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Pampanga High School

Senior High School

Reviewer in HOPE III

Elements of Movements in Space
Rhythm - Regular recurrence of a beat. It may be regular or irregular. In basic music, rhythm is regular
and metered. They be slow, moderate or fast. This element of rhythm is called tempo. Music dictates
the speed of movements we create.
Level - This refers to the level of movement. It may be low, when knees are fully or slightly bent when
executing movement; medium, if knees are normally straight when executing movement; high, if the
heels are raised or movements are done while off the floor.
Range - This element refers to the scope of movement execution. It is dictated by the space provided. If
the space is wide then movements shall be wide and big. If space is limited then movements shall be small
and limited too.
Floor Patter/Design This refers to the designs created on the floor by the bodies of dancers. They may
be geometric or non-geometric formations.
Direction - This element adds to variety of movement. They may be performed forward, backward,
sideward or even upward.
Focus - This is the focal point of dancer’s attention while moving in space.

Folk Dance- traditional dances that were handed down from generation to generation
Maria Clara Suite -Dances of the Countryside
-Dances with Western Influences Examples: Maglalatik, Itik-itik, Sayaw sa
-Spanish inspired dances Bangko, Tinikling
Examples: Habanera Jovencita, Lanceros de Dances of the Lesser Known Group/ Rural
Lingayen, Paseo de Bacolor Suite- dances of smaller tribes in the archipelago
Cordillera Suite- dances of of Bontoc, Ifugao, Examples: Makatod, Dugso
Benguet, Apayao, Kalinga, Itneg, Gaddang Dances of the Muslim Group- characterized by
Examples: Idaw, Salidsid, Banga intricate and symbolical hand movements
Rural Suite Examples: Singkil, Kini-kini, Asik
-lively dances of lowland people

-an example of rural suite or dance of the Paseo de Bacolor
countryside -an example of dance with Western influence or
Meaning: to entrap Maria Clara Suite which originated from
Dance Culture: Christian lowland Bacolor, Pampanga
Place of Origin: Pampanga Meaning: leisure walk
Ethno Linguistic Group: Kapampangan Place of Origin: Pampanga
Classification: mimetic, occupational Ethno Linguistic Group: Kapampangan
Costume: Classification: Courtship
Female: Kimona and Patadyong Costume:
Male: Camisa shirt and any colored Female: Maria Clara Dress
trousers Male: Barong Tagalog
Hand Props: Hand Props:
Salakab- a cone-shaped bamboo basket Handkerchief
Swiki- a fish container Fan
Laced Umbrella
Music: 2 (composed of three parts) Cane
4 Music: 3 (composed of three parts)
Count: one, two or one, and, two, or one and, 4
two, and to a measure Count: one, two, three to a measure
Formation: Formation:
-Partners stand side by side with each other. Girl -Partners stand side by side with each other. Girl
stands at the right side of the boy when facing stands at the right side of the boy when facing
audience. audience.

Peter A. De Vera
-researcher of Kapampangan folk dances, “Paseo de Bacolor” and "Salakban" which was presented in the
annual national and regional workshop of Philippine Folk Dance Society

Social Dance
 dances intended primarily to get to know other people in attendance to a certain social function
 also called ballroom dances
 usually performed in pairs, male and female, but may also be performed in groups
 communal dances performed in social gatherings in any given space
 synonymously referred to as ballroom dances, but the former is performed in balls or formal social

Dance Etiquette
-a set of guidelines that help you navigate the social dimensions of dancing

What to Wear?

Formal Tailcoat, Tuxedo Coat, Regular Ball Gown, Evening Gown,

Coat, Bow Tie or Regular Dinner Gown, Cocktail Gown
Necktie, Black Trouser

Semi-Formal Dress Shirt and Tie, Vest or Dinner Dresses, Flowing Pants
Sweater that shows the Tie

Dressy Casual Solid Color T-shirts, Turtleneck, Anything that displays a

(Practices, Workshops, Dance Polo Shirt, Cotton Slacks conservative, toned-down
Lessons) appearance

Latin Button-up shirt, Solid T-shirt, Sexy Outfits and Long Slit skirts,
Turtleneck, Dress Slacks, Bright Low Necklines and Exposed
Colorful Outfits are Accepted Midriffs are Popular
 Shower and use a deodorant  Never blame a partner for missed
 Brush your teeth and use execution of figures
mouthwash/breath mint  Dance to the level of your partner
 Abstain from foods that produce strong  The show must go on, say “sorry” to
odor your partner if something went wrong
 Don’t smoke, it causes foul mouth and
clothing odor DEMEANOR
DURING THE DANCE  Be personable, smile and make eye
 Check your grooming periodically contact with partner
 Freshen up and towel off periodically in  Project a positive image on the dance
the bathroom floor even if it’s not your personal style
 Carrying an extra shirt is advisable for  Dance at the level of your partner
men in case they need to change  If you don’t know the dance, be honest,
refuse promptly if asked to dance
 No teaching on the dance floor
 Do not cut other dancers off


While on the Accompany

Floor your Partner Be Polite
Line of
(Avoid colliding back to her (Thank or
with other Seat Compliment
pairs your Partner)

Latin American
 called Latin American dances because most of them are from the Latin-American countries
 distinguish themselves by the costumes worn by performers
 somewhat revealing, tight-fitting, sexy yet sophisticated in nature
 also distinguished by the nature of the movements
 freer and can be performed in close or open hold
Examples: salsa, mambo, meringue, swing, cha-cha-cha, rumba, samba, jive, boogie, and paso doble

Modern Standard
 the dancers wear formal, ankle-length gowns for females and coat-and-tie for males
 most of the time, movements in these are restricted to close ballroom position with partner
Examples: slow waltz, tango, Viennese waltz, foxtrot and quickstep

 performed in competitions and are referred to as competitive ballroom dancing
 the required athleticism has established rules of different levels of difficulty

Dance Mixers
 social dances which allow group of performers to change partners periodically while dancing to allow
chance to get to know other members of the performing group
 Its primary function is to maximize the social dimensions of dancing
 there are specific dance mixers that are performed in social events but ballroom or social dance
 can be converted into dance mixers by expanding it from a pair-dancing to group dancing activity
with exchange of partners periodically while dancing

Waltz- greatly popularized by the music of the famous composer Johann Strauss
Cha-cha-cha- a dance which originated from mambo

Fundamental Arms and Feet Position