Sie sind auf Seite 1von 14

l\-7.

37
PAbe:- l
ASME BPVC.Vlll.1-2015 UG-8 - UG-10

(-b) an individual tube hydrostatic test in accor- (·d) The material and the Certificate of Compli-
dance with UG-99 that permits complete examination of ance or the Material Test Report have been identified
the tube for leakage. with the designation of the specification to which the ma-
terial is recertified and with the notation "Certified per
UG-10."
UG-9 WELDING MATERIALS
(2) Recertification by the Vessel or Part Manufacturer
Welding materials used for production shall comply (·a) A copy of the certification by the material
with the requirements of this Division, those of Section manufacturer of the chemical analysis required by the
IX, and the applicable qualified welding procedure sped· permitted specification, with documentation showing
fication. When the welding materials comply with one of the requirements to which the material was produced
the specifications in Section II, Part C, the marking or tag- and purchased, and which demonstrates that there is no
ging of the material, containers, or packages as required conflict with the requirements of the permitted specifica-
by the applicable Section JI s ificatio'l,. may be accepted tion, is available to the Inspector.
for i ent1 1ca 10n m ieu of Certified st Report or a (·b) For applications in which the maximum al-
Certificate of Compliance. W e elding materials lowable stresses are subject to a cautionary note, docu-
do not comply with one of the specifications of Section mentation is available to the Inspector that establishes
JI, the marking or tagging shall be identifiable with the what deoxidation was performed during the material
welding materials set forth in the welding pr spe- manufacture, to the degree necessary for the vessel or
cification, and may be accepted in lieu of Certified est part Manufacturer to make a decision with regard to
Report or a Certificate of Compliance. the cautionary note.
(-c) Documentation is available to the Inspector
UG-10 MATERIAL IDENTIFIED WITH OR that demonstrates that the metallurgical structure, me·
PRODUCED TO A SPECIFICATION NOT chanical property, and hardness requirements of the per-
PERMITIED BY THIS DIVISION, AND mitted specification have been met.
MATERIAL NOT FULLY IDENTIFIED (·d) For material recertified to a permitted specifi-
cation that requires a fine austenitic grain size or that re-
(a) Identified Material With Complete Certification quires that a fine grain practice be used during melting,
From the Material Manufacturer. Material identified with documentation is available to the Inspector that demon·
a specification not permitted by this Division, or procured strates that the heat treatment requirements of the per-
to chemical composition requirements, and identified to a mitted specification have been met, or will be met
single production lot as required by a permitted specifica· during fabrication.
tion may be accepted as satisfying the requirements of a (-e) The material has marking, acceptable to the
specification permitted by this Division provided the con- Inspector, for identification to the documentation.
ditions set forth in (1) or (2) below are satisfied. (-f)When the conformance of the material with the
(1) Recertification by an Organization Other Than the permitted specification has been established, the material
Vessel or Part Manufacturer has been marked as required by the permitted
(-a) All requirements, including but not limited to, specification.
melting method, melting practice, deoxidation, quality, (b) Material Identified to a Particular Production Lot as
and heat treatment, of the specification permitted by this Required by a Specification Permitted by This Division but
Division, to which the material is to be recertified, have Which Cannot Be Qualified Under (a). Any material identi·
been demonstrated to have been met fled to a particular production lot as required by a speci-
(-b) A copy of the certification by the material fication permitted by this Division, but for which the
manufacturer of the chemical analysis r·e quired by the documentation required in (a) is not available, may be ac-
permitted specification, with documentation showing cepted as satisfying the requirements of the specification
the requirements to which the material was produced permi~ed by this Division provided that the conditions
and purchased, and which demonstrates that there is no set forth below are satisfied.
conflict with the requirements of the permitted specifica- (1) Recertification by an Organization Other Than the
tion, has been furnished to the vessel or part Vessel or Part Manufacturer. Not permitted.
Manufacturer. (2) Recertification by the Vessel or Part Manufacturer
(-c) A certification that the material was manufac- (-a) Chemical analyses are made on different
', tured and tested in accordance with the requirements of pieces from the lot to establish a mean analysis that is
· the specification to which the material is recertified, ex- to be accepted as representative of the lot The pieces cho-
cluding the specific marking requirements, has been furn- sen for analysis shall be selected at random from the lot
ished to the vessel or part Manufacturer, together with The number of pieces selected shall be at least 10% of the
copies of all documents and test reports pertinent to number of pieces in the lot, but not less than three. For
the demonstration of conformance to the requirements lots of three pieces or less, each piece shall be analyzed.
of the permitted specification. Each individual analysis for an element shall conform to

9
Copyright ASME International (BPVC)
ProviMd by IHS under license with ASME IX l ieensee=Oept of Energy 19991702 100
No repn;)ductlon or networking permlted w.lhOut license from IHS Not for Res8'e. 01/2412015 08:14:52 MOT
ASME BPVC.Vlll.1-2015 UHA-5 1 - UHA-60

(fJ Required Impact Testing for Austenitic Stainless vessels when the coincident ratio of design stress 84 in
Steel Welding Consumables With MDMTs Colder Than tension to allowable tensile stress is less than 0.35. This
-155°F (-104°C). For production welds at MDMTs colder exemption also applies to the welding procedures and
than -155°F (-104°C), all of the following conditions shall production welds for the component
be satisfied: (h) Vessel (Production) Impact Tests
(1) The welding processes are limited to SMAW,
(1) For welded construction of duplex stainless
SAW, GMAW, GTAW, and PAW.
steels, ferritic stainless steels, and martensitic stainless
(2) The applicable Welding Procedure Specifications
steels, vessel (production) impact tests in accordance
(WPSs) are supported by Procedure Qualification Records
with UG-84(i) are required if the Weld Procedure Qualifi-
(PQRs) with impact testing in accordance with the re-
cation requires impact testing, unless otherwise ex-
quirements of (a) or when the applicable PQR is ex-
empted by the rules of this Division.
empted from impact testing by other provisions of this
Division. (2) For welded construction of austenitic stainless
(3) The weld metal (produced with or without the steels, vessel (production) impact tests in accordance
addition of filler metal) has a carbon content not exceed- with UG-84(i) are required unless exempted in (·a) and
ing 0.10%. (-b) below.
(4) The weld metal is produced by filler metal con- (-a) At MDMTs of - 155°F (- 104°C) and warmer,
forming to SFA-5.4, SFA-5.9, SFA-5.11, SFA-5.14, and vessel (production) impact tests are exempted provided
SFA-5.22 as modified below. that the impact test exemption requirements for the ap-
(·a) Each heat and/or lot of welding consumables plicable Weld Procedure Qualification in (e) are satisfied.
to be used in production welding with the SMAW and (-b) At MDMTs colder than -155°F (-104°C) but
GMAW processes shall be pre-use tested by conducting not colder than -320°F (-196°C), vessel (production) im-
impact tests in accordance with the requirements of (a). pact tests are exempted provided that the preuse test re-
Test coupons shall be prepared in accordance with Sec- quirements in (f) are satisfied.
tion II, Part C, SFA-5.4, A9.3.5 utilizing the WPS to be used (-c) At MDMTs colder than -320°F (- l 96°C), ves-
in production welding. sel (production) impact tests or ASTM E1820 J,c tests
(·b) Each heat of filler metal and batch of flux com- shall be conducted in accordance with (a)(3).
bination to be used in production welding with the SAW (i} Vessel (Production) Impact Tests for Autogenous
process shall be pre-use tested by conducting impact tests Welds in Austenitic Stainless Steels. For autogenous welds
in accordance with the requirements of (a). Test coupons (welded without filler metal) in austenitic stainless steels,
shall be prepared in accordance with Section II, Part C, vessel (production) impact tests are not required when
SFA-5.4, A9.3.5 utilizing the WPS to be used in production both of the following conditions are satisfied:
welding.
(1) The material is solution annealed after welding.
(-c) Combining more than one welding process or
more than one heat, lot, and/or batch of welding material (2) The MDMT is not colder than -320°F (-196°C).
into a single test coupon is unacceptable. Pre-use testing
in accordance with the requirements of (a) may be con-
ducted e welding cons umable manufacturer, pro- UHA-52 WELDED TEST PLATES
vide certified ill test reports are furnished with the (a) For welded vessels constructed of Type 405 materi-
consuma es. al which are not postweld heat treated, welded test plates
(·d) The folio · g filler metals may be used with- shall be made to include material from each melt of plate
out pre-use testing of each heat, lot, and/or batch, pro- steel used in the vessel. Plates from two different melts
vided that procedure qualification impact testing in may be welded together and be represented by a single
accordance with UG-84(h) at the MDMT or colder is per- test plate.
formed using the same manufacturer brand and type filler (b) From each welded test plate there shall be taken
metal : ENiCrFe-2, ENiCrFe-3, ENiCrMo-3, ENiCrMo-4, two face-bend test specimens as prescribed in
ENiCrMo-6, ERNiCr-3, ERNiCrMo-3, ERNiCrMo-4, QW-461.2 of Section IX; these shall meet the require-
SFA-5.4 E3 10-15 or 16. ments of QW-160, Section IX.
(·e) The following filler metals may be used with-
out pre-use testing of each heat and/or lot, provided that
procedure qualification impact testing in accordance with
UG-84(h) at the MDMT or colder is performed: ER308L, MARKING AND REPORTS
ER316L, and ER310 used with the GTAW or PAW
processes. UHA-60 GENERAL
(g) Exemption From Impact Testing Because of Low The provisions for marking and reports in UG-11 5
Stress . Impact testing of materials listed in Ta bl e through UG-120 shall apply without supplement to ves-
UHA-23 is not required, except as modified by (c), for sels constructed of high alloy steels.

