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CR-900 Repeater

Product Manual
Edition
Edition 1.02, April 2014.

Copyrights
The information contained herein is the property of Coiler Corporation. No
part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by
any means, electronic or mechanical and for any purpose without the prior
written permission of Coiler.

Copyrights © 2014. All rights reserved.

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1. About This Manual
This installation guide is produced for the use of Coiler’s CR Band Selective Repeater by Coiler
personnel, licensees and customers.

Due to the continued progress in methodology, design and manufacturing of our products,
the contents of this document are subject to revision without any notice. Coiler assumes no
legal responsibility for any error or damage resulting from the use of this document.

Your comments can assist us in improving our products and services. Please address them to
Coiler at any time.

Address : 21F-6, No.77, Sec.1, Xintai 5th Rd., Xizhi Dist. New Taipei City 221, Taiwan.

Phone : +886 2 2698 2627


Fax : +886 2 2698 2629

Web site : www.coiler.com.tw

Email : marketing@coiler.com.tw

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2. Table of Contents
1. About this Manual ........................................................................................................................ 3
2. Table of Contents ............................................................................................................................ 4
3. Safety Instructions ........................................................................................................................... 5
4. Package Contents ........................................................................................................................... 5
5. Product Introduction ........................................................................................................................ 6
5.1. Repeater Parts Identification ............................................................................................... 7
6. Key Safety Features........................................................................................................................ 9
6.1. Automatic Gain Adjustment............................................................................................... 9
6.2. Automatic Gain Control........................................................................................................ 9
6.3. Auto Shut Down and Auto Turn On ................................................................................... 9
6.4. Uplink Standby mode........................................................................................................... 9
7. Site Survey and Installation Planning ............................................................................................ 10
7.1. Outdoor Installation ........................................................................................................... 10
7.1.1. Cable Installation Planning .................................................................................. 10
7.2. Indoor Installation .............................................................................................................. 11
7.2.1. Cable Installation Planning .................................................................................. 11
7.3. Link Budget Calculation .................................................................................................. 12
8. Mounting and Installation ........................................................................................................... 13
9. Control Panel Menu....................................................................................................................... 14
9.1. Control Mode ..................................................................................................................... 15
9.2. Service Channel ................................................................................................................. 16
9.3. DL/UL ATT ...................................................................................................................... 17
9.4. AGS Control ....................................................................................................................... 18
9.5. AGC Control ....................................................................................................................... 19
9.6. AGD Control ....................................................................................................................... 20
9.7. Standby Mode .................................................................................................................... 20
9.8. Isolation .............................................................................................................................. 21
9.9. SD On/Off .......................................................................................................................... 21
9.10. RF PA On/Off .................................................................................................................. 22
9.11. PWR Monitor ...................................................................................................................... 22
9.12. Inside Temp ....................................................................................................................... 23
9.13. Alarm View ......................................................................................................................... 23
9.14. Unit Info........................................................................................................................... 24
10. Testing........................................................................................................................................... 24
11. Troubleshooting ............................................................................................................................ 25

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3. Safety Instructions
Any personnel inv ol v ed in an installation, operation or service of the Coiler CR Band
Selective Repeater must understand and do the following:

1. Coiler CR Band Selective Repeaters must be used exclusively for its application described
in this guide’s product introduction and nothing else.

2. For your safety, please be aware of power lines at all times during installation and use.
Please make sure to take appropriate safety measures for protection. Contact with high-
voltage power lines can cause serious injury or death.

3. Please handle the equipment with care. Mechanical shock due to the dropping or
mishandling of the repeater can permanently damage sensitive RF components.

4. The primary AC power range for the repeater is AC100-240V. It is possible to damage the
repeater if the primary AC power is outside this range.

5. An external lightning protector is recommended when the antenna is installed outdoor.

4. Package Contents

CR Repeater User Manual

Power Cable Door Lock Key Mounting Screws

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5. Product Introduction
The Coiler CR Band Selective
Repeater is designed to improve
cell phone signal coverage and
enhance reception in the indoor
and outdoor areas where mobile
signal is limited or compromised due
to construction structures or natural
obstacles. This device is a perfect
choice for network operators seeking
a quick and cost-effective coverage
solution for large indoor areas such
as office and residential areas,
restaurants, supermarkets,
shopping malls and conference
facilities. The CR also delivers the
most reliable mobile signal
enhancement in outdoor areas by
offering a power output up to
+30dBm on the UL and +33dBm on
the DL for GSM900 and output up to
+33dBm on UL and +36dBm on DL
for UMTS900. For both GSM and
UMTS 900, the maximum gain
would be 90dB.

