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From today's featured article
The ship in 1902
Retvizan in 1902
Retvizan was a pre-dreadnought battleship built for the Imperial Russian Navy,
launched on 23 October 1900. Named after a Swedish ship of the line that was
captured during the battle of Vyborg Bay in 1790, Retvizan was transferred to the
Far East in 1902. In the Russo-Japanese War, the ship was torpedoed during the
Japanese attack on Port Arthur on the night of 8/9 February 1904 and grounded in
the harbour entrance when she attempted to take refuge inside. She was refloated
and repaired in time to join the rest of the 1st Pacific Squadron when they
attempted to reach Vladivostok through the Japanese blockade on 10 August. The
Japanese battle fleet engaged them again in the Battle of the Yellow Sea, forcing
most of the Russian ships to return to Port Arthur. Retvizan was sunk there by
Japanese howitzers in December, then raised and commissioned into the Imperial
Japanese Navy as Hizen in 1908. After World War I she supported the Japanese
intervention in the Russian Civil War. (Full article...)

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Did you know...
A still frame from the film The Life and Deeds of the Immortal Leader Karađorđe
A still frame from the film The Life and Deeds of the Immortal Leader Karađorđe
... that the first Serbian feature film, The Life and Deeds of the Immortal Leader
Karađorđe (still frame shown), was considered lost for much of the 20th century and
only rediscovered in 2003?
... that Ross T. McIntire was the first Physician to the President to have had a
certified medical specialty?
... that John Gibson's design of Nutfield Priory was inspired by the Palace of
... that Józefa Joteyko believed that wages should be based upon scientific
research and the amount of effort required to do a job, rather than arbitrary
factors like gender?
... that the opera Blind Injustice tells the true stories of six people in Ohio who
were wrongfully convicted and later exonerated?
... that under the leadership of Liu Shunyao, the Chinese air force began
emphasizing the need to fight offensive battles?
... that the warehouse beetle usually develops within about two months, but may
enter an active diapause and take two years?
... that a US$25,000 bounty is offered for Big Momma?
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In the news
Sebastián Piñera in 2018
Sebastián Piñera
In baseball, the Fukuoka SoftBank Hawks defeat the Yomiuri Giants to win the Japan
In Santiago, Chile, protests over increased metro fares cause President Sebastián
Piñera (pictured) to declare a state of emergency.
Several Lebanese cabinet ministers resign amid protests after the government
announces plans to tax gasoline, tobacco, and online phone calls.
The Testaments by Margaret Atwood and Girl, Woman, Other by Bernardine Evaristo
jointly win the Booker Prize for Fiction.
Ongoing: BrexitHong Kong protestsTrump impeachment inquiryTurkish Syria offensive
Recent deaths: Bengt FeldreichNick ToschesThomas D'Alesandro IIIEric CooperDeborah
OrrErhard Eppler
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On this day
October 23: Mole Day

Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis

Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis
1641 – Irish Catholic gentry in Ulster tried to seize control of Dublin Castle, the
seat of English rule in Ireland, to force concessions to Catholics.
1850 – The first National Women's Rights Convention, presided over by Paulina
Kellogg Wright Davis (pictured), began in Worcester, Massachusetts.
1942 – World War II: Japanese forces began their ill-fated attempt to recapture
Henderson Field in Solomon Islands from the Americans.
1956 – The Hungarian Revolution began as a peaceful student demonstration that
attracted thousands as it marched through central Budapest to the parliament
1982 – An attempt to arrest members of a cult in Miracle Valley, Arizona, led to a
shootout in which two church members were killed and seven police officers were
John Heisman (b. 1869) · Douglas Jardine (b. 1900) · Daniel Wildenstein (d. 2001)

More anniversaries: October 22October 23October 24

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Today's featured picture
Hurricane Patricia
Hurricane Patricia was the most intense tropical cyclone on record worldwide in
terms of wind speed and the second-most intense on record worldwide in terms of
pressure, behind Typhoon Tip in 1979, with a minimum atmospheric pressure of 872
mbar (hPa; 25.75 inHg). Originating from a sprawling disturbance near the Gulf of
Tehuantepec, south of Mexico, in mid-October 2015, Patricia was first classified a
tropical depression on October 20. Initial development was slow, with only modest
strengthening within the first day of its classification. The system later became a
tropical storm and was named Patricia, the twenty-fourth named storm of the annual
hurricane season. Exceptionally favorable environmental conditions fueled explosive
intensification on October 22. A well-defined eye developed within an intense
central dense overcast and Patricia grew from a tropical storm to a Category 5
hurricane in just 24 hours – a near-record pace. On October 23, the hurricane
achieved its record peak intensity with maximum sustained winds of 215 mph (345
km/h). This made it the most intense tropical cyclone on record in the Western
Hemisphere and the strongest globally in terms of one-minute maximum sustained

This picture shows Hurricane Patricia on October 23, shortly after its record peak
intensity, while approaching western Mexico. The image was captured by the MODIS
instrument on board NASA's Terra satellite.

Photograph credit: NASA; edited by Meow

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