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The Wudalianchi Scenic Area
G eographic location:North of Heilongjiang
Province, southwest of Heihe City


Famous scenery:Laoheishan, Longmen Shizhai,

Graqishan Tianchi.

Suitable for the play season:Best from May to


Wudalianchi Scenic Area: National AAAAA Level Scenic Area, World

Geopark, World Man and Biosphere Reserve, International Green List,
National Key Scenic Area, National Nature Reserve, National Forest
Park, National Natural Heritage, China’s Mineral Water Town, China
The national intangible cultural heritage of the famous volcanic town
and the holy water festival (Pharmaceutical Festival).

Wudalianchi Scenic Area is located in Wudalianchi City, Heihe City,

Heilongjiang Province, 18 kilometers away from Wudalianchi City. It
is located in the transition zone from Xiaoxing’anling Mountain to
Songnen Plain, with a total area of 1,060 square kilometers, including
321,000 mu of forest land and 57,300 mu of grassland. Ten thousand
acres. Between 1719 and 1721, volcanic eruptions, lava blocked the
Baihe River, forming five interconnected lakes, hence the name

Wudalianchi Scenic Area consists of the Wudalian Lake area: Lotus

Lake, Yanshan Lake, Bailong Lake, Heming Lake and Ruyi Lake, which
form a beaded lake group, as well as the surrounding volcanic group
geological landscape, related human landscape, vegetation and
waterscape. There are 618 species of plants and 397 species of wild
animals. Compared with the same latitudes, the species of animals
and plants are very rich, which has become the main witness of the
ecological evolution process. It shows the tenacious vitality of nature
and is the world’s most studied species adaptation and biome
evolution. Good area.

The first batch of national middle school and primary school students
practice and education base.

Historical evolution
Between 1719 and 1721, volcanic eruptions, lava blocked the Baihe
River, forming five interconnected lakes, hence the name

Before 1974, Wudalianchi Scenic Area did not have a special

management organization. The scenic spot at that time was under the
jurisdiction of Shuangquan Commune in Dedu County and was the
seat of the Qingquan Brigade of Shuangquan Commune. In order to
protect and utilize the natural resources of the Wudalianchi area,
Dedu County separated the Qingquan Brigade of Shuangquan
Commune from the commune and established the “Five Dalian Pool
Management Zone”. With the development of Wudalianchi tourism
and recuperation, in order to solve the problems of main and non-
staple food and transportation, Wudalianchi Town was established on
March 10, 1976 with the approval of the Revolutionary Committee of
Heilongjiang Province. Only three years after the establishment of the
town, the number of sanatoriums established here has grown to 29.

In February 1979, the Heilongjiang Provincial Revolutionary

Committee approved the establishment of the “Leading Unit of the
Wudalianchi Volcanic Resources Protection and Utilization and
Construction Management of Heilongjiang Province”.

In March 1980, Wudalianchi was designated as a “provincial nature

reserve” with the approval of the Heilongjiang Provincial
Government. In June of the same year, the People’s Government of
Heilongjiang Province decided to change the “Leading Group for the
Protection and Utilization of the Volcanic Resources of the
Wudalianchi Reservoir in Heilongjiang Province” to the Management
Committee; and the “Heilongjiang Provincial Revolutionary
Committee Wudalianchi Management Office” was changed to
“Heilongjiang Provincial People’s Government Wudalianchi
Management”. Bureau, the staffing of the Authority has increased
from 7 to 15. After the establishment of the Authority, the
corresponding institutions such as the volcano management station
and the mineral management station were established. Anti-pollution
renovation projects were carried out on drinking springs and washing
springs. From drinking water to a semi-automatic machine water
supply with a spoon, and then to the development of automated
electrical water supply.

In order to solve the problem of unified leadership of the Authority

and Wudalianchi Town, the provincial government decided in 1981 to
work in the town. The merged provincial government Wudalianchi
Administration has a total of 49 establishments, and the three rights
of people, finances and property belong to the provincial government
The Authority established a party committee (county-level), under the
leadership of the Heihe District Committee. The relevant enterprises
and institutions in the town are under the leadership of the
Administration. The main posts include volcano management station,
mineral management station, landscape protection station, public
security branch and forestry management station.

On November 8, 1982, the State Council issued Guofa [1982] No. 136
document to approve Wudalianchi as one of the 44 national key
scenic spots in the country.

In December 1991, it was selected by the National Tourism

Administration. The Wudalianchi Scenic Area Nature Reserve was
rated as “Top 40 Chinese Tourist Destinations”.

