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Intestinal Parasites: Comparative Morphology Figures

Figure 1: Protozoa Found in Stool Specimens of Humans: Amebae

Entamoeba Entamoeba Iodamoeba


Stage histolytica/dispar hartmanni Entamoeba coli Entamoeba polecki Endolimax nana butschlii
Trophozoite

Cyst
Entamoeba Entamoeba Iodamoeba
Stage histolytica/dispar hartmanni Entamoeba coli Entamoeba polecki Endolimax nana butschlii
Figure 2: Protozoa Found in Stool Specimens of Humans: Ciliates and Flagellates

Ciliate 40 µm Flagellates 10 µm
Stage Balantidium coli Chilomastix mesnili Giardia duodenalis Dientamoeba fragilis
Trophozoite

Cyst no cyst stage


Ciliate 40 µm Flagellates 10 µm
Stage Balantidium coli Chilomastix mesnili Giardia duodenalis Dientamoeba fragilis
Figure 3: Protozoa Found in Stool Specimens of Humans: Coccidia and Blastocystis

Coccidia Blastocystis
Cystoisospora belli Sarcocystis spp. Cryptosporidium spp. Cyclospora cayetanensis Blastocystis hominis

wet oocy wet


mount st wet mount wet mount mount
Coccidia Blastocystis
Cystoisospora belli Sarcocystis spp. Cryptosporidium spp. Cyclospora cayetanensis Blastocystis hominis

safr sporo a a trichr


anin cyst cid-fast cid-fast ome
Figure 4: Nematode and Cestode Eggs Found in Stool Specimens of Humans

Nematodes

Capillaria Hookworm
Enterobius Trichuris Ascaris lumbricoides Ascaris lumbricoides Trichostrongylus spp.
philippinensis
vermicularis trichiura fertile infertile
Cestodes

Taenia spp. Hymenolepis nana Hymenolepis diminuta Diphyllobothrium latum Dipylidium caninum
Figure 5: Trematode Eggs Found in Stool Specimens of Humans

Trematodes 100 µm

Clonorchis sinensis Opisthorchis viverrini Nanophyetus


Paragonimus westermani1 salmincola
Trematodes 100 µm

Schistosoma
Schistosoma japonicum Schistosoma mekongi Schistosoma mansoni intercalatum
Trematodes 100 µm

Echinostoma spp.

Schistosoma haematobium2 Fasciola hepatica Fasciolopsis buski

1. Usually found in respiratory specimens.


2. Usually passed in urine.
Figure 6: Relative Sizes of Helminth Eggs

Measurements in micrometers (µm)


Figure 7: Hookworm and Strongyloides Larvae

Rhabditiform (L1) Stage Filariform (L3) Stage