SA

AG TENSION
N CALCULAT
TION
Departme
ent:

Authorr:

PTPS--TST

Manoj

Status:

Iden
ntification No.

Date:

Language:

Revision:

Page:

16/10/2010
0

en

NIL

1/7

Proje
ect: 765/400kV KORADI S/S (SS-1)
Case:
: 400KV QUAD
D ACSR MOOS
SE 34.5 MTRS
S

1.
1

SAG TENSION
N CALCULATIONS
============
=
==============
NOTE: TH
HE FOLLOWIN
NG CALCULATI
IONS ARE MA
ADE WITH
RE
EFERENCE TO
O ROLF KOCHs
s PAPER
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------INPUT DA
ATA

A) General Data
Voltage level of phase
p
conduc
ctor, V = 400.000 kV
Span len
ngth with girder
g
width
h, D = 34.500 m
Span len
ngth exclud
ding girder width, DL = 32.500 m
between tow
Height difference
d
wers, HD = 0.000 m
Maximum temperatur
re for Sag calculation
c
n, TMAX = 85
5.000 deg.C
Minimum temperatur
re for Sag calculation
c
n, TMIN = 0.
.000 deg.C
Temperature steps for Sag cal
lculation, TSTEP = 5.0
000 deg.C
Initial maximum te
ension, TENS
SIO = 4000.0 kg at 0.0
0 deg. C
B) Conducto
or Data
Type of conductor = ACSR
Weight of
o conducto
or, W0 = 2.0
004 kg/m
Diameter of conduc
ctor, DIA = 0.031770 m
Area of cross sect
tion of cond
ductor, ARE
EA = 597.000
0 sq. mm
Modulus of elastic
city of cond
ductor, ES = 7033.640 kg/sq. mm
Coefficient of the
ermal expans
sion, ET = 0.00002150 per deg. C
Number of
o conducto
or in bundle
e, NM = 4
Wind pressure on conductor,
c
P
PRC
= 205.000 kg/sq.m
C) Insulato
or String Data
D
Length of
o disc ins
sulator stri
ing, L1 = 3.600 m
Diameter of disc insulator
i
st
tring, DIAS
S = 0.255 m
Total weight of di
isc insulato
or string, W4 = 187.50
00 kg
Wind pressure on disc
d
insulat
tor string, PRS = 205.
.000 kg/sq.m
m
D) Insulato
or
Length of
o
Weight of
o
Weight of
o

String Hardware
H
Dat
ta
disc ins
sulator stri
ing hardwar
re, L2 = 1.3
364 m
disc ins
sulator stri
ing hardwar
re, WH = 60.
.100 kg
disc ins
sulator stri
ing hardwar
re with wind
d load, WHW = 90.000 kg
k

E) Spacer Data
D
Number of
o spacer, NS = 4
Distance of first spacer from
m left end of conducto
or, SP1 = 10.000 m
Distance of last spacer
s
from left end of
o conductor
r, SP2 = 24.500 m
Weight of
o spacer, WS = 3.500 kg
F) Dropper Data
Number of
o dropper, ND = 0
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------No. POS
P
LD
DropCond
Wd DDIA
A DArea
DEs
DET
NMD CLAMP
type
(m)
(
(m)
(kg/m) (m)
) (sq.m) (kg/sq.m) (d
deg.C)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Where,
: Po
osition of dropper
d
fro
om left end of span
POS (m)
LD (m)
: Le
ength of dro
opper from left end of
f span
DropCond
d
: Dr
ropper condu
uctor type
Wd (kg/m
m)
: We
eight of dro
opper condu
uctor
DDIA (m)
: Di
iameter of dropper
d
con
nductor
DArea (sq.m) : Cr
ross section
n area of dropper
d
cond
ductor
DEs (kg/sq.m) : Mo
odulus of el
lasticity of
o dropper conductor
c
DET (deg
g.C)
: Co
oefficient of
o thermal expansion of
o dropper conductor
NMD
: Nu
umber of sub
b-conductor
r in dropper
r conductor
CLAMP
: Nu
umber of PG clamps in dropper con
nductor
Weight of
o PG clamp
p, WPG = 0.0
000 kg
2.
2

GENERAL PARTICULAR
RS

We resserve all rights in this document and
a in the informa
ation therein. Re
eproduction, use or disclosure to third
t
parties
withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden

