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Ministerio de

Educación
~ Presidencia de la Nación

I
Datos de catalogación bibliográfica What's up? Extra Practice 1 / adaptado por
Silvia Carolina Tiberio y María Alicia Maldonado 1" ed. - Buenos Aires: Pearson
Education S.A., 2007. 32 p. ; 30x21 cm. ISBN 978-987-1147-95-3 1. Inglés-Enseñanza.
adapt. 111. Título CDD 420.7 1.Tiberio, Silvia Carolina 11.Maldonado, María Alicia,

Pearson Education S.A. Av. Belgrano 615 piso 11 (CI092AAG) Ciudad Autónoma de
Buenos Aires, Argentina.
0

www.pearsonlongman.com.ar © Pearson Educación, S.A. 2006 © Pearson Education, S.A.


2007 All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a
retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic,
mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written
permission of the Publishers,

Queda hecho el depósito que dispone la ley 11.723 Printed in Uruguay by Pressur
Corporation S.A. 01/20 I I First published 2007 Sixth impression 20 I I ISBN-lO:
987-1147-95-3 ISBN-I3: 978-987-1147-95-3 This edition published by Pearson
Education Río de la Plata, 2007 Publisher Junior Editor Design Silvina Ferrante
Guadalupe Herrera Marta Illescas Núñez Luis M. Turnes Sergio Sánchez Gómez Alberto
Martínez Fernández Eclipse Gráfica Creativa Karina Liste

Production

Cover photograph: Cover design:

© Pearson Educación S. A.

Mobynet, S. L. Eclipse Gráfica Creativa

Este logo alerta al lector sobre la amenaza que fotocopiar libros representa para
el futuro de la escritura. En efecto. la fotocopia de libros provoca una
disminución tan importante de la venta de libros, que atenta contra la posibilidad
de los autores de crear nuevas obras y de las editoriales de publicarlas.
Extra Practice
CONTENTS
Unit 1: A new start
Grammar Reference Grammar Practice Vocabulary 2 3 5

Unit 2: People
Grammar Reference Grammar Practice Vocabulary 6 8 9

Unit 3: Special days


Grammar Reference Grammar Practice Vocabulary 10 11 13

Unit 4: Animals . Ministeriode


Grammar Reference Grammar Practice 14 15 17

Educación
~

Presidencia de la Nación

Vocabulary

Unit 5: About town


Grammar Reference Grammar Practice Vocabulary 18 20 21

Unit 6: Holidays

PEARSON

Grammar Reference Grammar Practice ., Vocabulary .'

22 23 25

Longman
1

Grammar refaren
> Prepositions of time
on

> Verb to be

+ +

I'm Argentinian. You're old. He's thirteen. She's pretty. It's cold. We're in year
9. They're in History.

I'm not English. You aren't old. He isn't thirteen. She isn't pretty. It isn't
cold. We aren't in year 9. They aren't in History. at in

days of the week (on Monday) dates (on 24th April) months (in July) seasons (in
summer) years (in 2008)
themorning the afternoon the evening

time (at 9 o'clock)


midday midnight night

AmI ... ? Are you ... ? Is he Is she Is it ... ? Are we Are they ? ? ? ?

Ves, I amo / No, I'm not. Ves, you are. / No, you aren't. Ves, he is. / No, he
isn't. Ves, she is. / No, she isn't. Ves, it is. / No, it isn't. Ves, we are. / No,
we aren't. Ves, they are. / No, they aren't. these
--¿ ••

> Demonstrative pronouns


this
--¿ •

that those

--¿

--¿

• ••

> Wh- Questions > Possessive adjectives


What is that? Who is he? When is your birthday? What time is the Maths class? Where
is Victoria? How old are you? A history book. My friend Max. On 10 August.
th

I am Brenda. My favourite subject is Art. What about you? What is your favourite
subject? He is my best friendo His birthday is in June. She is my Maths teacher.
Her birthday is in March. We are in first year. This is our classroom. They are in
second year. That is their classroom.
At 10.30. Atschool. Thirteen.

> Indefinite article


a + consonantsound ª ~anteen an + vowel sound an ªrt room

Extra Practice

© Pearson Education
Grarnrnar
[I]
Complete the sentences with a correct form of to be.

ractice

[!]

Write the questions.

1 2

? At 12.30. ? He's twelve. ? On 9th November. ? A history book. ? In the computer


room. ? My friend Maria. ate

1 J.lIL a student. 2 They __ 3 She __ 4 It __ S __ 6 We __ 7 __ teachers. in the


science lab. on the first floor. she a new student? from Brazil. he our new Maths
teacher? Marcos and Teo in the classroom?
~

3 4 S 6
Complete with in, on or

a __
[!]

Turn sentences 1-4 into the negative.

1 .oii.: 2 3 _ 4 S 6 7

Wednesday night ten o' clock August winter the morning Saturday the evening midday
February

1 /'m not a student.

2 3

[!]

Complete the questions and short answers. Use contractions where possible.

a
9
10

1 ~

the lunch break at 12.00? No, ~ isiü. I1's at 12.30. you new in this school? Ves,
__ French your favourite subject? Ves, 1late? No, o o o oI'm o

2 __ 3 __ 4 __ S __ 6 __

[!]
Write a or ano

1 2 3 4 S 6 7

-"'a'-----

blackboard eraser pencil desk umbrella envelope apple bag exercise book dictionary

she your PE teacher? Ves, these your books? No,

7 __ you from Chile? No, from Uruguay.

a __
[!]

your father Bolivian? Ves,

a
Complete the questions. Use Who, What, When, What time, Where or How o/d.