This device is designed as a bi-


directional amplifier that receives
and amplifies signals from one
or more base stations and
retransmits the signals to one or
more mobile phones. The repeater
also receives signals from one or
more mobile phones, amplifies and
retransmits the signals to the base
stations.

CR-900 can support 1 or 2 segments. Safety features of CR include Auto Gain Setting, Auto Gain
Control, Auto Turn-On, Auto Shut Down, and Uplink Standby Mode – all of the functions help to
protect the system against oscillation and interference with base stations. The CR Band Selective
Repeater features an integrated keypad and digital LED panel local configuration. The repeater
is also remotely manageable (control and monitor) via Coiler web-based OMC.

The CR-900 is a perfect solution for carriers seeking GSM/UMTS 900 coverage extension for
large in-building facilities.

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5.1 Repeater Parts Identification
Detailed descriptions of each part are shown on page 8.

Exterior View

Side View Base View

Door Locks

AC Power

Mounts BTS Port MS Port


Grounding Port

Interior View
Door Sensor
GUI Debug Port
Power Switch

Battery Charge Switch

Power and Alarm LED LED Display

Control Keypad

UL/DL
Power Amplifier

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Side View
Door Lock Lock and secures the repeater’s interior. Comes with one key.

Mounts Mounting bracket of CR. Comes pre-attached to the repeater.

Ground Port Port for grounding connection.

Base View
BTS Port Connector to donor antenna. (N-type Female)

MS Port Connector to service antenna. (N-type Female)

AC Power Connector to power plug.

Interior View
Door Sensor Generates door alarm if sensor is triggered.

Power Switch To switch the power On/Off.

Battery Charge Switch If RCU is used, the battery charge switch needs to be turned on to charge
the backup battery.

LED Display Displays all control panel information.

Control Keypad Controls all root menu functions.

DL/UL PA Power amplifier for both UL and DL.

Power and Alarm LED DC DC power alarm. If power is connected and status is
normal, blue LED will illuminate. LED will not lit if power
fails. (See Section 11 for more details)
PA Power amplifier alarm. Red alarm LED will illuminate if
either UL/DL power amplifier is set off or repeater
overpowers. (See Section 11 for more details)
AGC AGC alarm. Red alarm LED will illuminate if AGC
exceeds its 30dB of range. (See Section 6.3 and 11 for
more details)
Isolation Isolation alarm. Red alarm LED will illuminate if
insufficient isolation occurs (Isolation < Gain + 15dB).

Temp Temperature automatic shutdown alarm. Red alarm


LED will illuminate if ASD is triggered due to over
temperature. (See Section 6.3 and 11 for more details)

GUI Debug Port TO BE USED BY COILER ENGINEER ONLY.

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6. Key Safety Features

The CR Repeater is equipped with multiple technologies to ensure network safety and
performance. Each of these functions can be configured through the control keypad or
Coiler’s OMC. This section provides explanation to each of the functions.

6.1 Automatic Gain Setting


The first section of technology begins with Automatic Gain Setting (AGS). It is the key
technology to make the CR simple to install. AGS is triggered when CR-900 is powered on
and can attenuate both the UL & DL gain up to 30dB based on the RSSI or when isolation is
insufficient. When AGS is on, it will recheck the RSSI level to an interval of your choosing
(refer to section 9.4 for AGS Period) to ensure the gain is in an optimal setting. If the RSSI
level has a change of 2dB or more, AGS would re-attenuate the CR automatically at the
interval time to ensure it is at the optimal power level at all times.

6.2 Automatic Gain Control


The second section of technology feature in the CR is the Automatic Gain Control (AGC) with
a range 30dB (refer to section 9.5 for AGC control). If there is a surge of input power, AGC
would keep the output power constant and not go beyond the CR output power level. This
feature is to protect the device from being damaged by sudden power surges. AGC will adjust
UL and DL independently. However, this UL can follow DL adjustment and set to specific
difference (refer to section 9.6 for AGD control).

6.3 Auto Shut Down and Auto Turn On


If the input power exceeds AGC range on the DL or UL path, it would trigger CR’s third
technology and activate Auto Shut Down (ASD). This advanced safety mechanism includes a
set of technologies ASD and ATO (Auto Turn On). ASD is a stage that temporarily stops the
RF function of CR. ASD will activate if CR is outside of its AGC range and output power
reaches DL: 38.5dBm / UL: 25dBm. Once the AGC returns to its normal range and output
power is below DL: 38.5dBm / UL: 25dBm, the ATO feature would power the repeater back on
and restore all functions promptly. However, if the input power remains too great and
dangerous for the network, the repeater will remain switched off. A technician should look into
the situation before powering the CR back on. ASD will also be triggered if repeater’s working
temperature exceeds 85˚C or DL output power is ≧ 30dBm and return loss is > -5dB. Auto
Shut Down and Auto Turn On by default is on and can be switched off via keypad (refer to
section 9.9 to make changes to ASD).