80 00 = 172. 3 CROSS FO ORCE AREA AND A CROSS FO ORCE MOMENT TS .WITHOUT T WIND LOAD -------------------------------------------------- A) Total lo oad on supp ports --------------------Weight due d to cond ductor = length of the conductor c * Weight of conductor per p unit length with spacer and wit thout wind load l W = 22. WH W = 60.190 kg Resultan nt load of insulator string.875 2 15.Distance of starting of f conductor r from left end support in m DCL . of subconductor NS * WS = W0 + --------DCL * NM = 2.572 * 2. W3 = SQRT T ( W1*W1 + W2*W2 ) = 6. WID = 1. without wind load dropper with w wind load (kg) (kg) (k kg) --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3.02 1 * LD * DDIA * PR RC Weight of o dropper with wind load. WH1 = WH/ /NM = 15.534 4 kg B) Reaction n at end B ----------------RB = [ (W*(DSC+DCL L/2) + SUM(P PL*DIS) ] / DL kg W .Distance of point load from left end support t in m DL . W7 = W4/ /NM = 46.Weight due to t conductor r in kg DSC .800 kg TW = 48. Re eproduction.734+123.SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Departme ent: Authorr: PTPS--TST Manoj Status: Iden ntification No.0 0 * PRC * DI IA = 6. W8 = W6/ /NM = 66. DCL L = 22.572 m Weight of o conducto or with spac cers.025 5 kg Weight of o hardware e with wind load on ea ach subcondu uctor.100 kg Weight of o hardware e with wind load. W1 Weight of o conducto or Numbe er of space ers * Weight t of spacer = + -----------------------------------without spacers Lengt th of Condu uctor * No.No PL L (kg) --------------1 46.025 3 15. WD D = (LD * Wd d * NMD + Loading due to clamps)/NM Wind load on dropp per.734 4 kg Total lo oad on supp ports = Weig ght due to conductor + Sum of point loads TW = W + SUM(PL) --------------S.875 --------------SUM(PL) = 123.W2 = 1.Po oint load in i kg DIS .Co onductor sp pan length in i m We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein.1 159 = 48. l WDW = SQRT ( WD * WD + WID * WID) Weight of o Dropper -------------------------------------------------------------Dropper Wind load on Weight of dropper o Weight t of dropper r No.025 4 46.861 6 kg/m Wind load on insul lator string g. s W6 =SQRT(W4*W4 4 + W5*W5) = 265.875 5 kg Insulato or load wit th wind load d on each subconductor r. WHW = 90. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden . WH1W = WHW W/NM = 22.000 kg g Weight of o hardware e without wi ind load on n each subco onductor.653 kg Insulato or load wit thout wind load l on eac ch subconduc ctor. Date: Language: Revision: Page: 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 2/7 Length of o ACSR con nductor. W5 = 2 * PRS * L1 * DIAS = 188 8.513 6 kg/m Resultan nt load on conductor.5 500 kg Weight of o dropper without win nd load.413 3 kg Weight of o hardware e without wi ind load.159 kg g/m Wind load on ACSR conductor over o full projected p ar rea .Length of co onductor in m PL .

