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Installation of Fieldbus

Agenda

„ Foundation Physical Layer


„ Choosing Components and Layout
„ System Design
„ Field Checkout and Commissioning
„ Trouble Shooting a Fieldbus System

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 2
Fieldbus Technology
General Fieldbus Topology
Automation
and
Display Systems

HSE

H2 Bridge
H1 Devices
H1
H1 H1
H1 16
Devices
H1
16
Devices

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 3
Foundation Fieldbus was designed by
the Process Industry for the Process
Industry
[File Name or Event]
Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 4
Agressive environment

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 5
Typical installation

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 6
Instruments are spread over large
areas

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 7
Hazardous Areas

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 8
Electromagnetic Interference
DCS I/O
4-20 mA

HART
T/C

FF
Transients

Multi-Input
Capacitive Transmitter
(Fieldbus)
Coupled
All Cables with Shielded, Twisted
Pairs, Grounded at the DCS Noise per
4-20 mA
IEC Standards
(Light Industry)
Single-Input
mV Transmitter
(HART)

Electromagnetic Single-Input
Interference Radio Frequency Transmitter
Interference (4-20mA)
Thermocouple
Wired Direct

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 9
Electromagnetic Interference

Fieldbus
Transmitter

HART
°C Transmitter

4-20 mA
Transmitter

Thermocouple
Wired Direct

Noise per IEC Stds (Light Industry)

Time

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 10
Fieldbus Foundation Fieldbus
Operator
Interface
Power
IEC 1158-2 Standard Supply

9~32 V

Junction
Boxes

Terminator Terminator

Power
Filter

Configurator
Local
Operator
Interface
Power
Filter

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 11
Number of devices per segment
z Based on present device power consumption,
Power conditioner current limitation and
resistance of wires, experience demonstrates
that up to

16 Devices per segment


can be used.

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 12
Fieldbus Cable Types
Cable Type and Description Size Length
–Type A (New) Shielded, twisted-pair
– H1: 31.25 Kbps #18 AWG 1900* m

–Type B (Existing) Multi-twisted-pair, w/shield


– H1: 31.25 Kbps #22 AWG 1200* m

–Type C Multi-twisted-pair, w/o shield


– H1: 31.25 Kbps #26 AWG 400* m

–Type D Multi-core, w/o shield


– H1: 31.25 Kbps #16 AWG 200* m

* Spurs count in overall length

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 13
Cable Length
z Total cable length should be less than 1900 m
(shielded, 18 AWG, Type B)
z Connecting up to 12 devices in a powered bus,
the Spur length limit should be:

* 120 m with one device


* 90 m with two devices
* 60 m with three devices
* 30 m with four devices
z Length reduces with more devices in the network
Standard is Conservative!
[File Name or Event]
Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 14
Installation Procedures
z Fieldbus requires standard wiring
practices

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 15
Fieldbus Segment Power

Active filter, equivalent to:

100 Ohms 10 mH

Power
Conditioner Fieldbus
Floating
Power
Supply
For Ground
Multiple
Segments Power
Conditioner Fieldbus

Ground

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 16
Polarity Insensitive Devices
z Some suppliers provide Polarity Insensitive
Fieldbus Devices
z This enables fast and safe commissioning of the
Fieldbus Network
Wiring crossover is
-
NO PROBLEM!
+
+
Field
- Junction Boxes

Host Termination Home Run Cable


Panel Junction Boxes

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 17
Current Consumption And Signal Shape

I (mA)

Iq1 16 ~ 20 mA

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 18
Voltage and Current
VPC

Power
Supply
Power
For VPS T V1 V2 V3 Vn T
Conditioner
Multiple
Segments
Iq1 Iq2 Iq3 Iqn

Maximum Voltage : 32 V
Minimum Voltage : 9 V

Total Current = Iq1 + Iq2 + Iq3 + ……... Iqn

Maximum current limited by the power conditioner.


