SA

AG TENSION
N CALCULAT
TION
Departme
ent:

Authorr:

PTPS--TST

Manoj

Status:

Iden
ntification No.

Date:

Language:

Revision:

Page:

16/10/2010
0

en

NIL

1/7

Proje
ect: 765/400kV KORADI S/S (SS-1)
Case:
: 400KV QUAD
D ACSR MOOS
SE 34.5 MTRS
S

1.
1

SAG TENSION
N CALCULATIONS
============
=
==============
NOTE: TH
HE FOLLOWIN
NG CALCULATI
IONS ARE MA
ADE WITH
RE
EFERENCE TO
O ROLF KOCHs
s PAPER
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------INPUT DA
ATA

A) General Data
Voltage level of phase
p
conduc
ctor, V = 400.000 kV
Span len
ngth with girder
g
width
h, D = 34.500 m
Span len
ngth exclud
ding girder width, DL = 32.500 m
between tow
Height difference
d
wers, HD = 0.000 m
Maximum temperatur
re for Sag calculation
c
n, TMAX = 85
5.000 deg.C
Minimum temperatur
re for Sag calculation
c
n, TMIN = 0.
.000 deg.C
Temperature steps for Sag cal
lculation, TSTEP = 5.0
000 deg.C
Initial maximum te
ension, TENS
SIO = 4000.0 kg at 0.0
0 deg. C
B) Conducto
or Data
Type of conductor = ACSR
Weight of
o conducto
or, W0 = 2.0
004 kg/m
Diameter of conduc
ctor, DIA = 0.031770 m
Area of cross sect
tion of cond
ductor, ARE
EA = 597.000
0 sq. mm
Modulus of elastic
city of cond
ductor, ES = 7033.640 kg/sq. mm
Coefficient of the
ermal expans
sion, ET = 0.00002150 per deg. C
Number of
o conducto
or in bundle
e, NM = 4
Wind pressure on conductor,
c
P
PRC
= 205.000 kg/sq.m
C) Insulato
or String Data
D
Length of
o disc ins
sulator stri
ing, L1 = 3.600 m
Diameter of disc insulator
i
st
tring, DIAS
S = 0.255 m
Total weight of di
isc insulato
or string, W4 = 187.50
00 kg
Wind pressure on disc
d
insulat
tor string, PRS = 205.
.000 kg/sq.m
m
D) Insulato
or
Length of
o
Weight of
o
Weight of
o

String Hardware
H
Dat
ta
disc ins
sulator stri
ing hardwar
re, L2 = 1.3
364 m
disc ins
sulator stri
ing hardwar
re, WH = 60.
.100 kg
disc ins
sulator stri
ing hardwar
re with wind
d load, WHW = 90.000 kg
k

E) Spacer Data
D
Number of
o spacer, NS = 4
Distance of first spacer from
m left end of conducto
or, SP1 = 10.000 m
Distance of last spacer
s
from left end of
o conductor
r, SP2 = 24.500 m
Weight of
o spacer, WS = 3.500 kg
F) Dropper Data
Number of
o dropper, ND = 0
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------No. POS
P
LD
DropCond
Wd DDIA
A DArea
DEs
DET
NMD CLAMP
type
(m)
(
(m)
(kg/m) (m)
) (sq.m) (kg/sq.m) (d
deg.C)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Where,
: Po
osition of dropper
d
fro
om left end of span
POS (m)
LD (m)
: Le
ength of dro
opper from left end of
f span
DropCond
d
: Dr
ropper condu
uctor type
Wd (kg/m
m)
: We
eight of dro
opper condu
uctor
DDIA (m)
: Di
iameter of dropper
d
con
nductor
DArea (sq.m) : Cr
ross section
n area of dropper
d
cond
ductor
DEs (kg/sq.m) : Mo
odulus of el
lasticity of
o dropper conductor
c
DET (deg
g.C)
: Co
oefficient of
o thermal expansion of
o dropper conductor
NMD
: Nu
umber of sub
b-conductor
r in dropper
r conductor
CLAMP
: Nu
umber of PG clamps in dropper con
nductor
Weight of
o PG clamp
p, WPG = 0.0
000 kg
2.
2

GENERAL PARTICULAR
RS

We resserve all rights in this document and
a in the informa
ation therein. Re
eproduction, use or disclosure to third
t
parties
withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden

W8 = W6/ /NM = 66.Distance of starting of f conductor r from left end support in m DCL . Date: Language: Revision: Page: 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 2/7 Length of o ACSR con nductor. WH W = 60.Length of co onductor in m PL .WITHOUT T WIND LOAD -------------------------------------------------- A) Total lo oad on supp ports --------------------Weight due d to cond ductor = length of the conductor c * Weight of conductor per p unit length with spacer and wit thout wind load l W = 22.800 kg TW = 48.861 6 kg/m Wind load on insul lator string g. W3 = SQRT T ( W1*W1 + W2*W2 ) = 6.734 4 kg Total lo oad on supp ports = Weig ght due to conductor + Sum of point loads TW = W + SUM(PL) --------------S.Distance of point load from left end support t in m DL .100 kg Weight of o hardware e with wind load.5 500 kg Weight of o dropper without win nd load. WD D = (LD * Wd d * NMD + Loading due to clamps)/NM Wind load on dropp per.W2 = 1.413 3 kg Weight of o hardware e without wi ind load. W7 = W4/ /NM = 46.000 kg g Weight of o hardware e without wi ind load on n each subco onductor.875 2 15.534 4 kg B) Reaction n at end B ----------------RB = [ (W*(DSC+DCL L/2) + SUM(P PL*DIS) ] / DL kg W .1 159 = 48. WID = 1.Weight due to t conductor r in kg DSC .SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Departme ent: Authorr: PTPS--TST Manoj Status: Iden ntification No.159 kg g/m Wind load on ACSR conductor over o full projected p ar rea . l WDW = SQRT ( WD * WD + WID * WID) Weight of o Dropper -------------------------------------------------------------Dropper Wind load on Weight of dropper o Weight t of dropper r No. W1 Weight of o conducto or Numbe er of space ers * Weight t of spacer = + -----------------------------------without spacers Lengt th of Condu uctor * No.0 0 * PRC * DI IA = 6.734+123.875 5 kg Insulato or load wit th wind load d on each subconductor r.02 1 * LD * DDIA * PR RC Weight of o dropper with wind load. DCL L = 22. WHW = 90. 3 CROSS FO ORCE AREA AND A CROSS FO ORCE MOMENT TS .572 * 2. of subconductor NS * WS = W0 + --------DCL * NM = 2.80 00 = 172. s W6 =SQRT(W4*W4 4 + W5*W5) = 265.190 kg Resultan nt load of insulator string.025 4 46. without wind load dropper with w wind load (kg) (kg) (k kg) --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3.572 m Weight of o conducto or with spac cers. W5 = 2 * PRS * L1 * DIAS = 188 8.653 kg Insulato or load wit thout wind load l on eac ch subconduc ctor. WH1 = WH/ /NM = 15. Re eproduction. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden .025 5 kg Weight of o hardware e with wind load on ea ach subcondu uctor.025 3 15.513 6 kg/m Resultan nt load on conductor.No PL L (kg) --------------1 46.875 --------------SUM(PL) = 123.Po oint load in i kg DIS . WH1W = WHW W/NM = 22.Co onductor sp pan length in i m We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein.

