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Oct 23, 2019

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Question bank for clg mid sem

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Question Bank

EE-7th SEM

4 324734(24)

Management

http://www.rungta.ac.in

Session 2017-18

Santosh Rungta Group of Institutions

Question Bank

Branch EE

Semester VII

http://www.rungta.ac.in

Session 2017-18

Santosh Rungta Group of Institutions

UNIT – 1

1 a)Discuss duty performed by tripping relay. 2

b) What is universal torque equation? Using that equation, derive the characteristics of 6

(i) Impedance relay (ii) Reactance relay and (iii) Mho relay.

2 a) Define the following terms in content with IDMT relays (i) PSM (ii) TMS. 2

b) Explain the principle of instantaneous over current relay. How their characteristics

differ from I.D.M.T. relay? 6

b) The calculated short circuit current through a feeder is 1200Amp. An over current

6

relay of rating 5Amp is connected for protection of feeder through a protective

transformer having a ratio of 1000/5.

Calculate the operating time of relay when it has plug setting of 0.8sec. The following

characteristic of relay is given below:

PSM 1.3 2 4 6 10 20

Time in sec 20 10 6.5 3.5 3 2.2

b) Reference to figure given below.

6

Fault current=2000A.Relay R1 set on 100%,LTR=200/1 Relay.R2 set on 125%.For

discrimination the time gradient margin between the relays R1 & R2 is 0.5 second.

Determine the time of operation of two relays assuming that the both the relays have the

characteristic as shown in the following table and R1 and TMS=0.2

Time in seconds = 10 6 3.5 3.15 2.8 2.2 2.1

for a time multiplier of 1.Also determine the time setting multiplier for R2.

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5 a)What are the fundamental requirements of protective relaying? 2

b)Define 30° connection of directional relay. Why is the connection done? Where and

how is the connection done? 6

b)Explain the basic principle of operation of a differential relay. Describe the working

of this type of relay for 6

(i) An internal fault, and

(ii) A -through fault

b)Give the constructional features, principle of working of a directional over current

relay.Draw its characteristic. 6

b)An IDMT type over current relay is used to protect a feeder through 500/1A CT. The

relay has PS of 125% and TMS = 0.3. Find the time of operation if a fault current of 6

5000 A flows through feeder:

PSM: 2 3 5 8 10 15

Time for unity TMS: 10 6 4.5 3.2 3 2.5

(100% current = 1 A).

b)Determine the time of operation of an IDMT relay of rating 5A and having setting of

6

125% and TMS=0.5.The relay is connected through a C.T of 400/5 A. The fault current

is 4000A.The operating time for PSM of 8 is 3.2.

b)Derive operating characteristics of

(i) An impedance and 6

(ii) A reactance relay

Explain how you provide direction features to these relays.

11 a)What do you mean by ‘reach of relay’? (2+6) 2

b)Explain the principle of operation of IDMT relay. How is the directional characteristic

introduced? 6

12 With suitable diagram on impedance plane explain that a reactance relay operates even 8

when a load of nearly unity power factor is connected to the line but it does not operate

for normal load connected to line.

13 Describe the following in few lines/words: 8

(i)Pick-up current

(ii)Drop out voltage

(iii)Balance point

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(iv)Power swing

(v)Burden of relay

(v)Flag indicator

(vi)Blinder

14 Describe the construction and principle of operation of an induction type over current 8

relay. Derive the torque equation.

relay, mho relay is used in place of directional relay? Explain this drawing suitable

diagram on impedance plane.

16 What is impedance relay? Show its characteristics on R-X diagram. Give the 8

characteristics of three zone impedance relays with directional unit.

17 With a neat sketch, explain the working of induction type directional over current relay. 8

18 On an impedance plane draw a long length transmission line. Select a point on the line 8

up to which protection is to be given. Draw the characteristic of distance relay through

the point. Starting from generalized torque expression derive the characteristic equation

of the relay.

19 Discuss Instantaneous over current relay with neat sketch and also explain the 8

phenomena of ‘snap action’.

Unit – 2

21 a)The occurrence of short circuit between stator windings of alternator is rare, why so? 2

b)A 13.8 kV, 125MVA star connected alternator has a synchronous reactance of 1.4 Ω 6

per phase and negligible resistance. It is protected by Merz-Price balanced current

system which operates when out of balance current exceeds 10% of full load current.If

the neutral point is earthed through a resistance of 2Ω,determine what portion of

windings is protected against earth fault.

alternator. Explain the operating principle.

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23 a)If field suppression system were not present in an alternator, which fault would 2

damage the stator winding? (2+6)

b)A 6.6kV, 5MVA star connected alternator has a reactance of 1.5ohm per phase and 6

negligible resistance. Merz-Price protection scheme is used which operates when the out

of balance current exceeds 25% of the full load current. The neutral of the generator is

grounded through a resistance of 8ohms.Determine the proportion of the winding which

remains unprotected against earth fault.

24 a)Why field winding of an alternator cannot be directly switched off from supply? 2

b)Explain stator and rotor fault protection of a generator. (2+6)

6

(ii) Loss of excitation protection in generators.

