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CFE 3178

TTHS 10:30-11:30

LEGALIZATION OF DIVORCE IN THE PHILIPPINES


(HOUSE BILL 7303: ABSOLUTE DIVORCE ACT OF 2018)

SUBMITTED BY: SUBMITTED TO:


AGDIPA, PRINCESS JEE
CENDAÑA, ANDREA KAYLE
GUICO, TUFFLE JAN
SICANGCO, LUIGI
SORIANO, LEONA BEATRIX
INTRODUCTION
Divorce, also known as dissolution of marriage, is the process of
terminating a marriage or marital union. Divorce usually entails the canceling or
reorganizing of the legal duties and responsibilities of marriage, thus dissolving
the bonds of matrimony between a married couple under the rule of law of the
particular country or state.
Divorce laws vary considerably around the world, but in most countries
divorce requires the sanction of a court or other authority in a legal process,
which may involve issues of distribution of property, child custody, alimony
(spousal support), child visitation/access, parenting time, child support, and
division of debt. In most countries, monogamy is required by law, so divorce
allows each former partner to marry another person.
Divorce is different from annulment, which declares the marriage null and
void, with legal separation or de jure separation (a legal process by which a
married couple may formalize a de facto separation while remaining legally
married) or with de facto separation (a process where the spouses informally stop
cohabiting). Reasons for divorce vary, from sexual incompatibility or lack of
independence for one or both spouses to a personality clash.

CHURCH VIEW
The Church believes that God, the author of marriage, established it as a
permanent union. When two people marry, they form an unbreakable bond.
Jesus himself taught that marriage is permanent (Matthew 19:3-6), and St. Paul
reinforced this teaching (see 1 Cor 7:10-11 and Eph 5:31-32). The Church does not
recognize a civil divorce because the State cannot dissolve what is indissoluble.
Catholics accused Waldensians of condemning the sacrament of marriage, "saying
that married persons’ sin mortally if they come together without the hope of
offspring. Divorce is mentioned in the Bible, the main source of authority and
guidance for Christians, many times. Jesus’s teaching on divorce is that it is
adultery, which is forbidden in the Ten Commandments, but he did allow for
divorce in the case of a partner’s infidelity. I tell you that anyone who divorces his
wife, except for marital unfaithfulness, and marries another woman commits
adultery. Matthew 19:9 This is interpreted in different ways by the various
Christian churches: The Roman Catholic Church does not recognize divorce. A
marriage can only end when one partner dies or if there are grounds for an
annulment. A couple may be granted a civil divorce and be divorced in the eyes of
the state, but their marriage will continue 'in the eyes of God'. This means that
neither of the partners can remarry in a Catholic church.

MORAL VIEW
Many ethicists agree that getting married generates special moral
obligations that one would not otherwise have. It makes some actions required
that would otherwise not be, for example, sacrificing something for your partner’s
sake. Marriage creates moral obligations primarily because it involves promise-
making. Promise-making is a way of generating moral obligations. Wedding
ceremony may be, it is an event during which two people make promises to one
another. It follows that getting married is a way of generating new moral
obligations. Ethicists insist that marriage promises have no power to create new
moral obligations. marital vows are promises to feel a certain way or to have
certain emotions towards one’s partner, but we have no control over our feelings
or emotions, and it makes no sense to say that someone is morally obligated to
do something that is beyond her control. Thus, promising to do something, the
doing of which one cannot control does not result in a new moral obligation.
There are at least two good reasons to reject this analysis. First, it is plausible that
in the marriage context we are promising to do things that are in our control or
over which we have indirect control. For example, when we get married we
pledge to do our best to bring about a certain emotional state, or make an
unconditional commitment to another person. Second, and more importantly,
anyone who has been to a wedding can see that although there are often
emotional components to marital vows, there are obvious behavioral
components as well. In fact, most of us see getting married as a promise to do
something for our partner. Considering the wedding vow in marriage. Knowing
that how heavily this vow focuses on actions compared to emotions to support
one’s partner, honor one’s partner, respect one’s partner, and so on. Even the
emotional content is easily understood in a behavioral sense to be a faithful
partner in sickness and health clearly has a behavioral component. Showing that
wedding vows as promises not simply to feel a certain way, but primarily as
promises to act a certain way. Marital vows do create new moral obligations.

REFLECTION
Taking marriage means, at a minimum, that we join God in hating divorce, even
when it may be allowed. But so much more is required than just this. We who are
married are called to devote ourselves to our spouses, to invest the time and
energy required to build solid, healthy, and joyful marriages. This isn't easy,
especially in today's world. But our commitment to marriage both honors God
and enriches our own lives. People need to have more preparation for marriage.
It is important to set your own standards and be careful when you are choosing
the people you date. Our faith is a very important commitment and a sacrament
that should not be taken lightly. It's not just breaking up as boyfriend and
girlfriend. It is marriage we're talking about. You have to be committed as a
spouse. It's about preparation. Marriage is about service. To be happy with the
person you choose to share your life with. Work it out, stay strong in your faith,
and hold on to God. In order to prevent divorce, help those who are tempted by
divorce to find the strength to stay in their marriages. Help those in difficult
marriages to find healing. Help couples in healthy marriages to find ways to grow
together in love. May we strive together as Christians to support marriages, and
to provide a place where all broken people, as well as broken marriages, can find
healing and wholeness.