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#ra STATCON ATTY GUJI

MIDTERMS

SUBJECTS OF CONSTRUCTION (SCORED) outlining the organization of the government,


enumerating the powers of the government, laying
Statutes down rules for its administration and defining the
Constitution illiterate.

Ordinances Article 6 – Legislative Department

Resolutions Article 7 – Executive Department

Executive Orders Article 8 – Judicial Department

Department Circulars Article 9 – Constitutional Commissions

CONSTITUTION  CONSTITUTION OF SOVEREIGNTY

 is a fundamental law or basis of government, outlines the process by which the Constitution
established by the people in their sovereign may be amended or revised.
capacity, to promote their happiness and to
Article 17 – Amendments or Revisions
secure their rights, property, independence and
common welfare.

 It is supreme, imperious, absolute and KINDS OF CONSTITUTION


unalterable except by the authority which it
emanates WRITTEN & UNWRITTEN

 It is a supreme law to which all other laws must CUMULATIVE & CONVENTIONAL
conform in accordance with which all private
RIGID & FLEXIBLE
rights must be determined and all public
authority administered

STATUTE
 Doctrine of Constitutional Supremacy  Written will of the legislature solemnly
expressed according to the forms necessary to
Under the doctrine of constitutional
constitute a law of the state.
supremacy, if a law or contract violates any
norm of the constitution that law or contract  Expression of the people thru representatives
whether promulgated by the legislative or by
the executive branch or entered into by private
persons for private purposes is null and void
and without any force and effect. Thus, since STATUTE LAW
the Constitution is the fundamental, paramount  Broader term, not only statues but also judicial
and supreme law of the nation, it is deemed interpretation and application of such statutes
written in every statute and contract.

(Manila Prince Hotel v. GSIS, GR No. 122156)


CLASSIFICATION OF STATUTES

According to Scope
COMMON PARTS OF THE CONSTITUTION
1. Public – affects the public at large or the whole
 CONSTITUTION OF LIBERTY
community; It is a general classification of law,
fundamental, civil and political rights of the consisting generally of constitutional, administrative,
people and imposes limitations in the exercise of criminal, and international law,concerned with the
government powers if only to secure the enjoyment organization of the state, the relations between the
of the civil and political rights of the people. state and the people who compose it, the
responsibilities of public officers of the state, to each
Article 3 - Bill of Rights other, and to private persons, and the relations of
state to one another.

 CONSTITUTION OF GOVERNMENT
#ra STATCON ATTY GUJI

MIDTERMS

a. General – applies to the whole state and


operates throughout the state alike upon all the
people or all of a class. It is one which embraces a
class of subjects or places and does not omit any
subject or place naturally belonging to such class.

b. Specific – relates to particular persons or


things of a class or to a particular community,
individual, or thing. It is designed for a particular
purpose, or limited in range or confined to a
prescribed field of action on operation.

c. Local – One whose operation is confined to a


specific place or locality instead of over the whole
territory of the state, e.g. municipal ordinance

2. Private – applies to a specific person or subject. It


defines, regulates, enforces and administers
relationships among individuals, associations and
corporations