Example: 400 mA

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 19
Short Circuit Protection
Pre wired Junction Box

Short
Circuit

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 20
Termination and Twisted Pair Shielding

Trunk

Terminator Terminator

Power
Supply
100 Ohms 1uF

Spur

May Be Polarity
Sensitive

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 21
Terminator Located at Far Ends of Main
Segment Trunk
PIT PIT

PIT PIT ROV ROV PIT


Spur Block
FIT
PIT ROV ROV
Spur Block Spur Block
9m GP2
9m Spur Block Block

Spur Block Spur Block 9m Spur Block

Lambda pwr sup


LRS 55-24
9m Spur Block GP2
3m
9m

Pwr Cond Spur Block GP1


370m 3m Spur Block 9m
w/ Term note 1 Block

H1 Card
FIT

PIT PIT

GP1

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 22
Communications under abnormal
conditions

T1
PS PF T T
S1 S2 S3 Sn

Normal

T1
PS PF T
S1 S2 S3 Sn ?

One terminator missing

T1
PS PF T T T T
S1 S2 S3 Sn

Too many terminators

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 23
Power Conditioning For Fieldbus Segments

+V/2
Power
Conditioner -V/2
Power
Supply
For
Multiple
Segments
Ground
Balanced
V=9-32 Volts, Conductor
Floating
50 Ohms 5 mH

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 24
Important rules
z Shield should be grounded at a single point!
z Do not ground signal wires
z Observe terminator location

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 25
Shield should be grounded at a single point
I

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 26
Signal form in a bad installation

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 27
Same location after fixing the
installation

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 28
Example Power Supply – One per Segment

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 29
Fieldbus Supports Multiple Topologies

T1
PS PF T T
S1 S2 S3 Sn

T1 - TRUNK
S1 - SPUR
S1
S2
T1
PS PF T T S3

T1 +S1 +S2 + …. Sn<1900 m Sn

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 30
Fieldbus Supports Multiple
Topologies

T1 +S1 +S2 + S21 +S22 +S23 ….+ Sn<1900 m


T1
PC PC T T
S1 S2 S3 Sn

S21

S23

S22

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 31
Daisy-Chain Topology

Good
Practice

Trunk

Disconnecting a Single
Device May Result in
Loss of Downstream
Devices
[File Name or Event]
Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 32
Branch Topology

A Device May Be
Disconnected Without
Impacting Downstream
Devices
Trunk

Spur

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 33
Tree Topology
A Device May Be
Disconnected Without
Impacting Other Devices

Trunk

Spur

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 34
Example - Field Junction Box

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 35
Example - Field Junction Box

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 36
Standard is conservative
z Total length of cable should be less than 1900 m
(shielded, 18 AWG, Type B)
z When connecting up to 12 devices in a powered
bus, the Spur length limit should be:
* 120 m with one device
* 90 m with two devices
* 60 m with three devices
* 30 m with four devices.
z More devices in the network reduce the lengths
given above

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 37
Communications under abnormal
conditions

T1
PS PF T T
S1 S2 S3 Sn

Long spurs (240 m)

T1
PS PF T T
S1 S2 S3 Sn

Long Trunk (4000 m)

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 38
Intrinsic Safety Installations
Safe area Control System

T
PS SB
1

1 Maximum cable length


is determined by the
2 Capacitance and
Hazardous Inductance allowed by
Area the installation

k
T
k - depends on the power consumption of the devices, Entity parameters
and barrier

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 39
Intrinsic Safety Installations
Safe area Control System

PS PC T

1 SB n
1

1 Maximum cable length


is determined by the
2 Capacitance and
Hazardous Inductance allowed by
Area the installation

k
T
k - depends on the power consumption of the devices, Entity parameters
and barrier
k+n < 16
Total cable length < 1900 m
[File Name or Event]
Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 40
Intrinsic Safety Installations
Safe area Control System

PS PC T

SB SB SB
1 2 n

1.1

1.2
Hazardous
Area

1.k
T T T
k - depends on the power consumption of the devices and cable length
n - depends on the barrier type and cable length
[File Name or Event]
Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 41
Traditional Intrinsic Safety Installation
(4-20 mA Analog / HART)
(4-20
1 Measurement per I.S. Barrier

Hazardous Area Safe Area

CONTROL ROOM
I.S.
EQUIPMENT
Cable Barrier
C/ft
L/ft Voc
Isc
Ca Safety Assessment:
I.S. Transmitter
Vmax La Vmax >= Voc
Imax Po = .25 x Voc x Isc Imax >= Isc
Pmax Pmax >= Po
Ci/Ceq Ci + Ccable <= Ca
Li/Leq Li + Lcable <= La

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 42
Intrinsic Safety - Conventional
Approach (Entity Model)
z What does it Mean ?
– Using an MTL Barrier as an Example
– More current = Less Volts

170
Available bus current
excluding voltage drop
Current (mA)

due to cable resistance


85mA

MTL5053 Load Line


(105 Ω)
9V
0 18
Voltage (V)
[File Name or Event]
Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 43
Intrinsic Safety - Conventional
Approach (Entity Model)

z So How Much Current do the devices need ?