(iii) Protection against unbalanced loading and interturn fault protection.

b)Explain how power factor of load seen by an alternator varies when gradual loss of 6

excitation occurs ? Discuss the protection scheme using this phenomenon.

not protect complete winding. Justify this statement.

protects a transformer against fault but does not operate in case of magnetizing inrush

current.

29 A 3-phase transformer 0.433/11 kV line volts is connected in Y/Δ, respectively and the 8

protecting transformer on the 0.433 kV side has a current ratio of 600/5. What must be

the current ratio of current transformers on HV side and how they should be connected ?

current transformer on the low-voltage side have a ratio of 300/5. What will be the ratio

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of the current on the high voltage side?

31 A 3 phase, 20 MVA, 11 kV star connected generator is protected by the current balance 8

system of protection. If the ratio of CTs is 1200/5, the minimum operating current of the

relay is 0.75A and the neutral resistance is 6.5Ω, calculate the percentage of each phase

of stator winding which is unprotected against earth faults when the machine is

operating at normal voltage.

32 Describe the construction and working of harmonic restrained differential relay. State its 8

applications.

33 Explain with reasons the connection of CTs for protecting a delta/star transformer. 8

Justify your scheme of protection for:

(ii)external fault,by showing current distribution in the scheme.

34 A 6600 V, 3 phase turbo alternator has maximum continuous rating of 2000 kW at 0.8 8

p.f. and reactance 12.5%. It is equipped with merz price circulating current protection

which is set to operate at fault current not less than 200 A. Find what value of the

neutral earthing resistance leaves 10% of the winding unprotected ?

35 A 50 MVA 132kV/66kV Δ/Y,3-phase power transformer is protected by percentage 8

differential relay if CTR=300/5 located at Δ winding;CTR=1200/5 at Y connected

winding. Determine (i) Output current at the load (ii) relay current at full load

(iii)minimum relay current to permit 25% overload.

36 Draw the differential protection scheme of a bus bar connected to four feeders. Explain 8

its operation.

37 What is the necessity of bus bar protection ? Describe a frame leakage protection 8

applicable to metal clad switch boards.

38 Describe the following in view of station Bus-zone protection. 8

39 Describe the principle of bus bar protection based on voltage differential system. How 8

does it overcome the problems of current transformers?

40 A 5000KVA, 6600V, star connected alternator has a synchronous reactance of 2Ω/phase 8

and 0.5 Ω resistance. It is protected by a Merz price balanced current system which

operates when the out of balance current exceeds 30% of the load current. Determine

what proportion of the alternator winding is unprotected if the star point is earthed

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through a resistor of 6.5 Ω ?

Unit – 3

41 a)Does Merz-Price provides back up protection or over load protection? 2

b)Draw the schematic diagram of the carrier current protection scheme of lines.Also 6

explain its working principle.

protection of feeders?

(ii)What is the minimum time interval which can be permitted for the two adjacent

circuit breakers to operate in radial feeders?

(iii)What type of protective device is used for protection of an alternator against

overheating?

(iv)In which winding of the transformer magnetizing in-rush current flows?

(v)Which harmonic component is more in in-rush current than a fault current?

(vi)Which equipment is protected by Buchholz relay?

impedance or other type of non unit protection.

b)Describe the directional comparison carrier current protection scheme using carrier

blocking system. 6

b)Explain the working principle of the carrier current protection scheme of lines with

diagram. State its applications. 6

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47 a)Why selectivity of O.C. relays used in long transmission line protection is poor? 2

b)Explain the necessity of using 3-zone stepped distance protection scheme to achieve

fast protection for transmission line. 6

49 a)Draw a single line diagram of power system. Mark different sections clearly. 2

51 Sketch the block diagram of carrier current protection of transmission line.Also discuss 8

the function of line trap and coupling capacitor.

52 Answer the following questions in few lines/words: 8

(i)What is unit type protection?

(ii)Give the example of unit type and non-unit type protection?

(iii)What is meant by time graded protection?

(iv)What type of delay is suitable for radial feeder protection?

(v)What type of relay is suitable for current graded protection?

(vi)Can Merz-Price system is employed for protection of ring mains and duplicate

feeders?

(vii)Why Merz-Price protection is not suitable beyond 33kV?

53 a) Considering stability, what is the drawback of three step distance protection scheme? 2

b) Describe how carrier aided distance protection scheme overcomes this drawback.

6

55 Draw phase comparison carrier current protection scheme in block form and 8

explain the function of each block.

56 What are the advantages of distance protection over other type of protection of feeders? 8

Describe any type of impedance relay.

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58 a)What do you mean by power swing ? 2

b)Discuss the performance of mho relay during power swing.

6

59 Describe the trip circuit diagram of 3-zone distance relay used for the protection of a 8

transmission line. Why 3-zones are necessary? How their reach setting and time setting

is done?

Unit – 4

60 a)Draw a simplified block diagram of static relay, indicating main components. 2

b)Show that the amplitude and phase comparators are dual to each other.

6

b)Explain static differential relay with neat block diagram and schematic scheme.