9
10

1 Howold 2 3 4 S 6

is she? She's fourteen. is Tom? In the science lab. is this? A musical instrumento
is the break? At 10.00. is he? Our Art teacher. is your birthday? On 6th April.

Extra Practice

© Pearson Education
1 Gral11l11ar
[!]
Complete the table. Possessive adjectives

[!]
my

What are the questions for these answers? Use the words in the box. When Where
Whois he? What Who Whattime Howold Is How

I
you he she we they

1 2

He's my friend, Tony. Her name's Gillian. 3 Ves, she is English.

Complete the sentences with possessive adjectives or a correct form of to be. Use
contractions where possible.

I'm fram Newcastle. 5 My favourite sports are skiing and tennis. 6 They're fine.
1

1 1 1m Clara. 1live in Argentina but 1 1mnot (not) Argentinian. 1 1m Peruvian,


2 My best friends __ Kate and Christian. They __ [not] fram Peru. They __

fram Argentina.
3

We __ in year 1 ESB. __ __ on the second floor.

classraom
8

They're fram Austria. I'm 13. 9 Her favourite actor is Brad Pitt.
10

4 Christian __ 5 Kate __

new in the school. __ favourite subject is Science.


(not)

new in the school. __ favourite place in the school __ the playgraund.

Dinner is at 7.30.

[!g

Now write similar sentences about yourself.

11

~
_
12

No, he's not a singer. The party is tomorrow.


~ Find the questions for the following answers.

2
3

_
_

Wherel

4
5

_
_

are When is Who

ll,

What you your is

time is P.E.? birthday? your

Who subject? favourite teacher? Maths

is Daniel? your is What

I/from?

1 Where are you from?


2
3

I'm fram Japan. On 1st October. It's at 10.30. Ms Williams. History. He is my


friendo

4 5 6

Extra Practice

© Pearson Education
Vocabulary
I ORDINAL NUMBERS WITH DATES I PLACES IN A SCHOOL

1
_

[!]

Write the following dates.

[!]
_ _ _ _ _

Put the letters in order and write the places. 1 encisce bla -"-sc"-'-ie=n-'-'=c-"-
e=/a=.b

1 1/7 ¡sr Ju/y 2 3/6 3 4/2 4 9/10 5 5/3 6 2/5

2 oorsmlcas
3 ryIbiar 4 tnacene 5 myg 6 pmcurtoe orom _

I DAYS AND MONTHS

I SCHOOL SUBJECTS

[!]

FiII in the letters to make the days of the week. 1 SA

[!]

Find ten more school subjects and write them in your notebook T
U H
-7 ~

t ~J¡t
O I T T O G S G V E E R B I L O G y G

~.

I 11B. O

~.r
A Y I B W
H H

2 --- N --3 - R - D -4
-

P
V E X
N

A G G

G S
U
G Y R O S I
H

E X F F E

M A
H H

O A

O --- Y

S I

e
E R A T
U

M I

- U -----

6 -- U ----7 S -----

e
G
U

E J
H

e
O

G T O W O

L S
N

R L O E G

O T

M A

P
H H

M Y

[I]

Write the name of the month. 1 After February: March 2 Before June: 3 After
October: 4 Between JuIy and September: 5 Before February: 6 After August: 7 Between
March and May: 8 Before July: 9 After November: 10 Between January and March: 11
Before August: 12 After September:
e Cs e
I

W S D

I E
H

Y A A

p) I

G y

F R

E
N

ITIME

[!]

Write the times. 1 8.00 2 4.45 3 18.30 4 00.00 5 11.15 eight o'dock

Extra Practice

© Pearson Education
2
> Verb

Grammar reference

> Possessíve's
Mylather's mother is my grandmother.
NOT: fue mother of my father

have got
Negative

I've got a big family. You've got a big family. He's got a big family. She's got a
big family. It's got a long tail. We've got a big family. They've got a big family.

I haven't got a pet. You haven't got a pet. He hasn't got a pet. She hasn't got a
pet. It hasn't got big ears. We haven't got a pet. They haven't got a pet.

Have they got a dog?

Ves, they have. No, they haven't.

Has he got a cat?

Ves, he has. No, he hasn't.

Remember! I've got = 1have got He's got = He has got

> There

is / There are
Questions

There is / There's a school in my street. There isn't a school in my street. There


are a lot of flats in my block. There aren't many flats in my block.

Is there a school in your street? Are there a lot of flats in your block?

Ves, there is. No, there isn't. Ves, there are. No, there aren't.

Pay attention!
Words we often use before singular nouns Words we often use before plural nouns

He hasn't got a cat. There is a school in my town. Is there an elephant in the zoo?

Have they got three dogs? [numbers] There aren't many people in my town. Are there
a lot 01 flats in your block?

> Questions with

How many

How many brothers or sisters have you got? How many people are there in your
family?

Extra Practice

~
© Pearson Education
Gral11l11arreference
> Prepositions
in

of place 1
a house / house a city / town the suburbs / countryside the street / rny street the
block / rny block

> Prepositions

of place 11

on

a farrn the comer the first floor 78 Main Street

at

A is nexl lo B. Bis belween A and C.