– 3051 X2 = 34mA
• 17mA
78mA
– 3244
• 17mA X2 = 34mA
– Communication
Current Required = 10mA
• 10mA

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 44
Intrinsic Safety - Conventional
Approach (Entity Model)
z What does it Mean ?
– Using an MTL I.S. Fieldbus Power Supply as an
Example
– More current = Less Volts
170
Bus Load Line
Including 1900m of Cable
Current (mA)

(105 Ω + 84 Ω)

85

47 MTL5053 Load Line


(105 Ω)
Current available 9V
for field devices 0
Voltage (V) 18
[File Name or Event]
Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 45
The Entity Model
- Cable Length and Quality
z The Calculation.
– Current available =
Tx Minimum Lift
MTL5053 = 18V off voltage

(Open Circuit Output Voltage of the Power Supply) - 9Volts


(Source Resistance of the Barrier) + (Fieldbus Cable Loop Resistance)

1900m = 84 Ω
MTL5053 = 105 Ohms

[File Name or Event]


The Main Issue
Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 46
What types of Wire
“Typical” Length Restrictions With Existing Wire
M ax
Type D e s c rip tio n S ize
L e n g th
#18 A W G 1900 m
A S h ie ld e d , T w is te d P a ir
(.8 m m 2 ) (6 2 3 2 ft.)
M u ltip le -T w is te d -P a ir w ith #22 A W G 1200 m
B S h ie ld (.3 2 m m 2 ) (3 9 6 3 ft.)
M u lti-T w is te d -P a ir W ith o u t #26 A W G 400 m
C S h ie ld (.1 3 m m 2 ) (1 3 1 2 ft.)
M u lti-c o re , w /o T w is te d P a irs #16 A W G 200 m
D a n d H a v in g O v e ra ll S h ie ld (1 .2 5 m m 2 ) (6 5 6 ft.)

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 47
Entity Model Point Failure
Assumes that ALL the Electrical Characteristics Manifest
themselves at the Cable Break

Break In The Cable


Break In The Cable

Junction Box
H1 Fieldbus

Break In The Cable


[File Name or Event]
Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 48
Intrinsic Safety - FISCO Approach

More Current Available


15V
Voltage

Current 110mA

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 49
Intrinsic Safety - FISCO Approach
z So How Much Current do the devices need ?
– 3051
• 17mA
X3 = 51mA
– 3244
• 17mA
107mA
X2 = 34mA
– 8742C
• 12mA
– Communication X 1 = 12mA
Current Required
• 10mA
= 10mA

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 50
FISCO - What types of Wire
z Cable parameters
– Loop resistance 15 to 150 ohms / km
– Inductance per unit length 0.4 to 1mH / km
– Capacitance per unit length 80 to 200nF
z Length of cable
– Trunk up to 1000 m
– Spur up to 30m
– Splice up to 1m

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 51
FISCO - Rules and Capacities
S1+S2+S3+S4+S5+S6+S7 < 30m
T1+T2 < 1000 M

T1 Junction Box T2
H1 Fieldbus
S2 S7
S1 S3 S4 S 5 S6

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 52
FISCO - Point Failure
Assumes that the Electrical Characteristics are Distributed
around the Segment

Break In The Cable


Break In The Cable

Junction Box
H1 Fieldbus

Break In The Cable


[File Name or Event]
Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 53
Summary -
What do they have in Common ?
z Only one source of power applied to the fieldbus
segment
z Field devices designed to contribute no energy
to the bus (whether transmitting or receiving)
z Each device has small permitted effective
internal inductance and capacitance (similar
maximum values defined in both approaches)
z Bus segment terminated at both ends
(terminator is resistor-capacitor series
combination)

