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Your Name
NGO Name

Date of submission:
NGO Attachment
Version of report: MS Word Document

Trainers’ name:

ICP Partner Institution:

Name of learner: Name of the NGO:

Learner Registration number: Name of company representative


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I would like to express my special thanks to_____________, _________ and __________for
guiding me through the entire process from the beginning. The project could not have been
possible without their guidance and assistance.

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Table of Contents
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 4

INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 7

DETAILED PROJECT DESCRIPTION……………………………………………………………………………………... 9

KEY TAKEAWAYS ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 12

CONCLUSION ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 17


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The NGO attachment was undertaken at Unnati Skill Centre located in Bangalore .Unnati
with its core philosophy Learn- Earn and Stand tall aims at youth empowerment. It is a
vocational training and transformation program which will help the underprivileged youth
to secure stable employment. Unnati is a 50-day vocational training program offered at a
subsidized cost to the underprivileged less educated, unemployed and economically
backward youth with an assured job. Unnati enables inclusive growth by empowering
families below poverty line.
The 3 basic philosophies on which Unnati was guided,
1. if we train somebody we must be able to get them a job
2. We must enable the youth to be good and responsible citizens and be a part of the
inclusive society by being able to present themselves in the society.
3. He must be a change agent in his society
Unnati’s training programs are not just aimed to provide employment but to help the youth
understand the importance of Confidence, Self-Respect, Moral Values and living the precious
gift called life more meaningfully. Following is the bird’s view of Unnati’s philosophy of the
training programs.
It is absolutely essential to have a sustainable and dependable ecosystem to achieve this
seamlessly. The following figure depicts the ‘pride of Unnati”- The Unnati Ecosystem. Our
ecosystem simply put is ‘The Whole Community at Work” has many different pieces that
completes the jigsaw puzzle called “Youth Empowerment”. This big picture has many
different partners starting from the beneficiaries to benefactors, teaches, volunteers, our
industry partners etc. all striving for one cause Better empowered youth- Better society. We
firmly believe that a Nation thrives well if the youth are trained and empowered well and
money is purely incidental for the real wealth lies in the values imparted. Unnati’s
curriculum has been developed by industry experts, so as to maximize the benefit to the
participant and his/her prospective employer. The curriculum for the vocational streams has
been devised keeping the following parameters in mind:
Current industry trends
Requirements of organized sector employers
The caliber of the participants
The time-frame of the course
The holistic approach followed in the curriculum design goes beyond the vocational training
and helps the students in improving their life skills, computer literacy and general

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conversational abilities in English etc. The discipline and confidence instilled in them during
their stay at Unnati also helps them in their day to day professional lives.

SGBS Trust
Unnati is an initiative of the Sree Guruvayurappan Bhajan Samaj Trust (SGBS).SGBS, founded
in 1978, has been in the forefront in bringing best of art and cultural programs ‘Utsav’(free
of cost) to the general public in Bangalore.
The following programs are conducted by the SGBS trust.
Shiksha : Primary education for under privileged
Unnati : Vocational training for unemployed youth
Utsav : Preserving traditions, promoting art and culture
Samstha: Funeral services
The project involved understanding the the aspirations of the youth of Karnataka ,
specifically Bangalore and helping in increasing the outreach of Unnati’s vocational training
courses to middle income and under privileged sector of youth, single mothers, and
unemployed section of the society by understanding the challenges that stand in the way.
The study of the perceptions, aspirations, attitudes and expectations of the youth in
Karnataka aims at providing a snapshot of the `world` of the youth in the State. It is a
window to understand what the youth think about education and how beneficial they feel
vocational training can be for them.
It may also cover aspects such as attitude of unemployed youth towards vocational training
and if there is a positive response what are the possible challenges that hinder their
The objectives of the present study include:
a) Understand the perceptions of youth in Karnataka today
b) Measure the aspirations of the youth in Karnataka today
c) understand their perception of vocational training
d) what are their preferred sources of earning money

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The study would help understand the attitudes and perceptions of the youth in the state and
would provide Unnati project under SGBS trust an idea regarding the aims, aspirations,
attitudes and priorities of the youth of the State. This would help in reaching out and
relating to a larger proportion of the youth in the city and may also contribute to aligning
government policies such as the Skill India which have implications for the employability of
the youth of the state.