A is opposile D.

E is near C and D.

> Forming

plural nouns
Singular

Nouns ending in a vowel Nouns ending in a consonant that is not -y -1 =S, -Z, -x,
-sh or -ch Nouns ending in a consonant + -y Nouns ending in a vowel + -y Nouns
ending in -f [sound] Nouns ending in =S, -Z, -x, -sh or -ch Nouns with irregular
plurals

apple flat baby boy wife kiss child

apples flats babies boys wives kisses children

> Conjunctions
_____-~

and

_----¡,.--_

-----r--

/
related inforrnation

/
contrasting
bul ____.-~

inforrnation

T
fact

beca use

T
reason

Extra Practice

© Pearson Education
2
1 My 2 My 3 My

Grammar

ra

, /¿,,,,::' - ~
":1.,'fr~"~ -

'6'\"C
-:¡" ~

",'

Use a noun with the possesslves to complete each sentence. More than one answer is
possible.

Use plural nouns to complete the sentences.

1 There are two babies family. 2 My

(baby] in my

son is my cousin. daughter is my mother. sister is my aunt.

(sister] are very generous. _

3 My grandfather has got seven (qrandchíld]. 4 There are a lot of the city centre,
5 In autumn, _ 6 There are two stop.

(person] in [leaf] fall from trees. [bus] at the bus

Write the missing sentences.

1 Affirmative Negative -

She's got a computer.

Question - ------------2 Affirmative - ----------Negative - They haven't got a


video. Question - -----------3 Affirmative - ----------Negative Question Has he got
a radio?

[!]

Pay attention to the conjunctions and complete the sentences with your own ideas.

1 She's got a dog, but 2 I don't like my neighbours because __ _ 3 He's got three
sisters, but 4 We like our town because

_ _ _

!1J

Complete the sentences with the affirmative, negative or interrogative form of


there is and

thereare. 1 There are six people in my family. 2 11'svery quiet. around. 3 ____
school. many people

5 He's got a small family and

[!]
a lot of

a restaurant opposite our

Help Peter to complete his composition. in the blanks with words from the box. and
are havegot in

FiII

4 My street isn't noisy. traffic. 5 ____ summer? 6 house?

at beca use but has got irt near next on (x2) Thereare there is

a lot of tourists in the many pensioners in my block. in your

1 How many rooms

1live 1 ia.: a block of flats 2 43 rd floor. Gowen St. My flat is 3 the 3 4 lots of
nice people where 1live, 5 my neighbour next door is horrible. He is mean 6
unfriendly. My friend Fred lives 7 a house opposite my block. He 8 __ two sisters.
His parents 9 very nice 10 _ they give us sweets. They 11 a kiosk. Our school is 12
home. 11's 13 _ the comer of Gowen St. and George St. And 14 a bookstore 15 to it.
My neighbourhood is wonderful!

[!J

Use a preposition sentence.

to complete

each

1 There are two flats

on

the fifth floor. my

2 There are some good neighbours __ street. 3 There is a supermarket __ 4 Her house
is __ 5 1live the suburbs. 29 Kingston Avenue.

the comer.

Extra Practice

© Pearson Education
Vocabulary
IFAMILY

I ADJECTIVES FOR DESCRIBING PEOPLE

[I]

Take a letter from each box to write the names of eight more family members.

[I]
el
01

Match to form adjectives.

1 ha 2 beauti 3 th 4 sa 5 seri 6 un
I I I

a nd b in e ous d nny e tul


f ppy gd

happy

KM)
lA
15 IN IH 1M

F R

B R U N

5 R T H H

G O

A
N

®
O T E R

®
5

A
T E N

U 'G
D

Al
TI

®
D

®
R O T H E R E R R

1 qui 8 u 9 ki
10 tu

®
E

h friendly
i et j gly

lA
IT IH lE IR

I
I
~

I
I

Now complete the sentences about yourself using the words above.

1 I'm happy but I'm not funny. 2 I'm but I'm not and I'm and I'm not

1 mother 2 3 4 5
~

6 1 8 9 4 I'rn not 3 I'm

Find seven more family members using the words in the box. Look up the meaning in a
dictionary ~

rn

Write the opposite of the adjectives.

1 happy 2 friendly 3 ugly 4 noisy 5 mean 6 fat 1 young 8 short 9 unkind


10 tunny

sad

t t ~.

granddaughter husband

uncle wife grandson attttt n iece nephew

G R
A
N I E

A
L E H

U Y W Y N T X 5

G U W T H R

H T F V

E L

R 5 M

R H W J

H P E W F E I

X H I Q

A
D

E L P I L M

G K I K B F

N T P O

N O U F E N T

w
Z U

e
E P

U U

O E V B

O I N F

A
H

e
B

N D Q

Extra Practice

© Pearson Education
3 Grammar
> Present
simple
1play tennis. You play tennis. He plays football. She plays tennis. It plays with a
ball. We play tennis. They play tennis. 1don't play football.

reference
Present simple - use • Use the present simple for things you do every day. 1get up
at Z OO.

You don't play football. He doesn't play tennis. She doesn't play football. It
doesn't play with a shoe. We don't play football. They don't play football.

• Use the present simple for things you do on special occasions. On my birthday, 1
invite
friends home.

• Use the present simple with adverbs of frequency to say how often you do
something. 1 always have lunch at school.

