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Breeds

and
Classes of Horses

American Quarter Horse

Origin: United States


American Quarter Horse

Color:
- most common colors being sorrel and chestnut.
- Bay, black, brown, buckskin, palomino, gray, dun, red dun, blue dun, red roan, blue roan, bay
roan, perlino, cremello, and white.
- Muzzle is black.
Characteristics:
- most popular horse breed, also ranking among the oldest.
- Medium boned – horses.
Desirable traits:
- positive attributes were gentle nature, versatility, beauty, speed, agility, and loyalty.
- legs are sturdy without being coarse, and their shoulders and haunches are heavy and muscular.
Undesirable Traits:

American Paint Horse

Origin: United States


American Paint Horse
Color:
- White markings clearly defined vary in size, even though the patterns on these horses are
standard.
- Shades of roan, gray, sorrel, grullo, palomino, buckskin, chestnut, dun, brown, black, and bay.
In other hand, combination of any e equine colors and white.
- Consist of tobiano and overo patterns.
Characteristics:
- One of the fastest growing horse breeds.
- 31 years life span.
- Large size.
Desirable traits:
- known for being friendly and social creatures.
- Calm and easy to train, Strong and Powerful.
- Used for a wide range of purposes.
Undesirable traits:

Arabian Horse

Origin: Arabian Peninsula


Arabian Horse
Color:
- white facial markings and white socks or stockings on their legs.
- Skin is black except for under white markings. Dark pigmentation protects the horse against
the harsh dessert sun.
Characteristics:
- high tail carriage and floating gaits
- easily recognizable for their elegantly arched necks and fine, silky manes and tails.
- Small Size than the other horses.
Desirable traits:
- Hardly and excellent horses.
- Choices for long distance trails.

Thoroughbred Horse

Origin: England
Thoroughbred Horse
Color:
- Come in every solid color including gray, more rarely roan and dark brown.
- White markings such as stars, blazes, stockings, and socks are common although many are very
dark and plain, with few white markings.
Characteristics:
- Fine sleek hair coat.
- Long sloping shoulders and forearm.
- lean muscle
- Deep wide chest provides lots of room for lungs and heart.
- medium size

Appaloosa Horse

Origin: Western United States


Appaloosa Horse
Color:
- Typically, a spotted horse breed
- base coat comes in a wide range of colors, including red roan, blue roan, bay roan, gray,
palomino, chestnut, cremello/perlino, grulla, dun, buckskin, black, brown, dark bay, and bay.
Characteristics:
- features a compact body with a broad head, a straight back, sloping shoulders, and strong legs.
- medium size
Desirable traits:
- known for being trustworthy
- highly intelligent
- very gentle
Undesirable Traits:
- prone to sunburn
Major Breeds of Swine

Berkshire

Origin: Berkshire country of England and developed in U.S in 1823

Berkshire
Color:
- Black with white legs Snout and switch
Characteristics:
- Medium to large Size hog
- relatively short legs and have prick ears.
Desirable traits:
- for quality meat production
- intelligent
- well suited for extensive pig farming
Chester

Origin: Chester country of Pennsylvania

Chester
Color:
- All white body
- White with drooped ears
Characteristics:
- Mothering breed
- Known as Dual Breeds
Desirable Traits
- Known to produce Large litters
Duroc

Origin: United States

Duroc
Color:
- orangish brown or may vary from light golden shade to a deep mahogany red
Characteristics:
- Medium-sized animal with moderately long body
Desirable traits:
- Grow extremely fast
- Excellent meat type hog
- Durable and rugged
- Lean and meaty carcass
Hampshire

Origin: United States

Hampshire
Color:
- Black and white
- Belted breed black with white belt
Characteristics:
- Small, erect ears
- Probably the eldest American breeds
Desirable traits:
- Used in cross breeding programs
- Heavy muscled and lean
- Carcass merit, lean meat
Landrace

Origin: Denmark

Landrace
Color:
- All white body
Characteristics
- Long thin ears dropping of flopping forward
- Long body
- Medium to large size
- have one extra rib
Desirable traits
- Known for their maternal instincts (maternal breed known)
- Super lean
Pietrain

Origin: Pietrain, Belgium

Pietrain
Color:
- Spotted body ¾ white and ¼ black
- Ears floppy, slightly tipped forward
Characteristics:
- Medium Size
Desirable traits:
- Very high-quality lean
- Extreme muscles and leanness
Undesirable traits:
- Lack some in mothering characteristics and milk production
Poland China