Young people in the state still favour a government job over working for the private sector.
Those in small towns and cities (save Bengaluru) were more enamoured of government jobs
than others.
The parental educational attainment did influence the employment choice of young people.
While the father’s education level did influence the preference for government or private
jobs, the mother’s being educated influenced the young people even more in their choice of
working for the government or the private sector.
Youth seek a government job in view of the security it offers. Given the revised pay-scales,
youth may also find government jobs more attractive from this perspective too. The cynic
could always argue that there is also a link between preference for government jobs and
desire for a job that provides a reasonable income on account of the perception that
government jobs have great scope for sourcing extra-constitutional means of earning
In spite of the influence of globalization, young people prefer to remain within the state
rather than venturing out to other parts of the country and beyond.
What do youth seek in a job?
The youth of today would be central to the work force of tomorrow. Many of the youth in
their 20s and early 30s would already be employed and those still in their teens or pursuing
higher education would have a vision of the type of work they would like to get involved in.
Six out of every ten youth preferred a government job. Close to one fourth wanted to work
in the private sector. One out of ten dreamt of starting their own business. A very small
percentage wanted to work for NGOs. There is a popular belief that the attraction of a
government job is something that is more frequently expressed in villages and small towns
and not in big cities. The findings prove otherwise. Close to eight of every ten young people
interviewed in Bengaluru favoured a government job. In the villages, close to six of every ten
youth interviewed, preferred working for the government. In towns and small cities the
attraction of a government job was much less than villages and Bengaluru city. Again, among
those opting for private job, the likelihood of their being youth in the towns and small cities
was much higher than those in villages and in Bengaluru city. Only one of every ten in
Bengaluru and two of every ten in rural Karnataka opted for a private job. In cities across the
state, close to one-thirds of the youth opted for a private job and in towns one-fourth of the
youth preferred private jobs. There was not much variation across regions among those who
hoped to start their own business.

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Unnati- an initiative of SGBS trust was started in October 2003 with the purpose of enabling
underprivileged, unemployed youth to get employed.
In India, a large percentage of youth have no access to formal / higher education. Around
80% of them don’t reach even 10th standard.Left unattended, these youth could potentially
turn to non-productive / anti social activities. Unnati was started with the aim to provide a
sustainable livelihood and economic independence to such youth, and integrate them in to
the mainstream.Unnati was conceived to harness their potentialities, and mould them in to
self reliant, productive workforce for the country
Unnati – 623 youth during 2014-15: target for current year is 770
Trustees comprise of professionals from corporate & self employed individuals based in
Bangalore, who believe in the goals of the Trust, and are passionate about achieving them.
In the FY 2014-15 there were 6 Trustees. Details are given below.
1. Mr. Ramesh Swamy (Lead Trustee)
2. Mr. K.V. Natesan
3. Mr. B. Sivakumar
4. Mr. M.R. Subramanian
5. Mr. A.S. Narayanan
6. Mr. Ganesh Venkiteswaran
To avail the service of experienced & committed volunteers, the Trust has Co-pted members.
Rules are put in place for the induction of Co-Opted members. Currently there are three Co-
opted members whose names are given below.

1. Mr N H Subramaniam
2. Mr V S Jayaraman

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A)Shiksha provides educational assistance to more than 350 underprivileged children every
Daily wage labourers and domestic helpers find it difficult to educate their children due to
their unstable income and difficult living conditions. However, they are hesitant to admit
their children to Government school as they concerned about the quality of education
imparted. They have dreams for the future of their children and admit them to private
schools with low fee structure.
The Shiksha programme extends financial support to such kids from underprivileged
background to continue with their education. The program covers a part of the educational
expense which is paid directly to the school concerned.
Discussions are conducted with the parents annually to review the performance and
progress of their children. Though Shiksha is an education support program (not a merit
scholarship), it is heartening to note that more than 20% of the total students supported
score A+ grades.
B) Utsav is aimed at preserving traditions and promoting art & culture. It is a program which
brings joy to the masses. It is a celebration of life through music, dance and other art forms.
Utsav has been a major fundraising platform for SGBS Trust and its programs. Utsav offers
more than 50 days of quality program to the public free of cost. These include Gokulashtami
series during August/September, Sant Thyagaraja and Sant Purandharadasa Aradhana during
January/February, monthly programs to promote budding talent and other special events.
C) Sanathana Dharma Samstha- At times when there is a loss of life, families are in a state of
shock and dismay to organize the funeral services and customary rituals. Sanathana Dharma
Samshta facilitates funeral and all associated services at that hour of need.
This is one of the most gratifying experiences for the Trust, as one do not know the people
who are in need, and perhaps will never come across them ever. It is an embodiment of
selfless service.
Trust also runs a facility near Ulsoor lake, Bangalore for performing periodical rites for the
departed souls.