052 2. SM = SUM (SSEG) = 19885.39 92 -39.000 1.00 00 -24.39 92 39.26 67 -86.000 1116.kg-m m 4.267 kg g C) Reaction n at end A ----------------Reaction n at end A = Total loa ad on suppo orts .4 471 11.282 3 423.286 5 27.WITH WI IND LOAD ---------------------------------------------- A) Total lo oad on supp ports --------------------Weight due d to cond ductor = length of the conductor c * Weight of conductor per p unit length with We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein.063 46.281 1 ------------------------------------------------------------------------Distance of maximu um sag point t from left end suppor rt = 16.7 710 0.717 sq.682 3 4.367 -137.218 8 -24.800 0 86.500 0 -86.8 875 1 1.0 025 4 4.286 4 16.771 1 155.750 kg k m RB = 86.975 15. 4 CROSS FO ORCE AREA AND A CROSS FO ORCE MOMENT TS .218 4 1439.250 0 24.618 8 253.671 11. Re eproduction.36 67 -24.392 -97.8 875 30 0.00 00 -24.375 2 64.771 1 253.367 16.504 4 407.482 7 30. .SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Departme ent: Authorr: PTPS--TST Manoj Status: Iden ntification No.267 6697.8 818 2.267 7 kg = 86.281 0.286 5 27.800 1 1. Date: Language: Revision: Page: 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 3/7 ----------------------------------------------S.267 -155.700 ----------------------------------------------SUM (PL L*DIS) = 2011.482 2 4.052 0.392 1925.8 858 0.No DIS o.281 2.26 67 86.618 8 269.36 67 24.800 8 32. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden . .8 858 11.700 0 -39.964 4 24.React tion at end B RA R = TW .267 155.482 7 30.286 4 16.682 6 28.337 15.0 025 28 8.800 1 1.4 471 2.26 67 -86.26 67 86.700 0 -39. PL PL*DIS ----------------------------------------------m kg kg m ----------------------------------------------1 46.8 818 ------------------------------------------------------------------------SUM S OF CROSS FORCE MOM MENTS.682 3 4.964 4 24.kg m ------------------------------------------------------------------------1.174 11.282 2 39.367 1116.86.267 6697.536 6 0.36 67 24.250 0 24.RB R = 172.39 92 -39.36 67 -24.682 6 28.392 1925.671 0.267 7 kg D) Cross fo orce areas -----------------Total nu umber of se egments in shear s force e diagram = 8 ------------------------------------------------------------------------SEG GMENT WIDTH H OF CUMUL LATIVE HEIG GHTS OF AREAS OF F CUM MULATIVE NUM MBER SEGME ENT WIDTH H SEGM MENTS SEGMENTS S AREAS ------------------------------------------------------------------------ACUM H2 NSE EG DSEG DCUM H1 ASEG = DSEG*(H1 1+H2)/2 -----------------------------------------------------------------------m kg kg m m kg kg m -----------------------------------------------------------------------1.250 m Cross fo orce area upto u maximum m sag point = 407.482 2 4.281 1 155.36 67 0.536 6 0.800 8 32.500 0 -86.800 84.367 202.282 2 39.39 92 39.53 34 .17 74 kg-m E) Cross fo orce moment ts --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SEG GMENT WIDTH H OF CUMUL LATIVE HEIG GHTS OF CROSS FO ORCE MOMENTS NUM MBER SEGME ENT WIDTH H SEGM MENTS OF SEGME ENTS ------------------------------------------------------------------------H2 NSE EG DSEG DCUM H1 SSEG = DSEG*(H1 1*H1+H2*H2+H1*H2)/6 ------------------------------------------------------------------------m kg m kg sq.218 8 -24.7 710 1.36 67 0.800 0 86.504 4 269.392 97.000 137.367 -16.367 202.

544 2 96. Re eproduction. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden .35 51 -166.35 51 kg = 166.Weight due to t conductor r in kg DSC .827 kg TW = 154.4 413 1 1.432 1.477 0.682 3 4.282 2 99.875+177.43 38 0.351 -299.5 500 28 8.345 22.00 00 -77.286 4 16.290 11.218 8 -77.290 0.432 2 -0.482 7 30.536 6 0.2 271 kg-m E) Cross fo orce moment ts --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SEG GMENT WIDTH H OF CUMUL LATIVE HEIG GHTS OF CROSS FO ORCE MOMENTS NUM MBER SEGME ENT WIDTH H SEGM MENTS OF SEGME ENTS We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein.35 51 166.700 ----------------------------------------------SUM (PL L*DIS) = 2889.271 11.70 02 kg B) Reaction n at end B ----------------RB = [ (W*(DSC+DCL L/2) + SUM(P PL*DIS) ] / DL kg W .438 -52.500 0 -166.Distance of point load from left end support t in m DL .438 52.572 * 6.890 66.218 4 2038. PL PL*DIS ----------------------------------------------m kg kg m ----------------------------------------------1 66.Po oint load in i kg DIS .800 119.No PL L (kg) --------------1 66.8 861 kg = 154.No DIS o.905 22.70 02 .981 1 600.500 4 66. Date: Language: Revision: Page: 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 4/7 spacer and wit th wind load d W = 22.35 51 kg D) Cross fo orce areas -----------------Total nu umber of se egments in shear s force e diagram = 8 ------------------------------------------------------------------------SEG GMENT WIDTH H OF CUMUL LATIVE HEIG GHTS OF AREAS OF F CUM MULATIVE NUM MBER SEGME ENT WIDTH H SEGM MENTS SEGMENTS S AREAS ------------------------------------------------------------------------ACUM H2 NSE EG DSEG DCUM H1 ASEG = DSEG*(H1 1+H2)/2 -----------------------------------------------------------------------m kg kg m m kg kg m -----------------------------------------------------------------------1.Distance of starting of f conductor r from left end support in m DCL .SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Departme ent: Authorr: PTPS--TST Manoj Status: Iden ntification No.500 3 22.93 38 99.413 --------------SUM(PL) = 177.964 4 77.250 0 77.045 5 299.684 kg k m RB = 166.351 299.938 248.286 5 27.432 2.477 2.875 kg Total lo oad on supp ports = Weig ght due to conductor + Sum of point loads TW = W + SUM(PL) --------------S.981 1 1037.682 6 28.438 -436.700 0 -99.000 ------------------------------------------------------------------------Distance of maximu um sag point t from left end suppor rt = 16.Length of co onductor in m PL .432 2 299.166.413 2 22.800 0 166.RB R = 332.800 8 32.800 1 1.813 3 547.Co onductor sp pan length in i m ----------------------------------------------S.5 500 4 4.250 m Cross fo orce area upto u maximum m sag point = 1037.React tion at end B RA R = TW .43 38 77.8 827 = 332.351 kg k C) Reaction n at end A ----------------Reaction n at end A = Total loa ad on suppo orts .045 5 547.4 413 30 0.813 3 600.43 38 -77.000 436.93 38 -99.482 2 4.938 -248.282 3 634.