213
Copyright ASME ln1tm11ionll (BPVC)
Provided by IHS under 1ic.nM with ASME IX lice-nsee=Dept of Energy /9991702100
No reproeluteioo or networking penn.ltttd without license from IHS Not for Resale, 07/2412.015 08:1• :52 MOT
\\-13 7
ASM E BPVC.Vlll.1-2015
~b?~
UCL-11 - UCL-23
3
specification. One shear test shall be made on each such with the general requirements for Design in Subsection
clad plate as rolled, and the results shall be reported on A, and with the specific requirements for Design in Sub-
the material test report. section B that pertain to the method of fabrication used.
When the composite thickness of the clad material is (b) Minimum Thickness of Shells and Heads. The mini-
3
/ 4 in. (19 mm) or less, and/or when the cladding metal mum thickness specified in UG-16(b) shall be the total
thickness is nominally 0.075 in. (1.9 mm) or less, the thickness for clad material with corrosion resistant inte·
"Bond Strength" test, as described in SA-263, SA-264, or gral or weld metal overlay cladding and the base-material
SA-265, may be used in lieu of the bond "Shear Strength" thickness for applied-lining construction.
test to fulfill the criteria for acceptable minimum shear
strength, except that the bend test specimen shall be
UCL-23 MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE STRESS VALUES
11/2 in. (38 mm) wide by not more than 3/ 4 in. (19 mm)
in thickness and shall be bent, at room temperature, (a) Applied Corrosion Resistant Linings. The thickness
through an angle of 180 deg to the bend diameter pro- of material used for applied lining shall not be included
. ·n the material specifications applicable to the in the computation for the required thickness of any lined
backing metal. e he "Bond Strength" test vessel. The maximum allowable stress value shall be that
shall be reported on th certifie material test report. given for the base material in Table UCS-23, or UNF-23.
{d) A shear or bond strength test is not required for (b) Integrally Clad Material Without Credit for Full Clad-
weld metal overlay cladding. ding Thickness. Except as permitted in (c) below, design
(e) When any part of the cladding thickness is specified calculations shall be based on the total thickness of the
as an allowance for corrosion, such added thickness shall clad material less the specified nominal minimum thick-
be removed before mill tension tests are made. When cor- ness of cladding. A reasonable excess thickness either of
rosion of the cladding is not expected, no part of the clad- the actual cladding or of the same thickness of corrosion
ding need be removed before testing, even though excess resistant weld metal may be included in the design calcu-
thickness seems to have been provided or is available as lations as an equal thickness of base material. The maxi-
corrosion allowance. mum allowable stress value shall be that given for the
(15) (j) Base material with corrosion-resistant integral base material referenced in Ta ble UCS-23, UF-6, or
cladding in which any part of the cladding is included in UHT-23 and listed in Table lA of Section 11, Part D.
the design calculations, as permitted in UCL-23 (c), that (c) Base Material with Corrosion Resistant Integral or
is constructed of multiple cladding plates welded together Weld Metal Overlay Cladding With Credit for Cladding
prior to being bonded to the base material shall have the Thickness. When the base material with corrosion resis-
cladding-alloy-to-cladding-alloy welding that is per- tant integral cladding conforms to one of the specifica-
formed prior to bonding to the base material tions listed in UCL-11(a), or consists of an acceptable
(1) performed by a Manufacturer holding a Certifi- base material with corrosion resistant weld metal overlay
cate of Authorization. and the joints are completed by depositing corrosion re·
sisting weld metal over the weld in the base material to
(2) radiographically examined for its full length in
restore the cladding, the design calculations may be based
the manner prescribed in UW-51. In place of radiographic
on a thickness equal to the nominal thickness of the base
examination, welds may be ultrasonically examined for
material plus Sc/Sb times the nominal thickness of the
their full length (see UW-53).
cladding after any allowance provided for corrosion has
(3) be supplied with a Partial Data Report if that been deducted, where
welding is not performed by the vessel Manufacturer.
Sb = maximum allowable stress value for the base mate-
rial at the design temperature
UCL-12 LINING Sc = maximum allowable stress value for the integral
Material used for applied corrosion resistant lining may cladding at the design temperature, or for corrosion
be any metallic material of weldable quality that in the resistant weld metal overlay cladding, that of the
judgment of the user is suitable for the intended purpose. wrought material whose chemistry most closely ap·
proximates that of the cladding, at the des ign
temperature
DESIGN Where Sc is greater than Sb, the multiplier Sc/Sb shall be
taken equal to unity. The maximum allowable stress value
UCL-20 GENERAL
shall be that given for the base material referenced in
(a) The rules in the following paragraphs apply specifi- Table UCS-23, UF-6, or UHT-23 and listed in Table 1A of
cally to pressure vessels and vessel parts constructed of Section JI, Part D. Vessels in which the cladding is in·
base material with corrosion resistant integral or weld eluded in the computation of required thickness shall
metal overlay cladding and those having applied corro- not be constructed for internal pressure under the provi·
sion resistant linings and shall be used in conjunction sions of Table UW-12, column (c).

221
Copyright ASME lntemalional (BPVC)
Provided by IHS unde-r loen&e wilh ASME IX UoenMPOepC ot En~rgy /9991 702100
No tep,oducbOn o, netwcKthg p.,-mltt.cl wilhOut llcenu from tHS Not for Reu1e, 07/2-4/201$ 08:14:52 MOT
l\ -137
ASME BPVC.Vlll.2-2015 f:>A~C t

PART3
MATERIALS REQUIREMENTS

3.1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS


The requirements for materials used in the construction of pressure vessel parts according to the rules of this Division
are defined in this Part General rules and supplemental requirements are defined for different material types and pro-
duct forms. In cases of conflicts, the requirements stipulated in the paragraphs containing "Supplemental Requirements"
shall govern.