6

b)With the help of suitable phasor diagrams explain how an amplitude comparator can 6

be made to act as cosine phase comparator for signals S1 and S2 .

b)Draw the circuit diagram of integrating type cosine phase comparator and explain its 6

operation.

65 An amplitude comparator is to act as a mho relay. Logically determine the two signal 8

inputs to be given to the comparators.

66 Explain coincidence type phase comparator with the help of block diagram and 8

waveforms.

68 What is hall effect?Explain hall effect sine phase comparator. State its applications. 8

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69 Show that the polar curve of a biased differential relay using a static comparator is a 8

circle. Why does the area out side the circle represent the operating zone ?

70 A static relay has its operating characteristic on impedance plane as shown below. 8

Logically determine the voltage input signals to the cosine phase comparator to achieve

the characteristic.

71 Draw the operating characteristic of distance relay used for the protection of 8

medium length line. Design the relay using cosine phase comparator.

72 Explain the basic principle, working and characteristic of any one of static relay, with 8

schematic scheme.

73 Describe the circuit of a two input static amplitude comparator. How such a comparator 8

be utilized in designing angle impedance relay?

74 With neat sketch and schematic scheme, discuss the principle and working of static 8

differential relay.

characteristic using(i)asymmetric phase comparator (ii)phase sequence detector

comparator.

77 With the help of simplified block diagram explain the operation of static directional 8

over current relay.

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79 What do you understand by phase comparator? Prove the duality between them with the 8

help of phasor diagram.

Unit – 5

80 a)What is difference between circuit breaking and circuit breaker ? 2

b)In a 220kV system the inductive reactance and capacitance upto location of circuit 6

breaker are 10.0Ω and 0.02µF respectively. A resistance of 800Ω is connected across

the contacts of circuit breaker. Compute the following:

(ii)Damped frequency of oscillation

(iii)Critical value of resistance which will give no transient oscillation

(iv)The value of resistance which will give a damped frequency of oscillation

one-fourth the natural frequency of oscillation.

b)Derive an expression for RRRV and explain its effect on operation of circuit breaker 6

under fault condition.

82 a)What is meant by making capacity of a circuit breaker? 2

b)Describe with a neat sketch the axial blast type air blast circuit breaker,its principle of

operation and its limitations. 6

b)A 3 phase, 50 Hz alternator with grounded neutral has an inductance of 1.6 mH per

phase and is connected to the bus bars through a circuit breaker. The capacitance to 6

the earth of a circuit between the alternator and the circuit breaker is 0.0032 µF per

phase. Due to a short on the bus-bars the breaker opens when the r.m.s value of the

current is 8000 A.

Determine the following :

(i) Frequency of oscillations

(ii) Active recovery voltage

(iii) Time for maximum RRRV and

(iv) Maximum RRRV

84 a)Discuss the effect of asymmetry in fault. 2

b)3 phase, 10 MVA, 11 kV generator is connected to a power system, the system

inductance and capacitance per phase are 5mH and 0.04 µF respectively. Calculate: 6

(i) Maximum restriking voltage.

(ii) Frequency of transient oscillation.

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(iii) Average rate of restriking voltage.

85 a)What is circuit breaker?Explain its function. 2

b)A 3-phase short circuit fault occurs just beyond the CBs connected to an alternator. 6

The fault is isolated from ground. After opening of CBs contacts, two CBs are arcing

while arc is interrupted in one C.B. Show that voltage difference between fault point

and neutral is 0.5 Vph.

b)In a short circuit test on a 132kV,three phase system,the breaker gave the following 6

results:p.f of the fault 0.4;recovery voltage 0.95 of full line value;the breaking current is

symmetrical and the restriking transient had a natural frequency of 16kHz.Determine

the rate of rise of restriking voltage.Assume that the fault is grounded.

b)In a short circuit test.with earthed neutral on a 132kV,3-phase CB,the p.f of the fault 6

was 0.3,the recovery voltage was 0.95 of full line value,the breaking current was

symmetrical and the restriking transient had a natural frequency of 16000Hz.Estimate

the rate of rise of the restriking voltage.

100MVA transformer at 220kV.The magnetising current of transformer is 5% of full

load current.Determine the maximum voltage which may appear across the gap of

breaker when magnetising current is interrupted at 53% of its peak value.The stray

capacitance is 2500µF.The inductance is 30H.

89 A 50Hz,11kV,3phase alternator with earthed neutral has a reactance of 5Ω per phase & 8

is connected to a busbar through a CB.The distributed capacitance upto CB between

phase and neutral is 0.01µF.Find:

(ii)Frequency of oscillations

(iii)Average RRRV upto first peak.

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(ii)Current Zero arc interruption

91 Show how the restriking transient can be damped by connecting a resistance across the 8

contact of a C.B.

92 (i) What is an arc? How the arc is formed in vacuum circuit breaker. Explain. 4+4

(ii) How are the rating of circuit breaker specified?

93 Draw neat figure of low capacity d.c. C.B using high resistance arc interruption 8

principle. Briefly explain how arc interruption occurs in it.

94 What is current chopping? How does it the system insulation? How current chopping is 8

prevented in air blast CBs?

inductance is 5H.The circuit breaker interrupts a magnetizing current of

5Amp(peak).Find:

(i)The voltage across circuit breaker contacts after the current interruption.

