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SA

AG TENSION
N CALCULAT
TION
Iden
ntification No.

Departme
ent: Authorr: Status: Date: Language: Revision: Page:

PTPS--TST Manoj 16/10/2010
0 en NIL 1/7

Proje
ect: 765/400kV KORADI S/S (SS-1)
Case:
: 400KV QUAD
D ACSR MOOS
SE 34.5 MTRSS
SAG TENSION
N CALCULATIONS
============
= ==============
NOTE: TH
HE FOLLOWIN
NG CALCULATI
IONS ARE MA
ADE WITH
RE
EFERENCE TO
O ROLF KOCHs
s PAPER
------------------
------------
----------------------
-----------
------------------
------------
----------------------
-----------
1.
1 INPUT DA
ATA
A) General Data
Voltage level of phase
p conduc
ctor, V = 400.000 kV
Span len
ngth with girder
g h, D = 34.500 m
width
Span len ding girder width, DL = 32.500 m
ngth exclud
Height difference
d wers, HD = 0.000 m
between tow
Maximum temperatur
re for Sag calculation
c n, TMAX = 85
5.000 deg.C
Minimum temperatur
re for Sag calculation
c n, TMIN = 0.
.000 deg.C
Temperature steps for Sag callculation, TSTEP = 5.0
000 deg.C
Initial maximum te
ension, TENSSIO = 4000.0 kg at 0.0
0 deg. C
B) Conducto
or Data
Type of conductor = ACSR
Weight of
o conductoor, W0 = 2.0
004 kg/m
ctor, DIA = 0.031770 m
Diameter of conduc
Area of cross sect
tion of cond
ductor, ARE
EA = 597.0000 sq. mm
Modulus of elastic ductor, ES = 7033.640 kg/sq. mm
city of cond
Coefficient of the sion, ET = 0.00002150 per deg. C
ermal expans
Number of
o conductoor in bundle
e, NM = 4
Wind pressure on conductor,
c P
PRC = 205.000 kg/sq.m
C) Insulato
or String Data
D
Length of
o disc ins ing, L1 = 3.600 m
sulator stri
Diameter of disc insulator
i st
tring, DIAS
S = 0.255 m
Total weight of di or string, W4 = 187.50
isc insulato 00 kg
Wind pressure on disc
d insulat
tor string, PRS = 205..000 kg/sq.m
m
D) Insulato
or String Hardware
H Dat
ta
Length of
o disc ins
sulator stri
ing hardwar
re, L2 = 1.3
364 m
Weight of
o disc ins
sulator stri
ing hardwar
re, WH = 60.
.100 kg
Weight of
o disc ins
sulator stri
ing hardwar
re with wind
d load, WHW = 90.000 kg
k

E) Spacer Data
D
Number of
o spacer, NS = 4
Distance of first spacer from
m left end of conducto
or, SP1 = 10.000 m
Distance of last spacer
s from left end of
o conductorr, SP2 = 24.500 m
Weight of
o spacer, WS = 3.500 kg
F) Dropper Data
Number of
o dropper, ND = 0
-----
----------------------------------
--------------------------------------------
--
-
No. POS
P LD DropCond Wd DDIAA DArea DEs DET NMD CLAMP
(m)
( (m) type ) (sq.m) (kg/sq.m) (d
(kg/m) (m) deg.C)
----------------------
----- ------------
--------------------------------------------
--
-
-----
----------------------------------
--------------------------------------------
--
-
Where,
POS (m) : Po
osition of dropper
d froom left end of span
LD (m) : Le opper from left end of
ength of dro f span
DropCondd : Dr
ropper condu
uctor type
Wd (kg/mm) : We
eight of dro
opper conduuctor
DDIA (m) : Di
iameter of dropper
d connductor
DArea (sq.m) : Cr ross section
n area of dropper
d cond
ductor
DEs (kg/sq.m) : Moodulus of el
lasticity of
o dropper conductor
c
DET (degg.C) : Co
oefficient of
o thermal expansion ofo dropper conductor
NMD : Nu
umber of sub
b-conductorr in dropper
r conductor
CLAMP : Nu
umber of PG clamps in dropper connductor
Weight of
o PG clamp
p, WPG = 0.0
000 kg
2.
2 GENERAL PARTICULAR
RS

