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The effectiveness of coconut water as

postharvest treatment to prolong the vase life

of Rose

A Research Paper submitted to the Faculty of Camarines Norte

National Highschool

Adan, Hannah A.
Rationale

In recent years, cut flowers trade increased many folds in domestic as well as in the

international markets. The beauty of the flowers lies with the freshness of the flowers for longer

time without losing its aesthetic value. Roses, as one of the most notable symbols of love and

romance, it’s no surprise that the rose is also one of the most admired flowers. This fragrant

bloom comes in a wide variety of colors, each with its own special significance. However, color

isn’t the only important factor to consider when purchasing roses. Keeping quality is an

important parameter for evaluation of cut flower quality, for both domestic and export markets.

But mostly, roses lasts only for a week.

Coconut water is a rich resource of organic compounds especially plant growth regulators

like auxins, cytokinins and gibberellins. Coconut water has been used to extend the postharvest

longevity of some cut flowers.

This study was carried out to determine if the coconut water is the most suitable post-

harvest treatments to prolong the vase-life of the cut foliage of Rose.

Statement of the Problem

When flowers are kept at room temperature in houses for decoration, flowers dry up due

to water loss. If flowers are kept in vase containing water, the main cause of deterioration is stem

end rot. Cut flowers are more complex which require special attention in developing handling

techniques. Keeping the above points in view, therefore the present investigation is carried out

with the following questions:


1. How many days does the coconut water added to the vase life of rose?

2. What Rose will rot first?

3. What Rose will rot last?

Hypothesis

The coconut water is an effective postharvest treatment to prolong the vase life of rose

Methodology

The roses will be bought at Shiela’s Flower shop. The coconut water will be bought at

Daet Market. The water will be gathered by the researcher. The vases, knife and scissors will be

brought by the researcher.

On a clean table, prepare the 6 roses. Prepare 200ml of water and coconut water. Prepare

the 2 vases. Prepare the scissors and the knife. Prepare a bucket with water.

Trim the stems using scissors underwater or in the bucket with water. Trimming the

stems underwater helps to keep them fresh by preventing air from entering the bottom of the

stems. Use knife to cut the stem of the rose, do not use scissors to cut because it can squeeze the

stem. Cut off 1⁄2 inch (1.3 cm) to 1 inch (2.5 cm) of length from the bottom of the stems, or more

if you're arranging them in a short vase. Cut the stems at a 45degree angle, which enables them

to take in water more easily. Make sure the cutting tool you use is extremely clean since bacteria

can affect the next flowers you cut. Remove leaves from the stems. The portion of the stems that

will be submerged in water should be completely free of leaves because leaves left underwater

will start to rot. Pour 250ml water on the first vase and 250ml coconut water on the second vase.

Put 3 roses in each vase.


After two days, the stem of the roses in the first vase start rotting and the color of the

petals are starting to change while the roses in the second are still fresh though the lower part of

the stem is already brown and mushy. After five days, the petals of the roses in the first vase are

falling and already dried, its stem is rotting, while the roses in the second are still fresh and its

stem is rotting little by little. After a week, the roses in the first vase were already dried and dead

while the petals of the roses in the second vase are falling and the stem is rotting. After nine

days, the roses in the second vase were completely dry.

Data analysis

With water/with coconut Days lasts

water

Vase 1 With water 7 days

Vase 2 With coconut water 9 days