6.4 Uplink Standby Mode


When there is no UL transmission for over 2 minutes (with UL input signal < -95dBm), the
repeater will go into UL Stand-By Mode. In this case the Power LED will blink. UL Stand-By
Mode will deactivate instantly when UL transmission occurs (UL input signal level reaches > -
90dBm).
The function reduces thermal noise to Node B, as well as the power consumption of the
device and can be deactivated via keypad (refer to section 9.7).

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7. Site Survey and Installation Planning

7.1 Outdoor Installation


Please inspect the outdoor environment in order to identify the best location for the
installation of the donor antenna, the repeater unit and service antennas. DO NOT
physically mount any equipment at this moment.

1. The donor antenna should be located in the area with the strongest signal reception
and away from any barriers, such as hills and mountains, high buildings or signboards.
You may use a mobile phone, spectrum analyzer, or CR LED Display (RSSI can be
viewed under PWR Monitor – DL IN. See section 9.11 for more details) to measure
received strength signal intensity. An ideal location should have outdoor signal
strength greater than -80dBm. Ideally, the donor antenna should face the base station of
the operator of the signal it is intended to amplify. Depending on the application and the
environment, t he donor antenna used can be a directional or panel. (Please contact
Coiler for optional accessories).

2. Please note that the antenna isolation between the donor antenna and the service
antennas. Coiler recommends that in order to avoid repeater oscillation, the
isolation should be at least 15dB more than the gain of the repeater. For the CR
Repeater, the isolation should be at least 105dB if the CR Repeater is set to the
maximum gain value (90dB).

3. The CR comes with IP65 housing; therefore the repeater unit is capable to be located both
indoor and outdoor. If it is to be located outdoor, it should be installed in a shaded area and
avoid direct contact with the sun. Also ensure that the AC power plug is available and near
to the repeater unit.

7.1.1 Cable Installation Planning


Plan the installation of the cable considering the locations of the donor antenna, repeater
unit and service antennas. Coiler recommends y o u should use 7/8” or 1/2” cable for your
installation. Please ensure that the cable has been equipped with appropriate connectors.

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7.2 Indoor Installation
Please inspect the outdoor and indoor environments in order to identify the best location
for the installation of the donor antenna, the repeater unit and service antennas. DO
NOT physically mount any equipment at this moment.

1. The donor antenna should be located in the area with the strongest signal reception
and away from any barriers, such as hills and mountains, high buildings or signboards.
It may be located on the rooftop or the side of the building. You may use a mobile phone,
spectrum analyzer, or CR LED Display (RSSI can be viewed under PWR Monitor – DL IN.
See section 9.11 for more details) to measure received strength signal intensity. An ideal
location should have outdoor signal strength greater than -80dBm. Ideally, the donor
antenna should face the base station of the operator of the signal it is intended to amplify.
Depending on the application and the environment, t he donor antenna used can be a
directional or panel. (Please contact Coiler for optional accessories).

2. Please determine the number of the service antennas that will be required by
calculating the required indoor coverage area, the building construction and the signal
path loss. For the best performance, service antennas should be installed on the ceiling
or on the wall at least two meters from the floor. Installation on the wall may however
obstruct the signal and shorten the signal range. Ideally, the service antennas should
be placed central to the area that requires coverage. Please note that the antenna
isolation between the donor antenna and the service antennas. Coiler recommends that
in order to avoid repeater oscillation, the isolation should be at least 15dB more
than the gain of the repeater. For the CR Repeater, the isolation should be at least
105dB if the CR Repeater is set to the maximum gain value (90dB).

4. The CR comes with IP65 housing; therefore the repeater unit is capable to be located
both indoor and outdoor. If it is to be located indoor, it should be installed in a well
ventilated environment with a constant temperature and humidity. Humidity and
temperature changes may affect the repeater’s reliability. Also ensure that the AC
power plug is available and near to the repeater unit.

7.2.1 Cable Installation Planning


Plan the installation of the cable considering the locations of the donor antenna, repeater
unit and service antennas. Coiler recommends you should use 7/8” or 1/2” cable for your
installation. Please ensure that the cable has been equipped with appropriate connectors.