We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa
ation therein. Re
eproduction, use or disclosure to third
t parties
withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden

Distance of point load from left end support t in m DL .800 kg TW = 48.413 3 kg Weight of o hardware e without wi ind load. without wind load dropper with w wind load (kg) (kg) (k kg) -----------------------------.-------------------------------- without spacers Lengtth of Conduuctor * No.734 4 kg Total lo oad on supp ght due to conductor + Sum of point loads ports = Weig TW = W + SUM(PL) ---------------- S. WH1 = WH/ /NM = 15. SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Iden ntification No. DCL L = 22.Length of co onductor in m PL . WDD = (LD * Wd d * NMD + Loading due to clamps)/NM Wind load on droppper. W7 = W4/ /NM = 46. s W6 =SQRT(W4*W4 4 + W5*W5) = 265. 3 CROSS FO ORCE AREA AND A CROSS FO ORCE MOMENT TS .----------------------------------- Dropper Weight of dropper Wind load on o Weight t of dropper r No.190 kg Resultan nt load of insulator string. WID = 1.1159 = 48.875 ---------------- SUM(PL) = 123. Re eproduction.Pooint load in i kg DIS . W8 = W6/ /NM = 66.025 5 kg Weight of o hardware e with wind load on ea ach subcondu uctor.100 kg Weight of o hardware e with wind load.02 1 * LD * DDIA * PRRC Weight of o dropper with wind load.----------------------------------- 3.No PL L (kg) ---------------- 1 46.159 kg g/m Wind load on ACSR conductor over o full projected p ar rea .572 * 2. W3 = SQRT T ( W1*W1 + W2*W2 ) = 6.WITHOUT T WIND LOAD ------------------ ------------ ---------------------- - A) Total lo oad on suppports ---------------------- Weight due d to condductor = length of the conductor c * Weight of conductor per p unit length with spacer and witthout wind load l W = 22.025 3 15. Departme ent: Authorr: Status: Date: Language: Revision: Page: PTPS--TST Manoj 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 2/7 Length of o ACSR con nductor.534 4 kg B) Reaction n at end B ----------------- RB = [ (W*(DSC+DCL L/2) + SUM(P PL*DIS) ] / DL kg W . WH W = 60.861 6 kg/m Wind load on insullator string g.653 kg Insulato or load witthout wind load l on eac ch subconduc ctor. W1 Weight of o conducto or Numbeer of spaceers * Weight t of spacer = + -----. l WDW = SQRT ( WD * WD + WID * WID) Weight of o Dropper -----------------------------. WHW = 90.8000 = 172. of subconductor NS * WS = W0 + --------- DCL * NM = 2. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden .875 5 kg Insulato or load witth wind load d on each subconductorr.----------------------------------- -----------------------------.Weight due to t conductor r in kg DSC .513 6 kg/m Resultan nt load on conductor.5 500 kg Weight of o dropper without win nd load.025 4 46.000 kg g Weight of o hardware e without wi ind load onn each subco onductor. W5 = 2 * PRS * L1 * DIAS = 188 8.0 0 * PRC * DI IA = 6.Coonductor sp pan length in i m We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein.W2 = 1.875 2 15.Distance of starting of f conductor r from left end support in m DCL . WH1W = WHW W/NM = 22.572 m Weight of o conducto or with spac cers.734+123.

