Sie sind auf Seite 1von 16

# CE 2310 – Mechanics of Materials

## 3rd Semester B.Tech.

Course instructor:
Assistant Professor
Department of Civil Engineering

31 July 2019

1/16
Outline
• Instructor – Students intro

## • Mechanics of Materials vs. Engineering Mechanics

• Motivational examples

• Course overview

## • Course objectives and pre-requisites

2/16
Instructor background
Education
Dr. Phanisri Pradeep • Ph.D., Georgia Tech, 2016
Pratapa • M.S., UT Austin, 2011
(www.pppratapa.com) • B.Tech., IIT Madras, 2010

Research
• Metamaterials
• Origami engineering
• Lattice structures
• Computational mechanics

3/16
Mechanics of Materials vs. Engineering Mechanics

P
Deformable rod

Rigid rod
(idealization)

## Deformable body: Distance Rigid body: Distance

between any two points in between any two points in
the body CAN change due the body CANNOT change
to application of force. due to application of force.

## Fig. courtesy: https://quizlet.com/238108452/chapter-6-structure-analysis-flash-cards/

4/16
Mechanics of Materials vs. Engineering Mechanics

## Why consider a body to be deformable?

OR
Why consider deformable bodies?

## • Rigid members can resist infinite load!!

• In reality no body is perfectly rigid (relative..) P
• Typically high rigidity means high cost
• Sometimes deformation is good
• Can design structural members
• Can analyze indeterminate structures

## Need extra equation!

(Relate force and displacement)
5/16
Course overview – concepts & eqns

?
Force Displacement

Strain-
Equilibrium Compatibility Displacement
relation

Stress Strain
Constitutive
relation

6/16
Motivational Example – Buildings/Bridges
• Sizing/Geometry
BEAMS • Failure/Strength
• Serviceability/Deformation

COLUMNS
Ref: https://www.mdpi.com/2075-5309/3/1/173 7/16
Motivational Example – Buildings/Bridges
• Sizing/Geometry
• Failure/Strength
• Serviceability/Deformation

## Refs: https://mapio.net/pic/p-16507357/ 8/16

https://www.livescience.com/29391-eiffel-tower.html
Motivational Example – Airplane fuselage

Refs:
http://www.traveller.com.au/airbus-a321xlr-plane-narrowbody-jet-on-longer-hauls-presents-comfort-problem-h1fgrh
https://i.stack.imgur.com/TIeeu.jpg 9/16
https://aviation.stackexchange.com/questions/19291/what-is-the-pressure-in-a-civil-aircraft-fuselage-at-flight-ceiling
https://edition.cnn.com/travel/article/airbus-sofa-airplane-seat/index.html
https://www.compositesworld.com/news/spirit-aerosystems-debuts-next-generation-composite-fuselage-panel
Motivational Example – Flexible electronics

Refs:
http://theconversation.com/making-flexible-electronics-with-nanowire-networks-76260
https://blogs.wsj.com/venturecapital/2012/12/17/are-wearable-flexible-electronics-the-
https://www.dezeen.com/2013/03/28/biostamp-temporary-tattoo-wearable-electronic-circuits-john-rogers-
mc10/next-big-thing-mc10-says-so/

10/16
Motivational Example – Nanotechnology

Carbon atom

≈1 nanometer

## Carbon nanotube pillars between sheets of

graphene may create hybrid structures with a
unique balance of strength, toughness and ductility
throughout all three dimensions, according to Rice
University scientists.

Refs:
https://scitechdaily.com/pillared-graphene-structures-gain-strength-toughness-and-ductility/
https://phys.org/news/2012-06-flattened-nanotubes-full-potential-reveal.html
11/16
Motivational Example – Metamaterials

## 3D printed metallic lattice structure Wave guiding

Ref: http://engatech.com/metal-3d-printing/
Ref: http://www.topopt.dtu.dk/?q=node/24 12/16
Course overview – contents/modules
• Chapter-1: Introduction
• Intro, mathematical preliminaries, force, body, motion, basic concepts
• Chapter-2: Stress
• Definitions, stress transformations, Mohr’s circle, types of stresses
• Chapter-3: Strain
• Deformation, strain transformations, strain rosette, compatibility, thermal
• Chapter-4: Constitutive relation
• Young’s modulus, Poisson’s ratio, shear modulus, bulk modulus, stress-strain
• Chapter-5: Axial
• Chapter-6: Bending
• Bending equation, stress distribution on beam cross-section, SFD, BMD, composite beam bending
• Chapter-7: Shear
• Connection design, shear center
• Chapter-8: Torsion
• Twist, shear stress distribution
• Chapter-9: Pressure vessels
• Thick, thin walled
• Chapter-10: Yield/Failure criteria
• Failure modes, Tresca condition, von-Mises
• Chapter-11: Buckling
13/16
• Euler-buckling, elastic
Course objectives & pre-requisites
Analysis: We perform analysis of structures to calculate strength and
displacement and to find support reactions.

Failure: A structure is said to be failed if it does not fulfil its intended use
- Strength: stresses exceed a limit
- Serviceability: Displacement exceeds a limit

OBJECTIVES
• Relate stresses and forces
• Relate strains and displacements
• Solve 1D engineering problems – axial, bending, torsion, pressure vessels
• Predict failure load and mode of failure

SKILLS REQUIRED
• Calculus: Differentiation, Integration, Differential Equations
• Linear Algebra: Matrix multiplication/operations, vectors

14/16
Textbooks and References
• R C Hibbeler, Mechanics of Materials
• E Popov, Engineering Mechanics of Solids
• NPTEL lectures on Mechanics of Materials
• S Timoshenko, Strength of Materials

NOTE: