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BASIC CHEMISTRY PRACTICUM JOURNAL II

CHEMICAL REACTIONS

BY:
HIDAYANTI AZIZUL ROFIAH NS
NIM : 1913071002

S1 SCIENCE EDUCATION
FACULTY OF MATHEMATIC AND MATURAL SCIENCES
GANESHA UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION
SINGARAJA
2019
CHEMICAL REACTIONS

I. Purpose
Students have knowledge about the chemical properties of various substances based on
changes that indicate the occurrence of chemical reactions.

II. Basic theory


In Chemistry, reaction is one way to find out the chemical properties of a substance or
various substances. The chemical properties are then recorded as quantitative data.
Chemical reactions occur can be observed from the changes (physical symptoms) that
accompany it. For example, arising of gas, the occurrence of color changes, the
emergence of deposits, changes in temperature and others.
Note: There is no need to rush to write the equation of reaction, noting important things,
for example, the occurrence of gas, changes in color, the deposition, the emergence of
gas, and how long it takes for the reaction to occur.
Remember! Mixing of substances at will is not permitted other than what has been
stated in the practicum guidelines except with the approval of practicum assistants /
assistants. Read carefully and repeatedly etiquette on the container before taking it.

III. Tools and materials


Tool:
 1 test tube rack
 3 dropper pipettes
 2 10 mL measuring cups
 1 piece of 250 mL beaker
Material / Substance:
 HCl 0,05 M ; 1 M  BaCl2 1 M
 CH3COOH 0,05 M  CaCO3 padat
 NaOH 0,05 M ; 1 M  Ba(OH)2 jenuh
 K2Cr2O7 0,1 M  K2CrO4 0,1 M
 Al2(SO4)3 0,1 M  H2C2O4 0,1 M
 NH4OH 1 M  H2SO4 2 M
 (NH4)2SO4 1 M  KMnO4 0,05 M
 Pb(NO3)2 0,05 M  CuSO4 0,05 M
 Na3PO4 padat  KSCN 0,1 M

