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Determination

of
calorific value
by
Bomb calorimeter
Calorific Value

Calorific Value may be defined as the amount of heat


liberated in calories by the complete combustion of
unit weight materials with oxygen and the
condensation of produce to desiredtemperature.
The calorific value of a fuel may be defined as the
amount of heat generated by burning one kg of fuel
completely.
Calorimeter

It is a device used to calculatethe


Calorific Value of Solid , Liquid &
Gaseous Fuels.
Bomb Calorimeter
A bomb calorimeter is a type of constant-volume
calorimeter used in measuring the heat of combustion
of a particular reaction.
Used to measure enthalpy changes of combustion
reactions at a constant volume.
Overview
Basically, a bomb calorimeter consists of a
 Small cup to contain the sample
 Oxygen
 A stainless steel bomb
 Water
 Astirrer
 Athermometer
 The dewar (to prevent heat flow from the calorimeter to the surroundings)
 Ignition circuit connected to the bomb.
Figure - BOMB CALORIMETER
Determination of C.VBy bomb
calorimeter(con.)
• The vessel is fitted with a tight screwcap.
Tight screw cap
Determination of C.VBy bomb
calorimeter(con.)
• Two electrod are connected each other through platinum wire.
• The wire remain in a platinum dipped cap just belowit.
• A small amount of substance under investigation is taken inplatinum cap.

Electrod

Cap
Substance Platinum wire
Determination of C.VBy bomb
calorimeter(con.)
• The vassel is then filled with excess of oxygen at a pressure of about
20-25 atm and is subsequently scaled.

𝑂2 in
Determination of C.VBy bomb
calorimeter(con.)
• Itis now dipped in a insulated water bath
• which is also have mechanical stirrer and athermometer

Water bath

Thermometer
Mechanical
stirrer
Determination of C.VBy bomb
calorimeter(con.)
• The initial temperature of water is
noted
• Combustion is started by passing
electric current through the platinium
wire.Thats raise the temperature of
water,it is recorded from the
temperature
• By knowing the heat capacity of
thermometer and also raise in
temperature.the heat envolved can be
calculated
Video Of Bomb Calorometer