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 54
Summary -
What are the Differences ?
z Entity Model z FISCO
– Linear (resistively limited) power – Square or trapezoidal power supply
supply characteristic characteristic
– Power supply approval defines max. – Power supply approved without
system C and L values, and max. C and L values, allowing bus
therefore bus cable limitations length up to 1km with a variety of
cable types
– Bus power defined as 1.2W max. at – Higher power supplied to bus: up to
60ºC, to simplify device approval 1.9W in IIC (Groups A & B) and
4.9W in IIB (Group C) systems.
Each device must be approved
compatible with this power.
– Current available for devices: 60mA
on 1900m bus, 90mA on short bus – Current available for devices:
(using Type 'A' cable) on IIC or IIB 110mA for IIC, greater for IIB
systems systems
– Typically 4 (20mA) devices on IS
bus segment - in any gas group
– Typically 6 (20mA) devices on IS
bus in IIC, 10 devices in IIB gas
group

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 55
Intrinsic Safety
- Conventional Approach (Entity Model)
24 Measurements per I.S. Barrier
Hazardous Area Safe Area

CONTROL ROOM
I.S.
EQUIPMENT
Cable Barrier
C/ft
L/ft Voc
Isc
Ca Safety Assessment:
La Vmax >= Voc
Po = .25 x Voc x Isc Imax >= Isc
Pmax >= Po
Ci + Ccable <= Ca
I.S. Transmitter Li + Lcable <= La
Vmax
Imax
Pmax
Ci/Ceq
Li/Leq
[File Name or Event]
Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 56
Intrinsic Safety
- FISCO Approach
32 Measurements per FISCO Barrier

Hazardous Area Safe Area

CONTROL ROOM
FISCO
EQUIPMENT
Cable Barrier
C/ft, L/ft
FISCO Vo, Io, Po
FISCO
Safety Assessment:
Vmax >= Voc
Imax >= Isc
Pmax >= Po

I.S. Transmitter
Vmax, Imax, Pmax
FISCO

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 57
Hawke Intrinsically Safe Installation
SAFE AREA 120 Metres
Maximum

1900 Metres
Maximum ZONE 0
Protection Method
ZONE 0 EExia IIc
Protection Method
EExia IIb T4

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 58
Choose Components For Reliability
z Physical Installation – Wiring, connectors, grounding,
shielding
– Short Circuit Protection
z Power for Fieldbus
– Redundant Power Conditioners
– Isolated Power
z Control System Interface
– Redundant H1 Cards
– Diagnostics, communication statistics
z Devices Design and Functionality
– Watchdog timer, Anti-jabber
– Diagnostics and Mode Shedding
– Failsafe mode
– Backup Link Active Scheduling Capability

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 59
Installation
24 V DC
Power
Supply Terminators

Power
Conditioner

Power
Conditioner

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 60
Safer Installation
24 V DC 24 V DC
Power Power
Supply Supply

Power
Conditioner

Power
Conditioner

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 61
High Availability System Design

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 62
Installation Cost Reduced By Brick and T ’s
T’s

Power
Power Terminator
Conditioner
Conditioner

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 63
Quick connection Junction Boxes

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 64
The Components

Terminator
[File Name or Event]
Cap Gland
Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 65
“T” Connector
[File Name or Event]
Emerson Confidential
Terminator
27-Jun-01, Slide 66
Typical Installation

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 67
Typical
Installation

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 68
SIX STEPS TO A SUCCESSFUL DESIGN

DETERMINE DEVELOP
IDENTIFY
FUNCTION INSTRUMENT
NUMBER &
BLOCK COUNT GROUPINGS
TYPE OF
LISTED FOR BASED ON
INSTRUMENTS
EACH TYPE OF BLOCK COUNT
FROM P&ID
INSTRUMENT & SERVICE

PUT THE ACTUAL DRAWING TOGETHER USING COMMON CLONED


CAD BLOCKS RELATING TO PRE-ENGINEERED COMPONENTRY.