On April 21, 1996, the Heilongjiang Provincial Institutional

Preparation Committee issued a notice on the “Management Function
Configuration, Internal Institutions and Staffing Plan for the
Wudalianchi Scenic Spot in Heilongjiang Province”, and decided to
establish the “Hualongjiang Provincial Scenic Spots Authority in
Heilongjiang Province” in the original Wudalianchi City. (Department
level) is managed by the new Wudalianchi City.
In 2000, the summary of the meeting of the Heilongjiang Provincial
Government Office, the No. 89 document of the Heizheng Office,
“2000”, was abolished by the Wudalianchi Scenic Spot Nature
Reserve Administration of Heilongjiang Province, and was set up
from Wudalianchi City to establish the Wudalianchi scenery in
Heilongjiang Province. The Scenic Area Nature Reserve Management
Committee is affiliated to Heihe City and has 105 people. It has 9
ministries and bureaus and one Wudalianchi Town.

In 2001, the Wudalianchi Scenic Area Nature Reserve was approved

by the Ministry of Land and Resources as one of the first national
geological parks.

On July 17, 2003, the Wudalianchi Scenic Area Nature Reserve was
approved by UNESCO as the World Man and Biosphere Reserve.

On February 3, 2004, the Wudalianchi Scenic Area Nature Reserve

was approved by UNESCO as one of the first global geological parks in
the world.

On January 1, 2007, in order to strengthen the protection of the

Wudalianchi World Geopark, rationally utilize natural resources and
ensure the sustainable development of the Wudalianchi World
Geopark, the 23rd meeting of the Heilongjiang Provincial People’s
Congress Standing Committee was promulgated in accordance with
relevant national laws and regulations. The “Regulations on the
Protection of the Wudalianchi World Geopark in Heilongjiang
Province” was implemented.
Attractions landscape

Bark Lake landscape

Wudalianchi is the core attraction of the scenic spot. It consists of a
lake group consisting of Lotus Lake (1st Pool), Yanshan Lake (2nd
Pool), Bailong Lake (Sanchi), Heming Lake (Four Pool) and Ruyi Lake

Lianhua Lake is the first lake in Wudalianchi, also known as the head
pool. It is the only natural lake in Wudalianchi with water lilies. It
has the smallest area in the Wuhu Lake, with an area of 0.117-0.187
square kilometers, a water depth of 1.3 or 2-4 meters, and a lava
bottom. The average water depth is 2 to 4 meters. Its scenery is
unique: one is the water lily in the lake in summer; the other is the
overflowing mouth of the winter, and it is also a wonder in the
northern country in the alpine region. Here the water turns around
and the volcanic lava reef blends with the water. It is exactly: “The
middle of the singer’s exquisite painting, Longyan Xiushui two-phase
investment, Wuhu overflowing the waves, the water lily fragrant
dreams are faint.”

Yanshan Lake (Second Pool), with an area of 2.544-7.500 square

kilometers, a water depth of 4.2 or 7-10 meters, and a lava bottom.
The second pool is a well-known natural farm. It is called “Yanshan
Lake” because it is tightly surrounded by the ancient island of
Yanshan. It has three characteristics: one is the most ideal water
surface in the five pools to see the morning glow; the other is that the
summer and autumn are foggy like hot springs, the water
temperature is up to 30 degrees Celsius; the third is the most
concentrated water of the big fat head fish.

Bailong Lake (Sanchi) has an area of 21.5 square kilometers during

the wet season and more than 36 meters at the deepest point. The
bottom of the pool is half of the lava and sand bottom. The open
water reflects 14 volcanoes and the scenery is very beautiful. There
are many legends in Sanchizi, and the landscape is also the most. In
summer, “the reflection of the mountains” and the “three pools of
ice” in winter. On both sides of the lake, one side is a spectacular new
volcanic lava terrace, and one side is the green idyllic scenery of the
ancient volcano. Bailong Lake is an important “geological lake”. The
west bank of the lake is a new volcanic lava landform. The east bank
is an ancient sediment rock landform. The two sides cross the billion-
year-old time tunnel and the scenery is different. It can be described
as “one lake and two scenes”. Bailong Lake is a folk “legendary lake”:
there are fans of lake monsters, fans of dark rivers, fans of ice breaks,
fans of sands at the bottom of the lake, legends of black dragons and
white dragons, stories of Yucheng, and myths of Lianchi fairy.

