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Lesson Plan for Grade 10


October 2 , 2019

I- Objectives
At the end of the lesson, students must be able to:
1. define argumentative essay
2. identify the three parts of argumentative essay and
3. make an argumentative essay.

II- Subject Matter


Topic : Argumentative Essay
References : Celebrating Diversity through World Literature pg. 131
Materials : PowerPoint presentation

III- Learning Procedure

Teacher`s Activity Student`s Activity


A. Routine Activity

1.Prayer “Father God in Heaven, we all do thanks for this day,


please guides us all throughout the day, in Jesus name
we pray. Amen.

2. Greetings
“Good morning class!”
“Good morning Ma’am!”
3.Classroom Management

“At the count of ten, arrange your chairs and pick up


those pieces of papers under your chairs”

4.Checking of Attendance
None Ma’am.
“Do we have any absentee today?

“Good to hear that!”

B. Motivation

“Have you ever taken a ride in a public transportation


with an aggressive driver? “

“How did you feel?

“What did you do?”

“Did you argue with them?”

C. Activity

“I will group you into five, get your book and turn to
page 131. You`re going to read a paragraph entitled
Aggressive driving should be avoided then in short
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bond paper and answer the activity A. Reason out. I


will give you 15 minutes to do the task. The points you
will get for each will serve as your recitation, 3 points
if your group answer it correctly and 1 point if not”

“Clear?”

“Yes ma`am”

Aggressive Driving Should be Avoided


Aggressive driving is a phenomenon, which has only
recently got the public worried. The National Highway
Traffic Safety Council (NHTSC) defines aggressive
driving as “the operation of a motor vehicle in a manner
that endangers or is likely to endanger persons or
property”. Actions such as running red lights, improper
passing, overtaking on the left, improper lane change,
failing to yield, improper turns, running stop signs,
tailgaiting, careless driving and speeding are examples
of aggressive driving. Such actions are dangerous to
other road users. Aggressive driving should be avoided
because it causes crashes, injuries and fatalities.
The first reason why aggressive driving should
be avoided is it causes crashes. According to NHTSC
between 78 percent (excessive speed) and 100 percent
(improper passing) of the cases of aggressive driving
resulted in traffic crashes and 96 percent of the drivers
cited for “following too closely” or tailgaitng caused
crashes as a result of their aggressive driving.
Moreover, “running red light”, “improper passing”,
and “overtaking on the left” topped other categories of
aggressive driving in contributing to traffic crashes.
Another reason why aggressive driving should
be avoided is it causes injuries. NHTSC states that the
percentages of the injuries caused by aggressive
driving are, in almost all categories of aggressive
driving, above 100 percent. Furthermore, the
Department of Highway Safety (DHS) reports that this
is due to the fact that each motor vehicle crash
accounts for one or more injuries. It was found that of
the ten categories of aggressive driving, “running red
light”, “failing to yield”, and “running stop signs” are
the most serious factors contributing to injuries.

Yet another reason why aggressive driving


should be avoided is it causes fatalities. "Overtaking
on the left” appears to be the most important
contributing factor in traffic fatalities as it relates to
aggressive driving. “Improper lane change”, “running
stop sign” and “running red light” rank second through
four in terms of their contribution to traffic fatalities
(DHS, 2008).
The above evidence shows that aggressive
driving causes crashes, injuries and fatalities. Hence,
aggressive driving should be avoided. Since the
opening of the North-South Highway, the number of
kilometers of roads in the country has increased by one
percent while the number of vehicle miles driven has
increased by 35 percent. More cars and more drivers
are also on the road, leading to more aggressive
drivers.
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D. Analysis

“What you just read is an example of an argumentative


essay.

“Give me your idea when you hear argumentative (Students answers may vary).
essay?”

“An argumentative essay tries to change the reader’s


mind by convincing the reader to agree with the
writer’s point of view”.

Argumentative essay has three parts.


1.Introduction
2.Body
3. Conclusion

“What is an introduction?”
“Yes, Alyssa. “The first paragraph is the introductory paragraph. It
introduces the problem and gives the background
information necessary for the argument and the thesis
statement”.

“Correct!”

“Let us take for example the paragraph we have read”.

“Which is the introduction?”


“Yes, Anton” Aggressive driving is a phenomenon, which has only
recently got the public worried. The National Highway
Traffic Safety Council (NHTSC) defines aggressive
driving as “the operation of a motor vehicle in a manner
that endangers or is likely to endanger persons or
property”. Actions such as running red lights, improper
passing, overtaking on the left, improper lane change,
failing to yield, improper turns, running stop signs,
tailgaiting, careless driving and speeding are examples
of aggressive driving. Such actions are dangerous to
other road users. Aggressive driving should be avoided
because it causes crashes, injuries and fatalities.
4

“That’s right!”
“It introduces the problem and gives the background
“Again, what is introduction?” information necessary for the argument and the thesis
“Yes, Arnel” statement”.

“Okay!”
“What is the paragraph in our introduction that gives
the background information about aggressive driving?
“ “Aggressive driving is a phenomenon, which has only
“Yes, Anton”. recently got the public worried”.