Remember! 1 don't work. = 1 do not work. He doesn't work. = He does not work. He
doesn't work. NOT:He doesn't workX.

> Spelling

rule for the third person singular (he, siie, it)

verb +-s play want give clean plays wants gives cleans

verb + -es kiss fix brush watch kisses fixes brushes watches

verb + -es do go does goes

change -yto carry marry hurry carries

-i +

-es

marries hurries

> Before
1

and alter
1have breakfast
2 alter 1have a shower.

1have a shower belore 1have breakfast. 2

1 Position of adverbs of frequency • Verb to be + adverb of frequency 1 am


sometimes late for school. • Adverb of frequency + other verbs 1 sometimes study on
Saturdays.

> Adverbs

of frequency

Extra Practice
10

© Pearson Education
............... G_r_a_rn_rn_a_r _ r_a_ctice _
[I]
Look at the chart and write sentences. Use the Present simple affirmative or
negative. Tracy 1 get up early Tracy's parents

[!]

Order the words to make sentences.

1 gets / she / early / her / birthday / usually / up / on


She usually gets up early on her birthday.

X X
./ ./ ./

./ ./

2 often / home / invite / friends / 1

2 have a shower in the morning 3 watch TV in the afternoon 4 have dinner at 9.00 5
go to bed at 10.00

X
./

3 late / are / school / for / they / never

X 4 we / house / sometimes / the / decorate / Halloween / on

1 a Traey doesn't get up early.


b Traey's parents get up early.

2a

S~h~e

5 happy / he / Christmas / always / Day / is / on

b They

3 a
b

[I]

a) What do you do on your birthday? Tick (v) the correct column

4a
b 1 behappy

:i 1/

J
,\;;

:::::

~~l ~ E
~

/I /

5a
b

2 get presents 3 havea party 4 makeacake 5 invite friends home 6 go out with
friends 7 wear new clothes

[!]

Number the activities. Then write sentences about yourself using before or after.

1 get up

rn

have breakfast [2]

8 go to a restaurant
b) Now write sentences based on the information in the chart.

I have breakfast after I get up.

2 clean my teeth O

go to bed O

1 /'m always happy on my birthday.

3 have dinner O .

my homework O

2
3

_
_

4
4 watch

_
_ _
TvD

go to bed O

5 6

5 have lunch O

go to school O

Extra Practice

11

© Pearson Education
3 Grammar
A B

radice
FiII in the blanks to complete Guadalupe's email. Use the words in the box.

Choose information from columns A and B to write eight sentences about yourself and
your family. You don't need to use al! the information.

After that a/ways an At beca use Finally First in ~ it's /ike live my takes Then to
bed wear

buy new clothes get presents have a shower study for tests go to bed have fun visit
friends stay at home cook dinner have a party watch TV do homework

in the morning in the kitchen at 7.00 in the afternoon on Sundays at parties on the
bus in bed with friends at school on Saturdays after school

Send Chat Attach

Address Fonts

Colors SaveAs Draft

To: Subject:

guada95@hotmail.com

I Carnival

in Gualeguaychú

1 My sister buys new clothes on Saturdays. 2 3

_ _

4 S
6 7 8

_ _
_ _ _
~

Hí. my name 1ls:.: Guadalupe and 1 2 __ in Gualeguaychú. I'm very happy 3__ next
week is Carnival. It is a traditional festival in 4__ city. 1 5__ it because 6__
great tun. 1 7__ get up at 1LOO because we go 8__ after midnight. The celebration
is 9__ the evening. 10__ we have dinner. 11__ we go to the 'corsodromo'. We always
12 __ beautíful costumes. 13__ 12.00 there are fireworks. 14__ , there is 15__
important parade. People from different 'comparsas' dance and sing. 16__ , there is
a drum band ('batucada'). Dad 17__ lots of photographs. It's really specia1!

Find questions about Guadalupe's the chart. go? What What time Carnival? is they do
does Guadalupe get up? do they wear? finally? take?

email in

Where does ~ Complete the sentences with information about yourself. she live?

Where What is there Dad


When is Carnival? What does

1 After school. I

What

2 Before I go to bed, I 3 My mother always 4 My father never _

1 Where does she /ive?


2

In Gualeguaychú. ? A traditional

festival. 3
4

? Next week. ? At 1l.00. ? Beautiful costumes. ? To the 'corsodromo: . ? A drum


band ('batucada'j. ? Lots of photographs.

S 6

S On Sundays we sometimes 6 My friends usually _

_ 7 8

Extra Practice

12

© Pearson Education
Vocabulary
EVERYDAY ACTIVITIES AND ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY
[]] Match the phrases below to the pictures.

Order the letters to form adverbs of frequency.

1 2 3 4 5

notef ervne lwsyaa toimesems alusuly

often

[1J
b 9

How often do you do the things in Exercise 1? Write a sentence. 1 I always have
lunch.