Heming Lake (Four Pools) Heming Lake is located in the middle of

Qiangtang, backed by the world’s wonder jet cones, facing the lakes of
ancient stone ponds, with a water depth of 3-5 meters. Its water
surface is famous for its squatting cranes and quiet environment.
There are two aquatic plants with a width of 50 meters. The plants of
the cattails, reeds and water chestnuts are very dense. The bottom of
the water is volcanic sand. The pool is rich in fish and is rich in trout.
Interested visitors can fish on the boat. The waters of the four pools
are crowded with grasses. Wild waterfowls, white cranes and red-
crowned cranes often amphibiously fly and nest to lay eggs. It is a
rare summer camping area. When the tourists sit quietly on the
opposite side of the ancient stone pond on the lake, smell the thick
grass, listen to the sound of the cranes far and near, will definitely
fall in love with this volcanic paradise, the beautiful Hejia Township.

Ruyi Lake (Wuchi) has a water area of 15 square kilometers, a water

depth of 4-6 meters, and an area of five pools. It stands on the Black
Dragon Mountain and looks like a “Jade Ruyi”. It is the source of the
entire water system of Wudalianchi. However, there is no river
inflow and no Mingxi giant spring, which is also its wonderful place.
Another strange thing is that suddenly there is no wind and waves,
and the sound of the waves sizzles. The waves that make you make it
impossible to drive. This pool is rich in “three flowers and five Luo”,
the lakeside and the bottom are volcanic sand, the lakeshore Long
Beach is the most ideal natural bath. The poet praised: “Xianyan locks
the town’s white dragon head, and wants to stop and stop. Let you
have no wind and three feet, regardless of the drought and the

Volcanic landscape

Longmen Shizhai
Longmen Shizhai is located in the Wudalianchi Scenic Area. The
shield volcano erupted in the first phase of the Longmen Mountain
erupted 28-34 million years ago, and the magma rolling down the
slope. After the upper part solidified, the lower part of the rock flow
propelled into a block, and after several times the Longmenshan
eruption movement and large The seismograph shook and moved, and
many stones and stone pillars spewed. The size of Shizhai is a
kilometer away, with a total area of nearly 50km2.
Gra Ball Hill Tianchi
The Gula Ball Mountain Tianchi is located in the crater of the Nangra
Ball in the Xi Lie volcanic group. Geqi Mountain broke out 2.03
million years ago, and the north and south mountains are only 150
meters apart. The altitude of Nangraqiu Mountain is 596.9 meters. It
is a truncated cone-shaped mountain shape in 14 volcanoes. The
volcanic body is intact and has no gaps. The top crater is round and
potted. It has been filled for more than 2 million years. Lake water.

Fire mountain
The fire-burning mountain and the Black Dragon Mountain erupted at
the same time, and the entire volcanic cone was composed of black,
brown, purple pumice and basalt. The altitude is 392.6 meters and
the relative height is 73 meters. The base is 800 meters in diameter
and the crater has an inner diameter of 450 meters and a depth of 63
meters. The southern slope of the volcanic cone is steep and the
northern slope is gentle. The crater is rugged, and there is a gap in
the northwest that is the passage for the lava to overflow. The
volcanic cone is relatively flat around, and large areas of volcanic lava
are exposed to the surface.

Black dragon mountain

Black Dragon Mountain is a young volcano that formed after two
eruptions in 1719 and 1720. The total area of the landscape belt is 50
square kilometers. The geological formation of Laoheishan and
Huoshan is more than 280 years ago. The main attractions are Black
Dragon Mountain (Old Montenegro), Hawthorn Pass, Shihai, Fairy
Palace, Huoshan, and Jet Cone. There are also Bonsai Garden, Shilong
Moss Garden, Colorful Beach, Fire Sea Relic, Qisong Garden, Volcanic
Bomb, Hukou Forest, Range Rover, Tenglong Valley, Volcanic Scorpio,
Magma Spill, Shuilian Cave, Vice Volcano, Holly Garden, Birch Lin
Jingjing, Lava Rock Dragon, Shihai Shengling, Stone Garden, Bagua
Lake, Huoshan Mountain Grand Canyon, Mysterious Pool, Knife
Gorge, Fire Castle, Stone Coffin, Stone Bear, Hualin Boil Spring, etc.
Geographical environment

Location horizon
Wudalianchi Scenic Area is located in the northwest of Heilongjiang
Province, in the southwest of Heihe City. It is located in the
transitional zone between Xiaoxing’anling Mountain and Songnen
Plain, 380 kilometers from Harbin and 230 kilometers from Heihe
River. The geographical coordinates are 48°30′~48°51′ north latitude
and 126°00′~126°25′ east longitude. The total area is 1060km2.