Origin: Ohio

Poland China
Color:
- Black with six white points
- Drooping ears
Characteristics:
- One of the larger breeds of hogs
- Medium size
Desirable traits:
- Used in cross breeding programs
- Quite dispositions
- Durable and rugged
- Marbling quality
- Noted for the ability to gain weight
Spotted breed swine

Origin: Unknown but developed in Berkley Vale Gloucestershire, England

Spotted breed swine


Color:
- Back and white spots clearly defined
- At least 20% of the body must be either black or white
Characteristics:
- First known as the spotted Poland china
- Drooped ears pointed forward
Desirable traits:
- Growth and leanness
- Durable and rugged
- Rapid weight gain
- Efficient feeders
Yorkshire

Origin: England

Yorkshire
Color:
- White, sometimes it has black freckles
Characteristics:
- Large, erect ears
- Maternal breed known as “mother breed”
- Known as dual purpose breeds
Desirable traits:
- Leanness and muscle
- Produces large litters
- Bacon – type hog
- Used for cross breeding
Hereford

Origin: Missouri, United States

Hereford
Color:
- Red with white face, legs and underline
- Red – brown and white
Characteristics:
- Medium sized, drooping ear
- Long neck
Desirable traits:
- good lean meats
- Grow and reach maturity faster
- Do well in a wide variety of climates
- Sows produce large litters
Tamworth

Origin: Ireland

Tamworth
Color:
- Red in color
- Vary from a pale gingery to dark Mahogany red
Characteristics:
- Medium to large sized swine
Desirable traits:
- A noted bacon breed
- Deep – sided
- Well arched back
- Erect ears
- Good mothers
- Very active
Breeds
and
Varieties of Chicken

American Class
of Chicken
Ply Mouth Rock

Origin: America

Ply Mouth Rock


Varieties:
- Barred, White Buff, Partridge, Silver Penciled, Blue, Colombian
Characteristics:
- good general farm chicken
- dual purpose breed
- they are docile; normally will show broodiness; possess a long, broad back; a moderately deep,
full breasts and a single comb of moderate size
Desirable traits:
- produce large eggs
- grow fast
- protective (generally cautious of predators)
- good for meat and egg production
Undesirable Traits:
- can be bullies and stubborn sometimes
- have trouble with very hot weather
Wyandotte

Origin: New York and Ontario, Canada

Wyandotte
Varieties:
- White, Buff, Columbian, Golden Laced, Blue, Silver Laced, Silver Penciled, Partridge,
Black
Characteristics:
- medium size birds with quite long clean legs and rose comb
- feathers are broad and loosely fitting
- male weights around 8.5lbs and female weights around 6lbs
Desirable Traits
- easy going and gentle bird
- great mother
- for eggs and meat production
- dual purpose breed
Undesirable Traits
-bit noisy
Rhode Island Red

Origin: New England states of Massachussetts

Rhode Island Red


Varieties:
- Single comb, Rose comb
Characteristics:
- body shape: rectangular and rather long
- feathers are rust to deep maroon color (feathers fade in sun exposure), with a blackish to
dark green sheen on their tail feathers; chicks are light red to tan
- eyes are red orange; beak is reddish-brown; feet are yellow
Desirable Traits
- calm and curious
- well tolerates confinement
- for eggs and meat production
- dual purpose breed
Undesirable Traits
- roosters may be aggressive
- bossy; noisy
New Hampshire

Origin: New England states of Massachussetts

New Hampshire
Color:
- reddish, brownish buff
Characteristics:
- possess a deep and broad body
- feathers grow rapidly
- skin color is yellow
- male weight around 3.9kg and female weight around 2.9kg
- plump carcass as either a broiler or a roaster
Desirable Traits
- suitable for raising in both confined and free-range systems
- calm, docile and curious
- meat production
Undesirable Traits
- aggressive and competitive with other chickens
- not the best mothers
Jersey Black Giant

Origin: New Jersey

Jersey Black Giant


Varieties:

- Black, White

Characteristics:

- largest breed in America

- yellow skinned bird

- rugged with an angular shape, single comb and black (with willowish tinge)

- male weight around 13-15lbs and female weight around 11lbs

Desirable Traits

- docile, mellow bird in general, friendly, and calm

- good winter layers

- meat and egg production

- robust and cold hardy

- bears confinement well

Undesirable Traits

- slow growing breed

- require a large of food and time to reach their full size


English Class
Breeds of Chicken

Australorp

Origin: Australia
Australorp
Varieties:
- black
Characteristics:
- noted for its black plumage
- large size; heavy
- have close fitting feathers; well-rounded breasts and deep bodies; faces are totally free
feather and smooth; legs are black or state blue gray colored
- male weights about 8.5-10lbs and female weights about 6.5-8lbs
Desirable Traits
- dual purpose breeds
- good layers; for meat and egg production
- good looking; hardy; easygoing; and highly prolific layer
- suitable for both confined and free-range chicken keeping methods

