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ABD0002

AIRBUS INDUSTRIE
Airbus Directives (ABD) and Procedures

Surface Roughness

The contents of this document is the property of Airbus Industrie. It is sup-


plied in confidence and commercial security on its contents must be maintai-
ned.
It must not be used for any purpose other than that for which it is supplied,
nor may information contained in it be disclosed to unauthorized persons. It
must not be reproduced in whole or in part without permission in writing from
the owners of the copyright.

Airbus Industrie 1997 - All rights reserved

Airbus Industrie
Programmes and Processes Directorate
31707 Blagnac CEDEX
France
Tel. : 33 (0)5 62 11 05 56
Fax : 33 (0)5 61 93 28 25

Issue: D Date: Sep 09/97


AIRBUS INDUSTRIE ABD0002
Surface Roughness

Table of Contents

1 General
1-1 Definition
1-2 Objectives
1-3 References
1-4 Responsibilities
1-5 Purpose of the Document

2 Requirements
2-1 General
2-2 Targets Definition
2-3 Cost Versus Function of the Item Concerned
2-4 Metallic Items
2-5 Composite Items

3 Indication on Drawings
3-1 General
3-2 Old Drawings
3-3 New Drawings
3-4 Roughness Value Indication for Metallic Items
3-5 Roughness Value Indication for Composite Items

- Signature Sheets, Record Of Revisions (ROR) and List of Effective Pages (LEP)

Page: TOC - 1

Issue: D Date: Sep 09/97


AIRBUS INDUSTRIE ABD0002
Surface Roughness

1 General

1-1 Definition
The Roughness represents a measure of the microscopic status of a surface between two significant
points which are selected according to the Technological Structure of the item concerned (Metallic or
Composite).

The corresponding surface condition is determined by the Average Roughness (Ra) as measured
with a calibrated gage.

1-2 Objectives
- Unique Reference for Originators of Airbus Drawings.
- References for Manufacturing and Quality Organizations.

1-3 References
* ABD0004 - Definition Dossier
* ABD0046 - Units of Measurement
* ABD0076 - Composite parts - Surface status requirements
* ISO1302 - Technical Drawings - Method of indicating surface texture

1-4 Responsibilities
- Design Offices : indicate the Applicable Surface Roughness Values.
- Manufacturing Organizations : Apply the stipulated requirements.
- Quality Organizations: Ensure compliance with Design Office Requirements.

1-5 Purpose of the Document


Provide Instructions to ensure consistency between Originators of Airbus Drawings.

Page: 1 - 1

Issue: D Date: Sep 09 /97


AIRBUS INDUSTRIE ABD0002
Surface Roughness

2 Requirements

2-1 General
Surface Roughness Values shall be specified prior to definition of the Protective Treatment which
may be applied later.
Generally, the Manufacturing Process of Metallic and Composite Items is different.
Surface Roughness Values shall be expressed in m

2-2 Targets Definition


According to results to be obtained, the Designer shall indicate the Selected Manufacturing Process
Specification and the Targeted Roughness Values.

Where applicable, Surface Roughness Values after Chemical/Electrical Surface Treatment,


Additional Machining Operation, Protection Coats shall be specified separately.

2-3 Cost Versus Function of the Item Concerned


To achieve a given Roughness Status, the Manufacturing Process Application Cost increases where
the Roughness Values decrease (Surfaces at an unjustified Low Roughness Value may generate
unnecessary additional costs).

Consequently, when specifying the Roughness Values, the Designer shall select the highest possible
Roughness Value for the Specified Functioning of the Item and take into consideration the final
Function/Purpose of the Item concerned.

2-4 Metallic Items


Metallic Items may result from one of the major following Manufacturing Process:
- Casting.
- Forging.
- Welding.
- Mechanical/Chemical Machining.