VISION: With Society, Towards Serenity

MISSION: To serve different sections of society, bringing about harmony through focused
Vocational training for unemployed youth: Unnati
UNNATI’S MISSION is to ‘train and employ 1 million underprivileged youth by year 2020

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Various factors influence people when they choose a job. What factors motivate young
people in Karnataka in their choice of jobs. The focus was not so much on the job per se but
on the environment in which one works. Youth were given four options to choose from: job
with a good income; job with security even if it means lesser salary; job with an opportunity
to work with people of your choice; and job that gives you a feeling of accomplishment/

One- third of the young youth opted for a job with a good income. Another one-fourth
preferred a job which offered security even if it involved a lesser financial compensation.
Close to one-fourth favoured a job that was satisfying and gave them a feeling of
accomplishment. The remaining opted for jobs that allowed one to work with people of their
Across locations, youth in Bengaluru were less likely to choose a job with a good income as
compared to those in villages, towns and small cities. Close to half the youth in Bengaluru
city opted for a stable job even if it involved a compromise on how much one earned. In
cities other than Bengaluru, the desire for a secure job was much less than at other
locations. Four of every ten youth in cities other than Bengaluru preferred a job that allowed
for accomplishment and was satisfying.
Reflections on the Education System in the State
A little over one third of the sample youth had completed their formal education (eighteen
percent had completed schooling and seventeen percent had completed college). Three of
every ten of the young students were still studying (sixteen percent were still studying in
college and fifteen percent were pursuing the education in school). Two of every ten was a
school dropout. Seven percent were college drop outs and six percent never went to school.

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Among those who had access to education (different levels) close to three fourths had
studied in government educational institutions and the remaining one fourth had enrolled in
private schools and colleges. Four of every ten of those who had gone to school/ college did
so in a town. Another forty percent had their formal education in a village and the balance
two of every ten accessed education in cities.
Those still studying in a school or college were asked: What did they feel about attending
school/college? They were offered a menu of answer options – like it very much, somewhat
like it, neither like or dislike it and do not like going to school/college. Two thirds of the
youth said that they liked going to school/college very much. Another, three of every ten
said that they somewhat liked going to college/school. Only three percent were unhappy
with going to school/college. It can be argued that this is not a reflection of the facilities and
amenities provided but a sense of contentment with whatever was available and the thirst
for learning and achieving something in life.

How did those young people who at any time had the benefit of formal education evaluate
the educational system in the state? They were specifically asked are you fully satisfied,
somewhat satisfied, somewhat dissatisfied or fully dissatisfied with the overall educational
facilities available in the state. Three of every ten young people who had the chance of
accessing education said that they were fully satisfied with the facilities. Another six of every
ten said that they were somewhat satisfied. Only one in every ten young youth expressed
unhappiness about the facilities in educational institutions in the state.

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There are minor yet significant variations in response across rural and urban Karnataka. If
three of every ten young people who accessed education in villages were fully satisfied with
the educational facilities, the number rises to one-third when we speak to young people in
towns. It dips to one-fourth in cities (other than Bengaluru). In Bengaluru city more than half
the young people who accessed education was fully satisfied with the facilities.
More than two-thirds of the youth in cities (other than Bengaluru) in Karnataka were
somewhat satisfied with the educational facilities. In villages and towns, close to six of every
ten were somewhat satisfied with educational institutions for what they provided. In
Bengaluru, only three of every ten young youth said that they were somewhat satisfied.

There was not much variation in the level of dissatisfaction with educational facilities save in
Bengaluru. In this city, close to one –sixth of the young youth felt that they were fully
dissatisfied with the educational facilities. If the somewhat dissatisfied response is also
added, close to two in every ten youth in Bengaluru had reservations about the educational
facilities. This is close to double (in percentage points terms) the level of dissatisfaction of
what was expressed in villages, towns and other cities. This is much higher than the level of
dissatisfaction expressed at villages, towns and small cities. This is not to imply that the
facilities there are much better but is a reflection of expectation at different locations.
If the age of those who accessed education is taken into account, there was a slightly higher
degree of dissatisfaction (combining slightly and fully dissatisfied) among those in the 14-19
age group as compared to those in the 30-34 age band.

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Among those who went to school/ college, they were asked to reflect on their school/college
experience and state whether they found day to day life at school/college very stressful,
somewhat stressful, somewhat relaxed or very relaxed? Close to half the youth said that it
was very stressful. Half the
youth said that it was somewhat stressful. Only three of every ten youth said that it was
relaxed or very relaxed.
The facts and figures outlined in this chapter, categorically demonstrate the attitude and
vision of young people in the state towards issues relating to their own state. The youth in
state are proud to be Kannadiga and Indian and see no clash in the two identities. The
manner in which they have prioritized the problems faced by common people in the state
reflect the fact that the youth mirror reality very effectively. There is a general sense of
disquiet with the government as a significant chunk of the young people believe that the
government has not fully focused on their problems.