Dorking

Origin: Originated in Italy; Introduced in Great Britain


Dorking
Varieties:
- white, silver gray, colored
Characteristics:
- large size
- well known for their versatility as a good breed
- they are of short; five-toed legs; have rectangular body; have single comb; and have red earlobes
- male weigh about 3.60-6.35kg and female weigh about 3.60-4.55kg
Desirable Traits
- dual purpose bird
- for meat and eggs production
- quiet in nature; hardy birds; weedy; and docile
- active and require much space; and great mother
Undesirable Traits
- hard to find quality breeding stock
- take long time to mature
- off to good layer

Orpingtons

Origin: Country Kent, South East England


Orpingtons
Varieties:
- white, black, buff, blue
Characteristics:
- heavy in size; loosely feathered; appearing massive
- broad body with a low glance; fluffed-out feathers
- have curvy shape with a short back and U-shaped underline; and a small head with medium
single comb
- skin color is white
- male weigh about 3.6-4.55kg and female weigh about 2.7-3.6kg
Desirable Traits
- cold hardy birds
- gentle; docile; calm; and patient
- lay layer light brown eggs
Undesirable Traits
- stubborn

Sussex

Origin: England
Sussex
Varieties:
- speckled, red, light
Characteristics:
- broad body; close fitting feathers; white skin; shanks and feet
- have single red comb; red wattles; and red earlobes
- male weigh about 9lbs and female weigh about 7lbs
Desirable Traits
- dual purpose bird
- meat and eggs production
- good mothers
- easy to handle; alert; attractive; good foragers

Mediterranean Class
of Chicken
Leghorn

Origin: Leghorn, Italy

Leghorn
Varieties:
- single comb dark brown, light brown, buff, black, silver, red, black tailed red, Columbian and white; rose
comb dark brown, light brown, and white;

Characteristics:

- have single comb

- have white earlobes

- legs are bright yellow

- male weight about 3.4kg and female weight about 2.5 kg

Desirable Traits

- active and efficient foragers

- prolific layers

- eggs are good size

- grow faster and mature quickly

- calm and curious

Undesirable Traits

- not good for meat production

- can be assertive

- flighty; noisy

- not good mothers


Minorca

Origin: Spain

Minorca
Varieties:

- Single comb buff, black and white; Rose comb black and white

Characteristics:

- largest and large white egg layer (Mediterranean poultry breeds)

- long and angular birds

- large wide feathers; long tails; has large wattles combs; and earlobes

- a medium size breed with uniformly glossy greenish-black plumage

- skin color is white and they have black or slate color legs

- male weight about 2.8kg and g=female weight about 2.2kg

Desirable Traits

- excellent foragers and prefer to free range

- large size white eggs

- good for ornamental purpose

- hardy; quiet; social

- very tolerant in hot weather

Undesirable Traits

- flighty

- not suitable for meat production

- slow to develop
Ancona

Origin: Ancona, Italy

Ancona
Varieties:

- Single Comb; Rose Comb

Characteristics:

- have black mottled white plumage

- large red, single comb; very large white earlobes

- feather has V-shaped white markings

- tail and sickles have white tins

- orange red eyes; yellow mottled white black legs

- skin color is yellow; a medium size

Desirable Traits

- egg production

- hardy and active birds

- good forager; very good layer; big white eggs

- good face-to-eggs ratio

- require less feeds if allowed to forage

Undesirable Traits

- flighty and noisy


Andalusian

Origin: Spain

Andalusian
Characteristics:
- skin color is white; legs and feet are black or leaden blue colored
- feather color is slate blue with a narrow lacing of darker blue
- have white, smooth and almond-shaped earlobes
- male weight about 3.2kg -3.6 and female weight about 2.25kg – 2.7kg
Desirable Traits

- produce large eggs


- cold hardy
- mature early and start laying at about 5-6 months
- good foragers
- perform well in hot climates
Undesirable Traits
- flighty; noisy
- prone to frostbite as they have large combs
Asiatic Class
of Chicken
Brahma

Origin: China

Brahma
Varieties:

- Light; Dark; Buff

Characteristics:

- stately birds with an upright carriage and a large head

- stand fairly tall; have strong feet feathers

- have peacomb

- cocks are larger in size than the hens

- male weight about 5.5kg and female weight about 4.5kg

Desirable Traits

- dual purpose breed

- big placid bird

- calm and docile; easily handled

- bears confinement well

- high meat production

- summer and winter hardy

- perfect for ornamental purpose

Undesirable Traits

- not the best layers

- consume feed highly

- late maturation
Cochin

Origin: Originated in China; Developed in the U.S.