2-5 Composite Items


Composite Items may result from association of various basic Materials eg:
- Prepregnated Tissues (Carbon/Glass Fibres).
- Bi-Materials (Metallic and Carbon/Glass Fibres).
Ref:
* ABD0076 - Composite parts - Surface status requirements

Page: 2 - 1

Issue: D Date: Sep 09/97


AIRBUS INDUSTRIE ABD0002
Surface Roughness

3 Indication on Drawings
3-1 General
All Airbus Drawings, whatever their origin (Members/Associated Partners/Subcontractors) shall refer
to ABD0002 for Surface Roughness requirements.

The Roughness Symbol to be used is shown at Figure "A".

The point of the serves to indicate the Targeted Roughness of a particular Surface.

3-2 Old Drawings


The Title Block of earlier Drawings may refer to the Members/Associated Partners/Subcontractors
Standard provided that the content of the Drawings comply with ABD0002 requirements.
Whenever the Drawing callout is in Inches the Unit Designation -µin- shall be added. Callouts
without unit designation shall be construed to be in -µm-.

3-3 New Drawings


Surface Roughness Values shall be indicated as follows:
- In the appropriate box of the Title Block of the Drawings (Ref: ABD0004 - Definition Dossier).
- On the affected Drawings at the appropriate level.

3-4 Roughness Value Indication for Metallic Items


Where the Item shall have the same Surface Roughness all over, the General Value shall be
indicated in the Symbol in the Drawing Title Block. See Figure "B".

Where the General Roughness Value does not systematically apply:


- the General Value shall be indicated in the Drawing Title Block,
- the Specific Values shall be indicated at the particular Surfaces concerned. See Figure "C".

Unless otherwise stated, on Transition Surfaces, such as oblique surfaces, the Surface Roughness
shall be considered as equal to the Roughest adjacent surface.

Where the Designer requires a particular Process (example, polishing, lapping), the method shall be
also indicated by the Surface Roughness Symbol. See Figure "D".

The method for indicating a Roughness Value for a Restricted area is shown at Figure "E".

3-5 Roughness Value Indication for Composite Items


For specific recommendations:
* ABD0076 - Composite parts - Surface status requirements

Where Surface Roughness indications and Measuring Methods (as required for Metallic Materials)
do not apply, the Surface Roughness shall be defined by:
- either a Statement indicated directly on the affected Drawing,
- or reference to another Standard or Manufacturing Process Specification stated directly on the
affected Drawing.

Where relevant the Measuring Method shall be indicated.

Page: 3 - 1

Issue: D Date: Sep 09/97


AIRBUS INDUSTRIE ABD0002
Surface Roughness

Examples:
1,6

3,2 60°

Figure A

3,2

3,2 Roughness Symbol

1,6

Figure B

Surface Finish 3,2


1
ABD0002

0,8

0,4
Figure C

1,6

Surface Finish 3,2


ABD0002 1

1 Whenever the Drawing callout is in inches the unit designation -µin- shall be added.
Callouts without unit designation shall be construed to be in -µm-.

Page: 3 - 2

Issue: D Date: Sep 09/97


AIRBUS INDUSTRIE ABD0002
Surface Roughness

Figure D Example: lapped


0,1

Figure E Example:
30
6,3 3,2

Page: 3 - 3

Issue: D Date: Sep 09/97


Issue: D

Issue/Revision Approval Sheet - Standardization Board - Members Name and Signature

AIRBUS INDUSTRIE
Surface Roughness
ISSUE A B C D E F

DATE Apr 26/88 Jun 17/93 Oct 16/96 Sep 09/97

M. JAMMY F. PICARD J.M. THOMAS J.M. THOMAS


Aerospatiale Signed Signed Signed

V. MUNGRE P. GERBOVITS P. GERBOVITS P. GERBOVITS


BELAIRBUS-SONACA Signed (by fax)

