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The five elements of drama/stage play are the

thought, theme, and ideas; action and plot;

characters; language; and music.

The first element of drama, namely the thought, theme,

and ideas of a production, describes what the play means
as opposed to what happens throughout the plot. It deals
with the overall messages of a production.
The second element of drama, action and plot, deals with
what happens throughout the production as well as the
main conflicts. It includes the exposition, the rising
action, climax, falling action and resolution of the play.
The third element of drama, characters, describes the
people involved in the plot of the play. The fourth
element, language, refers to the words chosen by the
playwright as well as the way in which the characters
speak them. The dialect chosen helps drive the play and
shapes the background of individual characters.
The fifth element, music, refers to any music that drives
the play forward and heightens excitement or suspense
throughout. Music is a part of most theatrical productions,
but not all. The spectacle element, or the scenery, props,
costumes, and special effects should also be considered
when studying drama, because these items play a large
role in the production of a play.