Cochin
Varieties:
- White; Black; Buff; Partridge
Characteristics:
- largest domestic chicken breed
- yellow colored skin beneath the feathers
- male weight about 5kg and female weight about 4kg
Desirable Traits
- affectionate; calm; cuddly; dedicated; fluffy
- good mother; great pet
- submissive when kept with others
- aggressive breeds
Undesirable Traits
- lazy chicken breed
- not good layer
- not suitable for hot climates
Langshan

Origin: China

Langshan
Varieties:
- Black and white
Characteristics:
- soft feather- heavy
- usually black (beetle-green); can be white and of blue appearance
- egg color is pl brown
- male weight about 9.5lbs and female weight about 7.5lbs
Desirable Traits
- for meat and eggs production
- can be kept in any soil type
- bear confinement well
- faithful mothers
- hardy; fast growing; and easily reared
Breeds
and
Classes of Duck

Egg-type breed
of Duck
Indian Runner

Origin: East India

Indian Runner
Color:
- Apricot Dusky; Apricot Tout; Black; Blue; Blue Dusky; Blue Trout; Chocolate;
Cumberland Blue; Fawn; Mallard; Silver, trout and white
Characteristics:
- slim body and long neck; slender head with eyes set high and their bill is straight
- height (from crown to tail tip) ranges from 50cm in small females and about 70cm in the
taller males
- weight: Duck - 1.4 to 2.0 kg and Drake - 1.6 to 2.2 kg
Desirable traits:
- utility birds; very active and docile breed; excellent foragers
- exceptional egg layers
- mainly kept as an egg laying duck breed
- good for organic pest control
Khaki Campbell

Origin: England (developed by Mrs. Campbell)

Khaki Campbell
Color:
- Khaki
Characteristics:
- The size of head of male is larger than female
- Bills and shanks are black in color
- Light body weight
Desirable traits:
- Excellent foragers; active; calm; energetic; strong; friendly
- climate tolerance
- large egg size
- high egg productivity
- medium flying ability
- common rarity
Meat-type breed
of Duck
White Pekin

Origin: United States

White Pekin
Color:
- White
Characteristics:
- other names: American Pekin duck or Long Island duck
- have long and quite long necks; have short wings; have large breasted and have yellow
skin
- have vertical posture; have an overturned rump
- eyes is boast grayish-blue colored iris (observed closely), black iris (observed far away)
- weight about 3.6 to 5kg
Desirable traits:
- dual purpose (eggs and meat production)
- large egg size
- medium egg productivity
- calm; friendly; good as pets
Muscovy

Origin: Mexico, Central and South America

Muscovy
Color:
- Black; Blue; Bronze; Chocolate; Lavender; Pied; Ripple; and White
Characteristics:
- other names: Musk duck, Musky duck or Barbary duck; also called Musco ducks
- heavy
- excellent broodiness
- white egg color
- have short crest on the nape on their head
- average weight is about 1.1 to 4.1kg
Desirable traits:
- Meat production, exhibition
- climate tolerance
- active; calm; docile; excellent foragers; friendly; excellent mothers
- large egg size
- low flying ability
- common rarity
Aylesbury

Origin: United Kingdom

Aylesbury
Color:
- white
Characteristics:
- originally called White English
- large size; has white plumage and has white skin
- have long body with horizontal carriage
- egg color is white or tinted green
- male weight about 5kg and female weight about 4.5kg
Desirable traits:
- meat and egg production; exhibition purpose; ornamental purpose
- easily tamed; docile; friendly; good as pets
- large egg size
- low egg productivity
- climate tolerance
Ornamental-type breed
of Duck
Crested White

Origin: East Indies

Crested White
Color:
- Black, White
Characteristics:
- large size
- head is covered by a thick crest; have long and beak and legs (pale orange color)
- off-white egg color
- ducks weight about 2.7kg ad drakes’ weight about 3.2kg
Desirable traits:
- meat and egg production; exhibition purpose; ornamental purpose
- calm; friendly; fast grower
- climate tolerance
- large egg size
- medium egg productivity

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