618 8 269.750 kg k m RB = 86.26 67 -86.281 1 ------------------------------------------------------------------------Distance of maximu um sag point t from left end suppor rt = 16.800 8 32.671 0.482 7 30.00 00 -24.682 3 4.700 0 -39.536 6 0.975 15.700 ----------------------------------------------SUM (PL L*DIS) = 2011.281 0.8 858 0.267 7 kg D) Cross fo orce areas -----------------Total nu umber of se egments in shear s force e diagram = 8 ------------------------------------------------------------------------SEG GMENT WIDTH H OF CUMUL LATIVE HEIG GHTS OF AREAS OF F CUM MULATIVE NUM MBER SEGME ENT WIDTH H SEGM MENTS SEGMENTS S AREAS ------------------------------------------------------------------------ACUM H2 NSE EG DSEG DCUM H1 ASEG = DSEG*(H1 1+H2)/2 -----------------------------------------------------------------------m kg kg m m kg kg m -----------------------------------------------------------------------1.SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Departme ent: Authorr: PTPS--TST Manoj Status: Iden ntification No.375 2 64.504 4 269.250 0 24.367 202.26 67 86.504 4 407.367 1116.063 46.367 -137.682 6 28.800 8 32.267 -155.771 1 253.337 15.36 67 -24. Date: Language: Revision: Page: 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 3/7 ----------------------------------------------S.282 2 39.7 710 0.250 0 24.500 0 -86.000 1116. Re eproduction.286 4 16.286 5 27.392 1925.86.536 6 0.964 4 24. .8 875 30 0.39 92 39.36 67 0.000 137.4 471 2.700 0 -39.482 7 30.26 67 86.367 16.482 2 4.39 92 -39.964 4 24.36 67 24.267 6697.39 92 -39.36 67 -24.267 7 kg = 86.771 1 155.682 3 4.8 818 ------------------------------------------------------------------------SUM S OF CROSS FORCE MOM MENTS.250 m Cross fo orce area upto u maximum m sag point = 407.618 8 253.392 1925.282 2 39.800 0 86.800 0 86.0 025 4 4.218 4 1439.286 5 27.WITH WI IND LOAD ---------------------------------------------- A) Total lo oad on supp ports --------------------Weight due d to cond ductor = length of the conductor c * Weight of conductor per p unit length with We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein.286 4 16.53 34 .267 155.React tion at end B RA R = TW .282 3 423.367 -16.8 858 11.00 00 -24.367 202. 4 CROSS FO ORCE AREA AND A CROSS FO ORCE MOMENT TS .8 818 2.500 0 -86.800 1 1.7 710 1.281 1 155.17 74 kg-m E) Cross fo orce moment ts --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SEG GMENT WIDTH H OF CUMUL LATIVE HEIG GHTS OF CROSS FO ORCE MOMENTS NUM MBER SEGME ENT WIDTH H SEGM MENTS OF SEGME ENTS ------------------------------------------------------------------------H2 NSE EG DSEG DCUM H1 SSEG = DSEG*(H1 1*H1+H2*H2+H1*H2)/6 ------------------------------------------------------------------------m kg m kg sq.174 11. .682 6 28.No DIS o.392 -97.0 025 28 8.4 471 11.717 sq.267 6697. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden .36 67 24.281 2.218 8 -24.39 92 39. SM = SUM (SSEG) = 19885.36 67 0.800 84.000 1.671 11.26 67 -86. PL PL*DIS ----------------------------------------------m kg kg m ----------------------------------------------1 46.218 8 -24.392 97.kg m ------------------------------------------------------------------------1.267 kg g C) Reaction n at end A ----------------Reaction n at end A = Total loa ad on suppo orts .482 2 4.kg-m m 4.052 0.RB R = 172.052 2.8 875 1 1.800 1 1.

8 827 = 332.No DIS o.438 52.500 4 66. Re eproduction.5 500 28 8.React tion at end B RA R = TW .875 kg Total lo oad on supp ports = Weig ght due to conductor + Sum of point loads TW = W + SUM(PL) --------------S.477 0.813 3 600.351 299.271 11.35 51 -166.70 02 .286 4 16.800 0 166.981 1 1037.345 22.482 2 4.438 -52.5 500 4 4.890 66.351 -299.682 3 4.35 51 kg = 166.43 38 -77.RB R = 332.572 * 6.438 -436.35 51 166.Length of co onductor in m PL .000 436.93 38 -99.964 4 77.Po oint load in i kg DIS .351 kg k C) Reaction n at end A ----------------Reaction n at end A = Total loa ad on suppo orts .684 kg k m RB = 166.Weight due to t conductor r in kg DSC . use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden . PL PL*DIS ----------------------------------------------m kg kg m ----------------------------------------------1 66.432 2.43 38 0.00 00 -77.500 3 22.8 861 kg = 154.000 ------------------------------------------------------------------------Distance of maximu um sag point t from left end suppor rt = 16.No PL L (kg) --------------1 66.286 5 27. Date: Language: Revision: Page: 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 4/7 spacer and wit th wind load d W = 22.432 2 299.800 8 32.477 2.166.4 413 30 0.682 6 28.700 ----------------------------------------------SUM (PL L*DIS) = 2889.045 5 299.282 3 634.827 kg TW = 154.SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Departme ent: Authorr: PTPS--TST Manoj Status: Iden ntification No.43 38 77.218 8 -77.250 0 77.432 2 -0.813 3 547.2 271 kg-m E) Cross fo orce moment ts --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SEG GMENT WIDTH H OF CUMUL LATIVE HEIG GHTS OF CROSS FO ORCE MOMENTS NUM MBER SEGME ENT WIDTH H SEGM MENTS OF SEGME ENTS We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein.981 1 600.70 02 kg B) Reaction n at end B ----------------RB = [ (W*(DSC+DCL L/2) + SUM(P PL*DIS) ] / DL kg W .938 -248.544 2 96.93 38 99.4 413 1 1.800 119.700 0 -99.536 6 0.500 0 -166.Distance of point load from left end support t in m DL .413 2 22.35 51 kg D) Cross fo orce areas -----------------Total nu umber of se egments in shear s force e diagram = 8 ------------------------------------------------------------------------SEG GMENT WIDTH H OF CUMUL LATIVE HEIG GHTS OF AREAS OF F CUM MULATIVE NUM MBER SEGME ENT WIDTH H SEGM MENTS SEGMENTS S AREAS ------------------------------------------------------------------------ACUM H2 NSE EG DSEG DCUM H1 ASEG = DSEG*(H1 1+H2)/2 -----------------------------------------------------------------------m kg kg m m kg kg m -----------------------------------------------------------------------1.290 0.905 22.432 1.482 7 30.Co onductor sp pan length in i m ----------------------------------------------S.413 --------------SUM(PL) = 177.045 5 547.800 1 1.875+177.282 2 99.290 11.938 248.250 m Cross fo orce area upto u maximum m sag point = 1037.218 4 2038.Distance of starting of f conductor r from left end support in m DCL .

