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SA

AG TENSION
N CALCULAT
TION
Departme
ent:

Authorr:

PTPS--TST

Manoj

Status:

Iden
ntification No.

Date:

Language:

Revision:

Page:

16/10/2010
0

en

NIL

1/7

Proje
ect: 765/400kV KORADI S/S (SS-1)
Case:
: 400KV QUAD
D ACSR MOOS
SE 34.5 MTRS
S

1.
1

SAG TENSION
N CALCULATIONS
============
=
==============
NOTE: TH
HE FOLLOWIN
NG CALCULATI
IONS ARE MA
ADE WITH
RE
EFERENCE TO
O ROLF KOCHs
s PAPER
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------INPUT DA
ATA

A) General Data
Voltage level of phase
p
conduc
ctor, V = 400.000 kV
Span len
ngth with girder
g
width
h, D = 34.500 m
Span len
ngth exclud
ding girder width, DL = 32.500 m
between tow
Height difference
d
wers, HD = 0.000 m
Maximum temperatur
re for Sag calculation
c
n, TMAX = 85
5.000 deg.C
Minimum temperatur
re for Sag calculation
c
n, TMIN = 0.
.000 deg.C
Temperature steps for Sag cal
lculation, TSTEP = 5.0
000 deg.C
Initial maximum te
ension, TENS
SIO = 4000.0 kg at 0.0
0 deg. C
B) Conducto
or Data
Type of conductor = ACSR
Weight of
o conducto
or, W0 = 2.0
004 kg/m
Diameter of conduc
ctor, DIA = 0.031770 m
Area of cross sect
tion of cond
ductor, ARE
EA = 597.000
0 sq. mm
Modulus of elastic
city of cond
ductor, ES = 7033.640 kg/sq. mm
Coefficient of the
ermal expans
sion, ET = 0.00002150 per deg. C
Number of
o conducto
or in bundle
e, NM = 4
Wind pressure on conductor,
c
P
PRC
= 205.000 kg/sq.m
C) Insulato
or String Data
D
Length of
o disc ins
sulator stri
ing, L1 = 3.600 m
Diameter of disc insulator
i
st
tring, DIAS
S = 0.255 m
Total weight of di
isc insulato
or string, W4 = 187.50
00 kg
Wind pressure on disc
d
insulat
tor string, PRS = 205.
.000 kg/sq.m
m
D) Insulato
or
Length of
o
Weight of
o
Weight of
o

String Hardware
H
Dat
ta
disc ins
sulator stri
ing hardwar
re, L2 = 1.3
364 m
disc ins
sulator stri
ing hardwar
re, WH = 60.
.100 kg
disc ins
sulator stri
ing hardwar
re with wind
d load, WHW = 90.000 kg
k

E) Spacer Data
D
Number of
o spacer, NS = 4
Distance of first spacer from
m left end of conducto
or, SP1 = 10.000 m
Distance of last spacer
s
from left end of
o conductor
r, SP2 = 24.500 m
Weight of
o spacer, WS = 3.500 kg
F) Dropper Data
Number of
o dropper, ND = 0
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------No. POS
P
LD
DropCond
Wd DDIA
A DArea
DEs
DET
NMD CLAMP
type
(m)
(
(m)
(kg/m) (m)
) (sq.m) (kg/sq.m) (d
deg.C)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Where,
: Po
osition of dropper
d
fro
om left end of span
POS (m)
LD (m)
: Le
ength of dro
opper from left end of
f span
DropCond
d
: Dr
ropper condu
uctor type
Wd (kg/m
m)
: We
eight of dro
opper condu
uctor
DDIA (m)
: Di
iameter of dropper
d
con
nductor
DArea (sq.m) : Cr
ross section
n area of dropper
d
cond
ductor
DEs (kg/sq.m) : Mo
odulus of el
lasticity of
o dropper conductor
c
DET (deg
g.C)
: Co
oefficient of
o thermal expansion of
o dropper conductor
NMD
: Nu
umber of sub
b-conductor
r in dropper
r conductor
CLAMP
: Nu
umber of PG clamps in dropper con
nductor
Weight of
o PG clamp
p, WPG = 0.0
000 kg
2.
2

GENERAL PARTICULAR
RS

We resserve all rights in this document and
a in the informa
ation therein. Re
eproduction, use or disclosure to third
t
parties
withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden

WITHOUT T WIND LOAD -------------------------------------------------- A) Total lo oad on supp ports --------------------Weight due d to cond ductor = length of the conductor c * Weight of conductor per p unit length with spacer and wit thout wind load l W = 22.Weight due to t conductor r in kg DSC .100 kg Weight of o hardware e with wind load. Re eproduction.Po oint load in i kg DIS . l WDW = SQRT ( WD * WD + WID * WID) Weight of o Dropper -------------------------------------------------------------Dropper Wind load on Weight of dropper o Weight t of dropper r No. WHW = 90.800 kg TW = 48.572 m Weight of o conducto or with spac cers.734+123.80 00 = 172.534 4 kg B) Reaction n at end B ----------------RB = [ (W*(DSC+DCL L/2) + SUM(P PL*DIS) ] / DL kg W . of subconductor NS * WS = W0 + --------DCL * NM = 2.025 4 46. WID = 1. without wind load dropper with w wind load (kg) (kg) (k kg) --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3.SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Departme ent: Authorr: PTPS--TST Manoj Status: Iden ntification No. W1 Weight of o conducto or Numbe er of space ers * Weight t of spacer = + -----------------------------------without spacers Lengt th of Condu uctor * No.W2 = 1. DCL L = 22.0 0 * PRC * DI IA = 6. W3 = SQRT T ( W1*W1 + W2*W2 ) = 6.Length of co onductor in m PL .Co onductor sp pan length in i m We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein. W5 = 2 * PRS * L1 * DIAS = 188 8. 3 CROSS FO ORCE AREA AND A CROSS FO ORCE MOMENT TS . W8 = W6/ /NM = 66.Distance of point load from left end support t in m DL .572 * 2.875 --------------SUM(PL) = 123.Distance of starting of f conductor r from left end support in m DCL .025 5 kg Weight of o hardware e with wind load on ea ach subcondu uctor.5 500 kg Weight of o dropper without win nd load. WH1 = WH/ /NM = 15.413 3 kg Weight of o hardware e without wi ind load. s W6 =SQRT(W4*W4 4 + W5*W5) = 265.653 kg Insulato or load wit thout wind load l on eac ch subconduc ctor.025 3 15.1 159 = 48.861 6 kg/m Wind load on insul lator string g. W7 = W4/ /NM = 46.875 5 kg Insulato or load wit th wind load d on each subconductor r. Date: Language: Revision: Page: 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 2/7 Length of o ACSR con nductor.02 1 * LD * DDIA * PR RC Weight of o dropper with wind load. WH1W = WHW W/NM = 22. WD D = (LD * Wd d * NMD + Loading due to clamps)/NM Wind load on dropp per. WH W = 60.159 kg g/m Wind load on ACSR conductor over o full projected p ar rea .No PL L (kg) --------------1 46.734 4 kg Total lo oad on supp ports = Weig ght due to conductor + Sum of point loads TW = W + SUM(PL) --------------S.875 2 15.000 kg g Weight of o hardware e without wi ind load on n each subco onductor.190 kg Resultan nt load of insulator string. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden .513 6 kg/m Resultan nt load on conductor.