The Ngo attachment program with SGBS Trust-Unnati project helped me understand the
various CSR concepts applied in the course curriculum in real-life scenarios and also to
understand the nuances of concepts like;
1. The Role of Implementing agencies in CSR projects.
2. Impact Assessment of CSR projects.
3. Performance analysis of CSR projects.
4. Importance of Baseline survey or assessment.
5. Reporting framework of CSR projects and
6. Roles of Government bodies and CSO’s


When asked what was the biggest challenge facing the state, they highlighted limited
employment opportunities and the rampant corruption. Young people being worried about

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their employment prospects, is a natural expectation and the idealism among young people
could be responsible for their frowning on maladministration and corruption. The basic
amenities of water supply, electricity and roads, was also mentioned by the youth. While the
need for employment opportunities was highlighted in towns and big cities, corruption was
cited more often in rural areas.

A new generation of young Kannadigas had interesting priorities and aspirations. High
education was an important priority for youth. Those who already had access to higher
education did not see it as a major priority…. Those who had been denied access saw it high
on their priority list. Their aspirations indicate that they are aligned with the vision of the
state of making it a knowledge society.
Securing basic amenities was yet another priority for young people. Thi aspiration cut across
all social groups and variables.
Being socially responsible was an aspiration of a significant chunk of the youth. This was
either a reflection of their active involvement in social work already or a reflection of a
desired future course of action. This was a clear priority with rural youth.
Youth also stressed on the fact that society must give the younger generation more
responsibility. This both represents the aspiration of a new generation as also their
frustration of not being provided with the opportunities that they believe that they deserve.
The competitive spirit among youth was very much on display when young people asserted
that they would like to achieve more than others. Young people in the state were more
aware and confident about their capabilities. Urban youth and those with access to higher
education appeared to internalize that competitive spirit much more than others.
The materialistic instinct among young people was clearly on display when they asserted
that making money was important to be happy.
The dichotomy between individual autonomy and being part of a group identity continued
as a dilemma for most young people. This was evident when they conceded that they were
not always in control of what happened in their lives and they had to often do things which
were not right. Young people in metropolitan Bengaluru seemed more caught up in this
dilemma as compared to those in smaller towns and villages.

The highest anxiety among young people was linked to their career and job prospects. This
anxiety was more visible among the rural youth and young people from among the dalits
and tribals.

What UNNATI offers to its students:

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It would be useful if the state harnesses the knowledge pool and resource available in the
state to create a robust, engaged and vibrant knowledge society.

family continues to be an important social institution in the lives of young people. It would
be useful for government to target policies and programmes which aim at `family welfare`
rather than mere `individual wellbeing`.

There appears to be a lack of `engagement` with public life among the youth. It is vital that
the government channelize the unbounded energy of the new generation and harness their
potential for the well- being of the state. The state needs to strategize to involve the younger
generation and sensitize them to the priorities of the government and ensure that those
priorities are aligned to the `world of the youth`

Given the vital role and influence that parents play in the life of young people (especially in
their formative years), it is important that educational institutions partner with parents in
facilitating a conducive environment for the holistic development of the new generation.
Partnering with parents is vital. More often than not educational institutions (both private
and government) provide limits space and opportunities for parents to partner in the
process of creating a knowledge society. This needs to be immediately remedied.

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Young people in rural areas are often frustrated with the lack of opportunities and avenues.
Information kiosks which provide the latest information with state of the art facilities need
to be made available for young people.

With employment opportunities being a major area of anxiety for young people, the state
needs to partner with the private sector and expand the pool of employment opportunities.
It was this context that the need for life skills programmes for young people across the state
was stressed. This would help build a positive self-image and enhance the skill sets of young

The government has a wide range of welfare programmes. The impact of three such
programmes was tapped by the study. It is clear that these programmes are not fully
reaching out to the target population it was meant for. This would defeat the very purpose
of the programme. .


The Ngo attachment program with SGBS Trust- UNNATI Project has been a great learning
experience and during this period the various concepts of CSR learned were put into practical
use. The project also provided an opportunity to get a better understanding on the hopes of
the youth here in Bangalore andin the duration of the project a better understanding of the role
of implementation agency as a complement to the work of the corporates could be established.

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 ARTICLE ON-Study on Perceptions, Aspirations,Expectations andAttitudes of Youth

in Karnataka by Sandeep Shastri



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