700 0 -99. C AREA = AREA A OF CRO OSS SECTION OF CONDUCT TOR IN SQ.0 de eg.599 kg/ k sq. C SM2 = 19885.71 17 sq.5 545 0.912 + 12 2.789 sq.93 38 -99.43 38 -77.SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Departme ent: Authorr: PTPS--TST Manoj Status: Iden ntification No.682 6 28.00 00 -77. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden .000 deg.282 2 99. Re eproduction.TEN NSION.682 3 4.SAG AT A MAX SAG POINT P AT DIFFERENT TEM MPERATURES FOR EACH S SUB-CONDUCTO OR -------------------------------------------------------------------------We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein.286 4 16.438 2044.kg m ------------------------------------------------------------------------1.kg-m 5.938 12394.286 5 27.000 de eg.938 12394. SIGMA A = 0.4 406 ------------------------------------------------------------------------SUM S OF CROSS FORCE MOM MENTS.250 0 77. C ---------------------------------------------------at the maximum m sag g point -----------------------SIGMA1 = 1.536 6 0.93 38 99.800 0 166.KG M T0 = INITIAL TEMPE ERATURE CORR RESPONDING TO SIGMA1 IN I DEG.59 99 ) = 1.000 * 0. . K MM .43 38 77.075 (SIGM MA * SIGMA) * [ SIGMA + 33.43 38 0.35 51 -166.854 ] = 12.6 604 0.482 2 4.800 1 1. Date: Language: Revision: Page: 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 5/7 ------------------------------------------------------------------------H2 NSE EG DSEG DCUM H1 SSEG = DSEG*(H1 1*H1+H2*H2+H1*H2)/6 ------------------------------------------------------------------------m kg m kg sq.mm SM1 = 101248.35 51 166.438 2044. d C Substituting the above value es in the Equation E for r Tension (SIGM MA * SIGMA) * [ SIGMA .1 174 / ( 597.4 406 2.500 0 -166.139 9 m STRESS.218 8 -77.075 Solving the abo ove equation n for SIGMA A.482 7 30.438 11279. C SIGMA = TENSION TO O BE FOUND OUT O IN KG/S SQ. -------------------------------------- A) Equation n for Tensi ion: SIGMA1 =INITIAL TE ENSION AT TE EMP T0 IN KG/SQ.5 545 1.kg m T0 = 0.351 24905.675 + 21.7 789 sq.MM M A = LENG GTH OF THE SPAN IN M ----------------------------------------------------------ES*SM1 (SIGMA**2) * [ SIG GMA-SIGMA1 + --------------------------( AREA**2 * A * SIG GMA1**2 + ES*ET*(T T1-T0) ] ES*SM2 = -----------(AREA**2)* A --------------------------------------------------------------B) Equation n for Sag: (Sag in m ) ---------------------------SUM OF CROSS C FORCE E AREAS W/O WIND LOAD SAG AT T TEMP T UPTO THE E POINT = ----------------------------------------AT A POINT SIGMA AT T T W/O WIN ND LOAD * AREA A C) Evaluation of cond ductor Tensi ion and Sag g at the max ximum ---------------------------------------------------sag point at diff ferent tempe eratures ---------------------------------------Evaluation of cond ductor Tensi ion and Sag g at 85.6 604 11.091 ] = 12.1. SM = SUM (SSEG) = 101248 8.964 4 77.kg m T1 = 85.351 24905.8 840 2. SM1 = ST TATIC MOMEN NTS CORRESPO ONDING TO SIGMA1 S IN SQ Q. MM SM2 = ST TATIC MOMEN NTS CORRESPO ONDING TO SIGMA S IN SQ.800 8 32.8 840 11. . C = 407.WITHOUT WIND.000 11279. 5 EVALUATION OF COND DUCTOR TENSI ION AND SAG G .mm Solving g the Equat tion of Sag SAG at 85.0 deg g.675 kg g/ sq.KG M T1 = FIN NAL TEMP CO ORRESPONDING G TO SIGMA IN DEG.