700 0 -39.4 471 7 2.5044 407.2667 -86. . ------------------ Distance of maximu um sag pointt from left end suppor rt = 16. ---------------------- -----------.267 6697. ------------------ NSE EG DSEG DCUM H1 H2 ASEG = ACUM DSEG*(H11+H2)/2 ---------------------- --.7 710 3 0.RBR = 172.7711 253. ---------------------------------------------------- m m kg kg sq. -- SUM (PL L*DIS) = 2011.0000 -24.682 4. SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Iden ntification No.267 -155.0 025 28 8.800 32.682 28.286 27.504 4 269.392 1925.800 1.392 -97.671 6 0.682 28. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden .WITH WI IND LOAD ------------------ ------------ ------------------ A) Total lo oad on supp ports ------------------ ---- Weight due d to cond ductor = length of the conductor c * Weight of conductor per p unit length with We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein.700 1439. -- 1 46.800 0 86.218 423.2667 -86.282 2 39.8 818 --- -------------------------------------------------------------------------- SUM S MENTS.000 137. ---------------------------------.8 875 30 0.000 --- -------------------------------------------------------.000 1116.8 818 2 2.No o.250 0 24.250 0 24.482 4.4 471 4 11.267 155.482 30.482 4.3667 24.282 2 39.536 6 0.975 4 46.2667 86.700 0 -39.052 7 2. .React tion at end B RA R = TW .218 8 -24.286 16.052 3 0.6188 253.8 875 1 1.063 -------------.392 1925.375 2 15. ---------------------- -----------.964 4 24.8 858 6 0.250 m Cross fo orce area upto u maximumm sag point = 407. 4 CROSS FO ORCE AREA AND A CROSS FO ORCE MOMENT TS .0000 -24.218 8 -24.367 1116. ----------------- m m kg kg kg m kg m --- -------------------------------------------------------.3667 -24.174 5 11.3667 24. ----------------- 1 1.800 84. Re eproduction.3992 -39.281 1 0.367 202. Departme ent: Authorr: Status: Date: Language: Revision: Page: PTPS--TST Manoj 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 3/7 -------------- ------------ ---------------------- -- S.267 7 kg D) Cross foorce areas ------------------ - Total nu umber of se egments in shear s forcee diagram = 8 --- -------------------------------------------------------.3992 39.267 kgg C) Reaction n at end A ----------------- Reaction n at end A = Total loa ad on suppo orts .800 0 86.536 6 0.282 64.800 32. ------------------ SEG GMENT WIDTH H OF CUMULLATIVE HEIG GHTS OF AREAS OFF CUM MULATIVE NUM MBER SEGME ENT WIDTH H SEGMMENTS SEGMENTSS AREAS --- -------------------------------------------------------.1774 kg-m E) Cross foorce moment ts ------------------ ---- --- -------------------------------------------------------------------------- SEG GMENT WIDTH H OF CUMULLATIVE HEIG GHTS OF ORCE MOMENTS CROSS FO NUM MBER SEGME ENT WIDTH H SEGMMENTS OF SEGME ENTS --- -------------------------------------------------------------------------- NSE EG DSEG DCUM H1 H2 SSEG = 1*H1+H2*H2+H1*H2)/6 DSEG*(H1 ---------------------- --.367 202.367 -137.3667 0.8 858 5 11.6188 269.3667 -24.717 sq.500 0 -86.0 025 4 4.267 6697.281 8 1.3992 39.7 710 8 1. ---------------------- -----------.3992 -39.482 30.367 -16.2811 155.86.3667 0.2667 86.367 16.500 0 -86.286 27. PL DIS PL*DIS -------------.7711 155.281 2 2.800 1.750 kg k m RB = 86.kg-m m 4.286 16.2677 kg = 86.kg m --- -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 1.964 4 24.337 3 15.671 4 11.53 34 .682 4.392 97. -- kg m kg m -------------. SM = SUM (SSEG) = OF CROSS FORCE MOM 19885.