Geological Features
The rock composition of Heilongjiang and Huoshan in Wudalianchi is
very special. It is a potassium-rich basic-intermediate volcanic lava.
Because its color ratio (40~55%) is higher than that of coarse
porphyry and ring rock (35~20%), and it does not contain basic
plagioclase which basalt should have, it is neither a rough rock nor a
rock. Classes are also not alkaline basalt. Therefore, the Japanese
geologist Kokura 勉 named it “Shilongyan” according to the shape of
the lava of Heilongjiang Mountain and Huoshan Mountain—like the
“dragon shape”.

In addition, the magma that forms the potassic volcanic rocks is

generally from the mantle. The upwelling and eruption of this magma
is associated with a certain geological tectonic environment. The
Wudalianchi volcanic area is located at the axis of the East Asian
continental rift system, and its formation is likely to be Produced by
the uplift of the mantle plume under the action of the rift.

The 14 volcanoes in the Wudalianchi area are distributed at the

intersection of the NE-trending and NW-trending lines, forming a
checkerboard grid layout. According to geologists, 14 volcanic cones
are regularly arranged and controlled by faults deep in the earth’s
crust. The faults in the northeast and northwest directions of the
Wudalianchi area are very developed and dominated by the northeast
direction. The magma inside the earth erupts along the intersection of
the two groups of fault zones in the northeast and northwest
directions, forming a well-arranged volcanic cone.
Volcanic landform
The volcanic group in the Wudalianchi area is 400 to 600 meters
above sea level. It is famous for its special structure of volcanic cones,
various volcanic lava flow patterns, lava tunnels filled with frost, and
cold carbonated mineral springs.

The Wudalianchi volcanic group is located at the northern end of the

Songnen Fault Depression Basin, and its northeast is the
Xiaoxing’anling fault uplifting area. The Wudalianchi volcanic group
is still located in the northwest to the Wudalianchi-Kolo volcanic belt.
The strata distributed in the area are mainly Carboniferous phyllite,
schist, Cretaceous and Tertiary sandstones, Quaternary volcanic
rocks, and Hualixi and Yanshanian granites.

The Wudalianchi volcano has 14 separate volcanic cones and a series

of shielded volcanoes. The volcanic cone and the shield volcano
formed in the Quaternary, and the most recent volcanic eruption
occurred in the Old Black Mountain and the Huoshan Mountain from
1719 to 1721 AD. The eruption lava blocked the Shilong River in the
area in four places, forming five volcanic dammed lakes, which
eventually formed the “Five Dalian Pool”.

The activities of the old Montenegro and Huoshan volcanoes include

lava, volcanic bombs, volcanic slag, sintered agglomerates,
agglomerates and volcanic breccia. The rock is characterized by
potassium-rich and partially leucite. From the perspective of
petrochemistry, it is distinguished from the ring rock and the coarse-
faced rock by the higher color ratio and the content of total iron, MgO
and CaO. It is also distinguished from the alkaline basalt by the
plagioclase. It is generally named after the “Shilongyan”.
Climate condition
The Wudalianchi Scenic Area is located in the northern part of China.
The local climate is short in winter and long in summer, and cold and
humid. However, due to volcanic activity, the Wudalianchi area shows
different climatic characteristics from the nearby.

Hydrological characteristics
In addition to the surface water mainly composed of five volcanic
dammed lakes, the park also contains abundant groundwater and
mineral water, forming a complete and unique hydrogeological
system. The bicarbonate, carbonated mineral water, which is
comparable to the Vichy water in the Central Highlands of France, has
the highest degree of research, and in the process of its formation and
evolution, it embodies complex mineral hydrogeology and hydrology.
Principles of geochemistry.
Natural resources

Water resources
Wudalianchi mineral water is one of the world’s three major cold
springs. It has iron-silica, magnesium-calcium-type bicarbonate and
low-temperature cold mineral water. It has mineral water such as
silicic acid and strontium.

In 2013, Wudalianchi mineral water mainly consisted of 9 mineral

springs such as Yaoquan Mountain, Jiaodebu, Tailshan and
Huozhaoshan. There are more than 300 natural outcrops springs such
as Nanquan, Beiquan, Fuhuaquan and Erlongquan. According to the
exploration of the geological department in the 1970s, it was initially
found that there are 7 mineral waters in Wudalianchi. The mining
capacity of the South and North Springs is less than 85 cubic meters.
There are 8 water sources for siliceous drinking natural mineral
water. The daily mining volume is less than 5,681 cubic meters, and
the annual mining volume is limited to 2,073,565 cubic meters. The
newly discovered Dongjiaobu-Xiangyang mining area can mine
100,000 tons of bicarbonate mineral water per year, with a maximum
mining capacity of 500,000 tons per year.
Plant resources
In 2013, there were 1,044 428 genera and 144 genera in the
Wudalianchi area, including 47 rare and endangered plants, such as
the national first-grade protected plant, Dianthus chinensis, and
blunt-leaved pine. The secondary protected plants such as Korean
pine and red spruce , cockroaches, peony, hawthorn, ash, wild
soybeans, walnut glutinous rice, yellow porridge and so on.