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7.3 Link Budget Calculation

Calculate the link budget for the planned


installation site in order to verify the
effective coverage that the system will
provide. You may use the calculation chart,
calculation reference table and the
following formula. Use the gain formula
below to calculate the gain adjustment of
the repeater in case you are planning a
specific signal strength for the service
antenna.

Link Budget Formula:


Service Signal (F) = Donor Antenna Signal (A) + Donor Antenna Gain (B) + RF Cable
Loss (C1) + Repeater Gain (D) + RF Cable Loss (C2) + Service
Antenna Gain (E)

For Example:

F = (-80) + (14) + (-8) + (90) + (-8) + (16) = 24dBm

(A) Donor (B) Donor (C1) (D) (C2) (E) Service (F) Effective
Ant. Ant. RF Cable Repeater RF Cable Ant. Service Service
Signal (dBm) Gain (dB) Loss (dB) Gain (dB) Loss (dB) Gain (dB) Signal (dBm) Radius (m)

-80 14 -8 90 -8 16 24 5698m

-85 14 -8 90 -8 16 19 3204m

-90 14 -8 90 -8 16 14 1802m

Gain Formula:
Repeater Gain (D) = Desired Service Signal (F) – Donor Antenna Signal (A) – Donor Antenna Gain
(B) – RF Cable Loss (C1) – RF Cable Loss (C2) – Service Antenna Gain (E)

For Example:

D = (30) – (-70) – (14) – (-8) – (-8) – (16) = 86dB

NOTE:

1. Coiler recommends the maximum Service Signal (F) to be approximately 30~32dBm


(5~7 dB less than the maximum output power). This is to compensate for the cell
breathing effect.

2. The effective s e r v i c e range is defined as the distance o f free space. The data is an
approximate value. The actual Signal Strength may vary depending on the outdoor

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signal strength (A) and used accessories (B, E) and cabling (C).

3. The data above is based on a single service antenna unit installation and is not suitable
for multi-antenna installations.

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8. Mounting and Installation
1. Please install the donor antenna in the previously selected location. Please choose a
mount type for the donor antenna that suits your preferences and the environmental
conditions. You may need to reposition or rotate the donor antenna in order to find
the direction providing the strongest signal strength.

2. Please mount the repeater in the previously selected location.

3. Route the cable between the donor antenna and the repeater unit. Ensure that all
connections are tightly fastened. Ensure that the cable is fastened on the wall or to a
cable tray, and secure the connectors to avoid water decay of the cables. Connect the
cable to the connector marked ‘BS_ANT’ on the repeater and the other end to the service
antenna.

4. Please i nst a ll service antenna(s) in the previously selected location(s). Route the cable
between the repeater unit and the service antenna. Ensure that all connections are tightly
fastened. Ensure that the cable is fastened on the wall or to a cable tray, and secure the
connectors to avoid water decay of the cables. In the case of multiple service antennas,
use appropriate power splitters to split the signal. Route the cable accordingly. Connect
the cable to the connector marked ‘MS_ANT’ on the repeater and the other end to the
service antenna.

5. Connect the power cable of the adaptor to the repeater where it is marked ‘AC’ and
plug the adaptor into the power plug.

6. Switch the power button to ON. The DC LED should now be blue. Ensure that no other
LED is illuminated. If any other LED is lit, please refer to the Troubleshooting section
(Section 11) of this manual.

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9. Control Panel Menu
The CR-900 Band Selective Repeater’s built-in control panel has four simple adjustment
buttons to navigate through all the functions and access information of the unit. The four
buttons from left to right are “Menu”, “Up”, “Down”, and “Enter”. The “Enter” button is to select
a function and enable the selected function for adjustment. “Up” and “Down” are used for
navigation or adjustment. The “Menu” button is to cancel an adjustment or to navigate back to
the root menu.

Below is the menu tree with all 14 options as they would appear on the CR display.

Unlocking the Keypad for Configuration


The CR setting by default would be locked to prevent any alteration of settings. In order to make
changes to the configuration, the control must be unlocked first. There are two types of unlock:

Full Unlock – Press and hold all four buttons for more than 5 seconds
This will unlock all settings including changing service channels. Use this option only when
service channels needs to be changed.

Partial Unlock – Press and hold “UP and “Down” buttons for more than 5 seconds
This will unlock all settings except changing of service channels. Use this option for general on
site setup where frequency change is not required.

*Once the control is unlocked, it will remain unlock for 5 minutes. Should there be no action for 5
minutes on the keypad, the CR will lock itself again to prevent setting alterations.