PRODUCE ESTABLISH
CONFIGURE
SEGMENT SPURS AND
INSTRUMENT
DRAWING TERMINATORS
GROUPINGS
BASED ON & WIRING
ON PLANS
COMMON LAYOUT
& SECTIONS
COMPONENTS FOR SEGMENT
[File Name or Event]
Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 69
A SEGMENT DRAWING CAN DOCUMENT
AN ENTIRE SECTION OF PLANT
Backbone ID
Wire Ferrule
Relates to
Cloned CAD Blocks Box Tag

Cobbled Together Color Coding


Eliminates Need
Allow Segment For Individual
Wire Tags

Drawings To Be
Assembled Quickly
and Easily

(BOTH LOOPS AND


CONNECTION DRAWINGS Spur Block When
Instruments Are Teed
REPLACED BY ONE Backbone ID
Box Tag
Off Backbone. Always
Install Block Where Two
Relates To
SEGMENT DRAWING) Wire Ferrule
Or More Instruments
Are Located Together

Systematic Tagging Links the Whole


[File Name or Event]
Emerson Confidential
Instrumentation Complex Together
27-Jun-01, Slide 70
INSTRUMENT PANEL ““FRONT
FRONT END
END””

FLOATING 24VDC
UNGROUNDED
POWER SUPPLY
POWER CONDITIONER
TERMINATOR BLOCK
SIGNAL TO
TO PROCESS CONTROLLER

FIELD

INSTRUMENT GROUND

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 71
““FRONT
FRONT END
END”” POWER CONDITIONERS

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 72
““FRONT
FRONT END
END”” FLOATING SEGMENT
POWER SUPPLY

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 73
SUPPORTING DRAWINGS
A FEW PRE -ENGINEERED ELEMENTS THAT
PRE-ENGINEERED
RELATE TO THE PHYSICAL INSTALLATION
SUPPORT THE SEGMENT DRAWING

TYPICAL SPUR ITB


[File Name or Event]
Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 74
FIELD INSTALLATION MADE UP OF
PRE -ASSSEMBLED ELEMENTS
PRE-ASSSEMBLED
Prefabricated
Components
Allow For
Minimal
Documentation

WE USED “MC-HL”
FIELDBUS CABLE

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 75
FASTER ENGINEERING, FASTER DESIGN
AND -- MUCH FASTER INSTALLATION

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 76
Automatic Address Assignment
z Devices may be connected to the bus with the same
permanent default address.
z A configuration utility in the host assigns an unused
valid address to each device.

z This feature allows fast and safe commissioning of


the Fieldbus Network!
z No dip switches, no pre-configuration.

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 77
Checkout of Fieldbus Wiring

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 78
Required Equipment
– Battery Powered Digital Volt-Ohm Meter

– Battery Powered Scope

– Signal Generator

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 79
Systematic Approach
– Don’t Rush

– Follow Procedures
• Grounding Checks
• Proper Voltages
• Terminators Functioning

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 80
Verify Results
– Don’t Rush!

– Be Consistent
• Terminology
• Procedures
• Troubleshooting
• Initial Checkout
• Training

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 81
FIELDBUS WIRING CHECKOUT BEFORE
CONNECTING POWER TO THE SEGMENT
Volt/Ohm Meter
Trunk
0.01
Terminator Terminator

100 Ohms 1uF

• Check isolation between shield


and Fieldbus wires
• Check isolation between
Fieldbus wires
• Lift shield from Ground and
Check isolation between shield
and Ground
[File Name or Event]
Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 82
Cable Example

No-Go

Go

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 83
FIELDBUS WIRING CHECKOUT BEFORE
CONNECTING POWER TO THE SEGMENT
Fieldbus checking tool
Trunk

Terminator Terminator

20 mA

100 Ohms 1uF

Spur
•Check termination
•Check capacitive
coupling to ground

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 84
FIELDBUS WIRING CHECKOUT BEFORE
CONNECTING POWER TO THE SEGMENT
Trunk

Terminator Terminator

HMI 100 Ohms 1uF

Spur
1. Verify connections

May Be Polarity
Sensitive

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 85
Fieldbus Segment Power
Fieldbus power, grounding installation and checkout may vary
with the components selected.

Volt/Ohm Meter

Power Power 0.01


Supply Conditioner Fieldbus
For /Power Supply
Multiple
Segments Ground
V=9-32 Volts
Ground

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 86
Device Parameter Values, Links and Order of
Execution Must be Loaded

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 87
Foundation Fieldbus Devices Support Deterministic
Scheduling of Control and Communications

TIC100.OUT TIC100.OUT

TT

FIC101.OUT /BCKCAL_OUT FIC101.OUT /BCKCAL_OUT

FT
FCV101. FCV101.
BCKCAL_OUT BCKCAL_OUT
FCV
macro-cycle macro-cycle

BUS
Block Execution Acyclic Com. Cyclic Com.
[File Name or Event]
Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 88
MACROCYCLE MAY BE SET BASED ON CONTROL
EXECUTION REQUIRMENT

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 89
Commissioning Fieldbus Devices -
Automatic Address Assignment
z Devices may be connected to the bus with
the same default address.
z A configuration utility in the host assigns an
unused valid address to each device.

z This feature allows fast and safe


commissioning of the Fieldbus Network!
z No dip switches, no pre-configuration.