2
3

_
_

4 5
6 e
1

_ _
_
_

8 9
10 d i

_ _
_

ITHINGS WE DO ON SPECIAL DAYS

[!]
e
j

Cross out the words or phrases that can't go with the verbo

1 go
2 make 3 have 4 get 5 wear 6 visit 1 eat 8 getup 9 invite

have lunch listen to music meet your friends after school go to the cinema clean
your teeth do sport 1 watch TV 8 have a shower 9 read a book 10 get up late

1 2 3 4 5 6
h

10 go

for a burger sandwiches the house presents new clothes friends special food
midnight grandparents to a restaurant

to the cinema a party fun special candles family burgers late friends out

to a friend a cake a party sweets costumes parent balloons early restaurant at home

Extra Practice

13

© Pearson Education
4
> Present

Grammar referen
simple

Do 1like snakes? Do you like snakes? Does he like snakes? Does she Iike snakes?
Does it Iike snakes? Do we like snakes? Do they like snakes?

Ves, 1 do. / No, 1 don't. Ves, you do. / No, you don't. Ves, he does. / No, he
doesn't. Ves, she does. / No, she doesn't. Ves, it does. / No, it doesn't. Ves, we
do. / No, we don't. Ves, they do. / No, they don't. Remember!
o

What do you Iike? Where do 1 work? When does he hunt? How many birds does she want?
Where do es it hide? What time do we start work? Why do they bite?

Present simple - use


o
o

To talk about facts. Tigers hunt lar lood. To talk about likes. 1 tion't like
spiders. For other uses see Unit 3, page 10.

Does she work in a zoo?

NOT:Does she workX in a zoo?

> Can
1 1

You He She It We They Can - use


o

can swim. can't Can

you he she it we they

Ves, swim? No,

you he she it we they

can.

can't.

Remember!
o

Can is a modal verbo It expresses ability. We can play the guitar.

They can swim. NOT: They can

tQ swim.

o
o

> Must
1 You He She It We They Must - use
o

He can swim. NOT: He canX swim. or He can swimK Can 't = cannol.

must go. mustn't Must

1 you he she it we they

Ves, go? No,

you he she it we they

must.

mustn't.

Remember!
o

Must is a modal verbo It expresses obligation. You must respect nature.

You must feed your dogo NOT:You must W feed your dogo He must feed his dogo NOT:He
mustX feed his dogo or He must feedX his dogo Mustn't = must noto
© Pearson Education

Extra Practice

14
Grammar ~ractice
[!]
b
Write affirmative, negative and interrogative sentences. Use the pronoun given. ~

4
_
_

Write short answers for the questions in Exercise 2.

1 a (+11 work in a zoo.

Yes,they do.

(-1

2
3

e (?I
2 a

_ _ _
_

(+1

4
5 6

_
_ _

b (-1 You don't Jikezoos.

e (?I
3 a (+1 He feeds the lions.
b

7
8 9
10

_
_ _
_

(-1

e (?I 4 a (+1
b

_ _
(-1

_
_ _

[I]

Write questions about the animals for the answers given.

e (?I Does she start work earJy?


5 a (+1
b (-1 It doesn't bite.

e (?I 6 a (+1 We like pandas.


b

a~3
I
DEER

I
5

SNAKE

I I
6

GIRAFFE

(-1

_
_ _
_

e (?I 7 a (+1 b (-1 e (?I Do they like snakes?

I KANGAROO I
do or does.
1 2

MONKEY

DOLPHIN

[I]

Complete the questions with

Does a deer run a Jot?

1
Do

tortoises eat lettuce? an elephant live for 200 years? parrots talk? kangaroos live
in Spain? a zebra have orange stripes? dolphins communicate? a crocodile eat meat?
sharks live in rivers? pandas eat potatoes? you like animal s? 5
4

YesoIt runs a lot. YesoSome live in trees. 3 No. It doesn't eat meat. They live in
Australia. Yes, they often climb trees. 6 It eats físh.

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10

Extra Practice

15

© Pearson Education
4
[]]

Grammar

ract
4 birds / do / can / What

What do you know about animal s? Complete the chart with,/= yes or X = no. Then
write sentences with can / can't.
Climb trees Snakes Scorpions Monkeys Whales
JEFF:

5 do /sting / When / mosquitoes


Sting animals
X

Lay eggs
./

Swim
./

./

[!J

Jeff and Tom are at the zoo. Circle the correct option.

1
2

Snakes can c/imb trees, /ay eqqs and swim, but they can't stinq anima/s.

4
[]] Write the rules with verbs given. 1

_
must or mustn't and the

Price: $ 10 (pay]
You must pay $ 7 O.

2 No walking on the grass. (walk] 3 Wash your hands. [wash]

Look! t]J}ere}$/There are a monkey on that tree! TOM: Yeso2 It's/She's funny. JEFF:
You 3 must / mustn't go near it. Monkeys 4 is / are friendly, 5 but/because they
can be aggressive, toa. TOM: Oh! 6 There is/Ttiere are zebras 7 next to fin the
birds. 8 Do/Does they eat small animals? JEFF: No, they 9 don't/ doesn't. They 10
eat/ eats leaves. TOM: Who feeds them. Dad? JEFF: The zoo keeper 11 feed/feeds
them. TOM: 12 Do/Does the tiger hunt for its own food? JEFF: No, it 13 don't/
aoesn'; Tom. 14 but/because it 15live/lives in the zoo. TOM: 1 161ike/likes the
zoo. Dad.
FiII in the blanks with words from the box.

4 Be quiet during the exam. [talk] 5 Use a peno [write] 6 Do not give food to the
animals in the zoo. [qíve] 7 Walk in the corridors. [run]
and are because (x2) can can't don't have got hunt live must mustn't Their There
are They

Elephants are in danger of extinction.


