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ANATOMY AND

PHYSIOLOGY
VOCABULARY

Copyright © 2006 by Elsevier, Inc.


Copyright © 2006 by Elsevier, Inc.
Physiology Vocabulary 8

PREFIX/SUFFIX/ROOT WORD SAMPLE

-phagia Osteophagia
-algia Neuralgia
-metry Geometry
-asthen Phlebasthenia
-itis Adenitis
Copyright © 2006 by Elsevier, Inc.
Physiology Vocabulary 8

PREFIX/SUFFIX/ROOT WORD SAMPLE

-osis Narcosis
-stenosis Aortic stenosis

-poiesis Leukopoiesis
-paresis Hemiparesis
-ostomy Tracheostomy
Copyright © 2006 by Elsevier, Inc.
Copyright © 2006 by Elsevier, Inc.
Physiology Vocabulary – Suffix #8

71.” -phagia”- eat, ingest


• Osteophagia: Osteo
(bone) + phagia
(consume).
• A process in which
certain bone cells
consume an rebuild
bone tissue during
growth and repair.

Copyright © 2006 by Elsevier, Inc.


Physiology Vocabulary – Suffix #8

72.”-algia” – pain
• Neuralgia: Neur
(nerves) + algia
(pain).
• Nerve pain.

Copyright © 2006 by Elsevier, Inc.


Physiology Vocabulary – Suffix #8

73.”-metry”- measure
• Geometry: Geo (earth)
+ metry (measure).
• Literally, the
measurement of the
earth.

Copyright © 2006 by Elsevier, Inc.


Physiology Vocabulary – Suffix #8

74. “-asthen”- weakness


• Phlebasthenia: Phleb
(vein) + asthen
(weakness) + ia
(condition).
• Weakness of a vein.

Copyright © 2006 by Elsevier, Inc.


Physiology Vocabulary – Suffix # 8

75.”-itis”- inflammation
• Adenitis: Aden
(gland) + itis
(inflammation).
• Inflammation of a
gland.

Copyright © 2006 by Elsevier, Inc.


Physiology Vocabulary – Suffix # 8

76.”-osis”- a condition
• Narcosis: Narc (drugs)
+ -osis (a condition).
• The condition of being
drugged.

Copyright © 2006 by Elsevier, Inc.


Physiology Vocabulary – Suffix # 8

77.”-stenosis”- narrowing, constriction


• Aortic stenosis:
• The narrowing of the
aortic valve of the
heart.

Copyright © 2006 by Elsevier, Inc.


Physiology Vocabulary – Suffix # 8

78.”-poiesis”- formation, production


• Leukopoiesis: Leuk
(white) + o + poesis
(formation).
• The formation of white
blood cells.

Copyright © 2006 by Elsevier, Inc.


Physiology Vocabulary – Suffix # 8

79.”-paresis”- partial paralysis


• Hemiparesis: Hemi
(half) + paresis (partial
paralysis).
• Paralysis of one half of
the body.

Copyright © 2006 by Elsevier, Inc.


Physiology Vocabulary – Suffix # 8

80.”-ostomy”- surgical opening


• Tracheostomy/ -otomy
Trache (trachea) +
otomy (to cut into).
• An opening through
the neck into the
trachea.

Copyright © 2006 by Elsevier, Inc.