In 2013, the main vegetation types in the volcanic area of the

Wudalianchi New Period Scenic Area were: lichen moss community,
lichen fern community, lichen grass community, lichens shrub, lichen
sparse forest, moss larch forest, etc.; the old volcanic area formed a
miscellaneous Meadow-like grassland, shrub-like meadow, forest
meadow, deciduous broad-leaved forest, coniferous and broad-leaved
mixed forest; submerged plant community, floating plant community,
emergent plant community, Phyllostachys pubescens, Xiaoyezhang
miscellaneous meadow.
Animal resources
In 2013, there were 115 species of 55 species of wild animals in
Wudalianchi area. Among them, birds and mammals had first-class
protected animals such as crickets, mergans, and red-crowned cranes.
There were 14 species of secondary protected animals such as grouse,
gray crane, otter, black bear and white. Top crane, small eared owl,
Wusuli 鹫, elk and so on.

Wudalianchi mineral fish

Wild, organic and pollution-free, produced in the World Geopark and
the World Biosphere Reserve Wudalianchi. There are 36 species of
mineral spring fish that grow naturally in the water. The main
varieties are squid, squid, squid, squid, grass root, scorpion, three
flowers, five scorpions, scorpions, etc. The meat is tender and tender,
and is rich in calcium, iron, zinc and selenium. Potassium, sodium,
magnesium and cadmium and other minerals and trace elements
beneficial to the human body, its content and taste are significantly
better than other common freshwater fish.
Story legend

Myths and legends

In the northwest corner of the Sanchizi Lake in Wudalianchi, there is
a volcano called Huoshan. According to historical records, it broke out
in the lunar calendar of the Qing Dynasty (1720 AD). The scenes that
broke out at that time were quite spectacular: the landslides were
cracked, the thunder was set off; the smoke was thick and the smoke
was not rolling out; the sky was flying, like a shower of rain; the heat
wave was pressing, and the birds and beasts disappeared. After that,
there was a magical legend that was handed down. It is said that the
moment when the fire-burning mountain broke out, it was like a
cannon, rushing to the clouds. From the bottom of the burning sea of
fire to the junction of the thick smoke, soaring a monster like a
fireball, like lightning, disappeared. Many years have passed, and the
lava flowing out of the fire-burning mountain has turned into a large
piece of stone dragon and stone sea after cooling. On the ground,
grass and woods grow. Many years have passed, and people are
gradually getting on the ground where weeds and woods grow.
Folk legend
More than 200 years ago, Wudalianchi was a vast ocean called Beihai.
The sea has a wide variety of animals and plants, and it grows
vigorously; it dominates the world’s fish in the sea, and the carp is
the king of the sea. The head is a squid, very good, and good. In order
to consolidate his dominant position, it is good at uniting all kinds of
animals and plants, and sent a confidant squid to do this work.
Following the Confucius in the Spring and Autumn Period and the
Warring States Period, he came to travel around the entire North Sea
to announce the benefits of forming an alliance to build a home. The
reason, but the squid has been ruthlessly hit, almost lost his life.
Travel Information

Traffic routes

From Harbin, Heihe and Qiqihar, the train goes directly to
Wudalianchi Station (formerly Zhanhe Station). The station is 30
kilometers away from Wudalianchi Scenic Area and can be reached by
taxi or car.

You can take the direct flight to Harbin and transfer to the train and
car. You can take the direct flight to Heihe to transfer to the train and
the car. You can take the direct Qiqihar flight to the train and the car.

Highway passenger transport from Harbin, Heihe, Qiqihar and Daqing
has a daily shuttle bus to the scenic spot.
There is a shuttle bus inside the scenic spot, which can be rented or
chartered. The fare varies from 120 to 200.

Ticket information

Tickets for the Wulong Mountain Scenic Area, Heilongjiang Mountain
Scenic Area, Beiyuequan Scenic Area, Wenbo Scenic Area, and
Longmen Shizhai Scenic Area are 50% off, 20 yuan/sheet, 10
yuan/sheet, 10 yuan/sheet, 10 yuan/sheet.
Senior citizens over 70 years of age, military disability, children
under 130cm, and journalists issued by the State Press Administration
continue to enjoy the free ticket policy.

Opening hours
High season: (June 01~October 31), 06:00~18:30.
Low season: (November 01 ~ 05 March), 08:00 ~ 17:00.