39 92 -39.800 8 32. PL PL*DIS ----------------------------------------------m kg kg m ----------------------------------------------1 46.367 202.7 710 1.000 1116.39 92 39.482 2 4.052 2.750 kg k m RB = 86.771 1 253.500 0 -86.8 875 30 0.000 137.8 875 1 1.267 kg g C) Reaction n at end A ----------------Reaction n at end A = Total loa ad on suppo orts .282 2 39.367 -137.964 4 24.392 1925.800 1 1.671 11.250 0 24.8 818 2.700 0 -39.052 0.771 1 155.WITH WI IND LOAD ---------------------------------------------- A) Total lo oad on supp ports --------------------Weight due d to cond ductor = length of the conductor c * Weight of conductor per p unit length with We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein.682 3 4.281 2.267 6697.00 00 -24.SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Departme ent: Authorr: PTPS--TST Manoj Status: Iden ntification No.536 6 0.36 67 -24.86.kg-m m 4.375 2 64.800 0 86.682 6 28.250 m Cross fo orce area upto u maximum m sag point = 407.8 818 ------------------------------------------------------------------------SUM S OF CROSS FORCE MOM MENTS.671 0.717 sq. SM = SUM (SSEG) = 19885.267 155.kg m ------------------------------------------------------------------------1.281 1 ------------------------------------------------------------------------Distance of maximu um sag point t from left end suppor rt = 16.267 7 kg = 86.367 1116.26 67 -86.286 5 27.8 858 0.482 7 30.39 92 -39.367 16.174 11.0 025 28 8. Re eproduction.392 -97.282 3 423.682 3 4.8 858 11.36 67 0.482 2 4.4 471 2.00 00 -24.281 1 155.26 67 86.26 67 86.286 5 27.218 4 1439.218 8 -24.504 4 407.282 2 39.4 471 11.682 6 28.17 74 kg-m E) Cross fo orce moment ts --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SEG GMENT WIDTH H OF CUMUL LATIVE HEIG GHTS OF CROSS FO ORCE MOMENTS NUM MBER SEGME ENT WIDTH H SEGM MENTS OF SEGME ENTS ------------------------------------------------------------------------H2 NSE EG DSEG DCUM H1 SSEG = DSEG*(H1 1*H1+H2*H2+H1*H2)/6 ------------------------------------------------------------------------m kg m kg sq.218 8 -24.286 4 16.700 0 -39.800 1 1.367 -16.000 1.281 0.536 6 0.36 67 24.482 7 30. 4 CROSS FO ORCE AREA AND A CROSS FO ORCE MOMENT TS .504 4 269. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden . .React tion at end B RA R = TW .063 46.618 8 253. Date: Language: Revision: Page: 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 3/7 ----------------------------------------------S.800 8 32.267 -155.392 97. .No DIS o.36 67 24.36 67 0.0 025 4 4.392 1925.286 4 16.36 67 -24.975 15.267 6697.337 15.618 8 269.250 0 24.700 ----------------------------------------------SUM (PL L*DIS) = 2011.500 0 -86.26 67 -86.RB R = 172.39 92 39.800 84.964 4 24.53 34 .800 0 86.367 202.267 7 kg D) Cross fo orce areas -----------------Total nu umber of se egments in shear s force e diagram = 8 ------------------------------------------------------------------------SEG GMENT WIDTH H OF CUMUL LATIVE HEIG GHTS OF AREAS OF F CUM MULATIVE NUM MBER SEGME ENT WIDTH H SEGM MENTS SEGMENTS S AREAS ------------------------------------------------------------------------ACUM H2 NSE EG DSEG DCUM H1 ASEG = DSEG*(H1 1+H2)/2 -----------------------------------------------------------------------m kg kg m m kg kg m -----------------------------------------------------------------------1.7 710 0.

000 436. Re eproduction.166.432 1.438 -436.35 51 -166.93 38 99.35 51 kg D) Cross fo orce areas -----------------Total nu umber of se egments in shear s force e diagram = 8 ------------------------------------------------------------------------SEG GMENT WIDTH H OF CUMUL LATIVE HEIG GHTS OF AREAS OF F CUM MULATIVE NUM MBER SEGME ENT WIDTH H SEGM MENTS SEGMENTS S AREAS ------------------------------------------------------------------------ACUM H2 NSE EG DSEG DCUM H1 ASEG = DSEG*(H1 1+H2)/2 -----------------------------------------------------------------------m kg kg m m kg kg m -----------------------------------------------------------------------1.282 3 634.981 1 600.271 11. Date: Language: Revision: Page: 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 4/7 spacer and wit th wind load d W = 22.5 500 4 4.827 kg TW = 154.282 2 99.432 2 -0.Length of co onductor in m PL .477 0.800 8 32.Po oint load in i kg DIS .438 -52.500 3 22.250 0 77.875+177.500 0 -166.544 2 96. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden .RB R = 332.Distance of starting of f conductor r from left end support in m DCL .500 4 66.351 299.682 3 4.890 66.Co onductor sp pan length in i m ----------------------------------------------S.905 22.482 7 30.2 271 kg-m E) Cross fo orce moment ts --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SEG GMENT WIDTH H OF CUMUL LATIVE HEIG GHTS OF CROSS FO ORCE MOMENTS NUM MBER SEGME ENT WIDTH H SEGM MENTS OF SEGME ENTS We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein. PL PL*DIS ----------------------------------------------m kg kg m ----------------------------------------------1 66.813 3 600.351 kg k C) Reaction n at end A ----------------Reaction n at end A = Total loa ad on suppo orts .5 500 28 8.351 -299.045 5 299.No PL L (kg) --------------1 66.684 kg k m RB = 166.813 3 547.875 kg Total lo oad on supp ports = Weig ght due to conductor + Sum of point loads TW = W + SUM(PL) --------------S.345 22.700 0 -99.413 --------------SUM(PL) = 177.438 52.290 0.432 2 299.70 02 kg B) Reaction n at end B ----------------RB = [ (W*(DSC+DCL L/2) + SUM(P PL*DIS) ] / DL kg W .964 4 77.70 02 .43 38 0.93 38 -99.Weight due to t conductor r in kg DSC .218 4 2038.35 51 kg = 166.572 * 6.Distance of point load from left end support t in m DL .286 4 16.43 38 -77.218 8 -77.8 827 = 332.43 38 77.250 m Cross fo orce area upto u maximum m sag point = 1037.4 413 1 1.00 00 -77.SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Departme ent: Authorr: PTPS--TST Manoj Status: Iden ntification No.700 ----------------------------------------------SUM (PL L*DIS) = 2889.800 1 1.536 6 0.413 2 22.938 -248.4 413 30 0.045 5 547.React tion at end B RA R = TW .No DIS o.432 2.800 119.477 2.981 1 1037.800 0 166.290 11.000 ------------------------------------------------------------------------Distance of maximu um sag point t from left end suppor rt = 16.286 5 27.482 2 4.682 6 28.35 51 166.8 861 kg = 154.938 248.