I 2

There are two species: the Asian elephant

[1J

Put the words in order to form questions.

1 How many / got/tusks/

an/has/

elephant

How many tusks has an e/ephant qot?

2 What time / the zoo/ does / open 3 wild animals / do / Where / live

the African elephant. They 3__ in the forest. They 4 mammals. They 5 enormous ears.
a trunk and ivory tusks.6 legs are very strong. 7__ are quiet, but you 8 get near
them. They 9 be dangerous 10__ they are very big. They can walk, but they 11__ run.
They 12 hibernate. They migrate to find water. They eat leaves 13__ they are
herbivorous. Some people 14__ them for their ivory tusks. We 15 __ protect them.

Extra Practice

16

© Pearson Education
Vocabulary
I ANIMALS

AND ANIMAL PARTS

rn

Draw in your notebook parts of animals.

a picture of these

[IJ

Complete the words to form names of animals.

1 t 2 t
3 b

Q[tQÜ

y
y
t

4 m 5 e
6 1

1 scales 2 a tail 3 claws 4 a beak 5 a trunk

6 a horn 7 wings 8 feathers 9 tongue

7 e 8 c

l1J
1

What are the names of these animals?

I VERBS FOR THINGS ANIMALS DO

[IJ
2

Answer the questions.

1 What do tortoises do in winter? They hibernate. 2 What do insects do under


stones? 3 What do some birds do in winter? 4 What do snakes do to get food?
7

5 What do scorpions do to kill insects?

I ADJECTIVES TO DESCRIBE ANIMALS

¡
1 2 3 4 dog _ _ _

8~"~----...

[IJ

Complete the sentences with adjectives. The first letter of each adjective is
given.

1 Dogs are friendly; lions are a ggressive. 2 Cheetahs are fast; tortoises are s 5
6 7 8 _ _ _ _
n. _

3 Some animal s are quiet; other animals are 4 Pigs are dirty; cats are e _

5 Some snakes are dangerous because they arep _ 6 Some animal s are s because they
don't like to be in groups.

Extra Practice

17

© Pearson Education
5
> Present
continuous
I'm studying. You're studying. He's studying. She's studying. It's playing. They're
studying. We're studying. 1'm not reading. Youaren't reading. He isn't reading. She
isn't reading. It isn't jumping. They aren't reading. We aren't reading. What are
you doing? What is he doing? Why are they jumping? Am 1working? Is he working? Are
they working? Ves, 1amo / No, I'm not. Ves, he is. / No, he isn't. Ves,they
are./No, they aren't.

Remember!
Don't use contractions in affirmative short answers.

Pay attention There are two negative short forms oí the present continuous. FuIl
form Short forms He isn't reading. He's not reading. They are not reading. They
aren't reading. They're not reading.

Yes. he is. NOT:Yes. heX;. Present continuous - use

He is not reading.

• To talk about activities that take place at the time oí speaking. I'm reading the
grammar
notes.

> Spelling

rule for present participles (words ending in -ing)

verb + -ing
play buy go watch do playing buying going watching doing

verb without -e + -ing


have clase dance write make having closing dancing writing making

verb with double consonant + -ing


shop sit chat mn get shopping sitting chatting mnning getting

Extra Practice

18

© Pearson Education
Grammar reference
> Countable
and uncountable nouns
· Countable nouns: We can count them. They have a singular and a plural formo An
apple,
a sandwich, two pizzas.

· Uncountable nouns: We can't count them. They don't have a plural formo Bread,
meat. milk. NOT: ~ bread, ~o meatX- three milk'i

>Some/any
• Use some in affirmative sentences. Ttiey're buying some sandwiches. • Use any in
negative sentences and questions. We iiaveti't got any sweets.
Have you got any CDs?

> Some / any /

a (n)
Singular countable nouns Plural countable nouns some He's got some sweets. any He
hasn't got any sweets. any Has he got any sweets? Uncountable nouns some There is
some bread. any There isn't any bread. any Is there any bread?

Affirmative

a (n) He's buying a book. a (n) He's not buying a book. a (n) Is he buying a book?

Negative

Questions

Some / any / a [n] - roles

Some other words we can use before nouns • Use the with singular countable nouns,
plural countable nouns and uncountable nouns. The book, the books, the bread. • Use
a lat ot with plural countable nouns and uncountable nouns. A tot ot books. a lat
ot
bread.

• Use a and an with singular countable nouns in affirmative and negative sentences.
• Use some and any with plural countable nouns and uncountable nouns.

> Use

of ajan, the and subject pronouns

There is a woman in black.


[first mentíon)

She is having a drink. (second mentíon]

A young man is dancing with a young woman.


(fírst mentíon]

The man is wearing a blue jacket. [second mention]

Extra Practice
0

© Pearson Education
5 Grammar
[IJ
Circle the correct option.

radice
1 Alistair usually goes dancing, but he is
studyinq

There is @)I an party at Gwen's house. There are 2a / some teenagers in the living-
room. Theyare listening to music. There are +some / any CDs on the table. but there
aren't +some / any videos. There is 5a / some juice and there are 6a / some
sandwiches on the table. but there ísn't 7 some / any beer. Teenagers don't drink
alcohol.

now.

2 3

4
5 6 _

_
_

[!]

What are they doing? Ask questions and answers as in the example.

[!]