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 90
As New Devices Are Attached, They may be
Identified and Moved to Permanent Addresses

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 91
What Happens When Things Don’t
Don’t
Go Right?

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 92
COMMON REASON FOUND FOR COMMUNICATION
ERRORS ON A NEW FIELDBUS INSTALLATION

1. Missing or defective terminator at far end of


the main segment
2. Shield or conductor has ground reference in
the field - causing ground loop.
3. Faulty or overloaded power conditioner
and/or power supply
4. Loose wiring connections
5. Defective cable from manufacturer
6. Use of uncertified component or devices.

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 93
Troubleshooting made easy
24 V DC
Power
Supply Terminators

Power
Conditioner

* Number of instruments
19.7 V / * Weakest signal
* LAS signal
* Voltage
* Noise level
* Peak Noise
[File Name or Event]
Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 94
Fieldbus Diagnostic can easily indicate
a faulty installation!

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 95
DIAGNOSTIC SUPPORT AVAILABLE FOR
FOUNDATION FIELDBUS BLOCKS
BLOCK_ERR Target and Actual
Parameter attributes of Mode
parameter

Engineering Unit Value + STATUS


attributes of input and output parameters

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 96
BLOCK_ERR - PROVIDES INSIGHT INTO DEVICE
HEALTH AND STATE of DEVICE CONFIGURATION
BLOCK_ERR ATTRIBUTES
Example
Other
Block Configuration Error
Link Configuration Error
Simulation Active
Local Override
Device Fault State Set
Device Needs Maintenance Soon
Input Failure/PV Bad Status
Output Failure
Memory Failure
Lost Static Data
Lost NV Data
Readback Check Failed
Device Needs Maintenance Now
Power-up
Out-of-Service

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 97
STATUS ATTRIBUTE OF INPUT AND OUTPUT
PARAMETERS - INDICATES QUALITY OF VALUE
Example
STATUS ATTRIBUTE
GOOD
UNCERTAIN
Non-specific
Substitute/Manual
entry
Initial Value
Sensor Conversion
not Accurate LIMIT
Engineering Units Not Limited
Range Violation
Sub-normal
BAD
+ Low Limited
High Limited
Constant
Non-specific
Configuration Error
Not connected
Device Failure
Sensor Failure
No Communication
Out of Service

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 98
“ACTUAL” ATTRIBUTE OF MODE - REFLECTS
DOWNSTREAM CONDITION AND INPUT STATUS
TARGET/ACTUAL CONDITION Example
(Target/Actual NORMAL
Match)

( ) / OS Device is OS

Auto, Cas / Man PV BAD

Rcas / Cas, Auto Host is Not


Rout / Cas, Auto Communicating

( ) / Iman No Path to Process


(Downstream)

( ) / LO Fault State Active


(Output Block)
Input Track Active
(Control Block)

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 99
TRANSDUCER BLOCKS PROVIDE DEVICE SPECIFIC
INFORMATION WHICH MAY BE HELPFUL

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 100
COMMUNICATION STATISTICS PROVIDE INSIGHT
INTO THE INTEGRITY OF THE FIELDBUS SEGMENT

[File Name or Event]


Emerson Confidential
27-Jun-01, Slide 101
Summary
z Observe trunk and spur lengths.
z Locate the two terminators in the opposite far ends of
the trunk.
z Check installation according to standard wiring
practices.
z Limit the number of the devices on the segment
according to power consumption and wire length.
z Set Network Parameters based on the “slowest”
device in both Primary and Backup Link Masters.
z Calibrate in the Transducer Block and compensate off
sets in the Analog Input Block.
z For Macro cycles shorter than 250 ms, restrict the
number of devices based on desired Operator
Interface
[File Name or Event]
Emerson Confidential
update.
27-Jun-01, Slide 102