5 545 0.6 604 0.964 4 77.35 51 166.000 deg.1 174 / ( 597.0 deg g. MM SM2 = ST TATIC MOMEN NTS CORRESPO ONDING TO SIGMA S IN SQ.4 406 2.6 604 11.482 2 4.675 + 21.682 3 4. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden . C AREA = AREA A OF CRO OSS SECTION OF CONDUCT TOR IN SQ.351 24905.43 38 0.000 * 0.091 ] = 12.8 840 2. C SM2 = 19885. C ---------------------------------------------------at the maximum m sag g point -----------------------SIGMA1 = 1.mm SM1 = 101248.0 de eg.282 2 99. SM1 = ST TATIC MOMEN NTS CORRESPO ONDING TO SIGMA1 S IN SQ Q.kg-m 5.kg m T1 = 85.599 kg/ k sq.1.700 0 -99.kg m T0 = 0.938 12394.WITHOUT WIND.KG M T1 = FIN NAL TEMP CO ORRESPONDING G TO SIGMA IN DEG. SIGMA A = 0.43 38 -77.675 kg g/ sq. SM = SUM (SSEG) = 101248 8.000 11279. .SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Departme ent: Authorr: PTPS--TST Manoj Status: Iden ntification No.KG M T0 = INITIAL TEMPE ERATURE CORR RESPONDING TO SIGMA1 IN I DEG. d C Substituting the above value es in the Equation E for r Tension (SIGM MA * SIGMA) * [ SIGMA .218 8 -77.800 1 1.71 17 sq. -------------------------------------- A) Equation n for Tensi ion: SIGMA1 =INITIAL TE ENSION AT TE EMP T0 IN KG/SQ.854 ] = 12.8 840 11.438 2044. .93 38 -99.536 6 0.5 545 1.075 (SIGM MA * SIGMA) * [ SIGMA + 33.438 11279.500 0 -166.7 789 sq.00 00 -77. Re eproduction.SAG AT A MAX SAG POINT P AT DIFFERENT TEM MPERATURES FOR EACH S SUB-CONDUCTO OR -------------------------------------------------------------------------We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein.59 99 ) = 1.351 24905.000 de eg.mm Solving g the Equat tion of Sag SAG at 85.286 5 27.139 9 m STRESS.TEN NSION.938 12394.4 406 ------------------------------------------------------------------------SUM S OF CROSS FORCE MOM MENTS.789 sq.800 8 32. C = 407.438 2044.43 38 77.075 Solving the abo ove equation n for SIGMA A.93 38 99. Date: Language: Revision: Page: 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 5/7 ------------------------------------------------------------------------H2 NSE EG DSEG DCUM H1 SSEG = DSEG*(H1 1*H1+H2*H2+H1*H2)/6 ------------------------------------------------------------------------m kg m kg sq. 5 EVALUATION OF COND DUCTOR TENSI ION AND SAG G .250 0 77.MM M A = LENG GTH OF THE SPAN IN M ----------------------------------------------------------ES*SM1 (SIGMA**2) * [ SIG GMA-SIGMA1 + --------------------------( AREA**2 * A * SIG GMA1**2 + ES*ET*(T T1-T0) ] ES*SM2 = -----------(AREA**2)* A --------------------------------------------------------------B) Equation n for Sag: (Sag in m ) ---------------------------SUM OF CROSS C FORCE E AREAS W/O WIND LOAD SAG AT T TEMP T UPTO THE E POINT = ----------------------------------------AT A POINT SIGMA AT T T W/O WIN ND LOAD * AREA A C) Evaluation of cond ductor Tensi ion and Sag g at the max ximum ---------------------------------------------------sag point at diff ferent tempe eratures ---------------------------------------Evaluation of cond ductor Tensi ion and Sag g at 85.800 0 166.682 6 28. K MM .482 7 30.kg m ------------------------------------------------------------------------1.286 4 16.912 + 12 2.35 51 -166. C SIGMA = TENSION TO O BE FOUND OUT O IN KG/S SQ.