Find questions for the following friends? What the What Mum the bays are baker's?
Wha is

answers. singing? sandwiches? making is Where

1 Margaret is at the hairdresser's. borrow a book? Is she borrowing a book? have a


haircut No, she isn't. She's having a haircut. 2 The boys are at the cinema. buy T-
shirt? watch a film 3 Grandfather is at the baker's. send emails? buy bread 4 We
are at the shopping centre. buy fruit? have a drink 5 I'm at the disco. study?
dance _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Where, meetina is L.-JChris daing at yau are fruit? buying

1 Where is Chris meeting friends? At the shopping centre. 2 Buying some bread. 3 4
5 Mother. A beautiful songo At the supermarket.

[!]

FiII in the blanks with words from the box.

a any
reading

Can can't doing He's some the there are


1 2

It's She's Where

BENJAMIN: ANNA: ANNA: ANNA: ANNA:


Where

is Mum? in the living-room.


3

[!]

BENJAMIN: What's she


Write sentences using Present simple and Present continuous. Use the chart.

? the newspaper.

She's

BENJAMIN: And Dad? Usually


1 Now
5

doing the shopping.


6

Alistair
Jeff and Joe

go dancing chat with friends in the Net meet friends at the shopping centre eat
fish borrow books from the library play video games

study phone their friends invite friends home drink milk rent a video watch
television

BENJAMIN: Is there

fruit to eat?
7 __

1 don't know. Look in

fridge.

3 We

BENJAMIN: Oh! There's 8 Coke. And 9 some sandwiches! Good! ANNA: BENJAMIN: ANNA:
You 10
11 12

eat them. There is party this evening. 1 come?


13 __

My cat

5 Maggie 6
1
Ves, of course!

your birthday!

Extra Practice

20

© Pearsan

Education
Vocabulary
I PLACES AND ACTIVITIES IN TOWN

[!]

Where are they? FiII in the blanks and use the words to complete the answers.

[I]

Write the words under the correct column.

Bºkg['s

juice apple

magazine ice cream

CD bread meat ffiiff

egg pasta video food

F __ i_s __ p

a
shirt

an

some

a k 1 -- e -- e B -- e ---

mi

's 's

1 Maggie is buying croissants. She is at the


baker's.

[IJ

Find places where you can:

2 Brad and Joe are buying some bananas and pears.


_

1 get money: ..!,b"-,,,a!.!..!n~k 2 rent a video: 3 buyfood: 4 have a haircut: 5


buy some bread: 6 have a drink: 7 try on clothes: 8 see a film: 9 borrow books:
10

3 Grandfather is getting some money. 4 Mother is surfing the Net. 5 Father is


buying some sausages. _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 6 Ann and Margaret need some aspirins.

buy a magazine:

[!]

Put a tick (V) next to the acceptance and a cross (X) next to the refusal.

1 Great! Let's go.


Look ~~. N

2 No, thank you. 1don't like films.


W B

E G 1 A
B

S
U

A
M

G P
N B

E 1
D

T
H B

S S
U

D N D

E
W

e
1
N

o
L

3 I'm sorry. I'm very tired. 4 I'm not very hungry. 5 OK. What shall we drink?

o
F T 1 T 1
S

P E R
M

E F
B

e
A F F
H

F K K 1 E

X R V
B

T S G
N

1
B

A
D

D D D D

A P G R
U

E
M

R
B

o
N D B

R A R y T P

V
D

00

A R K E T

A S S
N

Use the expressions in Exercise 4 to answer the following suggestions.

A
N

S
N
E
W H

S
H

1 Shall we go to the shopping centre?


Great! Lets go.

A 1

o
E S

K
L

A
H

V E

F
H

o
P

2 Let's make some sandwiches. 3 Why don't we go dancing? 4 Shall we meet at the
bar? 5 Let' s rent a video

Extra Practice

21

© Pearson Education
6 Grammar
> Past simple
- to be
1 was in Africa. You were in Africa. He was in Africa. She was in Africa. It was in
Africa. We were in Africa. They were in Africa. 1 wasn't in China.

reference

Was 1there? Were you there? Was he there? Was she there? Was it there? Were we
there? Were they there?

Ves, 1 was. No, 1 wasn't. Ves, you were. No, you weren't. Ves, he was. No, he
wasn't. Ves, she was. No, she wasn't. Ves, it was. No, it wasn't. Ves, we were. No,
we weren't. Ves, they were. No, they weren't.

You weren't in China. He wasn't in China. She wasn't in China. It wasn't in China.
We weren't in China. They weren't in China.

Remember!

Be careful!

• 1wasn'l there. = 1was nol there. You weren'l there. = You were nol there.

Where were you?


/'

Iwh- word]

\( (past of to bel

> Past simple


Affirmative

- regular verbs
Remember!

1/ He/ She/ You/ We/ They cooked burgers.


Negative

• 1didn'l cook. = 1did nol cook. • He dídn't cook. NOT:He dídn't cook~.

I/ He/ She/ You/ We/ They didn'l cook chicken. Note: the Past simple form is the
same for all persons.

> Spelling

rule for the Past simple af regular verbs

verb with double consonant +-ed cook walk cooked walked arrive hire arrived hired
shop chat shopped chaHed play enjoy played enjoyed study hurry studied hurried

> Past simple


Affirmative

- irregular verbs
Remember!

I/ He/ She/ You/ We/ They went to the cinema.