290 6 0.5 500 28 8.682 4.8827 = 332.875 kg Total lo oad on suppports = Weig ght due to conductor + Sum of point loads TW = W + SUM(PL) ---------------- S.572 * 6.70 02 kg B) Reaction n at end B ----------------- RB = [ (W*(DSC+DCL L/2) + SUM(PPL*DIS) ] / DL kg W .477 7 2.9338 99.Coonductor sp pan length in i m -------------- ---------------------------------- -- S.RBR = 332.351 kgk C) Reaction n at end A ----------------- Reaction n at end A = Total loa ad on suppo orts .890 -------------- ---------------------------------- -- SUM (PL L*DIS) = 2889.938 248.286 27.000 --- -------------------------------------------------------.482 4.482 30.345 3 22.964 4 77.500 0 -166.536 6 0.413 ---------------- SUM(PL) = 177.8861 kg = 154.271 5 11.No o.218 634.3551 -166.218 8 -77.282 96.Pooint load in i kg DIS . PL DIS PL*DIS -------------- ---------------------------------- -- kg m kg m -------------- ---------------------------------- -- 1 66.544 2 22.9811 1037.290 4 11.Distance of point load from left end supportt in m DL .682 28.286 16.Distance of starting off conductor r from left end support in m DCL .432 2 2.4338 77.875+177.0000 -77.827 kg TW = 154.800 0 166.4 413 30 0.8133 600.413 2 22.432 8 1.351 -299.438 52.684 kg k m RB = 166. ----------------- 1 1.3551 kg = 166.500 3 22.500 4 66.166.981 1 600. ----------------- m m kg kg kg m kg m --- -------------------------------------------------------.4338 -77.905 4 66.432 2 -0.438 -436.0455 547. ------------------ SEG GMENT WIDTH H OF CUMULLATIVE HEIG GHTS OF AREAS OFF CUM MULATIVE NUM MBER SEGME ENT WIDTH H SEGMMENTS SEGMENTSS AREAS --- -------------------------------------------------------.2271 kg-m E) Cross foorce moment ts ------------------ ---- --- ---------------------------------.250 m Cross fo orce area upto u maximumm sag point = 1037.045 5 299.938 -248.4338 0.No PL L (kg) ---------------- 1 66. ------------------ ---------------------- SEG GMENT WIDTH H OF CUMULLATIVE HEIGGHTS OF ORCE MOMENTS CROSS FO NUM MBER SEGME ENT WIDTH H SEGM MENTS OF SEGME ENTS We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein. Re eproduction. Departme ent: Authorr: Status: Date: Language: Revision: Page: PTPS--TST Manoj 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 4/7 spacer and witth wind load d W = 22.351 299.4 413 1 1.5 500 4 4. ---------------------------------.700 0 -99.250 0 77.Length of co onductor in m PL .4322 299.React tion at end B RA R = TW .477 3 0. SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Iden ntification No. ------------------ Distance of maximu um sag pointt from left end suppor rt = 16.800 1.282 2 99. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden .800 32.8133 547. ------------------ NSE EG DSEG DCUM H1 H2 ASEG = ACUM DSEG*(H11+H2)/2 ---------------------- --.9338 -99.Weight due to t conductorr in kg DSC .70 02 .000 436.3551 166.438 -52.800 119.700 2038.35 51 kg D) Cross foorce areas ------------------ - Total nu umber of se egments in shear s forcee diagram = 8 --- -------------------------------------------------------.

