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What are the functions of a computer?

Quick Answer

The four basic functions of a computer are: input, storage, processing, and output. The computer operates according to instructions
stored in its own memory unit and can accept inputted data, process that data arithmetically; and through sequence-based logic, it
can produce information and store the results for future use. All the applications of a computer derive from one of these four
functions.

What is hardware?

Hardware is a physical part of computer system or electronic device. Hardware, we can touch and feel. Hardware is only one part of a
computer system. Hardware can be often categorized in to input, output, and storage or processing components. Devices which are
not an integral part of the CPU are known as peripherals. Peripherals are used for input, storage or output. Peripherals devices such as
a hard disk, keyboard or printer. Hardware devices examples are monitor, keyboard, CPU and mouse and It also includes all the parts.
inside the computer such as the hard disk drive, motherboard, video card, and many others.

The machines, wiring, and other physical components of a computer or other electronic system.

Types of software?
There are three types of software: System Software. Application Software. Utility Software (most of the people include this as a sub-
category of application software)
...
System Software

 Operating system.

 Programming language translators.


 Communication software.

 Compiler and Interpreters.

 Command line shell.

Computer Terminology?

Computer Terms

Term Description

Server A computer that other computers can connect to via a network.

Modem A hardware device that is used to transfer information between computers via a phone line. Modem comes from
the 2 words Modulation & Demodulation. A Modem converts information from analog to digital and vice versa.
Digital information is represented in a series of 1's & 0's. Analog information varies continuously like a sound
wave. Typically when you send an E-mail, your modem converts the digital E-mail message to analog.

Software A package of instructions that causes the computer to do something. Examples include application programs and
games.

Directory A catalog for files stored on the Hard disk of a computer. It is a mechanism to group files. The topmost directory
is called the root directory; the directories within a directory are called sub directories.

Database A collection of data organized and designed for easy access.

Floppy Disk A magnetic disk which is used to store data. Floppy disks are often used to transfer files from one computer to
another or to backup important files.

Application A Program that has been created to perform a specific task that is useful to the user. Examples include Word
Program Processors (Word), Spreadsheets (Excel), Browsers (Netscape) and Drawing Packages (Paint).

Keyboard An input device that is used for entering data into a computer or giving it an instruction to do something specific.
The key arrangements resemble that of a typewriter plus it has additional keys for specific functions.

Mouse An input device used to maximize the benefits of a Graphical User Interface. The mouse also has a pointer on the
screen that is moved by moving the mouse up or down or from side to side. Generally a mouse has two buttons
which activates various tasks either by a single or a double click.

CPU Central Processing Unit. This refers to the brains of the computer � the microchip.

definition of definition of computer


computer

definition of definition of computer


computer

GUI Graphical User Interface. A Graphical User Interface is designed so that the user can perform tasks by using a
mouse to point & click to navigate around the computer.

Active Window In Windows, the front-most window on the desktop. The window which accepts any keyboard input

PC Personal Computer. Also sometimes used to distinguish an IBM compatible computer from a Macintosh
computer.

RAM Random Access Memory. It is a temporary storage area that the processor uses to execute programs and to hold
data.

Output Stuff you get back from the computer. Examples of output are: text/graphics displayed on the monitor, sounds
from the speakers, a printed page from the printer.

Input Stuff you tell the computer to do. This can be from external devices like a keyboard, mouse, or microphone.

Hard Disk The Hard Disk is where the data is stored within the computer.

Disk Drive The hardware which performs the basic operations on the hard disk - including rotating the disk &
reading/writing data to the disk.

Hardware The physical components of a computer including things like monitors, keyboards, mice, and printers.

Monitor Used to display the computer output.

Desktop Visual display of computer environment viewed on the monitor.

Internet Terms

Term Description

Band Width The maximum speed at which data can be transmitted between computers in a network.

Bookmarks A feature of web browsers to save a web page’s location for future retrieval.

Browser A program used to navigate the World Wide Web. Examples include: Internet Explorer and Netscape
Navigator

E-mail Electronic Mail. A way of sending other people messages from your computer. Widely used facility on the
Internet that basically sends addressed messages over a Network. The message normally gets there in a
couple of minutes.

HTTP HyperText Transmission Protocol. A protocol that computers on the internet use to communicate with each
other.

Home page The page by which a user normally enters a web site.
Hyperlink A highlighted, underlined phrase or word on a web page that can be clicked to go to another part of the
page or even to another web page.

Internet The Internet is a world wide computer network through which you can send a letter, chat with people
electronically or search for information. It originated in the 1960's when the US defense department was
worried about having its computer network destroyed by blowing up the central computer. A network was
designed around the principle of "unreliable computers" - if one was destroyed or failed the remaining
computers could still function.

URL Uniform Resource Locator - How documents on the WWW are referenced. The URL contains the protocol
to be used (HTTP) and then an internet address. Addresses are suffixed with a certain code to distinguish
what type of organization it represents. Examples of codes used include:

com - Commercial organization

edu - Educational institution

gov - Non military government organizations

int - International Organizations

mil - Military government organizations

net - Networks

org - non profit organization

Surf Surfing the net. Looking around the internet, jumping from web page to web page.

Spam E-mails sent to people whom in no way asked you to send that information - normally done in huge
numbers to promote a product.

Web Page An HTML document which contains information which can be seen on the internet.

HTML HyperText Markup Language. The text based language used to construct Web pages. This text it then
interpreted by Web Browsers and displayed by computers.

WWW World Wide Web. The Internet facility that allows you to browse linked web pages.

Definition of computer ?

Computer Is an electronic device that accept data and instructions as input, process the data according to the given instruction and
produce information as output.
A computer is a machine or device that performs processes, calculations and operations based on instructions provided by a software
or hardware program. It is designed to execute applications and provides a variety of solutions by combining integrated hardware and
software components….