Negative

• 1 didn't qo, = 1 did not gO . • He didn't go. NOT:He didn't ~

I/ He/ She/ You/ We/ They didn'l 90 to the zoo. Note: the Past simple form is the
same for all persons.

Extra Practice

22

© Pearson Education
...............
Past simple - use

G_r_a_I11_I11_a_r-""-_r_a_c_I __ce i
When 11 was
2

6
[líke] the city.

• To talk about actions that started and ended in the past. He went to Chile. Now
he's back in
Argentina.

Complete the text with the verbs given in the pasto

[be] seven 1 [líve] in Rome with my family.

• With past time expressions. 1 went to Chile last


month.

We

(be] very happy there

because we a1l4

> Past time


yesterday yesterday

expressions

Two years later we

5 6

[move]
_

to Lisbon because my dad [chanqe] jobs and that


rnorning afternoon this rnorning
7

[be]

good, toa. Then. last year. my parents


8

¡decide) to come back to


9

London because they


last year rnonth week [end] surnrner April Monday night

(want]

me to go to an English school. but 1


10

(prefer) living in Italy and


11

Portugal. The weather much better!

(be]

[!]

Write the negative form of the verbs in Exercise 1.

1 wasn't 2 _

7 8
9

> Prepositions
by

3
4

_
_

10
11

+ rneans of transport

5 6
~

_ _

They never travelled by boat.

on + toot
1 go to the shops

on toot.

Look at these answers and write the questions.

to + place
(to indicate direction)
She goes

1 How old were you? to school by bus. 1was seven. 2 We were very happy in Rome. 3
The city was wonderful. _ _

on + holiday
He went on holiday with some triends.

4
Portugal and ltaly were good. 5 The weather was nice in London.
_
_

Extra Practice

23

© Pearson Education
Grarnrnar
[!]

ractice
~

t:~ :'"
..~~

;<"\< ••.•

FiII in the blanks with the past tense of the verbs in brackets to know about
Jenny's day.

Put the words in order to ask questions about Mariana's postcard.

Yesterday 1 was Dad 2


__ 3 __

(be) my lucky day. Fírst.

1 is / staying / where / Mariana


Where is Mariana stayinq?

(take) me to school because the (be) too hot. 1 4 __ (not

weather

2 her room / what / like / is

walk) to school as 1 usually do. The Chernistry teacher


6 __

3 the people / are / what / like 4 the weather / what / was / like 5 are / they /
what / eating 6 the / was / concert / how

5 __

(be) in a good mood. She


7 __

(make) a lot of jokes and we

(laugh) a lot. In class 1 8 __ exercises and they The teacher


la __ 9 __

(do)three (be) excellent!


11 __

(see) them and


__

(congratulate) me! Then. 112 at the canteen. They


13 __

(have) lunch (cook)spaghetti,

my favourite dish! What a wonderful day!


1 Mariana's friends / in Viña / were

[!]

Circle the correct option to read Mariana's postcard from Santiago.

[!]

Read the text again and answer the questions.

We 1 is having I have Iq¡¡j} havIffg a wonderful time here in Santiago. We 2 is


arriving I arrived I arrives on Monday. We 3 are staying I stays I stayed in a
hotel in Providencia. It 4 was lis I were a threestar hotel. but the room 5 was I
is I were big and moderno The people here 6 is I are I was very friendly. We 7
meets I meeting I met some other tourists at the hotel. Yesterday we 8 gol goes I
went to Viña del Mar because the weather 9 was I were I is hot and sunny. We 10
swam I swimming I swims in the sea and 11 plays I playing I played beach
volleyball. We 12 is eating I are eating I eats lots of sea food. Last night we 13
went I goes I go to the Viña Festival Concert. It 14 be I were I was super! Wish
you 15 be I were I was here! Hugs and kisses. Mariana

1
2

4
5 6 1

_ _

Extra Practice

24

© Pearson Education
Vocabulary
I HOLlDAY ACTIVITIES
What did Patrick and his sister Elizabeth do on their holidays? Complete the list
with the past form of the verbs in the box. Then, write affirmative (V) or negative
(X) sentences.

6
_ _ in

[!J

FiII in the blanks with words from Exercise 2 (they can be in the singular or
plural form).

1 Brazil is tamous tor its ..:::b~ea=.:c",-h:..:::.e=-s _ 2 We saw big boats in the


3 The Paraná is a very important

hire play
walk

stay hire take trove! swim have go

4 The Aconcagua is a high Mendoza. 5 The Big and Canada.

1 travel 2 hire 3
4

by bus.

ti'

are between USA

They travelled by bus.

horses. )( mountain bikes. camping. )( in a hostel.


ti'

They didn't hire horses.


ti'

[!]

Put the conversation in the correct order.

1 Excuse me, how much is a ticket to Florianopolis by coach? 2 Return. 3 On Friday.


4 How long does it take to get to Florianopolis? 5 Thank you. 6 It takes about 9
hours. 7 You're welcome. 8 When do you want to travel? 9 A return ticket is $ 90.
10 Single or return?
ti'

OJ D

D
D

5 6 7 8 9
10
board games. )( in the lake. x around.
ti'

D D
D D D D

lots oí photographs. a barbecue. )(

[I]

Label the map. Use the words from the box.

bettdt

harbour

lake

mountain

river

Extra Practice

© Pearson Education