3.2 MATERIALS PERMITTED FOR CONSTRUCTION OF VESSEL PARTS


3.2.1 MATERIALS FOR PRESSURE PARTS
3.2.1.1 Materials used for the construction of pressure parts shall conform to one of the specifications given in Sec-
tion II, and shall be limited to those material specifications shown in the allowable design stress tables in Annex 3-A
unless specifically allowed by other rules of this Division.
3.2.1.2 Materials outside the limits of size, thickness, or weight limits stipulated in the title or scope clause of the
material specification given in Section II and permitted by 3.2.1.1 may be used if the material is in compliance with the
other requirements of the specification and a size, thickness, or weight limitation is not given in the allowable design
stress table (see Annex 3-A) or in Table 7.2. For specifications in which chemical composition or mechanical properties
vary with size or thickness, materials outside the range shall be required to conform to the composition and mechanical
properties shown for the nearest specified range.
3.2 .1.3 Materials shall be proven of weldable quality. Satisfactory qualification of the welding procedure under Sec-
tion IX is considered as proof.
3.2.1.4 Materials for which fatigue curves are provided (see 3.15) shall be used in construction of vessels or vessel
parts subject to fatigue unless the fatigue analysis exemption criteria of 5.5.2 are satisfied.
3.2.1.5 Materials other than those allowed by this Division shall not be used unless data therein are submitted to
and approved by the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Committee in accordance with Appendix 5 of Section II, Part D.
3.2.1.6 The rules in this Division do not provide detailed requirements for selection of an alloy suitable for the in-
tended service or the amount of corrosion allowance to be provided. It is required that the user or his designated agent
assure the materials used for the construction of vessels or vessel parts are suitable for the intended service conditions
with respect to mechanical properties, resistance to corrosion, erosion, oxidation, and other damage mechanisms antici-
pated during service life. Informative and non-mandatory guidance regarding metallurgical phenomena that occur in
material subject to certain process environments is provided in Appendix A of Section II, Part D.
3.2.1.7 The material specifications listed in Annex 3-A of this Division include a column of UNS (Unified Numbering
~ystem) numbers assigned to identify the various alloy compositions. These numbers are used in the rules of this Divi-
sion whenever reference is made to materials of approximately the same chemical composition that are furnished under
rriore than one approved specification or in more than one product form.

3;-2.2 MATERIALS FOR ATTACHMENTS TO PRESSURE PARTS


.:: 3.2.2.1 Except as permitted in 3.2.2.2, materials for non-pressure parts which are ded to pressure parts shall
r;neet all the requirements of 3.2.1 and all supplemental requirements stipulated int · Part (see Part 2, 2.2.2.l(g)).
;' 3.2.2.2 Except as limited in 3.5 for quenched and tempered st~...,.."'lrll>"'"""
welding is not permitted, minor attachments may be of a non-ASM certifie aterial and may be welded directly to the
pressure part provided the criteria listed below are satisfied. In this context, minor attachments are parts of small size
(i.e. not over 10 mm (3/e in.) thick or 80 cm 3 (5 in.3) volume) that support no load or insignificant loads (i.e. stress cal-
culations are not required in the Manufacturer's judgment), such as name plates, insulation supports, and locating lugs.

50
Copyright ASME lntemalional (BPVC)
Provided by lHS under license with ASME ax licenaee=Dept of Energy 19991702100
No reprodudic>n or ~tworklng permitted without license from IHS Not for RHale, 07/2412015 08:28:•7 MOT
ASM E BPVC.Vlll.2-2015

(a) The material is identified and is suitable for welding. Satisfactory qualification of welding procedure under Section
IX is considered as proof.
(b) The material is compatible insofar as welding is concerned with that to which the attachment is to be made.
(c) The welds are postweld heat treated when required by Part 6, 6.4.2 of this Division.

3.2.3 WELDING MATERIALS


3.2.3.1 Welding materials used for the construction of pressure parts shall comply with the requirements of this
Division, those of Section IX, and the applicable qualified welding procedure specification.
3.2.3.2 When the welding materials comply with one of the specifications in Section II, Part C, the marking or tag-
ging of the material, contain or packages as required by the applicable Section II specification may be adopted for
identification in lieu of Certifie est Report or a Certificate of Compliance. When the welding materials do not comply
with one of the specifications Section II, the marking or tagging shall be identifia with the welding materials set
forth in the welding procedure ecification, and may be acceptable in lieu of a ertifie est Report or a Certificate
of Compliance.

3.2.4 DISSIMILAR MATERIALS


3.2.4.1 The user or his designated agent shall ensure that the coupling of dissimilar materials will not have a detri-
mental effect on the corrosion rate or service life of the vessel (see Appendix A of Section II, Part D).
3.2.4.2 The requirements for the base metals, heat affected zones (HAZ), and weld metal(s) of dissimilar metal
weldments shall each be applied in accordance with the rules of this Division.

3.2.5 PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS


3.2.5.1 The term plate as used in this Division also includes sheet and strip.
3.2.5.2 Rods and bars may be used in pressure vessel construction for pressure parts such as flange rings, stiffening
rings, frames for reinforced openings, stays and staybolts, and similar parts. Except for flanges of all types, hollow cylin-
drically shaped parts (up to and including DN 100 (NPS 4)] may be machined from hot-rolled or forged bar provided that
the axial length of the part is approximately parallel to the metal flow lines of the stock. Other parts, such as heads or
caps [up to and including DN 100 (NPS 4)), not including flanges may be machined from hot-rolled or forged bar. Elbows,
return bends, tees and header tees shall not be machined directly from bar stock.
3.2.5.3 When a material specification is not listed in this Division covering a particular wrought product of a grade,
but there is an approved specification listed in this Division covering some other wrought product of that grade, the
product for which there is no specification listed may be used provided:
(a) The chemical and mechanical properties, heat treating requirements, and requirements for deoxidation, or grain
size requirements conform to the approved specification listed in this Division. The stress values for that specification
given in Annex 3-A shall be used.
(b) The material specification is published Section II and covers that grade.
(c) For the case of welded product forms without the addition of filler metal, the appropriate stress intensity values
are multiplied by 0.85.
(d) The product is not fabricated by fusion welding with the addition of filler metal unless it is fabricated in accor-
dance with the rules of this Division as a pressure part.
(e) The mill test reports reference the specifications used in producing the material and in addition make reference to
this paragraph.
3.2.5.4 Forgings certified to SA-105, SA-181, SA-182, SA-350, SA-403, and SA-420 may be used as tubesheets and
hollow cylindrical forgings for pressure vessel shells that otherwise meet all the rules of this Division, provided that the
following additional requirements are met:
(a) Forgings certified to SA-105 or SA-181 shall be subject to one of the austenitizing heat treatments permitted by
these specifications.
(b} One tension test specimen shall be taken from each forging weighing more than 2 250 kg (5,000 lb). The largest
obtainable tension test specimen as specified by the test methods referenced in the applicable specification shall be
used. Except for upset-disk forgings, the longitudinal axis of the test specimen s hall be taken parallel to the direction
of major working of the forging. For upset-disk forgings, the longitudinal axis of the test specimen shall be taken in
the tangential direction. When agreed to by the Manufacturer, and when not prohibited by the material specification,
test specimens may be machined from specially forged test blocks meeting the provisions for such as provided in
SA-266 or other similar specifications for large forgings.

51
Copyrlgl< ASME "*""'ional {BPIIC)
_..,IHS..---ASME.X
Ho,_.,.._,.......,.,_ ____ 1HS ~olE'*VYJ9991702100
Not few Re••.07n"2015 08;2$ 47 MOT
ASME BPVC.Vlll .2-2015

(c) For quenched and tempered forgings weighing more than 4 500 kg (10,000 lb) at the time of heat treatment, two
tension test specimens shall be taken from each forging. These shall be offset 180 deg from each other, except if the
length of the forging, excluding test prolongations, exceeds 3.7 m (12 ft); then one specimen shall be taken from each
end of the forging.

