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DATA PENGAMATAN

Feed flow (L/h) 75 R 1


Desilat flow (L/h) 20
Bottom flow (L/h) 21

DATA
T (C) densitas (kg/L) Konsentrasi
t (min)
feed desilat bottom feed desilat bottom xf xd
0 82 40 90 0.978 0.991 0.993 0.2 0.52
15 80.1 37.5 90 0.971 0.946 0.991 0.22 0.53
30 82.4 39.8 96 0.976 0.929 0.992 0.2 0.54
45 80.8 37.4 90 0.979 0.925 0.998 0.17 0.57
60 77.8 37.2 97 0.983 0.919 0.992 0.15 0.58
75 75.4 37.5 98 0.981 0.922 0.996 0.13 0.59
90 81.9 38.4 98 0.975 0.938 0.997 0.19 0.6
105 78.4 40.4 98 0.973 0.895 0.991 0.26 0.69
120 79.7 46.1 98 0.972 0.879 0.999 0.3 0.74
135 70 43.1 98 0.968 0.866 0.995 0.31 0.8
average 0.9756 0.921 0.9944 0.213 0.616

Neraca Massa
Basis 100 kg 100 kg
FEED DISILAT BOTTOM
F (kg/h) = 72.6 D (kg/h) = 17.32 W (Kg/h) = 20.895
m etanol 31 80 5
m air 69 20 95
xm etanol 0.31 0.8 0.05
xm air 0.69 0.2 0.95
n etanol 0.673913 1.739130435 0.108696
n air 3.833333 2.850241546 5.277778
X(F/D/W) 0.175803 0.610169492 0.020595

Enriching Striping Operating Line


Yn+1 = R/(R+1)Xn + XD/(R+1)
R/(R+1) 0.5
XD/(R+1) 0.305085

Enriching Line Stripping Line


Etanol
yF 0.392986 0.1758034 yW 0.020595 0.020595 Air
yD 0.610169 0.61016949 yF 0.392986 0.175803

Cp Feed
T operasi T Ref
massa etanol
355 298 20
353.1 298 22
355.4 298 20
T Hv HL 353.8 298 17
78.3 1223 224.7 350.8 298 15
80.1 1544 258.4 348.4 298 13
82 1870 285.9 354.9 298 19
84.7 2193 314 351.4 298 26
91.8 2517 371.7 352.7 298 30
100 2675 418.9 343 298 31

waktu Feed Distilat Bottom


(menit) T (°C) Hv (KJ/kg) HL (KJ/kg) T (°C) Hv (KJ/kg) HL (KJ/kg) T (°C) Hv (KJ/kg)
0 82 1870 285.9 40 -888.384 -84.3168 90 2244.93198
15 80.1 1544 258.4 37.5 -1045.05 -105.8 90 2244.93198
30 82.4 1768.66799 280.0415755 39.8 -900.917 -86.0355 96 2620.92987
45 80.8 1668.40188 266.2922032 37.4 -1051.32 -106.66 90 2244.93198
60 77.8 1480.40294 240.5121303 37.2 -1063.85 -108.378 97 2683.59619
75 75.4 1330.00378 219.8880719 37.5 -1045.05 -105.8 98 2746.2625
90 81.9 1737.33483 275.7448966 38.4 -988.65 -98.0662 98 2746.2625
105 78.4 1518.00272 245.6681449 40.4 -863.317 -80.8794 98 2746.2625
120 79.7 1599.46893 256.8395098 46.1 -506.119 -31.8973 98 2746.2625
135 70 991.605678 173.4839406 43.1 -694.118 -57.6774 98 2746.2625
q line
x y
0.175803403 0.178
0.175803403 0.9
Kesetimbangan Etanol-Air
Etanol Air STAGE
Konsentrasi 0.000 0.000 0.610169492 0.610169
xw 0.020 0.192 0.16 0.610169
0.1 0.050 0.377
0.05 0.100 0.527 0.16 0.610169
0.06 0.200 0.656 0.16 0.359
0.05 0.300 0.713
0.04 0.400 0.746 0.16 0.359
0.04 0.500 0.771 0.048 0.359
0.04 0.600 0.794
0.02 0.700 0.822 0.048 0.359
0.03 0.800 0.858 0.048 0.09
0.05 0.900 0.912
0.048 0.940 0.942 0.048 0.09
0.960 0.959 0.01 0.09
0.980 0.978
1.000 1.000 0.01 0.09
0.01 0.015
X=Y Operation Line
X Y TOTAL 2.7
0 0
0.2 0.2
0.4 0.4
0.6 0.6
0.8 0.8
1 1