(ii)The value of resistance to be used across the contacts to suppress restriking voltage.

for restriking voltage in terms of system capacitance and inductance.

97 Explain the construction, principle of operation and application of SF6 circuit breakers. 8

98 In a short circuit test on a circuit breaker, the following data was obtained on a 8

frequency transient (i)Time to reach the peak restriking voltage 55µS.

Determine the:

(ii)Average rate of rise of restriking voltage.

99 Define the term “active recovery voltage”.Discuss the factors which influence active 8

recovery voltage of CB. Explain the principle of circuit interruption.

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Question Bank

Semester VII

(Session-2017-18)

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Unit –1

a) Define active and passive load torque. What are the difference between the two? 2

1

b) Explain what do you understand by steady state stability. What is the main assumption? 6

2 a) Draw block diagram of electrical drive and answer the functions of power modulator. 2

3

b) A motor is used to drive a hoist. Motor characteristics is given by 6

Where N is the speed in rpm. When hoist is loaded, the net load torque Tl=100,N-m and

when unloaded net load torque Tl= -80,N-m.Obtain the equilibrium speeds for operation in

4 a) What are the reasons for using load equalization in an electric drive? 2

b) A 6 pole,50Hz 3phase wound induction motor has a flywheel coupled to its shaft. The total 6

duration followed by a no load period which is long enough for the drive to reach its no load

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5 a ) Can a motor load system with a passive load torque have an equilibrium speed at 2

quadrant II? What will be your answer if the load is active?

material at the rate of 100 tonnes/hour. Belt is 200m long and driven by a motor at

1200rpm

(ii) Calculate the torque that motor should develop to accelerate the belt from

standstill to full speed in 8sec.Moment of inertia of motor is 0.1kg-m2.

m2,T=15+0.5ωm and TL=5+0.6 ωm

b) A motor drives two loads. One has rotational motion. It is coupled to the motor 6

through a reduction gear with a=0.1 and efficiency of 90%.The load has a moment

of inertia of 10kg-m2 and torque of 10N-m.Other load has translational motion and

consists of 1000kg weight to be lifted up at an uniform speed of 1.5m/sec. Coupling

between this load and the motor has an efficiency of 85%.Motor has an inertia of

0.2 kg-m2 and runs at a constant speed of 1420rpm.Determine equivalent inertia

referred to the motor shaft and power developed by the motor.

b) A drive has following equations for motor and load torques: T=(1+2ωm ) and 6

Tl=3√𝜔𝑚 . Obtain the equilibrium points and determine their steady state stability.

b) Draw the block diagram of an electric drive and state essential parts of electric 6

drives and its advantages.

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b) What are the various factors that influence the choice of electric drives? 6

10sec followed by a light load period of 200N-m long enough for the flywheel to

regain its steady state speed. It is desired to limit the motor torque to 700N-m.What

should be the moment of inertia of fly wheel? Motor has an inertia of 10kg-m2.Its

no load speed is 500rpm and the slip at a torque of 500N-m is 5%.Assume Speed

torque characteristics of motor to be a straight line in the region of interest.

11 10000Nm required for 10sec and 1000Nm for 20 sec. The combined inertia of

motor and fly wheel referred o the motor shaft is 1000kg-m2.calculate the

maximum and minimum values of torque and speed. The motor speed torque

characteristics is a straight line given by the equation T=20000-20N,N-m, Where

N is the speed in rpm.

12 A motor equipped with a flywheel has to supply a load torque of 600Nm for 10sec 8

followed by a no load period long enough for the flywheel to regain its full speed.

It is desired to limit the motor torque to 450Nm.What should be the moment of

inertia of the flywheel? The no load speed of the motor is 600rpm and it has a slip

of 8% at torque of 400Nm.Assume motor speed-torque curve to be a straight line in

the operating range. Motor has an inertia of 10kg-m2.

driven by a motor running at a speed of 1000rpm.The moment of inertia of the

motor and winch are 0.5 and 0.3 kg-m2 respectively. Calculate the motor torque

and the equivalent moment of inertia referred to motor shaft. In the absence of

weight, motor develops a torque of 100Nm when running at 1000rpm.

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14 A motor is required to drive the take up roll on a plastic strip line. The mandrel on 8

which the strip is wound is 15cm in diameter and the strip builds up to a25cm in

diameter. Strip tension is maintained constant at 1000N.The strip moves at a

uniform speed of 25m/s. The motor is coupled to a mandrel by a reduction gear

with a=0.5.The gears have an approximate efficiency of 87% at all speeds.

Determine the speed and power rating of motor required for this application.

15 Explain that the steady state stability of a drive depends on relative characteristics 8

of the motor and load and not just the motor(or load) characteristics.

UNIT-2

16 a) What do you understand by constant torque drive and constant power drive? 2

17 a) The 10 min rating of a motor used in a domestic mixture is 200 watts. The heating 2

time constant is 40 min and the maximum efficiency occurs at full

load(continuous).Determine the continuous rating.

b) What are the heating and cooling time constants? Derive an expression for 6

temperature rise of an electric motor.