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9.1 Control Mode
The CR-900 can be configured locally via the keypad or remotely via Coiler’s OMC software (if the
unit comes with RCU). The default setting is set to ‘Local’ so an engineer can make configurations to
the repeater while on site. In ‘Local’ mode, no power will be supplied to the RCU (to power and
enable RCU function, switch mode to ‘RCU’). This option should not be changed if the unit does not
have RCU.

When the unit has RCU, it would need to be switched to ‘RCU’ mode to enable monitoring and
configurations by OMC in the future (refer to section 9 to unlock keypad). Once control mode is
switched to ‘RCU’, local keypad configuration of repeater settings will no longer be available (only
checking of setting can be done). After switching to ‘RCU’ mode, any attempt to modify any settings
via the keypad will result with a warning message ‘Not Allowed CTRL [RCU MODE]’. Should there be
a need to make modifications via keypad, simply switch back to ‘Local’ for keypad control.

Note: configurations made will be remembered by the system regardless of the mode it is in.

In order to select or change the control mode, please follow the procedure below:
1. Press the ‘Menu’ key then press the ‘Enter’ key to display the main menu.
2. Press the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to shift the arrow ‘>’ to the ‘1. Control MODE’ option’.
3. Press the ‘Enter’ key to choose the sub-menu.
4. Press the ‘Enter’ key again to make selection available and use ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to
change from ‘Local’ to ‘RCU’ or vice versa (refer to section 9 to unlock keypad).
5. Press the ‘Enter’ key to confirm the change.

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9.2 Service Channel
To locally adjust the service channel in CR Band Selective Repeater, it can be done easily via the
keypad in the front panel (refer to section 9 to unlock keypad). Simply select the option and use the
“Up” or “Down” button to adjust the channel number, the table below shows of all selections under
this option.

CR-900 support 1 or 2 segment. Segment 1 can be configured anywhere on EGSM and the first
15MHz of PGSM (UL880~905MHz/DL925~950MHz). Segment 2 does not cover EGSM but can
cover the entire PGSM (UL890~915MHz/DL935~960MHz). Therefore, if service is needed on
EGSM, only segment 1 can be used; if entire PGSM requires service, only segment 2 can be used.

To enable service on either segments, select the service channel to change status “ON/OFF”.
Also, the minimum bandwidth for each segment is 0.6MHz while the maximum is 25MHz. The
frequency can be configured either from UL or DL. Minimum distance between the 2 segments
should be 2MHz. The frequency adjustment is by 0.1MHz increments.

DL-S is the beginning frequency of DL while DL-E is the end of the frequency. Rest of the menu
option follows the same logic.

In order to configure the current gain, please follow the procedure below:
1. Press the ‘Menu’ key then press the ‘Enter’ key to display the main menu.
2. Press the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to shift the arrow ‘>’ to the ‘2. SERVICE CH’ option’.
3. Press the ‘Enter’ key to choose the sub-menu.
4. Press the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to change the channel number (refer to section 9 to unlock
keypad).
5. Press the ‘Enter’ key to confirm the change.

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9.3 DL/UL ATT
In order to enable flexible adoption to various mobile environments, the CR Band Selective
Repeater provides individual control of UL and DL gain. The UL/DL attenuators control
range from 0 dB to 30 dB in 1dB increments. Furthermore, all the settings can be adjusted
easily via the keypad in the front panel. Simply select the option and use the “Up” or “Down”
button to adjust the value. The chart below is a sample of selections under this option.

In order to configure the current gain, please follow the procedure below:
1. Press the ‘Menu’ key then press the ‘Enter’ key to display the main menu.
2. Press the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to shift the arrow ‘>’ to the ‘2. DL / UL ATT’ option’.
3. Press the ‘Enter’ key to choose the sub-menu.
4. Press the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to shift the arrow ‘>’ to the ‘DL A G S ATT’ or ‘UL A G S
ATT’ option. The default of the UL/DL gain attenuator is 0 dB.
5. Press the ‘Enter’ key to start the gain setting. At this moment the ‘0 dB’ will be blinking.
6. Press the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to adjust the attenuation level. UL/DL gain adjustment may be
required in a situation where you intend to adjust to a specific signal level on a
service antenna (Coiler recommends a value no higher than 0 dBm, so please
calculate the link budget above) or when the isolation between the donor antenna and
the service antenna is not sufficient. Please note that: Current Gain = Max. Gain – Manual
ATT.
7. When the adjustment has been completed, press the ‘Enter’ key to confirm the settings.
8. Press the ‘Menu’ key to return to the main menu.