a b.10^2 c.10^5 d.10^9


-325.137 0.00041379 -0.014031 1.7035E-09 Suhu Kelvin
18.2964 47.212 -133.88 1314.2 Suhu Kelvin

Cp Feed Cp Destilat Cp Bottom


massa air Cp Etanol Cp Air T operasi Cp Etanol Cp Air T operasi Cp Etanol
80 -103995.201 2.62632E+12 313 -24521.1 5.62216E+11 363 -121061.71
78 -100036.125 2.51553E+12 310.5 -20299.6 4.62702E+11 363 -121061.71
80 -104833.267 2.64987E+12 312.8 -24181.4 5.54167E+11 369 -134288.6
83 -101490.56 2.55614E+12 310.4 -20131.9 4.58771E+11 363 -121061.71
85 -95291.3937 2.3838E+12 310.2 -19796.7 4.5092E+11 370 -136529.15
87 -90395.8801 2.24907E+12 310.5 -20299.6 4.62702E+11 371 -138780.09
81 -103785.934 2.62045E+12 311.4 -21813.1 4.98251E+11 371 -138780.09
74 -96524.1158 2.41791E+12 313.4 -25201.7 5.78362E+11 371 -138780.09
70 -99207.1987 2.49244E+12 319.1 -35052.9 8.15239E+11 371 -138780.09
69 -79586.2611 1.95594E+12 316.1 -29832.1 6.8897E+11 371 -138780.09

Bottom
HL (KJ/kg) menghitung q line
345.3511 q=
345.3511
396.9112
345.3511
405.5046
414.098
414.098
414.098
414.098
414.098
1.000

0.900

0.800

0.700

0.600

0.500
yA

0.400

0.300

0.200

0.100

0.000
0.000 0.100 0.200 0.300 0.400 0.500 0.600 0.700 0.800 0.900 1.000

xA

Cp Bottom
Cp Air
3.11269E+12
3.11269E+12
3.4992E+12
3.11269E+12
3.56548E+12
3.6323E+12
3.6323E+12
3.6323E+12
3.6323E+12
3.6323E+12
Equilibrium
Line
X=Y
Enriching Line
Stripping Line
q line
Stage
2
3
4

0 0.900 1.000
DATA PENGAMATAN
Feed flow (L/h) 75 R 1
Desilat flow (L/h) 20
Bottom flow (L/h) 25

DATA
T (C) densitas (kg/L) Konsentrasi
t (min)
feed desilat bottom feed desilat bottom xf xd
0 63.1 47.3 95 0.965 0.937 0.978 0.15 0.4
15 63.3 47.4 95 0.958 0.934 0.981 0.15 0.46
30 63.2 47.3 95 0.961 0.92 0.987 0.17 0.53
45 63.4 47.1 96 0.959 0.889 0.98 0.2 0.65
60 63.2 47.3 96 0.954 0.881 0.982 0.3 0.7
75 63.5 47.2 96 0.952 0.864 0.982 0.35 0.75
90 63.5 47.7 96 0.947 0.866 0.98 0.37 0.81
105 78.4 40.4 98 0.973 0.895 0.991 0.26 0.69
120 79.7 46.1 98 0.972 0.879 0.999 0.3 0.74
135 70 43.1 98 0.968 0.866 0.995 0.31 0.8
average 0.9609 0.8931 0.9855 0.256 0.653