V. Work procedures
1. Into 2 test tubes each input exactly 1 mL of 0.05 M HCl solution, 0.05 M
CH3COOH solution. Add each of the Ptalien Phenol (PP) indicator solution.
Observe the color of the solutions.
2. Into 2 other test tubes put 0.05 M NaOH solution each 1 mL. Add to them 1
drop of the Phenol Ptalien (PP) indicator solution.
3. Mix the two acids with bases in numbers 1 and 2, observing the changes that
occur.
4. Insert into 2 test tubes 1 mL of 0.1 M K2CrO4 solution each into the first tube
add drop by drop of 1 M HCl solution. Beat and observe! To the other tube, add
1 M. NaOH solution and store both solutions to compare with solution number
5.
5. Insert into 2 test tubes each 1 mL of potassium dichromate solution, K2Cr2O7
0.1 M. Treat as number 4 above. Compare solutions number 4 and 5.
6. Into the canal tube, insert 4 mL of (NH4) 2SO4 1 M. solution. Add 4 mL of 1
M NaOH solution, immediately attach the gas conduit. The gas formed is
applied to litmus paper that has been moistened with water. Observe the color
changes that occur on litmus paper.
7. Mix 1 mL of Pb (NO3) 2 0.05 M solution with 1 mL of 0.1 M NaCl solution.
Observe what happens. Heat the mixture with the chilli sauce. Record your
observations. The mixture is cooled, observe!
8. Insert 1 mL of 1 M BaCl2 solution into the test tube. Add 1 mL of 0.1 M
K2CrO4 solution, observe!
9. Insert 1 mL of 1 M BaCl2 solution into the test tube. Add 1 mL of 0.1 M
K2Cr2O7 solution, observe! Substances in numbers 8 and 9 should not be
discarded because they will be compared with numbers 10.
10. Insert 1 mL of 1 M BaCl2 solution into the test tube. Add 1 mL of 0.1 M HCl
solution and 1 mL of 0.1 M K2CrO4 compared to numbers 8 and 9.
11. Insert ± 1 gram of CaCO3 powder into the test tube. Add HCl solution. The gas
that occurs is channeled into another tube containing a solution of Ba (OH) 2.
Observe what happened.
12. Into the mixture of 1 mL of 0.1 M H2C2O4 oxalic acid solution and 2 drops of
2 M H2SO4, drop 0.05 M KMnO4 solution until the color does not disappear
again.
13. Into the mixture of 1 mL of iron (II) Fe2+ 0.1 M and 2 drops of H2SO4 2 M
drop a 0.05 M KMnO4 solution of the chilli sauce. Compare the speed of
KMnO4 color loss in numbers 12 and 13.
14. Mix 2 mL of iron (III) Fe3 + 0.1 M with 2 mL of 0.1 M KSCN solution. Divide
into 2 parts (into 2 test tubes). Add Na3PO4 to one of the tubes, while the other
is used for comparison. Compare the colors of the two solutions.
V. Observation Results
Trial Treatment Hypothesis Observation Reaction
Number
1 Into 2 test tubes I:
each input - Color HCl =
exactly 1 mL of colorless
- PP color =
0.05 M HCl
colorless
solution, 0.05 - Mix = colorless
M CH3COOH Color
solution. Add II :
each of the - CH3COOH =
Ptalien Phenol colorless
(PP) indicator - PP color =
colorless
solution.
- Mix = red
Observe the
color of the
solutions.
2 Into 2 other test - The color of
tubes put 0.05 NaOH = colorless
M NaOH - PP color =
colorless
solution each 1
- Mix = red
mL. Add to
them 1 drop of
the Phenol
Ptalien (PP)
indicator
solution
3 Mix the two - NaOH + HCl =
acids with white
bases in - NaOH +
CH3COOH = red
numbers 1 and
2, observing
the changes
that occur.
4 Insert into 2 I
test tubes 1 mL - K2CrO4 =
of 0.1 M yellow
- K2CrO4 + HCl
K2CrO4
= orange
solution each
into the first II
tube add drop - K2CrO4 =
by drop of 1 M yellow
- K2CrO4 +
HCl solution.
NaOH = faded
Beat and yellow
observe! To the
other tube, add
1 M. NaOH
solution and
store both
solutions to
compare with
solution
number 5.
5 Insert into 2 - K2CrO7 + HCl
test tubes each = orange
1 mL of - K2CrO7 +
NaOH = faded
potassium
yellow
dichromate
solution,
K2Cr2O7 0.1
M. Treat as
number 4
above.
Compare
solutions
number 4 and
5.
6 Into the canal Red litmus paper
tube, insert 4 turns blue
mL of (NH4)
2SO4 1 M.
solution. Add 4
mL of 1 M
NaOH solution,
immediately
attach the gas
conduit. The
gas formed is
applied to
litmus paper
that has been
moistened with
water. Observe
the color
changes that
occur on litmus
paper.
7 Mix 1 mL of Initially cloudy
Pb (NO3) 2 and there is a
0.05 M solution sediment, after
with 1 mL of heating formed a
0.1 M NaCl gas bubble & the
solution. solution becomes
Observe what clear
happens. Heat
the mixture
with the chilli
sauce. Record
your
observations.
The mixture is
cooled,
observe!
8 Insert 1 mL of Yellow and settles
1 M BaCl2 (white deposits)
solution into
the test tube.
Add 1 mL of
0.1 M K2CrO4
solution,
observe!
9 Insert 1 mL of Orange and settles
1 M BaCl2 (yellow deposits)
solution into
the test tube.
Add 1 mL of
0.1 M
K2Cr2O7
solution,
observe!
Substances in
numbers 8 and
9 should not be
discarded
because they
will be
compared with
numbers 10.
10 Insert 1 mL of Orange
1 M BaCl2
solution into
the test tube.
Add 1 mL of
0.1 M HCl
solution and 1
mL of 0.1 M
K2CrO4
compared to
numbers 8 and
9.
11 Insert ± 1 gram There are bubbles
of CaCO3
powder into the
test tube. Add
HCl solution.
The gas that
occurs is
channeled into
another tube
containing a
solution of Ba
(OH) 2.
Observe what
happened.
12 Into the Initially purple,
mixture of 1 after being heated
mL of 0.1 M it becomes clear
H2C2O4 oxalic with brown
acid solution sediment
and 2 drops of
2 M H2SO4,
drop 0.05 M
KMnO4
solution until
the color does
not disappear
again.
13 Into the The initial color is
mixture of 1 purple, after
mL of iron (II) heating it
Fe2+ 0.1 M and becomes brown
2 drops of with a brown
H2SO4 2 M precipitate
drop a 0.05 M
KMnO4
solution of the
chilli sauce.
Compare the
speed of
KMnO4 color
loss in numbers
12 and 13.
14 Mix 2 mL of - Fe2+ + KSCN =
iron (III) Fe3 + Dark red
0.1 M with 2 - Fe3+ + KSCN +
mL of 0.1 M Na3PO4 = dark
KSCN solution. red and thicker
Divide into 2
parts (into 2
test tubes). Add
Na3PO4 to one
of the tubes,
while the other
is used for
comparison.
Compare the
colors of the
two solutions.

VI. Discussion
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VII. Conclusions
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VIII. Reference
Book Basic Chemistry Practicum 1 (by Drs. I Wayan Subagia, MappSc., Ph.D. and
Dra. Suheimi Sya'ban, M.Pd.).

Singaraja, September, 12, 2019


Supporting Lecturers, Practices,

(Dr. I Nyoman Suardana, M.Si) (Hidayanti Azizul Rofiah NS)


NIP.196611231993031001 NIM. 1913071002