S.J. SWALDING H. W. GALLIVER E. SMITH E. SMITH


British Aerospace Signed Signed Signed

F. CASTRO K. SCHLEICHER K. SCHLEICHER K. SCHLEICHER


CASA Signed Signed Signed

H. HORSTKEMPER H. STEINBECK K. KIOCK K. KIOCK


DA Signed Signed Signed

P.N.R. KEEGSTRA _________ _________ _________


FOKKER

D. KNOSPE W. DIDSZUHN A. GARCIA G. THOMAS


Airbus Industrie Signed Signed Signed

Standardization W. RIECKMANN W. SCHNEIDER Y. LE GALL Y. LE GALL


Board Chairman Signed Signed Signed

ABD0002
Date: Sep 09/97

In signing this document, the Members and Associated Partners of Airbus Industrie commit themselves to follow in their work on Airbus Industrie
Page: 0 - 1

aircraft the Rules which are set out in this ABD.

Changes to this procedure and/or improvements have to be authorized by Airbus Industrie in agreement with the Members and issued by Airbus
Industrie, except for those changes in the areas provided for domestic requirements.
Issue: D

Issue/Revision Approval Sheet - Task Force 1 - Members: Name and Signature

AIRBUS INDUSTRIE
Surface Roughness
Issue A B C D E F
Date Apr 26/88 Jun 17/93 Oct 16/96 Sep 09/97

F. MUNOZ P. BRUNET JP. ZAGONEL P. HUGUET


Aerospatiale
Signed Signed Signed Signed
E. SMITH E. SMITH W. DOREY W. DOREY
British Aerospace
Signed Signed Signed Signed
J. LLORENTE F. LOPEZ BENITO F. LOPEZ BENITO F. LOPEZ BENITO
CASA
Signed Signed Signed Signed
H. KOMPALLA J. MEYER F. JAEGER F. JAEGER
DA Signed Signed Signed Signed
B. MICHON ______ ______ ______
FOKKER

F. DEVERD F. DEVERD F. DEVERD F. DEVERD


BELAIRBUS-SONACA
Signed Signed Signed Signed
J. GROUSSET R. ASCOUGH K. HANCOCK K. HANCOCK
Airbus Industrie
Signed Signed Signed Signed
P. BRUNET P. BRUNET ______ ______
Task Coordinator
Signed Signed
______ ______ ______ ______
WG Chairman

K.L. SHAW E. SMITH E. SMITH E. SMITH


TF1 Chairman

ABD0002
Signed Signed Signed Signed
Date: Sep 09/97

Standardization Board A. QUESNEY A. QUESNEY K. HANCOCK J. BURRIDGE


Page: 0 - 2

Executive Secretary Signed Signed Signed Signed

Note: When replacing earlier Signature Sheets, indicate the Name and Signed at the level of the relevant Issue Index/Date.
AIRBUS INDUSTRIE ABD0002
Surface Roughness

Record Of Revisions

Effect on
Issue Date Reason for Revision
Page Paragraph

A Apr 26/88 - Added: Notes on Composite Materials.


- Removed: Machining basic data as superfluous
to this standard.

B Jun 17/93 1-1 - Completed with:


• Definition.
• Objectives.
• References.
• Responsibilities.

2-1 - Improved: Requirements (partly moved from


Chapters 1).

3-1 - Moved from Chapter 2 and Improved.

C Oct 16/96 2-1 - Adapted the text to take in consideration


ABD0076.
3-1

D Sep 09/97 1-1 - ISO1302 added to clause 1-3 References

Page: ROR - 1

Issue: D Date: Sep 09/97


AIRBUS INDUSTRIE ABD0002
Surface Roughness

List of Effective Pages

Page Issue Page Issue Page Issue Page Issue Page Issue

TOC-1 D

1-1 D

2-1 D

3-1 D
3-2 D
3-3 D

0-1 D
0-2 D

ROR-1 D

LEP-1 D

Page: LEP - 1

Issue: D Date: Sep 09/97