3.2.6 CERTIFICATION
3.2.6.1 Certificat e of Compliance and Material Test Report.
(a) The Manufacturer shall ensure all requirements of the material specification, and all special requirements of Part 3
of this Division, that are to be fulfilled by the materials manufacturer have been complied with. The Manufacturer shall
accomplish this by obtaining Certificates of Compliance or Material Test Reports. These documents shall include results
of all required tests and examinations, evidence of compliance with the material specifications and additional require·
ments as applicable. When the specification permits certain specific requirements to be completed later, those incom·
plete items shall be noted on the material documentation. When these specific requirements have been completed by
someone other than the material manufacturer, this completion shall be documented and attached to the material
documentation.
(b) The manufacturer shall receive a copy of the test report as prepared by the originator of the data and maintain as
part of his construction records.
(c) All conflicts between the material specification and the supplemental requirements stipulated in this Part shall be
noted, and compliance with the supplemental requirements shall be certified.
3.2.6.2 Certificate of Compliance and Mat erial Test Reports by Other than Materials Manufacturer.
(a) Except as otherwise provided in 3.2.5.3 and 3.2.7, if the requirements in a material specification listed in Annex
3-A have been completed by other than the materials manufacturer, then the vessel Manufacturer shall obtain supple-
mentary material test reports and the Inspector shall examine these documents and determine that they represent the
material and meet the requirements of the material specification.
(b) The vessel Manufacturer shall certify compliance with all the supplemental requirements stipulated in this Part for
any of the treatments or examinations s pecified herein. The certification shall include certified reports of results of all
tests and examinations performed on the materials by the vessel Manufacturer.

3.2.7 PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION AND TRACEABILITY


3.2.7.1 General Requirements.
(a) Material for pressure parts shall be organized so that when the vessel is completed, one complete set of the ori·
ginal identification markings required in the specifications for all materials of construction will be clearly visible. In case
the original identification markings are unavoidably cut out or the material is divided into two or more parts, the vessel
Manufacturer shall assure identification of each piece of material during fabrication and subsequent identification of the
markings on the completed vessel by using the methods listed below.
(1) Accurate transfer of the original identification markings to a location where the markings will be visible on the
completed vessel.
(2) Identification by coded marking, described in the Quality System Manual, acceptable to the Inspector and trace- () _
able to the original required marking. -----
(bJ An as-built sketch or tabulation of materials shall be made, identifying each piece of material with a ertifie est
report or, where permitted by this Part, with a certificate of compliance and the coded marking which assure I entifica-
tion of each piece of material during fabrication and subsequent identification in the completed vessel.
(c) When plate specification heat treatments are not performed by the material manufacturer, they shall be performed
by, or under the control of, the vessel Manufacturer who shall then place the letter "T" following the letter "G" in the Mill
plate marking (see SA-20) to indicate that the heat treatments required by the material specification have been per-
formed. The fabricator shall also document in accordance with 3.2.6.2(b) that the specified heat treatments have been
performed in accordance with the material manufacturer's recommendation.
3.2.7.2 Method of Transferring Markings by the Manufacturer.
(a) Transfer of markings shall be made prior to cutting except that the Manufacturer may transfer markings imme-
diately after cutting provided the control of these transfers is described in the Manufacturer's written Quality Control
System. The Inspector need not witness the transfer of the marks but shall be satisfied that it has been done correctly.
(b) The material may be marked by any method acceptable to the Inspector; however, all steel stamping shall be done
with commercially available "low stress" dies.

52
Copyright ASME lntemational (SPVC)
Provided by IHS under license with ASME aX l k:enaee.sOept or Ene,oy 19991702100
No reproduction o, networtdn,g permitted without license from IHS NoC tor Ruale, 07/2-4/2015 08:26:4'7 MOT
ASM E BPVC.Vlll.2-2015

(15) 3.3.6.2 Design Calculations Based on Total Thickness.


(a) Base material with corrosion resistant integral or weld metal overlay cladding used in construction in which the
design calculations are based on total thickness including cladding ( 4.1.9) shall consist of base plate listed in one of the
material tables in Part 3 and shall conform to one of the following specifications or utilize weld metal overlay cladding
meeting the requirements of this Division.
(1) SA-263 Specification for Corrosion-Resisting Chromium-Steel Clad Plate, Sheet and Strip;
(2) SA-264 Specification for Corrosion-Resisting Chromium-Nickel Steel Clad Plate, Sheet and Strip; or
(3) SA-265 Specification for Nickel and Nickel-Base Alloy Clad Steel Plate.
(b) Base material with corrosion resistant integral cladding in which any part of the cladding is included in the design
calculations, as permitted in (a), that is constructed of multiple cladding plates welded together prior being bonded to
the base material shall have the cladding-alloy-to-cladding-alloy welding that is performed prior to bonding to the base
material:
(1) performed by a Manufacturer holding a Certificate of Authorization.
(2) radiographically examined for their full length in the manner prescribed in 7.5.3. In place of radiographic exam-
ination, welds may be ultrasonically examined for their full length (see 7.5.5).
(3) be supplied with a Partial Data Report if that welding is not performed by the vessel Manufacturer.
3.3.6.3 Design Calculations Based on Base-Plate Thickness. Clad plate used in constructions in which the design
calculations are based on the base-plate thickness, exclusive of the thickness of the cladding material, may consist of any
base-plate material satisfying the requirements of Part 3 and any metallic integral or weld metal overlay cladding ma-
terial of weldable quality that meets the requirements of 6.5 of this Division.
3.3.6.4 Shear Strength of Bond of Integrally Clad Plates. Integrally clad plates in which any part of the cladding is
included in the design calculations, as permitted in 4.1.9, shall show a minimum shear strength of 140 MPa (20 ksi) when
tested in the manner described in the late specification. One shear test shall be made on each such clad plate and the
results shall be reported on th -....c~ ··c~ st report. A shear or bond strength test is not required for weld metal overlay
cladding.
3.3.6.5 Removal of Cladding for Mill Tension Tests. When any part of the cladding thickness is specified an allow-
ance for corrosion, such added thickness shall be removed before mill tension tests.

(15) 3.3.7 CLAD TUBESHEETS


3.3.7.1 Tube-to-tubesheet welds in the cladding of either integral or weld metal overlay clad tubesheets may be con-
sidered strength welds (full or partial), provided the welds meet the design requirements of 4.18.10. In addition, when
the strength welds are to be made in the clad material of integral clad tubesheets, the integral clad material to be used for
tubesheets shall meet the requirements in (a) and (b) for any combination of clad and base materials. The shear strength
test and ultrasonic examination specified in (a) and (b) are not required for weld metal overlay clad tubesheets.
(a) Integral clad material shall be shear strength tested in accordance with SA-263. One shear test shall be made on
each integral clad plate or forging, and the results shall be reported on the material test report.
(b) Integral clad material shall be ultrasonically examined for bond integrity in accordance with SA-578, including
Supplementary Requirement Sl, and shall meet the acceptance criteria given in SA-263 for Quality Level Class 1.
3.3.7.2 When the design calculations for clad tubesheets are based on the total thickness including the cladding, the
clad material shall meet any additional requirements specified in 3.3.6.
3.3.7.3 When tubesheets are constructed using linings or integral cladding that does not meet the requirements of
3.3.7.l(a) and 3.3.7.l(b), the strength of the tube-to-tubesheet joint shall not be dependent upon the connection between
the tubes and the lining or integral cladding, as applicable.

3.4 SUPPLEMENTAL REQUIREMENTS FOR Cr-Mo STEELS


3.4.1 GENERAL
3.4.1.1 The rules in 3.4 include supplemental requirements for fabrication and testing for Cr-Mo steels. The materi-
als and appropriate specifications covered by this paragraph are listed in Table 3.1.
3.4.1.2 Certification that the requirements of 3.4 have been satisfied shall be shown on the Manufacturer's Data Re-
port Form.