NOTE:

1. If the AGS function is enabled, only the ‘DL ATT’ is available for adjustment. The UL
will be controlled by the AGS function and NO manual adjustment w ill be allowed.
By default AGS feature is disabled.

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9.4 AGS Control
When AGS on, manual attenuation is not available. AGS by default is on with interval cycle of 1 day
(24 hours). Interval time can be modified to 30 MIN, 1 HR, 3 HR, 6 HR, 12 HR, 1 DAY, or 1 WEEK.

In order to activate the AGS function, please follow the procedure below:
1. Press the ‘Menu’ key then press the ‘Enter’ key to display the main menu.
2. Press the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to shift the arrow ‘>’ to the ‘3. AGS Control’ option’.
3. Press the ‘Enter’ key to choose the sub-menu then select the item ‘AGS on/off‘, then
press the ‘Enter’ key again.
4. Press the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to switch the selected item to ‘ON’.
5. Press the ‘Enter’ key to confirm the setting.
6. Select the item ‘AGS Period‘, then press the ‘Enter’ key.
7. Select the time interval of the AGS operation cycle, then press the ‘Enter’ key to confirm.
8. Press the ‘Menu’ key to return to the main menu.

NOTE:
Once the AGS function is activated, the manual attenuation of the UL will be
DISABLED. By default AGS feature is disabled.

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9.5 AGC Control
Coiler strongly recommends that the user keeps the AGC function activated at all
times (the default setting of the AGC function is set to ‘ON’).

More details of this function can be found under section 6.2.

In order to disable the AGC function, please follow the procedure below:
1. Press the ‘Menu’ key then press the ‘Enter’ key to display the main
menu.
2. Press the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to shift the arrow ‘>’ to the ‘4. AGC Control’ option.
3. Press the ‘Enter’ key to choose the sub-menu then select the item ‘AGC on/off‘, then
press the ‘Enter’ key once again.
4. Press the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to switch the selected item to ‘ON’.
5. Press the ‘Enter’ key to confirm the setting.
6. Press the ‘Menu’ key to return to the main menu.

NOTE:
1. If the AGC function is disabled, the device w ill be driven into ‘saturation’ once
an over-powered input occurs. If the user decides to disable the AGC function, all
risks will be incurred by the user as the device CAN BE DAMAGED under the
situation mentioned above.

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9.6 AGD Control
The CR Band Selective Repeater also provides an efficient way to configure the current gain
through the Auto Gain Difference (AGD) function. Once the AGD function is activated, the
repeater will adjust the UL gain value by the Downlink Gain values accordingly. This intelligent
function enables the user to install the unit with ease, efficiency and in a safe manner. The AGD will
ensure the best performance and an interference-free operation condition at all times. The
AGD will adjust the UL gain level dynamically as per the formulae below:

UL Gain = Downlink Gain (dB) + AGD Gain Balance value (dB) -> Uplink Gain value can not
be over Dynamic Range
Balance difference goes from +15dB to -15dB, a total of 30dB room for adjustment.
NOTE: AGD function will take precedence over Uplink AGC Function. When AGD is on, Uplink
AGC will also follow the AGD settings.

In order to activate the AGD function, please follow the procedure below:
1. Press the ‘Menu’ key then press the ‘Enter’ key to display the main menu.
2. Press the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to shift the arrow ‘>’ to the ‘5. AGD Control’ option.
3. Press the ‘Enter’ key to choose the sub-menu then select the item ‘AGD on/off‘, then
press the ‘Enter’ key again.
4. Press the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to switch the selected item to ‘ON’.
5. Press the ‘Enter’ key to confirm the setting.
6. Select the item ‘Balance‘, then press ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to increase or decrease the difference
between UL and DL AGC by 1dB increment. Then press the ‘Enter’ key to confirm.
7. Press the ‘Menu’ key to return to the main menu.

9.7 Standby Mode


This function provides the ability allow customers to switch on/off Uplink Standby Mode feature. More
details of this function can be found in section 6.4.

In order to activate the Isolation function, please follow the procedure below:
1. Press the ‘Menu’ key then press the ‘Enter’ key to display the main menu.
2. Press the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to shift the arrow ‘>’ to the ‘7. Standby Mode’.
3. Press the ‘Enter’ key to choose the sub-menu ‘UL Standby Mode‘, then press the ‘Enter’
key again to enable selection.
4. Press the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to switch the selected item to ‘ON’ or ‘OFF’.
5. Press the ‘Enter’ key to confirm the setting.
6. Press the ‘Menu’ key to return to the main menu.