Neraca Massa
Basis 100 100 kg
FEED DISILAT BOTTOM
F (kg/h) = 71.025 D (kg/h) = 17.32 W (Kg/h) = 24.5
m etanol 37 81 9
m air 63 19 91
xm etanol 0.37 0.81 0.09
xm air 0.63 0.19 0.91
n etanol 0.804348 1.76087 0.195652
n air 3.5 2.816425 5.055556
X(F/D/W) 0.229814 0.625214 0.0387

Enriching Striping Operating Line


Yn+1 = R/(R+1)Xn + XD/(R+1)
R/(R+1) 0.5
XD/(R+1) 0.405

Enriching Line Stripping Line


Etanol
yF 0.519907 0.37 yW 0.09 0.09 Air
yD 0.81 0.81 yF 0.519907 0.37

Cp Feed
T operasi T Ref
massa etan
336.1 298 15
336.3 298 15
336.2 298 17
T Hv HL 336.4 298 20
78.3 1223 224.7 336.2 298 30
80.1 1544 258.4 336.5 298 35
82 1870 285.9 336.5 298 37
84.7 2193 314
91.8 2517 371.7
100 2675 418.9

Feed Distilat Bottom


waktu T (°C) Hv (KJ/kg) HL (KJ/kg) T (°C) Hv (KJ/kg) HL (KJ/kg) T (°C) Hv (KJ/kg)
0 63.1 1870 285.9 47.3 -430.92 -21.5853 95 2558.264
15 63.3 1544 258.4 47.4 -424.653 -20.7259 95 2558.264
30 63.2 565.4747 115.0491 47.3 -430.92 -21.5853 96 2620.93
45 63.4 578.008 116.7678 47.1 -443.453 -23.3039 96 2620.93
60 63.2 565.4747 115.0491 47.3 -430.92 -21.5853 96 2620.93
75 63.5 584.2746 117.6271 47.2 -437.186 -22.4446 96 2620.93
90 63.5 584.2746 117.6271 47.7 -405.853 -18.1479 96 2620.93

Kebutuhan steam dan cooling

Data Pengamatan
Heat Exchanger λ average mixture= xm eta*H eta+xm air*Hair
panas dingin λ mix= 1734.3 KJ/ Kg
Tin Tout Tin Tout λ= #DIV/0!
0 95 31 31 37 λF = 466.64751461
15 95 32 32 39 λD = -387.7052125
30 95 33 33 47 λW= 2224.0186305 KJ/Kg
45 96 33 33 43 T bottom= 96 C
60 96 33 33 43 λ s= 1104.16 btu/lb
75 96 33 33 43 2568.276 KJ/Kg
90 96 33 33 43 Cp air = 4.19 Kj/kgK
R= L/D
L=D*R (R=1)
L=D
V= L+D
Kondensor V=D+D
t Tin Tout V=2D
0 77.6 38.8 V= 2*D
15 80.6 42.2 V= 34.64 Kg/h
30 76.5 43.7 T=98 C
45 74.2 41.7
60 76.5 38.6
75 70.3 38.7
90 69.7 38.6
q line
x y
0.37 0.37
0.45 0.9
Kesetimbangan Etanol-Air
Etanol Air STAGE
Konsentrasi 0.000 0.000 0.81 0.81
xw 0.020 0.192 0.63 0.81
0.05 0.050 0.377
0.05 0.100 0.527 0.63 0.81
0.05 0.200 0.656 0.63 0.697
0.05 0.300 0.713
0.08 0.400 0.746 0.63 0.697
0.08 0.500 0.771 0.26 0.697
0.09 0.600 0.794
0.02 0.700 0.822 0.26 0.697
0.03 0.800 0.858 0.26 0.405
0.05 0.900 0.912
0.055 0.940 0.942 0.26 0.405
0.960 0.959 0.059 0.405
0.980 0.978
1.000 1.000 0.059 0.405
0.059 0.068
X=Y Operation Line
X Y 0.059 0.068
0 0 0.007 0.068
0.2 0.2
0.4 0.4 0.007 0.068
0.6 0.6 0.007 0.008
0.8 0.8 TOTAL 3.2
1 1

a b.10^2 c.10^5 d.10^9


-325.137 0.000414 -0.01403 1.7035E-09 Suhu Kelvin
18.2964 47.212 -133.88 1314.2 Suhu Kelvin