3.4.2 POSTWELD HEAT TREATMENT


The final postweld heat treatment shall be in accordance with the requirements of 6.4.2 of this Division.

58
CoP)'right ASME lntematiooal (BPVC)
PtOVided by IHS u.nci.r licenN W11h ASME ax Ucensee=Oept ot Energy 19gg1102100
No reproduction or n~M.hg permitted without license from IHS NOC for RNale, 071241201S 08:26:47 MOT
ASME BPVC.VIII.2-20 15

(2) Ferritic chromium stainless steels; and


(3) Martensitic chromium stainless steels.
3.11.4.5 Required Impact Testing for Austenitlc Stainless Steel Welding Consumables With MDMT Colder Than
-104°C (-155°F). For production welds at MDMTs colder than -104°C (·155°F), all of the following conditions shall be
satisfied:
(a) The welding processes are limited to SMAW, SAW, GMAW, GTAW, and PAW;
(b) The applicable Welding Procedure Specifications (WPSs) are supported by Procedure Qualification Records
(PQRs) with impact testing in accordance with the requirements of 3.11.7 and 3.11.4.1, or when the applicable PQR
is exempted from impact testing by other provisions of this Division;
(c) The weld metal (produced with or without the addition of filler metal) has a carbon content not exceeding 0.10%;
(d) The weld metal is produced by filler metal conforming to Section II, Part C, SFA-5.4, SFA-5.9, SFA-5.11, SFA-5.14,
and SFA-5.22 as modified below.
(1) Each heat and/or lot of welding consumables to be used in production welding with the SMAW and GMAW pro-
cesses shall be pre-use tested by conducting impact tests in accordance with 3.11.4.1. Test coupons shall be prepared in
accordance with Section II, Part C, SFA-5.4, A9.3.S utilizing the WPS to be used in production welding.
(2) Each heat of filler metal and batch of flux combination to be used in production welding with the SAW process
shall be pre-use tested by conducting impact tests in accordance with 3.11.4.1. Test coupons shall be prepared in accor-
dance with Section II, Part C, SFA-5.4, A9.3.S utilizing the WPS to be used in production welding.
(3) Combining more than one welding process or more than one heat, lot, and/or batch of welding material into a
single test coupon is unacceptable. Pre-use testing in accordance with 3.11.4.1 may be conducted by the welding con-
sumable manufacturer provide ertifie mill test reports are furnished with the consumables.
(4) T 1 er metals may be used without pre-use testing of each heat, lot, and/or batch provided that the
e ure qualification impact testing in accordance with 3.11.8 at the MDMT or colder is performed using the same
manufacturer brand and type filler metal: ENiCrFe-2; ENiCrFe-3; ENiCrMo-3; ENiCrMo-4; ENiCrMo-6; ERNiCr-3;
ERNiCrMo-3; ERNiCrMo-4; SFA-5.4, E310-15 or 16.
(5) The following filler metals may be used without pre-use testing of each heat and/or lot provided that procedure
qualification impact testing in accordance with 3.11.8 at the MDMT or colder is performed: ER308L, ER316L, and ER310
used with the GTAW or PAW processes.
3.11.4.6 Required Impact Testing for Vessel Production Test Plates.
(a) For welded construction, of duplex stainless steels, ferritic stainless steels and martensitic stainless steels, vessel
production impact tests in accordance with 3.11.8.4 are required if the welding procedure qualification requires impact
testing, unless otherwise exempted by the rules of this Division.
(b) For welded construction of austenitic stainless steels, vessel (production) impact tests in accordance with 3.11.8.4
are required unless exempted as follows in (1) and (2):
(1) At MDMTs of-104°C (-155°F) and warmer, vessel (production) impact tests are exempted, provided the impact
;,test exemption requirements for the applicable Weld Procedure Qualification in 3.11.4.4 are satisfied .
.· (2) At MDMTs colder than -104°C (-155°F) but no colder than -196°C (-320°F), vessel (production) impact tests
iare exempted, provided the pre-use test requirements in 3.11.4.5 are satisfied.
·, (3) At MDMTs colder than -196°C (-320°F), vessel (production) impact tests or ASTM E1820 J,c: tests shall be con-
iducted in accordance with 3.11.4.l(c).
_:: (c) Vessel Production Impact Testing for Autogeneous Welds in Austenitic Stainless Steels - For autogenous welds
1
:(welded without filler metal) in austenitic stainless steels, vessel (production) impact tests are not required when all
'iof the following conditions are satisfied:
(1) The material is solution annealed after welding.
(2) The MDMT is not colder than -196°C (-320°F).

3.11.5 NONFERROUS ALLOYS


3.11.5.1 Nonferrous materials listed in Tables 3-A.4 through 3-A.7, together with deposited weld metal within the
range of composition for material in that Table, do not undergo a marked drop in impact resistance at subzero tempera-
ture. Therefore, additional requirements are not specified for:
(a) Wrought aluminum alloys when they are used at temperature down to -269°C (-452°F);
(b) Copper and copper alloys, nickel and nickel alloys, and cast aluminum alloys when they are used at temperatures
down to · 198°C (-325°F); and
(c) Titanium or zirconium and their alloys used at temperatures down to -59°C (-75°F).

76
Copyright ASME International (BPVC)
PrcMded by IHS Undef lioense with ASME 1X licensee=Oept of Energy /9991702100
No reprodud»On Ot networlthg pefmitted without l~se from IHS Not for Resale. 07/2.C/201S 08~6:,4'7 MOT
AS ME BPVC.Vlll.2-2015

PART6
FABRICATION REQUIREMENTS

6.1 GENERAL FABRICATION REQUIREMENTS


6.1.1 MATERIALS
6.1.1.1 Documentation of Material Treatments, Tests, and Examination. The vessel Manufacturer shall document
compliance with the special requirements of Part 3 for any of the treatments, tests, or examinations specified therein
that are performed. The documentation shall include reports of the results of all tests and examinations performed
on the materials by the vessel Manufacturer.
6.1.1.2 Material Identification.
(a) Material Marking - Material for pressure parts should be laid out so that when the vessel is completed, one com-
plete set of the original identification markings required in the specifications for the material will be plainly visible. In
case the original identification markings are unavoidably cut out or the material is divided into two or more parts, one
set shall either be accurately transferred prior to cutting by the pressure vessel Manufacturer to a location where the
markings will be visible on the completed vessel, or a coded marking, acceptable to the Inspector, shall be used to assure
identification of each piece of material during fabrication and subsequent identification of the markings on the com-
":,"("""-,m~l..l£l~s1el. I · r case an as-built sketch or a tabulation of materials shall be made, identifying each piece of ma-
certifie test report or certificate of compliance and the coded marking. Except as indicated in (b),
material may be m ed by any method acceptable to the Inspector. The Inspector need not witness the transfer of
the marks but shall satisfy himself that it has been correctly done.
{b) Method of Transferring Markings - Where the service conditions prohibit die stamping for material identification,
and when so specified by the user, the required data shall be marked on the plates in a manner that will allow positive
identification upon delivery. The markings must be recorded so that each plate will be positively identified in its position
in the finished vessel to the satisfaction of the Inspector. Transfer of markings for material that is to be divided shall be
done in accordance with (a).
[c) Transfer of Markings by Other than the Manufacturer - If the material is formed into shapes by anyone other than
the Manufacturer of the completed pressure vessel and the original markings as required by the applicable material spe-
cification are unavoidably cut out, or the material is divided into two or more parts, then the manufacturer of the shape
shall either:
(1) Transfer the original identification markings to another location on the shape; or
(2) Provide for identification by the use of a coded marking traceable to the original required marking, using a
marking method agreed upon and described in the Quality Control System of the Manufacturer of the completed pres-
sure vessel.
{d) The material test report for this material, in conjunction with the above modified marking requirements, shall be
considered sufficient to identify these shapes. Manufacturer's Partial Data Reports and parts stamping are not a require-
ment unless there has been fabrication to the shapes that includes welding beyond that exempted by 3.2.8.2.
6.1.1.3 Repair of Defective Materials. Defects may be removed and the material repaired by the vessel Manufac-
turer or, unless prohibited by the material specification, may also be repaired by the material manufacturer with the
approval of the vessel Manufacturer. Material repairs that exceed those permitted by the material specification shall
be made to the satisfaction of the Inspector. All repairs shall be in accordance with the following paragraphs.
(a) Examination of Defective Areas - Areas from which defects have been removed shall be examined by either the
magnetic particle or by the liquid penetrant method in accordance with Part 7 to ensure complete removal of the defect
(b) Repair by Welding - For the repair of materials by welding, the procedures and welds must be qualified in accor-
dance with Section IX of the Code. If the base metal requires impact testing in accordance with 3.11, then a procedure
test plate shall be welded and the deposited weld metal impact tested in accordance with 3.11 and shall meet the same
minimum requirements as established for the base material. The repaired material shall be heat treated in accordance
with the postweld heat treatment requirements of 6.4.2 when required.
(c) Examination of Finished Weld-Repaired Surfaces