18 a) A motor of small rating can be selected for short time duty. Why? 2

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(iv)Remains idle for:2 min .

19 A motor has continuous rating 100kw.The heating and cooling time constants are 50 min and 8

70min respectively. The motor has maximum efficiency at 80% full load and is employed in an

intermittent periodic load cycle consisting of an load period of 10 min. Calculate the value of

load in KW during the load period.

20 The motor rating is to be selected from a class of motors with heating and cooling time 8

constants of 60 and 90 min respectively. Calculate the motor rating for the following duty

cycles:

(i)Short time periodic duty cycle consisting of 100kw load for 10 min followed by no load

period long enough for the motor to cool down.

(ii)Intermittent periodic duty cycle consisting of 100kw load period of 10min and no load period

of 10 min. Assume losses to be proportional to (power)2.

21 Derive an expression for overloading duty factor for a short time duty motor. 8

22 a) State the classes of insulating materials used in electric machines depending on temperature 2

limits?

UNIT-3

b) Explain with sketch how plugging braking is done in dc motor and explain with the supply is 6

disconnected before the load reached zero speed.

25 a) Field control is employed for getting speeds higher than rated and armature voltage control is 2

employed for getting speeds less than rated. why?

b) A 250V dc separately exited motor has an armature resistance of 0.4Ω.The field current is 6

kept constant. The full load speed is 600rpm and full load current is 25amp.The resistance of 1Ω

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is added in series with armature. Find (a)

Speed at full load torque. (b

)Speed at twice the full load torque. (c)

Stalling torque.

26 a) Explain why a dc series motor is more suited to deal with torque over loads than other dc 2

motors.

b) A 220V separately excited dc motor has armature resistance of 0.05Ω and speed of 1000rpm 6

and armature current of 100Amp.Find

(i)Resistance to be added in armature circuit to limit braking current to twice the full

load current.

(ii)Initial braking torque

(iii) Braking torque when speed is fallen to 500rpm

b) A dc machine has simplex wave wound armature with 144coils and 10 turns each. The 6

resistance of each turn is 0.011Ω.The flux per pole is 0.05wb and speed is 200rpm.Find

(a) armature resistance

(b) Torque if a 1000Ω resistance is connected to its terminals.

b) Explain multi quadrant operation of separately excited dc motor fed from fully controlled dual 6

converter.

29 a) When varying speed by field flux control, flux must be varied in small steps only. Why? 2

b) Draw the performance curves for dc shunt and series motor and show the necessary 6

derivation.

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b) A fully controlled rectifier fed separately excited dc motor is required to operate in motoring 6

and braking operations in the forward direction. Only one full controlled rectifier is available

.What switching arrangement will be required. Explain.

b) A 230V, 1200 rpm, 15A separately excited motor has an armature resistance of 1.2Ω.Motor is 6

operated under dynamic braking wit chopper control. Braking resistance has a value of 20Ω.

i) Calculate duty ratio of chopper for motor speed of 1000 rpm and braking torque

equal to 1.5 times rated motor torque.

(ii)What will be the motor speed for duty ratio of 0.5 and motor torque equal to its

rated torque.

32 A 220V , 1500 rpm, 10A separately excited dc motor is fed from a single phase fully controlled 8

rectifier with an ac source voltage of 230V,50Hz.Ra=2Ω.Conduction can assumed to be

continuous. Calculate firing angles for

(i)Half the rated motor torque and 500 rpm (ii)

Rated motor torque and (-1000)rpm.

33 Explain the transient analysis of separately excited dc motor with armature control. 8

(i) Universal motor

(ii)Permanent magnet motors.

35 A 220V,1500 rpm, 50A separately excited motor with armature resistance of 0.5Ω is fed from 3 8

phase fully controlled rectifier. Available ac source has a line voltage of 440V,50Hz.A star delta

connected transformer is used to feed the armature so that motor terminal voltage equals to rated

voltage when converter firing angle is zero.

(i) calculate transformer turns ratio

(ii) Determine the value of firing angle when :

(a)motor is running at 1200 rpm and rated torque.

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36 Explain chopper control of separately excited dc motor 8

UNIT-4

37 a) Give the names of different methods for starting of squirrel cage induction motors. 2

b) Derive an equivalent circuit for the dynamic braking of an induction motor and 6

explain why it is necessary to account for the saturation in magnetic circuit.

38 a) Why a single winding single phase induction motor does not have a starting torque? 2

39 a) Why is the power factor of slip power recovery scheme of speed control of induction 2

motor is low?

b) A 3 phase,400V,6 pole ,50Hz , delta connected ,slip ring induction motor has rotor 6

resistance of 0.2Ω and leakage reactance of 1Ω per phase referred to stator. When

driving a fan load it runs at full load at 4% slip. What resistance must be inserted in the

rotor circuit to obtain a speed of 850 rpm. Neglect stator impedance and magnetizing

branch. Stator to rotor turns ratio is 2.2.

40 a) Why high inrush occurs during open circuit transition in star-delta and auto transformer 2

starters of induction motors.

b) A 440V, 50Hz ,6 pole ,Y connected wound rotor induction motor has following parameters 6

ref. to stator.