Cp Feed Cp Destilat
massa air n eta n air Cp Etanol Cp Air T operasi Cp Etanol Cp Air
85 0.326087 4.722222 -57833.5341067132 1.601016E+12 320.3 -37163.7 8.67E+11
85 0.326087 4.722222 -58171.8839536268 1.611001E+12 320.4 -37340.2 8.71E+11
83 0.369565 4.611111 -58542.6720107312 1.606006E+12 320.3 -37163.7 8.67E+11
80 0.434783 4.444444 -59698.2939721541 1.616001E+12 320.1 -36811 8.58E+11
70 0.652174 3.888889 -62052.7379716008 1.606006E+12 320.3 -37163.7 8.67E+11
65 0.76087 3.611111 -63953.1219030673 1.621004E+12 320.2 -36987.3 8.62E+11
63 0.804348 3.5 -64497.3729682847 1.621004E+12 320.7 -37870.2 8.84E+11

Bottom
HL (KJ/kg) menghitung q line
388.317881891 q= Hv-Hf/Hv-HL
388.317881891 Hv-HL = 466.6475146135
396.911239544 Cp camp = 2771.36 J/Kg K
396.911239544 2.77136 KJ/Kg K
396.911239544 Tb = 96 C
396.911239544 369 K
396.911239544 Tf 63.5 C
336.5 K
Hv-Hf= 556.7167146135
q= 1.1930133499

Kebutuhan steam dan cooling water

a*H eta+xm air*Hair latent heat ethanol 846


latent heat water 2256 kJ/KG

m steam = V*λ / λs
ms reboiler = 29.996778135 Kg/h
ms preheater = 6.2939769348
(appendiks mc cabe)
ms total = 36.29075507
mw = -Vλ / T2-T1
mw = 235.68209604 Kg/h
2.3568209604 L/h
1.000

0.900

0.800

0.700

0.600
Equilib
Line
0.500 X=Y
yA

Enrich
Strippi
0.400 q line
Stage
2
0.300 3
4
5
0.200 6
7
8
0.100

0.000
0.000 0.100 0.200 0.300 0.400 0.500 0.600 0.700 0.800 0.900 1.000

xA

effisiensi 27%

Cp Bottom
T operasi Cp Etanol Cp Air
368 -132058 3.43E+12
368 -132058 3.43E+12
368 -132058 3.43E+12
369 -134289 3.5E+12
369 -134289 3.5E+12
369 -134289 3.5E+12
369 -134289 3.5E+12
Equilibrium
Line
X=Y
Enriching Line
Stripping Line
q line
Stage
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

0.900 1.000
Data Pengamatan
Heat Exchanger a
panas dingin Etanol -325.137
t Tin Tout Tin Tout Air 18.2964
0 93 53 25 46
15 95 55 25 50 Tin = 98
30 95 58 28 50 371
45 95 59 25 55 Tout= 98
60 95 60 27 57 371
75 95 63 27 55 Tref= 25
90 95 63 28 50 298
105 95 68 28 62
120 98 68 29 60 Aliran Masuk HE
135 98 68 29 60

Kondensor
t Tin Tout ∆Hin=
0 80 40
15 75 37.5
30 77.9 34.8
45 76.6 37.4
60 77.4 37.2
75 76.7 37.5
90 72.8 38.4
105 74.4 40.4
120 72.2 46.1
135 71.2 46.1
b.10^2 c.10^5 d.10^9
0.000414 -0.01403 1.7E-09 Suhu Kelvin
47.212 -133.88 1314.2 Suhu Kelvin

C
K
C
K
C
K
Basis 100 Kg
m eta 31
mair 69
xm eta 0.31
xm air 0.69
Cp eta 0
Cp air