658
···,"..·.. ···.·.
Copynght ASME 1- ..lionol (BPVC)
""'*
PIIMded by IHS lcoftM w!lh ASME alC ~ 0 . 0 , ol e_,,., 19991102100
No roprodu<xwlo,~ . . . . - - - -- • - I H S Hollor - .
07124/2015 GI :le 47 MDT
\l-131
ASME BPVC.Vlll .2·2 015
tAL...,e Jo
(b) Some, but not alJ, of the required inspections and verifications that are defined in the rules of this Division are
summarized in Table 7-A.1.

7-A.3.2.2 Manufacturer's Quality Control System


In addition to the duties specified, the Inspector has the duty to monitor the Manufacturer's Quality Control System.

7-A.3.2.3 Inspection of Materials


{a) Compliance of Materials With Requirements - the Inspec r shalJ assure himself that alJ materials used comply in
all respects with the requirements of this Division. The ufacturer shall submit to the Inspector certification of ma-
terials compliance. The Inspector shall examin ertifie st reports or certificates of compliance for the materials used,
except as otheiwise provided for in the material specification or in this Division.
[b) Marking on Materials - the Inspector shall inspect materials used in the construction to see that they bear the iden-
tification required by the applicable material specification, except as otherwise provided in Part 3 of this Division.
Should the identifying marks be obliterated or the material be divided into two or more parts, the marks shalJ be prop-
erly transferred by the Manufacturer as provided in 6.1.1.2.

7-A.3.2.4 Dimensional Check of Component Parts


(a) The Inspector shalJ satisfy himself that:
(1) Head and shelJ sections conform to the prescribed shape and meet the thickness requirements after forming;
(2) Nozzles, manhole frames, reinforcement around openings, and other appurtenances to be attached to the Inside
or outside of the vessel fit properly to the curvature of the vessel surface; and
(3) The dimensional requirements have been met, include making such dimensional measurements as the Inspector
considers necessary.
[b) Use of Templates- if required by the Inspector, the Manufacturer of the vessel shall furnish accurately formed tern·
plates for his use.

7-A.3.2.5 Check of Heat Treatment Practice


The Inspector shall satisfy himself that the Manufacturer has conducted alJ heat treatment operations required by this
Division. Certificates furnished by the Manufacturer may be accepted as evidence that the heat treatment operations
were correctly carried out

7-A.3.2.6 Inspection of Welding


(a) Check of Welding Procedure Specifications - the Inspector shalJ verify that the welding procedures employed in
construction have been qualified under the provisions of Section IX and as specified in this Division. The Manufacturer
shall submit evidence to the Inspector that those requirements have been met. When there is a specific reason toques-
tion a welding procedure, the Inspector may require re-qualification as a requirement for the procedure to be used on
work subject to his inspection.
{b) Check of Welder and Welding Operator Performance Qualification - the Inspector shalJ verify that all welding is
done by welders or welding operators qualified under the provisions of Section IX. The Manufacturer shall make avail-
able to the Inspector a certified copy of the record of performance qualification tests of each welder and welding opera-
tor as evidence that these requirements have been met When there is a specific reason to question the ability of a welder
or welding operator to make welds that meet the requirements of the Welding Procedure Specification, the Inspector
may require re-qualification as a requirement for the welder or welding operator to continue welding on work subject
to his inspection.
[c) Check of Nondestructive Examination Methods - the Inspector shall verify that the nondestructive examination
methods of Part 7 which are used follow the techniques specified therein, that the examinations are performed by op-
erators who are certified by the Manufacturer as being qualified in the techniques of the methods employed and in the
interpretation and evaluation of the results, and that the Manufacturer has met the requirements of alJ of the rules of this
Division. If there is a specific reason to question an operator's qualifications, the Inspector has the right to require proof
of the operator's ability to perform and interpret the examinations specified. The Inspector may witness nondestructive
examinations at his discretion.

7-A.3.2.7 Witness of Pressure Test


The Inspector shall witness the hydrostatic test or pneumatic test required by Part 8 of this Division.

760 .. ..
-bylHS
Copyrig,. ASl.'E _ __
l"""'°IN>""' _
(Bf>VC) o)(
U....-0.,. « EIIOf!ly 19991702 100
... , _ .. ~ponnAod- _,.. ......, ..s Nollor-. 0712412015 08:211 <7 MOT
t\-13 7
ASME BPVC.Vlll.3-201S
al:&€ i,
PART KM
MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS

ARTICLE KM-1
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

(ls ) KM-100 MATERIALS PERMIITED (-b) A certification that the material was manufac-
tured and tested in accordance with the requirements of
(a) Materials that are to be used under the rules of this the specification to which the material is certified (a Cer-
Division, except for integral cladding, welding filler me- tificate of Compliance), excluding the specific marking re-
tals, weld metal overlay, and liner materials, shall con- quirements, has been furnished to the vessel or part
form to a material specification given in Section II, and Manufacturer, together with copies of all documents
shall be listed in Tables KM-400-1, KM -400-lM, and test reports pertinent to the demonstration of confor-
KM -400 -2, KM-400-2M, KM-400-3, KM -400-3M, mance to the requirements of the permitted specification.
KM-400-4, or KM-400-4M. The term material specification
(d) Th e bolt produ ct form, as specified in Tables
used in this Division shall be the referenced specification
KM-400 - 1, KM-400 -l M, KM -400-2, KM -400-2M,
in Section II together with the supplemental require-
KM-400-3, or KM-400-3M shall not be used for applica-
ments listed in the User's Design Specification (see
tions other than bolting (see KM-300).
KG-311.7).
(b) Materials that are outside the limits of size and/or (e) Pressure vessel closure components, such as
threaded bodies and main nuts, that have threaded sec-
thickness stipulated in the title or scope clause of the ma-
terial specifications given in Section II and permitted by tions for the purpose of engaging seals and/or retaining
end loads may be manufactured from forging or bar pro-
Part KM may be used If the materials are in compliance
with the other requirements of the material specification duct forms listed in Tables KM-400-1, KM -400-lM,
and no size or thickness limitation is specified in this Di- KM-400-2, KM-400-2M, KM-400-3, or KM-400-3M, pro-
vision. In those specifications in which chemical composi- vided that all other qualification and design requirements
tion or mechanical properties vary with size or thickness, of this Division are met
materials outside the range shall be required to conform (/) The User shall confirm the coupling of dissimilar
to the composition and mechanical properties shown for metals will have no harmful effect on the corrosion rate
the nearest specified range. or life of the vessel for the service intended (see
(c) Except as provided in (1) or (2) below, materials KG-311.7).
other than those allowed by this Division shall not be
used for construction of the pressure retaining compo-
nent. including bolting and prestressed inner layer. KM-101 CERTIFICATION BY MATERIALS
(1) Data on other materials may be submitted to and MANUFACTURER
approved by the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Committee in The Materials Manufacturer shall certify that all re-
accordance with Section II, Part D, Mandatory Appendix 5. quirements of the applicable materials specifications in
(2) A vessel or part Manufacturer may certify materi- Section II, all special requirements of Part KM which are
als identified with a specification not permitted by this Di- to be fulfilled by the Materials Manufacturer, and all sup-
vision, provided the following requirements are satisfied: plementary material requirements specified by the User's
(-a) All requirements (including, but not limited Design Specification (KG-3 11) have been complied with.
to, melting method, melting practice, deoxidation, quality, The certifi ·on shall consist of a Materials Manufac-
and heat treatment) of a specification permitted by this turer's ertifie aterial test report showing numerical
Division to which the material is to be certified, including resul o a required tests, and shall certify that all re-
the requirements of this Division, have been demon- ed examinations and repairs have been performed
strated to have been met on the materials. Also see KE-200. All conflicts between

