfold growth rate as
compared to centuries before them. These mega fluxes of migration happening every second, from
one place to another are driven by desire to attain the treasure of opportunities. Maximum of these
opportunities are provided by the urban metropolises that have as forever, tried to bring people
closer together. But these expanding urbanities go against this inherent nature as they grow greater
and greater. A new typology was hence gradually evolved, balancing the expansion and the required
close intimacy, the high rise.

High rises enabled the city to add vast amounts of floor space using the same amount of ground
area. Offices and commerce became the first obvious users of this new typology, generating greater
profits and efficiencies. Residences soon fell into the line. Over the years many innovations and
technological advancements have been made towards numerous aspects such as of improving the
structure, faced systems, services, safety and sustainability. My thesis hence would try to introduce
and materialize new functional typologies into the high rise concept, pondering upon structural
systems, services, spaces and so on. And that new typology would be an integration of performing
arts cultural centre into a high rise office cum retail context in an urban setting.

PROPOSAL AIM:

The 21st century has largely been regarded as the digital information technology. The evolution of
digital technology has provided us with new powers; it has improved our methods to create and it
also has provided us ways to capture what we have created and then share it.

And yet in this age of virtual media, maybe by a brink, live performing arts still survive, though often
shadowed by their digital counterparts such as films, shows, animations, etc. The digital revolution
that generated these counterparts also provided positive advancements in the field of performing
arts, which have kept them afloat.

Capturing of live performances on one hand has helped in generating a permanent memory while on
the other hand, like an after-effect precisely of mass-production and distribution has narrowed their
market.

To help with the finances for maintenance and preferably also to earn profits, the structure also
provides retail. Contains leased out floors spaces to creative office firms like architects, graphical
designers, artists. To create an active lively market and cultural hub.

THE PROPOSITION:

In a crunch of land in metropolises this project eventuates into a new high-rise typology. This
typology shoulders the responsibility to keep alive the field of performing arts and providing them
spaces vertically and reducing their otherwise massive footprints when spreads on the ground.
To identify a parcel of land within the city, thus reducing the need for users to commute to city
outskirts for these recreational activities. A break from the usual office culture and integration of
liveliness and the thirst to experience cultural arts into our livelihoods.
FORMAL OBJECTIVES:

This high rise building comprising of office cum retail spaces and the need to highlight a major
portion of the stacking of spaces of a performing arts center presents a case of retaining the
character that a cultural village possesses.

How can the fast moving city life take a break under this high rise performing arts tower to
contemplate our traditional and artistic heritage and culture? Monotonous glass building work life of
office users provide the question of lost artistic talents and culture. By providing this new typology of
high rise, will it successfully awaken a lively spirit in the city based office users or as a matter of fact
any city dweller?

This overall design goal breaks down into three major formal objectives for the design of the facility:

1) A converging point and national level platform

2) Improving quality of life

3) Economic regeneration

FUNCTIONAL OBJECTIVES:

To develop a performing arts centre in a high rise building typology which facilitates
practice, teaching, research, display and research of various art forms? Designing a self-integrated
and flexible space and also to ensure constant activity at the centre involving the community and
public. To encourage in a broad sense all kinds of artistic practices.

From an architectural point of view the building will be planned in order to create an
environment befitting the nature of the activities related to arts and their promotion. Apart from the
functional spaces the creation of an ample amount of space for the interpretation of art by the
sensitive art-lovers and reflecting over subjects. To house facilities required for staging and
presentation of various disciplines of performing arts. Today people recognise the value and scope
of performing arts and more than a type of means of entertainment are taking it up as a subject of
study and research.
High rise typology of building presents the case of revenue generation that ultimately leads
to office spaces integrated with minor commercial retail outlets which in turn ties the concept to the
performing arts centre. Promotion of excellence and preservation of India’s rich cultural heritage.

Spine of the building becomes a communal corridor.


PERFORMING ART CENTRE
MINOR FORMS MAJOR FORMS GENRE
PUPPETRY THEATRE-CONTEMPORARY, DRAMA
FOLK

DANCE- CLASSICAL, FOLK, TRAGEDY


CONTEMPORARY

MUSIC- CLASSICAL, FOLK, COMEDY


CONTEMPORARY
ROMANCE
SATIRE,EPIC

 INDIAN CLASSICAL THEATRE


 INDIAN TRADITIONAL PUPPETRY
 INDIAN TRADITIONAL MUSIC
 INDIAN TRADITIONAL DANCES
 CLASSICAL WESTERN DANCES
 CONTEMPORARY DANCES
 THEATRE
 MISCELLANEOUS- CIRCUS, POETRY, MAGIC
 VISUAL PERFORMING ARTS

ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN SCOPE
- INTERACTIVE OFFICE SPACES
- RETAIL MARKET FUNCTIONING AS AN STREET EDGE
- PERFORMING ART CENTRE AREA REQUIREMENTS
a) PERFORMING SPACES-auditoriums, concert halls, proscenium, black box, environmental
theatre, recital halls multipurpose halls, training centre, classrooms
b) Specialised performing arts oriented library and audio visual centre
c) Exhibition halls to boast works
d) Temporary stay for performers and guests and staffs

IDENIFICATION OF PROPOSED SITE:


CHENNAI METROPOLITAN CITY

PROPOSED BUILDING TYPOLOGY:


MIXED HIGH RISE TYPOLOGY with entertainment context

PHILOSOPHY , research fields and architects ref:


- Philosophy- Ideology of co-existence, sustainability, high rise structural systems,
urbanism
- Technology research- high rise structures, HVAC services, water supply, terrace
gardens, acoustics
- ARCHITECTS REF:
César Pelli & Associates Architects
Foster and Partners

LIST OF CASE STUDIES:

LITERATURE CASE STUDY-


 Theatre Buildings: A Design Guide by Judith Strong
 Theater of Public Space: Architectural Experimentation in the Théâtre de l'espace (Theater of
Space), Paris 1937
 Perform: Designing for the Performing Arts by Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects
 Dramaturgy and Architecture: Theatre, Utopia and the Built Environment
 Book by Cathy Turner
 Performing Architecture: Opera Houses, Theatres and Concert Halls for the Twenty-first
Century by Michael Hammond
 Buildings for the Performing Arts by Ian Appleton
 Green Walls in High-Rise Buildings: An output of the CTBUH Sustainability by By Antony
Wood, Payam Bahrami & Daniel
 Sustainable High Rise Buildings in Urban Zones: Advantages, Challenges, and Global Case
Studies by Ali Sayigh

 HVAC design for a performing arts center


 Https://www.csemag.com/articles/hvac-design-for-a-performing-arts-center/
 Hvac systems for theatres auditoriums & cinema halls by sinha sk & dastur rk

NET CASE STUDY-

 Dee and Charles Wyly Theatre, DALLAS, TEXAS


 EMPAC, NEW YORK
 The Fuzhou Strait Culture and Art Centre / PES-Architects
 National Kaohsiung Center for the Arts / Mecanoo

LIVE CASE STUDY-
 KALA ACADEMY GOA
 NATIONAL CENTRE OF PERFORMING ARTS, MUMBAI
 INDIA HABITAT CENTRE
 TRIVENI KALA SANGAM
 SRI RAM CENTRE FOR PERFFORMING ARTS CENTRE