Rs=0.5Ω, Rr’=0.4 Ω, Xs=Xr'=1.2Ω, Xm=50Ω. An

external resistance is inserted in to rotor circuit so that maximum torque is produced at

Sm=2.The motor which was initially operating on no load is being braked by 1 phase ac

dynamic braking with three lead connection. Calculate the braking current and torque as a ratio

of their full load values for 950 rpm.

Santosh Rungta Group of Institutions

41 a) What is single phasing? Why should it be avoided? 2

b) Draw the diagram of static Kramer drive and explain its working. 6

42 a) Why stator voltage control is suitable for speed control of induction motors in fan and pump 2

drives?

b) Draw the diagram of static Scherbius drive and explain its working. 6

43 a) When operating in regenerative braking, the induction motor slip should not be allowed to 2

exceed breakdown slip. Why?

44 a) Why stator voltage control is inefficient for induction motor speed control? 2

UNIT-5

friction?

b) Describe the chopper controlled dc traction drive with composite braking. How it is 6

ensured to minimize energy dissipation in dynamic braking?

b) Discuss the operation of dc traction drive employing voltage source inverter fed 6

induction motor drive. How composite braking is carried out.

47 a) Why traction drive should have a large torque at low speeds and when just being 2

started? Why the torque required during free running is lower than torque required

during starting?[

Santosh Rungta Group of Institutions

b) An electric train weighing 500 tonnes climbs up gradient with G=8 and following 6

speed-time curve:

(i)Uniform acceleration of 2.5km/hr/sec for 60 sec

(ii) Constant speed for 5min

(iii)Coasting for 3 min

(iv)Dynamic braking at 3kmphps to rest.

The train resistance is 25N/tonne, rotational inertia effect 10% and combined efficiency

of transmission and motor is 80%.Calculate specific energy consumption.

Uniform acceleration of 1kmkphps for 2 min

free running for 30 mins

Coasting for 2 min at a deceleration of 0.1kmkphps

Uniform braking at 1.2kmkphps to stop

A stop of 5 min. Calculate

(a) Distance between the stations (b) Scheduled Speed (c) Average Speed

b) Discuss the difference between main line and sub urban trains? 6

50 a) Why train driven by a separately excited dc motors has better adhesion than train 2

driven by series dc motors

traction drives.

51 Describe load commutated inverter synchronous motor ac traction drive. How does it 8

operate in regenerative braking.

52 Derive an expression for the total tractive effort required to move the locomotive. 8

Santosh Rungta Group of Institutions

Question Bank

Semester VII

(Session:2017-18)

Santosh Rungta Group of Institutions

UNIT-1

G(s)= K / {s(1+s)(1+0.5s)}

Draw a polar plot for K=1 and K=2 when limit cycle exists in the system.

4 Define describing function and derive the function for saturation non linearity. 8

5 How can the analysis of a non-linear system using phase plane technique be 8

performed. Explain the describing function of ‘backlash Hysteresis’.

6 Consider a system with an ideal relay s2C(s)=u(s). Determine singular point. 8

Construct phase trajectories corresponding to initial condition. (𝑖)𝑐(0) = 2, 𝑐̇ (0) = 1

(𝑖𝑖)𝑐(0) = 2, 𝑐̇ (0) = 1.5 Take r=2 V and M=1.2V

7 What are describing functions? Derive the describing function of a relay with dead 8

zone and hysteresis.

8 Which are the common non-linearities introduced in a system. 8

9 Explain describing function. 8

10 Define describing function and derive the function for dead zone non linearity. 8

UNIT-2

11 State and prove Cayley Hamilton Theorem 8

Santosh Rungta Group of Institutions

12 Compute state transition matrix. Given that 8

𝛼 0 0 𝑤 𝛼 𝑤

A1 = ; A2 = ; A =

0 𝛼 −𝑤 0 −𝑤 𝛼

𝑥1′ 0 1 0 𝑥1 0 𝑥1

′ =

𝑥2 0 0 1 𝑥2 + 0 [𝑢]; 𝑦=1 0 0 𝑥2

𝑥3′ −6 −11 −6 𝑥

3

2 𝑥3

Determine

Transform canonical

this state state

modelmodel of the system

into canonical stateand draw Also

model. blockcompute

diagram;state

whosetransition 8

transfer

matrix. function is

14

𝑌(𝑠) 10(𝑠 + 4)

=

𝑈(𝑠) 𝑠(𝑠 + 1)(𝑠 + 3)