19 .. .·. . · ·. ...
,

c.,,yriglt ASME ,_on., C8PVC)


Pf"CMded tiy lHS lill*"bMe wlllh ASME IX UO,,,.- Oopt ol e-v, _,102100
. . _ _ _ , , . , ~ . . . , - - - ..... HS Nol lot - · 07124/2015 09 34 tt MOT
ASM E BPVC.VJll.3-2 01 5

of markings to a location where the markings will be visi· KF-113 REPAIR OF DEFECTIVE MATERIAL
ble on the completed vessel. Alternatively, a coded mark-
Material in which defects exceeding the limits of Article
ing. acceptable to the Inspector, shall be used to ensure
KE-2 are known or are discovered during the process of
identification of each piece of material during fabrication
fabrication is unacceptable. Unless prohibited by the ma-
and subsequent identification of the markings on the
terial specification in Section II, the User's Design Specifi-
completed vessel. Except as indicated in KF-112.1, mate-
cation, or Part KM, defects may be removed and the
rial may be marked by any method acceptable to the In-
material repaired by the Manufacturer or by the Material
spector. The Inspector need not witness the transfer of
Manufacturer with the approval of the Manufacturer. All
the marks, but shall be satisfied that this has been done
repairs shall be made in accordance with the provisions
correctly.
of Article KE-2 and documented in the Manufacturer's
(b) All parts completed elsewhere shall be marked w ith
Construction Records.
the part manufacturer's name and the part identification.
Should identifying marks be obliterated in the fabrication
process and for small parts, other means of identification
shall be used. KF-120 MATERIAL FORMING
KF-112.1 Method of Transferring Markings. Where All materials for shell sections and for heads shall be
the service conditions prohibit die stamping for material formed to the required shape by any process that will
identification, and when so specified by the User, the Ma- not unduly impair the mech anical propert ies of the
terial Manufacturer and the Manufacturer shall mark the material.
required data on the material in a manner which will al-
low positive identification upon delivery. The markings
shall be recorded so that each piece of material will be po· KF-121 MATERIAL PREPARATION
sitively identified in its position in the finished vessel to KF-121.1 Examination of Materials.
the satisfaction of the Inspector. Transfer of markings (a) All materials to be used in constructing the pressure
for material that is to be divided shall be done in accor- vessel shall be examined before forming or fabrication for
dance with KF-112(a). See Article KS-1 for allowable the purpose of detecting. as far as possible, defects which
types of markings. exceed the acceptable limits of Article KE-2. All edges cut
KF-112.2 Transfer of Markings by Other Than the during fabrication (including the edges of openings cut
Manufacturer. When material is formed into shapes by through the thickness) shall be examined in accordance
anyone other than the Manufacturer and the original with KE-310. All defects exceeding the limits of KE-310
markings as required by the applicable material specifica- shall be documented and repaired.
tion are unavoidably cut out, or the material is divided (b) Cut edges of base materials with thicknesses over
into two or more parts, the Manufacturer of the shape 11/i in. (38 mm) shall be examined for discontinuities by
shall either: a magnetic particle or by a liquid penetrant method in ac-
(a) transfer the original identification markings to an- cordance with KE-233. This examination is not required
other location on the shape, or for the cut edges of openings 3 in. (76 mm) in diameter
(b) provid e for identificat ion by the use of a coded and smaller. However, the material shall be ultrasonically
marking traceable to the original required marking. using examined over 100% of the area in which the opening is
a marking method agreed upon and described in the Qual- to be cut, in accordance with KE-232. If indications are
ity Control System of the Manufacturer of the completed found which exceed the acce ptable limits of KE-232, the
pressure vessel. indications shall be repaired in accordance with KF-113.
The mill certification of the physical and chemical re- Nonlaminar discontinuities and laminar discontinuities
quirements of this material, in conjunction with the above are treated differently for plates and forgings. See Article
modified marking requirements, shall be considered suf- KE-2 for acceptance criteria fo r each of these. Threaded
ficient to identify these shapes. Manufacturer's Partial connections that seal against pressure shall not have
Data Reports and parts stamping shall be as required by any discontinuities.
KM-102 and KS-120.
KF-121.2 Material Cutting. Plates, edges of heads,
KF-112.3 Material Identification Records. An as- and other parts may be cut to shape and size by mechan-
built sketch or a tabulation of materials shall be made, ical means such as machining, shearing. grinding, or by
identifying the location of each piece of material that is thermal cutting. After thermal cutting, all slag and detri·
traceable to th certi 1e aterial test report or certificate mental discoloration of material which has been molten
of compliance an t e Code marking. shall be removed by mechanical means suitable to the
material, prior to further fabrication or use. When ther-
mal cutting is used, the effect on mechanical properties
shall be taken into consideration. The edges to be welded
shall be uniform and smooth.

163
Coc¥igl< ASMf lntomatiqmol (BPVC)
l'NMded bylHS""'* "*'M-MIIE IX L - o < E-199111702100
Ho-0t""""""'9,..,..--.-...,1rom1<S Nol lot - 07n4l201S 08:34 11 lolDT
ASME BPVC.Vlll.3·201 5