35 51 166.438 2044.438 11279.71 17 sq. SM = SUM (SSEG) = 101248 8. K MM . .139 9 m STRESS.351 24905.WITHOUT WIND.286 5 27.075 (SIGM MA * SIGMA) * [ SIGMA + 33. Re eproduction.682 3 4.KG M T1 = FIN NAL TEMP CO ORRESPONDING G TO SIGMA IN DEG.800 8 32.000 11279.1 174 / ( 597. SM1 = ST TATIC MOMEN NTS CORRESPO ONDING TO SIGMA1 S IN SQ Q. C SIGMA = TENSION TO O BE FOUND OUT O IN KG/S SQ.kg m T0 = 0.964 4 77. C ---------------------------------------------------at the maximum m sag g point -----------------------SIGMA1 = 1.912 + 12 2.6 604 0.4 406 ------------------------------------------------------------------------SUM S OF CROSS FORCE MOM MENTS.93 38 99.482 7 30.218 8 -77.800 0 166.TEN NSION.438 2044.482 2 4.675 kg g/ sq. d C Substituting the above value es in the Equation E for r Tension (SIGM MA * SIGMA) * [ SIGMA .7 789 sq.536 6 0. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden .43 38 0.5 545 0.789 sq. C = 407.35 51 -166.675 + 21.kg-m 5.93 38 -99.599 kg/ k sq.SAG AT A MAX SAG POINT P AT DIFFERENT TEM MPERATURES FOR EACH S SUB-CONDUCTO OR -------------------------------------------------------------------------We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein.SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Departme ent: Authorr: PTPS--TST Manoj Status: Iden ntification No.8 840 11.286 4 16.43 38 -77.KG M T0 = INITIAL TEMPE ERATURE CORR RESPONDING TO SIGMA1 IN I DEG.075 Solving the abo ove equation n for SIGMA A. MM SM2 = ST TATIC MOMEN NTS CORRESPO ONDING TO SIGMA S IN SQ.8 840 2.351 24905. C AREA = AREA A OF CRO OSS SECTION OF CONDUCT TOR IN SQ. Date: Language: Revision: Page: 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 5/7 ------------------------------------------------------------------------H2 NSE EG DSEG DCUM H1 SSEG = DSEG*(H1 1*H1+H2*H2+H1*H2)/6 ------------------------------------------------------------------------m kg m kg sq.000 * 0.700 0 -99.0 de eg.43 38 77. 5 EVALUATION OF COND DUCTOR TENSI ION AND SAG G .000 deg.682 6 28.kg m T1 = 85.59 99 ) = 1.000 de eg.mm Solving g the Equat tion of Sag SAG at 85.5 545 1.0 deg g.282 2 99.854 ] = 12.00 00 -77. .mm SM1 = 101248.500 0 -166.938 12394.800 1 1.kg m ------------------------------------------------------------------------1.6 604 11. SIGMA A = 0.1. -------------------------------------- A) Equation n for Tensi ion: SIGMA1 =INITIAL TE ENSION AT TE EMP T0 IN KG/SQ.250 0 77.4 406 2. C SM2 = 19885.091 ] = 12.938 12394.MM M A = LENG GTH OF THE SPAN IN M ----------------------------------------------------------ES*SM1 (SIGMA**2) * [ SIG GMA-SIGMA1 + --------------------------( AREA**2 * A * SIG GMA1**2 + ES*ET*(T T1-T0) ] ES*SM2 = -----------(AREA**2)* A --------------------------------------------------------------B) Equation n for Sag: (Sag in m ) ---------------------------SUM OF CROSS C FORCE E AREAS W/O WIND LOAD SAG AT T TEMP T UPTO THE E POINT = ----------------------------------------AT A POINT SIGMA AT T T W/O WIN ND LOAD * AREA A C) Evaluation of cond ductor Tensi ion and Sag g at the max ximum ---------------------------------------------------sag point at diff ferent tempe eratures ---------------------------------------Evaluation of cond ductor Tensi ion and Sag g at 85.