𝑌(𝑠) 10

= 3

𝑈(𝑠) 𝑠 + 4𝑠 2 + 2𝑠 + 1

16 Construct state model of the mechanical system given 8

Santosh Rungta Group of Institutions

17 Convert the following state model of a system into controllable phase variable form 8

18 Construct state model and block diagram for a system characterized by differential 8

equation

𝑦 ′′′ + 6𝑦 ′′ + 11𝑦 ′ + 6𝑦 + 𝑢 = 0

19 Construct state model of the mechanical system by choosing minimum of three state 8

variables

0 1

𝐴=

−2 −3

UNIT-3

21 State the Four Stability Theorems of Lyapunov. 8

Q(𝑥1 , 𝑥2 )= 10𝒙𝟏𝟐 + 4𝒙𝟐𝟐 + 𝒙𝟑𝟐 + 2𝑥1 𝑥2 - 2𝑥2 𝑥3 -4𝑥1 𝑥3

Santosh Rungta Group of Institutions

23 Examine stability of the system described by following equation by Krasovaskii’s 8

theorem 𝑥1′ = −𝑥1

𝑥2′ = 𝑥1 − 𝑥2 − 𝑥23

24 Using Lyapunov direct method, find range of K to guarantee stability of the system 8

𝑥1′ 0 0 −𝐾 𝑥1

′ =

𝑥2 1 −1 0 𝑥2

′ 0 1 −1

𝑥3 𝑥3

25 0 0 −𝐾 8

A second order system is described by x’=Ax where A= 1 −1 0 .

0 1 −1

Use Lyapunov theorem and determine stability of the origin of system. Write function

f(x)

26 Use Krasovaskii’s theorem

Use Lyapunov to show

theorem and that the equilibrium

determine state

stability of thex=0 of the

origin of system

system. Write 8

′

described by f(x)

function 𝑥1 = −3 𝑥1 + 𝑥2

𝑥2′ = 𝑥1 − 𝑥2 − 𝑥23

Determine stability of the system described by x’=Ax where A=

−2 −4

And check stability of the system

28 Define (a) Positive definiteness (b) Negative definiteness (c) Positive Semi definite 8

(a) Negative Semi definite

30 Write short note on stability of linear and non linear system. 8

Santosh Rungta Group of Institutions

UNIT-4

31 A single input system is described by the following state equation 8

Design a state feedback controller which will give closed loop poles at -1+j2, -1-j2, -6

32 Brief about Control system design via pole placement by state feedback method. 8

35 −1 1 8

Consider the system described by state model x’=Ax and y=Cx. Where A=

1 −2

and C=1 0

36 Define state observer and its types. Also design a state observer 8

𝑌(𝑠) 10

=

𝑈(𝑠) 𝑠(𝑠 + 1)(𝑠 + 2)

Design a feedback controller with a state feedback so that closed loop poles are placed

at -2, -1+j1, -1-j1

38 0 1 0 8

The dynamics of a system is represented by X’= X+ U ; y=2 0X

−2 −3 1

It is desired to design a state observer so that a new pole placement will be at -10,-10

40 Design a type I servo system when plant transfer function has an integrator 8

𝑌(𝑠) 1

=

𝑈(𝑠) 𝑠(𝑠 + 1)(𝑠 + 2)

Desired closed loop poles are -2+j2√3, -2-j2√3, -10. The reference input r is a step

input.

Santosh Rungta Group of Institutions

UNIT-5

41 𝒕𝒇 8

Let ρ=∫𝒕𝒐 √(𝟏 + 𝒙̇ 𝟐 ) 𝒅𝒕 with the boundary condition x(to)=a, and x(tf)=b. Find the

optimal curve or extremal.

42 A system is described by x1’ = u- x1, x1(0)=1. Find u(t) to minimize the system 8

considering two-point boundary value problem.

𝟑

𝑱 = ∫ (𝒙𝟏𝟐 + 𝒖𝟐 )𝒅𝒕

𝟎

∞

𝟏 𝟎 𝟏 𝟎

∫ 𝑿𝑻 [ ] 𝑿 + 𝑴𝑻 [ ] 𝑴 𝒅𝒕

𝟎 𝟎 𝟏 𝟎 𝟏

44 Find the extremal of the following function which is subjected to boundary conditions, 8

x(1)=3 and x(tf)=3

𝒕𝒇

𝑷(𝒙) = ∫ (𝟐𝒙(𝒕) + 𝟎. 𝟓𝑥̇ 2 (𝑡))𝒅𝒕

𝟏

45 State optimum control problem. Derive the Matrix Riccati Equation 8

𝝅/𝟐

𝑱=∫ ( 𝒙̇ 𝟐𝟏 + 𝒙̇ 𝟐𝟐 + 𝟐𝒙𝟏 𝒙𝟐 )𝒅𝒕

𝟎

49 𝒕𝒇 8

Let

Theρ=

boundary + 𝒙̇ 𝟐 𝒅𝒕 with

∫𝒕𝒐 √𝟏 conditions are xthe boundary condition x(to)=a,

1(0)=0, x2(0)=0, x1(π/2)=-1,

x(tf)=b. Find optimal

x2(π/2)=1

curve/ extremal.

Santosh Rungta Group of Institutions

Question Bank

Semester VII

Session-2017-18

Santosh Rungta Group of Institutions

UNIT-1

1 Write short notes on (i)Load management (ii) Energy Conservation 8

2 Discuss different renewable sources of energy with special reference the Indian context. 8

4 Write down the difference between renewable and non renewable sources of energy 8

5 What do you mean by Energy Management? How is it different from Demand Side Management? 8

6 What is Energy Conservation? Explain 8

7 What are the different types of energy sources? Write their limitation also. 8

8 Explain short term load forecasting 8

9 Explain energy conservation in realistic distribution system 8

10 Discuss different renewable sources of energy with special reference the Indian context. 8

11 Explain the significance of Load management in detail 8

UNIT-2

13 Explain how wind power generation used for large scale electricity generation. 8

15 Explain about super conductors 8

.