KE-212.5 Heat Treatment After Repairs. The pro· (b) Acceptance Criteria
duct shall be heat treated after repair in accordance with (1) Any area where one or more imperfections pro-
the heat treatment requirements of Article KF-4. duce a continuous total loss of back reflection accompa-
nied by continuous indications on the same plane that
KE-213 REPAIRS OF CLADDING cannot be encompassed within a circle whose diameter
The Material Manufacturer may repair defects in clad· is 1 in. (25 mm) shall be unacceptable.
ding by welding provided the requirements of (a) through (2) In addition, two or more imperfections smaller
(c) are met than described in (1) shall be unacceptable if they are se-
(a) The welding procedure and the welders or welding parated by a distance less than the diameter of the larger
operators shall be qualified in accordance with Article imperfection or they may be collectively encompassed by
KF-2 and Section IX. the circle described in (1).
(b) The defect shall be removed, and the cavity pre-
pared for repair shall be examined by the liquid penetrant KE-223 REPAIR BY WELDING
or magnetic particle method (see KE-233).
The depth of the repair cavity shall not exceed
(c) The repaired area shall be examined by the liquid
one-third the nominal thickness of the plate and the re·
penetrant or magnetic particle method (see KE-233).
pair shall be in accordance with KE-2 10.
KE-214 MATERIAL REPORT DESCRIBING
DEFECTS AND REPAIRS , .),-'
KE-230 EXAMINATION AND REPAIR OF
Each defect repair shall be described in the~ FORGINGS AND BARS
Material Test Report for each piece, including a chart
which shows the location and size of the repair, the weld- (a) Forgings and bars shall be examined by the ultraso-
ing material identification, welding procedure, heat treat· nic method in accordance with KE-232, except configura·
ment, and examination results. The location of repairs tions which do not yield meaningful examination results
shall be traceable to the completed vessel. by ultrasonic methods shall be examined by radiographic
methods in accordance with Section V, Article 2 using the
acceptance standards of KE-332. In addition, all external
KE-220 EXAMINATION AND REPAIR OF surfaces and accessible internal surfaces shall be exam-
PLATE ined by the magnetic particle method or liquid penetrant
KE-221 TIME OF EXAMINATION method (see KE-233).
(b) Forged flanges and fittings, such as elbows, tees,
Acceptance examinations shall be performed at the and couplings, shall be examined in accordance with the
time of manufacture as required in (a) through (c). requirements of KE-240.
(a) Ultrasonic examination shall be performed after (c) Bar material used for bolting shall be examined in
rolling to size and after heat treatment, except postweld accordance with KE-260.
heat treatment
(d) Forgings and forged or rolled bars which are to be
(b) When radiographic examination of repair welds to
bored to form tubular products or fittings shall be exam·
plate is required, it shall be performed after postweld
ined in accordance with the requirements of KE-240 after
heat treatment
boring.
(c) Magnetic particle or liquid penetrant examination
of repair welds to plate shall be performed after final heat
KE-231 TIME OF EXAMINATION
treatment (see KE-212.4).
Acceptance examination, including those for repair
KE-222 EXAMINATION PROCEDURES FOR welds, shall be performed at the time of manufacture as
SUBSURFACE IMPERFECTIONS required in (a) through (d).
All plates shall be examined by the straight beam ultra- (a) Ultrasonic examination may be performed at any
sonic method in accordance with Section V, Article 23, time after forging [see KE-23 0(d)) and the maximum
SA-578, Standard Specification for Straight-Beam Ultraso- practical volume shall be examined after final heat treat·
nic Examination of Plain and Clad Steel Plates for Special ment, excluding postweld heat treatment
Applications, except that the extent of examination and (b) Radiographic examination of repair welds, if re-
the acceptance standards to be applied are given in (a) quired, may be performed prior to any required postweld
and (b). heat treatment
(a) Extent of Examination. One hundred percent of each (c) Magnetic particle or liquid penetrant examination
major plate surface shall be covered by moving the search shall be performed in the finished condition.
unit in parallel paths with not less than a 10% overlap. (d) Forgings and rolled bars which are to be bored or
The location of all recordable indications as defined in turned to form tubular parts or fittings shall be examined
Section V shall be documented. after boring or turning, except for threading.

222
Copyright ASME ln11motJonal (BPVC)
PnMdedbylHS_licon.. -ASMEIX ~~olfnofVY/9W1702100
No ~ 0t ~ petfflilltd WilhOIA lcMse from IHS NoClotR-07n"201$0l 34 11 MDT
ASME BPVC.Vlll.3-2015

(c) Pipe and Tubing Larger Than 6¾ in. (170 mm) O.D. KE-244 EDDY CURRENT EXAMINATION
The procedure for ultrasonic examination of pipe and tub-
The requirements for eddy current examination are gi·
ing larger than 6 3/ 4 in. (170 mm) O.D. shall be in accor- ven in KE-244.1 through KE-244.3.
dance either with the requirements of Section II, SA-388
for angle beam scanning in the circumferential direction KE- 244.l Examination Procedure. The procedure for
or with the requirements of Section V, Article 23, eddy current examination shall provide a sensitivity that
SE-213, except as required in KE-241(a)(3). The refer- will consistently detect defects by comparison with the
ence standard shall be in accordance with KE-242.2. standard defects included in the reference specimen spe·
(d) Acceptance Standards. Products with defects that citied in KE-244.2. Products with defects that produce in·
produce indications in excess of the indications produced dications in excess of the reference standards are
by the standard defects in the referenced specimen are unacceptable unless the defects are eliminated or re·
unacceptable. paired in accordance with KE-246.
KE-242.2 Reference Specimens. The reference speci- KE- 244.2 Reference Specimen. The reference sped·
men shall be of the same nominal diameter and thickness, men shall be a piece of, and shall be processed in the same
and of the same nominal composition and heat-treated manner as, the product being examined. The standard de-
condition, as the product which is being examined. fects shall be circumferential or tangential notches or
(a) For circumferential scanning, the standard defects grooves on the outside and the inside surfaces of the pro·
shall be axial notches or grooves on the outside and inside duct and s hall have a length of approximately 1 in.
surfaces of the reference specimen and shall have a length (25 mm) or less, a width not to exceed 1/ 16 in. (1.6 mm),
of approximately 1 in. (25 mm) or less, a width not to ex· a depth not greater than the larger of 0.004 in.
ceed 1/ 16 in. (1.6 mm) for a square notch or U-notch, a (0.10 mm) or 5% of the wall thickness, and a radial hole
width proportional to the depth for a V-notch, and depth having a nominal diameter of 1fi 6 in. (1.6 mm) or less. The
not greater than the larger of 0.004 in. (0.10 mm) or 3% size of reference specimens shall be as specified in
of the nominal wall thickness. KE-242.2.
(b) For axial scanning in accordance with Section V, KE-244.3 Checking and Calibration of Equipment.
Article 23, SE-213, a transverse (circumferential) notch The checking and calibration of examination equipment
shall be introduced on the inner and outer surfaces of shall be the same as in KE-242.3.
the standard. Dimensions of the transverse notch shall
not exceed those of the longitudinal notch. The reference KE-245 TIME OF EXAMINATION
specimen may be the product being examined.
Time of acceptance examination, including that of re-
(c) The reference specimen shall be long enough to si·
pair welds, shall be in accordance with KE-231.
mutate the handling of the pr oduct being examined
through the examination equipment. When more than KE-246 REPAIR BY WELDING
one standard defect is placed in a reference specimen,
the defects shall be located so that indications from each When repair by welding is not prohibited by Part KM
defect are separate and distinct without mutual interfer· or the product specification, the depth of repair is not lim·
ence or amplification. All upset metal and burrs adjacent ited except as by the product s pecification and shall be in
to the reference notches shall be removed. accordance with KE-210.
KE-242.3 Checking and Calibration of Equipment.
The proper functioning of the examination equipment KE-250 EXAMINATION AND REPAIR OF
shall be checked and the equipment shall be calibrated TUBULAR PRODUCTS AND
by the use of the reference specimens, as a minimum FITTINGS WELDED WITH FILLER
(a) at the beginning of each production run of a given
size and thickness of given material
METAL
(b) after each 4 hr or less during the production run; KE-251 REQUIRED EXAMINATION
(c) at the end of the production run (a) All welds shall be examined 100% by radiography
(d) at any time that malfunctioning is suspected in accordance with the method and acceptance require·
If, during any check, it is determined that the testing men ts of the material specification and by a magnetic par-
equipment is not functioning properly, all of the product ticle method or a liquid penetrant method (KE-233).
that has been tested since the last valid equipment cali· When radiographic examination of welds is not specified
bration shall be reexamined. in the material specification, the welds shall be examined
by radiography in accordance with the requirements of
KE-243 RADIOGRAPHIC EXAMINATION Section V, Article 2, as modified by KE-111 using the ac-
The radiographic examination shall be performed in ac- ceptance standards of KE-332. The radiographic film
cordance with Section V, Article 2, as modified by KE-101, and a radiographic r~ ort showing film locations shall
using the acceptance requirements of KE-332. be provided with the e te aterial Test Report

225
Copyrighl ASME 1-.,...,, . (BPVC)
U.-Ooot .. "-v, INl1102100
11o...-.. ~....--_,....... 1Hs
P. - r, tHS . . - --ASMEOC
Nol lot- ·0112"2015 01 )4:11 MOT