675 + 21.218 8 -77.5 545 8 1. ---------------------- -----------.3551 166.351 24905.SAG AT A MAX SAG POINT P AT DIFFERENT TEM MPERATURES FOR EACH S SUB-CONDUCTO OR --------------------.682 28.59 99 ) = 1.0 deg g.599 kg/ k sq. SM1 = ST TATIC MOMEN NTS CORRESPO ONDING TO SIGMA1 S IN SQQ. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden .7789 sq. . C AREA = AREA A OSS SECTION OF CONDUCT OF CRO TOR IN SQ.8 840 7 2.kg m --- ---------------------- ---------------------------------- ------------------ 1 1.1174 / ( 597.MM M GTH OF THE SPAN IN M A = LENG ------------------ ------------ ---------------------.WITHOUT WIND.912 + 122.0000 -77. ------------------ ---------------------- m m kg kg sq.4338 77. Re eproduction. MM SM2 = ST TATIC MOMEN NTS CORRESPO ONDING TO SIGMA S IN SQ.700 0 -99. -----------.9338 -99.000 deg. ------------------ ------------ ---------- A) Equation n for Tensi ion: SIGMA1 =INITIAL TE ENSION AT TE EMP T0 IN KG/SQ.964 4 77.---------------------- ------------- AT A POINT SIGMA ATT T W/O WIN ND LOAD * AREA A C) Evaluation of condductor Tensiion and Sag g at the max ximum ---------------------------------------------------- --- sag point at diffferent tempeeratures ------------------------------------------ Evaluation of condductor Tensiion and Sag g at 85. SIGMA A = 0.mm Solvingg the Equat tion of Sag SAG at 85. ---------------------- -----------.800 32.000 11279.kg-m 5. SM = SUM (SSEG) = OF CROSS FORCE MOM 101248 8. C SIGMA = TENSION TO O BE FOUND OUT O IN KG/S SQ.7117 sq. C = 407.4 406 --- ---------------------- ---------------------------------- ------------------ SUM S MENTS.675 kg g/ sq. d C Substituting the above value es in the Equation E for r Tension (SIGM MA * SIGMA) * [ SIGMA . C ---------------------------------------------------- --- at the maximum m sag g point ------------------------- SIGMA1 = 1. K MM .9338 99.000 deeg.938 12394.091 ] = 12.3551 -166.800 0 166.438 2044. C SM2 = 19885.4 406 2 2.854 ] = 12. -------------- B) Equation n for Sag: (Sag in m ) ------------------ ----------- SUM OF CROSS C FORCE E AREAS W/O WIND LOAD SAG AT T TEMP T UPTO THEE POINT = -------.075 MA * SIGMA) * [ SIGMA + 33.800 1. Departme ent: Authorr: Status: Date: Language: Revision: Page: PTPS--TST Manoj 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 5/7 --- ---------------------- ---------------------------------- ------------------ NSE EG DSEG DCUM H1 H2 SSEG = DSEG*(H1 1*H1+H2*H2+H1*H2)/6 ---------------------- --.kg m T0 = 0.KG M T0 = INITIAL TEMPE ERATURE CORR RESPONDING TO SIGMA1 IN I DEG.286 16.438 2044.1..139 9 m STRESS.438 11279.286 27.KG M T1 = FIN NAL TEMP CO ORRESPONDING G TO SIGMA IN DEG. --------- ( AREA**2 * A * SIG GMA1**2 + ES*ET*(T T1-T0) ] ES*SM2 = ------------ (AREA**2)* A -----------------.4338 -77.938 12394.mm SM1 = 101248.4338 0.482 4.TEN NSION.789 sq.6 604 6 0.6 604 5 11.500 0 -166.kg m T1 = 85.482 30.5 545 3 0.282 2 99.000 * 0.8 840 4 11. ---------- ES*SM1 (SIGMA**2) * [ SIG GMA-SIGMA1 + ------------------.682 4.351 24905.250 0 77. 5 EVALUATION OF COND DUCTOR TENSI ION AND SAG G .536 6 0.0 de eg. SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Iden ntification No. ---------------------- - We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein.075 (SIGM Solving the abo ove equationn for SIGMA A.