224 1.mm Solving g the Equat tion of Swin ng SWING at 85.00 1.099 1.WITH W WIND ---------------------------------------------- A) Equation n for Swing g: -----------------------SWING AT TEMP T = AT A POINT SUM M OF CROSSF FORCE AREAS WITH WIND LOAD U UPTO THE POI INT ----------------------------------------SIG GMA AT T WITH WIND LOA AD * AREA B) Equation n for Sag: ------------------Swing an ngle for co onductor at sag point (rad.965 1.481 Solving the abo ove equation n for SIGMA A.033 45. .000 0.SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Departme ent: Authorr: PTPS--TST Manoj Status: Iden ntification No. C SM2 = 101248.636 1.120 0.336 kg/ k sq. STRESS S TE ENSION SAG (DEG.00 0.976 25.71 6 417.342 5 939.00 0.61 17 361.332 3 968.C) (KG/MM2) (M) (KG) (M) -------------------------------------------------------------------------1 1000.149 1. .337 4 953.55 1.353 We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein.990 30.455 1.088 0.924 1.00 1. C = 1.347 6 925.00 0.714 0.912 + 12 2. SIGMA A = 1.00 1.00 0. SWA ANG = InvTan (W2/W W1) SAG AT TEMP T T (VER RTICAL)= SWI ING AT TEMP P T * COS (S SWANG) Evaluation of cond ductor Tensi ion and Swing at 85.126 80.62 16 365.120 0.65 12 383.7 789 sq.745 25.675 + 21.00 0.071 0.mm SM1 = 101248.251) = 0. STRESS ON SWING G SAG (DEG.061 55.60 -------------------------------------------------------------------------6.00 0.00 0. . use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden . Date: Language: Revision: Page: 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 6/7 S.00 0.314 20.104 0.00 1.73 4 430.00 0 deg. .).61 18 357. .409 m ST TRESS. 6 EVALUATION OF COND DUCTOR DEFLE ECTION AND TENSION .NO.005 35.449 1.101 70.937 1.961 20.00 0.454 0.57 1. TENSIO TEMP.69 8 405.771 5. Re eproduction.7 789 sq.72 5 423.00 1.091 ] = 61.114 75.019 40.C) (KG) (M) (KG/MM2 2) -------------------------------------------------------------------------1 452.68 9 399.573 1. C = 1037.65 1.300 * COS (1.00 0.00 0.412 1. SWING G AND SAG AT A MAX SAG POINT P AT DIFFERENT TEM MPERATURES FOR EACH S SUB-CONDUCTO OR -------------------------------------------------------------------------S.1.63 15 369.000 * 1.66 11 388. C ---------------------------------------------------at the maximum m sag g point -----------------------SIGMA1 = 1.00 0.931 10.000 deg. d C Substituting the above value es in the Equation E of Swing (SIGM MA * SIGMA) * [ SIGMA . .60 1.478 15.00 0.481 (SIGM MA * SIGMA) * [ SIGMA + 33.68 1.899 0.64 13 379.271 / ( 597.00 0.521 0.76 2 444.087 65.00 0.3 336 ) = 1.942 0.000 de eg.946 15.kg m T0 = 0.854 ] = 61.074 60.62 1. TEMP.047 50.kg m T1 = 85.675 kg g/ sq.747 0.NO.281 10.00 0.00 0.915 5.300 0 m Solving g the Equat tion of SAG SAG at 85.00 0.00 1.0 deg g.75 3 437.67 10 394.037 0.70 7 411.0 deg.64 14 374.139 85.326 2 983.054 0.276 0.

Date: Language: Revision: Page: 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 7/7 7 30.400 17 80.409 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein. .37 815.51 900. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden .00 1.372 11 50.553 1.382 13 60.43 854.00 1. .152 0.512 1.00 1.198 0. Re eproduction.676 1.228 1.40 834.794 1.41 844.494 1.00 1.526 1.00 1. . .136 0.833 1.367 10 45.183 0. .35 806.236 1.45 865.546 1.00 1.731 1.396 16 75.286 0.47 876. .377 12 55.SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Departme ent: Authorr: PTPS--TST Manoj Status: Iden ntification No.405 18 85.00 1. .869 1.38 824.358 8 35.391 15 70. .272 0. .00 1.168 0.257 0. .00 1.243 0.49 888. .213 0.00 1.363 9 40.00 1.53 912. .34 797.300 0.228 0.00 1.386 14 65.