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9.8 Isolation
This function provides the ability allow customers to switch on/off the Automated Isolation Detection
feature.

In order to activate the Isolation function, please follow the procedure below:
1. Press the ‘Menu’ key then press the ‘Enter’ key to display the main menu.
2. Press the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to shift the arrow ‘>’ to the ‘6. ISOLATION’.
3. Press the ‘Enter’ key to choose the sub-menu then select the item ‘Isolation on/off‘, then
press the ‘Enter’ key again.
4. Press the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to switch the selected item to ‘ON’.
5. Press the ‘Enter’ key to confirm the setting.
6. Once ‘ISOL’ Check’ is turned on, shift arrow ‘>’ to ‘Check’.
7. Press ‘Enter’ to begin performing isolation check.
8. Isolation value will be displayed momentarily. If the Isolation is sufficient, [O] would be marked next to
the isolation value. If isolation is insufficient, [X] would be marked indicating either gain would have to be
reduced or the distance between donor and service antenna would need to be increased.

*NOTE: CR-900 will attenuate itself whenever isolation is insufficient even when AGS is off.
Isolation alarm will be visible on the control panel. Be sure to increase isolation when this
alarm is triggered.

9.9 SD On/Off
This function provides the ability allow customers to switch on/off the Automatic Shut-Down feature
(refer to section 6.3 to ASD function).

In order to activate the SD function, please follow the procedure below:


1. Press the ‘Menu’ key then press the ‘Enter’ key to display the main menu.
2. Press the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to shift the arrow ‘>’ to the ‘7. SD ON/OFF’.
3. Press the ‘Enter’ key to choose the sub-menu then select the item ‘SD ON/OFF‘, then
press the ‘Enter’ key again.
4. Press the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to switch the selected item to ‘ON’ or ‘OFF’.
5. Press the ‘Enter’ key to confirm the setting.
6. Press the ‘Menu’ key to return to the main menu.

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9.10 RF PA On/Off
This function provides the ability allow customers to switch on/off the DL/UL RF power amplifier.

In order to activate the RF PA function, please follow the procedure below:


1. Press the ‘Menu’ key then press the ‘Enter’ key to display the main menu.
2. Press the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to shift the arrow ‘>’ to the ‘8. RF PA ON/OFF’.
3. Press the ‘Enter’ key to choose the sub-menu then select the item ‘RF PA ON/OFF‘, then
press the ‘Enter’ key again.
4. Press the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to switch the selected item to ‘ON’ or ‘OFF’.
5. Press the ‘Enter’ key to confirm the setting.
6. Press the ‘Menu’ key to return to the main menu.

9.11 PWR Monitor


This function allows customers to view the current DL/UL input and output power of the unit.
When input power is <-85dBm, the display would show “LOW”.

In order to monitor the power, please follow the procedure below:


1. Press the ‘Menu’ key then press the ‘Enter’ key to display the main menu.
2. Press the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to shift the arrow ‘>’ to the ‘9. PWR Monitor’.
3. Press the enter key to view input and output information on both UL and DL of the
repeater. Donor RSSI level can be check under ‘DL IN’. Note: RSSI under -85dBm for DL will be
displayed as ‘Low’. Mobile signal to the service antenna under -85dBm will also be displayed as
‘low’. For both DL and UL output power, the value must be >5dBm for value to show. When output
power is <5dBm, the value will also be displayed as ‘Low’.
4. Press the ‘Menu’ key to return to the main menu.

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9.12 Inside Temp
This function allows customers to view the current temperature of the unit.

In order to monitor the temperature, please follow the procedure below:


1. Press the ‘Menu’ key then press the ‘Enter’ key to display the main menu.
2. Press the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to shift the arrow ‘>’ to the ‘10. Inside TEMP’.
3. Press the ‘Enter’ key to view temperature information.
4. Press the ‘Menu’ key to return to the main menu.

9.13 Alarm View


This function allows customers to view all alarm status of the unit. Below are the alarms available for
status checking via this option:
- ARC Shutdown DL / UL
- Over Power SD DL / UL
- IF PLL Unlock DL / UL
- AGC Out-of-Range DL / UL
- Over Temp’
- Over Temp’ SD
- MAIN DC+27V
- HPA DC+6V
- Isolation

In order to monitor the alarms, please follow the procedure below:


1. Press the ‘Menu’ key then press the ‘Enter’ key to display the main menu.
2. Press the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to shift the arrow ‘>’ to the ‘11. Alarm View’.
3. Press the ‘Enter’ key view the alarm list and status. Items that needs attention would be marked
with [X] and items that are functioning normally will be marked with [O].
4. Press the ‘Menu’ key to return to the main menu.