16 Explain in detail the working of wind driven induction generator 8

17 Explain briefly potential of wind energy system. 8

18 Describe about global warming and its effect 8

19 Explain briefly Tidal Power system. 8

20 Explain Wave Energy 8

21 Explain Closed loop Ocean Thermal Energy Conservation. 8

22 What is wind Energy? How do Wind Turbines work 8

23 Define PV effect. Write short notes on different type of Solar energy collectors with neat diagrams. 8

24 Write short notes on (i) Solar Radiation (ii) Power generation using Solar tower concept. 8

Santosh Rungta Group of Institutions

25 What are the main components of a flat plate Solar Collector, explain the function of each 8

26 8

Define Solar Attitude angle. Why orientation is needed in concentrating type collectors?

27 With the help of a neat sketch describe a solar heating system using water heating solar 8

collectors. What are the advantages and disadvantages of this method?

UNIT-3

28 Explain about different types of non conventional energy sources 8

35 What is the significance of Energy Audit. Explain Different methods of Energy Audit. 8

38 Discuss the methods of audit adopted for A/c and refrigeration system. 8

39 Explain the purpose of Energy Audit and Methodology adopted for audit system. 8

41 How does the tariff support energy efficiency, demand side management and demand response 8

measures

42 How does the tariff structure been determined? 8

43 Explain with a neat sketch the working principle of standalone and grid Connected solar 8

system .

44 A consumer has a maximum demand of 200kW at 40% load factor. If the tariff is Rs100 per KW of 8

maximum demand plus 10paise per kWh, find the overall cost per kWh.

Santosh Rungta Group of Institutions

45 The monthly readings of a consumer’s meter are as follows: 8

Maximum demand=50kW

Energy Consumed=36,000kWh

If the tariff is Rs. 80 per KW of maximum demand plus 8 paise per unit plus 0.5 paise per unit for each

1% of power factor below 86%, Calculate the monthly bill of the consumer.

UNIT-4

46 Suggest some energy conservation measures for Industries. 8

48 What are the energy conservation Opportunities in residential building, shopping complexes and 8

University campuses?.

56 Describe the energy management opportunities in electrical heating and lighting system. 8

Santosh Rungta Group of Institutions

UNIT-5

59 Write Short Notes on (i)Valley Filling (ii) Peak Clipping (iii) Load Shifting 8

70 With the flowchart, explain the management and and organization of Energy Conservation 8

awareness program.

71 What is Time of Day Pricing? With the help of suitable example, explain how this help in an 8

efficient DSM.

72 Explain various DSM strategies from load curve objective view. Mention benefits of strategies . 8

73 Describe the some of the important types of tariff commonly used in Demand Side Management. 8

Santosh Rungta Group of Institutions

Question Bank

Branch ELECTRICAL

Semester VII

http://www.rungta.ac.in

Session 2017-18

Santosh Rungta Group of Institutions

UNIT-1

1 Explain types of memory available in computer system. 8

4 Explain Addressing modes. 8

5 Explain Data transfer operations. 8

6 Explain Data format of IBM 360/370. 8

7 Explain Instruction format of IBM 360/370. 8

8 Discuss in detail about the overview of system software used in a computer system. 8

9 Explain Compare and branch instructions. 8

UNIT-2

14 Explain about the data structure used in design of a two pass assembler. 8

15 Explain Searching techniques. 8

€=(A+B↑D)/(E-F)+G

18 Show the result of each pass for following list using shell sort: 8

19, 13,05,27,01,26,31, 16,02,09,11,21

Santosh Rungta Group of Institutions

19 Show the result of each pass for following list using bucket sort: 8

424, 887, 807, 709, 882, 616,573,679,180,975,264

20 Show the result of each pass for following list using Interchange sort: 8

19, 13,05,27,01,26,31, 16,02,09,11,21

UNIT-3

21 What is Subroutine? Explain its types. 8

22 What is the concept of Macro? Explain Macro Definition, Macro call and Macro 8

Expansion with example.

27 What is Macro processor? Explain Macro processor design and data structures used in 8

it.

UNIT-4

31 What is loader? And explain working of loader and basic functions of loader. 8

32 What is linker? And explain working of linker and basic functions of linker. 8

(ii) Relocating loader

Santosh Rungta Group of Institutions

(iii) Compiler and Go loader

(iv) Bootstrap loader

34 Explain Dynamic loading with example. 8

35 What is linkage editor? Give the function of the same. 8

40 Explain Linkage Editors. 8

UNIT-5

41 Write note on: 8

b. Command line arguments

c. Binary editor

d. Word processor

e. Debugger

f. Loading and manipulating of address and data.

42 What is an editor? Explain its type. 8

Name two command line editors. 8

44

45 Discuss in detail about an editor and the design of an editor. 8

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