005 9 40.481 (SIGM Solving the abo ove equationn for SIGMA A.342 5 20.00 1.314 1.899 2 5. TEMP.449 1.00 0.00 0.55 925.409 m ST TRESS.00 0.573 1. STRESS TENSIO ON SWING G SAG (DEG.074 14 65. 6 EVALUATION OF COND DUCTOR DEFLE ECTION AND TENSION .NO.0 deg.76 452.C) (KG/MM2) (KG) (M) (M) --------------------- ---------------------------------- ---------------------- - 1 0.00 0.72 430.771 1.937 1.000 deeg.455 1.019 10 45.62 968. C SM2 = 101248.915 3 10. ------------------ AT A POINT SIG GMA AT T WITH WIND LOA AD * AREA B) Equation n for Sag: ------------------ -- Swing an ngle for co onductor at sag point (rad.61 361.00 0.054 0. C = 1037.00 0.75 444.00 0. SIGMA A = 1.57 939. Re eproduction.00 1.61 365.00 1.745 1.66 394.00 1.332 3 10.0 degg.65 983.67 399.00 0.924 1.281 1.276 0.337 4 15.000 deg.033 11 50. .326 2 5.961 6 25.714 0.149 1.104 0.300 0 m Solvingg the Equat tion of SAG SAG at 85.675 + 21. .271 / ( 597. C = 1.091 ] = 61.251) = 0. .636 1.088 0.000 * 1.976 7 30.69 411.70 417. . .00 0.120 0.224 1.454 0.946 5 20.62 369.68 1000.1.mm Solvingg the Equat tion of Swinng SWING at 85.347 6 25.675 kg g/ sq.114 17 80.481 MA * SIGMA) * [ SIGMA + 33.00 0. Departme ent: Authorr: Status: Date: Language: Revision: Page: PTPS--TST Manoj 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 6/7 S.00 1.478 1.00 0.101 16 75.00 1.C) (KG/MM22) (KG) (M) --------------------- ---------------------------------- ---------------------- - 1 0.126 18 85.00 0.336 kg/ k sq. SWING G AND SAG AT A MAX SAG POINT P AT DIFFERENT TEM MPERATURES FOR EACH S SUB-CONDUCTOOR --------------------- ---------------------------------- ---------------------- - S.747 0.931 4 15. d C Substituting the above value es in the Equation E of Swing (SIGM MA * SIGMA) * [ SIGMA . TEMP.WITH W WIND ------------------ ------------ ------------------ A) Equation n for Swing g: ------------------ ------- SUM M OF CROSSF FORCE AREAS WITH WIND LOAD SWING AT TEMP T U UPTO THE POI INT = ---------------------- --.037 0.00 0. STRESSS TE ENSION SAG (DEG.00 0.65 388.kg m T1 = 85.73 437.942 0. C ---------------------------------------------------- --- at the maximum m sag g point ------------------------- SIGMA1 = 1.139 --------------------- ---------------------------------- ---------------------- - 6.854 ] = 61.00 0.047 12 55.990 8 35.60 953.087 15 70.63 374.7789 sq.60 357.300 * COS (1.00 0.00 0 deg.64 383. SWA ANG = InvTan (W2/W W1) SAG AT TEMP T T (VER RTICAL)= SWI ING AT TEMP P T * COS (S SWANG) Evaluation of condductor Tensiion and Swing at 85.912 + 122.00 0.521 0.mm SM1 = 101248.kg m T0 = 0.353 We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein. .).099 1.64 379.68 405.965 1.412 1.000 1.3336 ) = 1.00 0.061 13 60.7789 sq.120 0. SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Iden ntification No.NO.71 423. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden .071 0.

512 1.45 865. - We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein.794 1.49 888.372 11 50.494 1.400 17 80.731 1.228 0.00 1. .409 --------------------- -----------.41 844.257 0.382 13 60.00 1.676 1.152 0. .40 834.00 1.00 1.34 797.391 15 70. . use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden .00 1.00 1.00 1.38 824. .405 18 85.228 1. .546 1.358 8 35.00 1.53 912. .183 0.236 1.168 0.553 1.833 1. . . .198 0.213 0. . .136 0.367 10 45.47 876.272 0.869 1.243 0.286 0. SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Iden ntification No.363 9 40.35 806.377 12 55.386 14 65. ---------------------- ---------------------.51 900.43 854.396 16 75. .300 0.526 1.00 1. Departme ent: Authorr: Status: Date: Language: Revision: Page: PTPS--TST Manoj 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 7/7 7 30.00 1.00 1.00 1.37 815. Re eproduction.