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9.14 Unit Info
This function allows customers to view all important information of the unit. Below are the information
available for viewing under this option:
- Hardware / Software Version
- Frequency Range
- Operational BW
- Max Gain

In order to monitor the status, please follow the procedure below:


1. Press the ‘Menu’ key then press the ‘Enter’ key to display the main menu.
2. Press the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to shift the arrow ‘>’ to the ‘12. Unit Info’.
3. Press the ‘Enter’ key to view information.
4. Press the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ key to browse through different information.
5. Press the ‘Menu’ key to return to the main menu.

11. Testing
To test your installation, you may monitor the output power via the DL RF Monitor Port
(section 9.11), or conduct drive test via Coiler SSA, Nemo or Tems to monitor the following
parameters: ECNO, RSCP, EC/IO, TX Power, and Data Throughput. In case there are any
problems with these tests, please refer to the Troubleshooting section (Section 11) of this
manual.

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12. Troubleshooting

Situation Solution

The keypad control is locked. Refer to Section 9 of this menu for keypad unlock instructions.
There is still no signal after the 1. Ensure that the output power source is AC 100~240V and that
installation of the equipment. the repeater is switched on. (Power Status, AC Fail, and DC
Fail LED are on and showing blue)
2. Ensure that all the connections are tightly fastened.
3. Ensure that the outdoor signal level (RSSI) is sufficient. (Coiler
recommends ≧ -80dBm)

4. Ensure that the cable used is suitable.


5. Reconnect the power cable.
The signal strength is too weak 1. Ensure that the donor signal (RSSI) is at the level of -80dBm or
in the corner. higher.
2. Increase / adjust repeater gain. (Coiler recommends increasing
the gain until downlink output power reaches 36dBm)
3. Ensure that all the connections are tightly fastened.
4. Ensure that the cable used is suitable.
5. Change the location of the outdoor / indoor antennas.
6. Replace the donor antenna with one with higher gain.
7. Make sure antenna VSWR is ≦ 1.5.

8. Install an additional service antenna in the corners of the


facility.
After the installation there is a 1. Ensure that the isolation between the outdoor and indoor
downlink signal detectable, but it antennas is sufficient by checking and making sure the ISO
is still impossible to make a LED is not lit. If LED is lit, please refer to the ISO LED section
phone call. of the Troubleshooting.
2. Reduce the repeater gain.
3. Change the location of the outdoor / indoor antennas.
4. Increase isolation by moving the service antenna to a location
where an obstacle is present in between the donor and service
antenna(s).
5. Reconnect the power cable.

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The repeater’s signal is not 1. Ensure that the donor signal (RSSI) is stable.
stable. 2. Ensure that the isolation between the outdoor and indoor
antennas is sufficient by checking and making sure the ISO
LED is not lit. If LED is lit, please refer to the ISO LED section
of the Troubleshooting.
3. Ensure that the antennas are in proper working condition.
4. Ensure that the RF cable is not damaged.
5. Reconnect the power cable.
The LEDs on the front of the 1. Ensure that the repeater is connected to a power source.
repeater are not lit. 2. Ensure that the repeater is switched on.
3. Ensure that the output power source is AC100~240V.

4. Reconnect the power cable.


LED Panel displays AC Fail. 1. Ensure that the repeater is connected to a power source.
2. Ensure that the output power source is AC 100~240V.

3. Ensure that all the connections are tightly fastened.


PA LED is lit in red. 1. Reduce the repeater gain.
2. Change the location of the outdoor antenna.
ISO LED is lit in red. 1. Reduce the repeater gain.
2. Change the location of the outdoor / indoor antennas.
3. Increase isolation by moving the service antenna to a location
where an obstacle is present in between the donor and service
antenna(s).
4. Reconnect the power cable.
DL ASD LED is lit in red 1. Reduce the repeater gain.
2. Change the location of the outdoor / indoor antennas.
3. Increase isolation by moving the service antenna to a location
where an obstacle is present in between the donor and service
antenna(s).
4. Reconnect the power cable.
UP ASD LED is lit in red. 1. Reduce the repeater gain.
2. Change the location of the outdoor / indoor antennas.
3. Increase isolation by moving the service antenna to a location
where an obstacle is present in between the donor and service
antenna(s).
4. Reconnect the power cable.
Temp ASD LED is lit in red. 1. Please connect OMT to check if other alarms are being
triggered.

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