946 15. C = 1.019 40.965 1.745 25.00 0.00 0.75 3 437.675 + 21.61 17 361.573 1.091 ] = 61.00 0. .00 0 deg.3 336 ) = 1.65 12 383.976 25.854 ] = 61.120 0.76 2 444.68 1.67 10 394.139 85.55 1.kg m T0 = 0.449 1.69 8 405.00 0.WITH W WIND ---------------------------------------------- A) Equation n for Swing g: -----------------------SWING AT TEMP T = AT A POINT SUM M OF CROSSF FORCE AREAS WITH WIND LOAD U UPTO THE POI INT ----------------------------------------SIG GMA AT T WITH WIND LOA AD * AREA B) Equation n for Sag: ------------------Swing an ngle for co onductor at sag point (rad.mm SM1 = 101248.00 0.636 1.521 0. .409 m ST TRESS. STRESS S TE ENSION SAG (DEG.00 0.70 7 411.099 1.300 0 m Solving g the Equat tion of SAG SAG at 85.00 1. SIGMA A = 1.047 50.).990 30.074 60.00 0.1.412 1. Re eproduction.005 35.037 0.104 0.60 -------------------------------------------------------------------------6.276 0. . C ---------------------------------------------------at the maximum m sag g point -----------------------SIGMA1 = 1.62 16 365.kg m T1 = 85.054 0.64 14 374.7 789 sq.66 11 388.7 789 sq. C = 1037.224 1.00 0.57 1.61 18 357.337 4 953.65 1. .000 * 1.899 0.771 5.NO.347 6 925.478 15.126 80.00 0.675 kg g/ sq.00 0.0 deg g.120 0.326 2 983.000 deg.71 6 417.087 65.00 0.SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Departme ent: Authorr: PTPS--TST Manoj Status: Iden ntification No.454 0.071 0.061 55.251) = 0.00 0.342 5 939. TEMP.00 1.0 deg.00 1.60 1.088 0.937 1.481 (SIGM MA * SIGMA) * [ SIGMA + 33.332 3 968.924 1. C SM2 = 101248.00 1. TENSIO TEMP.114 75.455 1.336 kg/ k sq.63 15 369.300 * COS (1. STRESS ON SWING G SAG (DEG.mm Solving g the Equat tion of Swin ng SWING at 85.00 0.73 4 430.314 20.00 0. Date: Language: Revision: Page: 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 6/7 S.C) (KG) (M) (KG/MM2 2) -------------------------------------------------------------------------1 452. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden . .747 0.271 / ( 597.000 0.64 13 379.912 + 12 2.915 5.00 0. SWING G AND SAG AT A MAX SAG POINT P AT DIFFERENT TEM MPERATURES FOR EACH S SUB-CONDUCTO OR -------------------------------------------------------------------------S.961 20.101 70.62 1.931 10. .000 de eg.033 45.942 0.00 0. 6 EVALUATION OF COND DUCTOR DEFLE ECTION AND TENSION .00 1.481 Solving the abo ove equation n for SIGMA A.00 0.149 1.714 0.68 9 399. d C Substituting the above value es in the Equation E of Swing (SIGM MA * SIGMA) * [ SIGMA .NO.00 1.353 We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein.00 0.C) (KG/MM2) (M) (KG) (M) -------------------------------------------------------------------------1 1000.281 10. SWA ANG = InvTan (W2/W W1) SAG AT TEMP T T (VER RTICAL)= SWI ING AT TEMP P T * COS (S SWANG) Evaluation of cond ductor Tensi ion and Swing at 85.72 5 423.

731 1. .377 12 55.363 9 40.512 1.47 876. . Re eproduction. .367 10 45.00 1.409 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein.152 0.00 1.386 14 65.382 13 60.391 15 70.41 844.546 1.526 1.00 1. .51 900. .272 0.400 17 80.34 797. . .37 815.286 0.553 1.00 1.35 806.236 1.00 1.257 0.228 0.43 854.00 1. .SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Departme ent: Authorr: PTPS--TST Manoj Status: Iden ntification No.494 1.243 0.00 1. .869 1.396 16 75.00 1. .358 8 35.136 0.183 0.405 18 85. .213 0. .00 1.45 865.372 11 50.300 0.794 1. Date: Language: Revision: Page: 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 7/7 7 30. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden .00 1.49 888.38 824.00 1.53 912.00 1.833 1.198 0.40 834.168 0.676 1.228 1.