326 2 983.047 50.454 0.64 13 379. d C Substituting the above value es in the Equation E of Swing (SIGM MA * SIGMA) * [ SIGMA .054 0.00 0. TENSIO TEMP.67 10 394.00 0.61 17 361.912 + 12 2.300 0 m Solving g the Equat tion of SAG SAG at 85.573 1.976 25.0 deg.WITH W WIND ---------------------------------------------- A) Equation n for Swing g: -----------------------SWING AT TEMP T = AT A POINT SUM M OF CROSSF FORCE AREAS WITH WIND LOAD U UPTO THE POI INT ----------------------------------------SIG GMA AT T WITH WIND LOA AD * AREA B) Equation n for Sag: ------------------Swing an ngle for co onductor at sag point (rad.224 1. .00 0.000 de eg.336 kg/ k sq. C ---------------------------------------------------at the maximum m sag g point -----------------------SIGMA1 = 1.300 * COS (1.61 18 357.033 45.00 0. Date: Language: Revision: Page: 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 6/7 S.478 15.mm Solving g the Equat tion of Swin ng SWING at 85.76 2 444. C = 1037. .00 0.120 0.69 8 405. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden .149 1.00 0. STRESS ON SWING G SAG (DEG.961 20.449 1.061 55.).088 0. C SM2 = 101248. C = 1.099 1.00 0.000 * 1.091 ] = 61.347 6 925.276 0.521 0.037 0.00 0.314 20.68 9 399.337 4 953.65 1.00 1.00 0 deg.104 0.019 40. TEMP.481 (SIGM MA * SIGMA) * [ SIGMA + 33.409 m ST TRESS.60 1.62 1.481 Solving the abo ove equation n for SIGMA A.00 1.7 789 sq.745 25.074 60.kg m T0 = 0.353 We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein.00 0.899 0.412 1.114 75. SWING G AND SAG AT A MAX SAG POINT P AT DIFFERENT TEM MPERATURES FOR EACH S SUB-CONDUCTO OR -------------------------------------------------------------------------S.946 15.00 1. .kg m T1 = 85.NO. 6 EVALUATION OF COND DUCTOR DEFLE ECTION AND TENSION .C) (KG) (M) (KG/MM2 2) -------------------------------------------------------------------------1 452.55 1.675 kg g/ sq.965 1.747 0.00 0.SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Departme ent: Authorr: PTPS--TST Manoj Status: Iden ntification No.924 1. .251) = 0. Re eproduction.942 0.000 deg.00 1.636 1.0 deg g.990 30.72 5 423. .000 0. SWA ANG = InvTan (W2/W W1) SAG AT TEMP T T (VER RTICAL)= SWI ING AT TEMP P T * COS (S SWANG) Evaluation of cond ductor Tensi ion and Swing at 85. STRESS S TE ENSION SAG (DEG.71 6 417.005 35.3 336 ) = 1.00 0. .937 1.00 0.00 0.mm SM1 = 101248.00 1.00 0.62 16 365.57 1.00 0.60 -------------------------------------------------------------------------6.73 4 430.854 ] = 61.915 5.071 0.675 + 21.00 0.101 70.771 5.342 5 939.NO.66 11 388.455 1.931 10.00 0. SIGMA A = 1.271 / ( 597.00 1.C) (KG/MM2) (M) (KG) (M) -------------------------------------------------------------------------1 1000.68 1.714 0.139 85.64 14 374.120 0.00 0.70 7 411.332 3 968.63 15 369.7 789 sq.126 80.087 65.281 10.75 3 437.65 12 383.1.

00 1.136 0.49 888.546 1.53 912.00 1. .409 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein. . .00 1.367 10 45.257 0. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden . .396 16 75.377 12 55.382 13 60.794 1.512 1.405 18 85.286 0.152 0.00 1.228 1.38 824.198 0.372 11 50.168 0. Re eproduction. .35 806.SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Departme ent: Authorr: PTPS--TST Manoj Status: Iden ntification No. .358 8 35.34 797.243 0. .236 1.00 1. Date: Language: Revision: Page: 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 7/7 7 30.228 0.494 1.731 1.272 0.51 900. . .391 15 70.386 14 65.869 1.47 876.37 815.300 0.676 1.00 1.363 9 40.183 0.00 1.00 1. .41 844.00 1.833 1.400 17 80.00 1. .00 1.40 834. .00 1.553 1.526 1.45 865.213 0.43 854.