The National Highway Traffic Safety Council


(NHTSC) defines aggressive driving as “the
operation of a motor vehicle in a manner that
endangers or is likely to endanger persons or
property”

Actions such as running red lights, improper passing,


overtaking on the left, improper lane change, failing to
yield, improper turns, running stop signs, tailgaiting,
careless driving and speeding are examples of
aggressive driving.

“Correct!”
“How about thesis statement?”
“Thesis statement is one sentence of your introduction
“Any idea what is a thesis statement?”
that states your opinion. It needs to be strong. It is the
“Yes, Ana”
controlling idea.

“Okay!good!”

“What is the focus point in our paragraph?”


“Yes, Andrei”.
“Aggressive driving should be avoided because it
causes crashes, injuries and fatalities”.

“Correct!
“So, the focus point is all about the crashes, injuries
and fatalities”.

“We are done with our introduction, next part we have


the body”.

“What is body of paragraph?”


“Yes, Angel”.
“The body of paragraph contains the reasons. Each
paragraph talks about one reason. The reason is stated
in the topic sentence and is supported by supporting
details or materials”.

“What is the body in the paragraph aggressive driving


should be avoided?”
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“Yes, Anita” The first reason why aggressive driving should be


avoided is it causes crashes. According to NHTSC
between 78 percent (excessive speed) and 100 percent
(improper passing) of the cases of aggressive driving
resulted in traffic crashes and 96 percent of the drivers
cited for “following too closely” or tailgaitng caused
crashes as a result of their aggressive driving.
Moreover, “running red light”, “improper passing”,
and “overtaking on the left” topped other categories of
aggressive driving in contributing to traffic crashes.
Another reason why aggressive driving should
be avoided is it causes injuries. NHTSC states that the
percentages of the injuries caused by aggressive
driving are, in almost all categories of aggressive
driving, above 100 percent. Furthermore, the
Department of Highway Safety (DHS) reports that this
is due to the fact that each motor vehicle crash
accounts for one or more injuries. It was found that of
the ten categories of aggressive driving, “running red
light”, “failing to yield”, and “running stop signs” are
the most serious factors contributing to injuries.

Yet another reason why aggressive driving


should be avoided is it causes fatalities. "Overtaking
on the left” appears to be the most important
contributing factor in traffic fatalities as it relates to
aggressive driving. “Improper lane change”, “running
stop sign” and “running red light” rank second through
four in terms of their contribution to traffic fatalities
(DHS, 2008).

“Good!”
“It composed of three paragraphs”.
“It gives supporting details about the focus point”.

“What is the first focus point?” “Aggressive driving can cause crashes”

“What are the supporting details?” “According to NHTSC between 78 percent (excessive
speed) and 100 percent (improper passing) of the cases
of aggressive driving resulted in traffic crashes and 96
percent of the drivers cited for “following too closely”
or tailgaitng caused crashes as a result of their
aggressive driving.

“Moreover, “running red light”, “improper passing”,


and “overtaking on the left” topped other categories of
aggressive driving in contributing to traffic crashes”.

“What is the second focus point?” “Aggressive driving can cause injuries”.

“What are the supporting details?” NHTSC states that the percentages of the injuries
caused by aggressive driving are, in almost all
categories of aggressive driving, above 100 percent.

Furthermore, the Department of Highway Safety


(DHS) reports that this is due to the fact that each
motor vehicle crash accounts for one or more injuries.
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It was found that of the ten categories of aggressive


driving, “running red light”, “failing to yield”, and
“running stop signs” are the most serious factors
contributing to injuries.

“Aggressive driving can cause fatalities”.


“What is the third focus point?”
"Overtaking on the left” appears to be the most
“What are the supporting details?” important contributing factor in traffic fatalities as it
relates to aggressive driving.

“Improper lane change”, “running stop sign” and


“running red light” rank second through four in terms
of their contribution to traffic fatalities (DHS, 2008).

“The last paragraph of the essay is the conclusion”.

“What is conclusion?” “The conclusion restates the main claim and presents
“Yes, Abner” one or two general statements which accurately
summarize the arguments which support the main
premise”.

“Correct!”
“What is the conclusion in our sample paragraph?”
“The above evidence shows that aggressive driving
“Yes, Angela”.
causes crashes, injuries and fatalities. Hence,
aggressive driving should be avoided. Since the
opening of the North-South Highway, the number of
kilometers of roads in the country has increased by one
percent while the number of vehicle miles driven has
increased by 35 percent. More cars and more drivers
are also on the road, leading to more aggressive
drivers”.

“What is the summary of the three reasons stated in “ The above evidence shows that aggressive driving
the conclusion?” causes crashes, injuries and fatalities”

“The conclusion restates the stand taken by the writer,


that is, aggressive driving should be avoided”.

“Those are the three main parts of argumentative


essay”.

E. Abstraction
“Again, what are 3 main parts of Argumentative
essay?”
“Introduction, body and conclusion”
“Yes, Pauline?”

“Correct!”
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“What is argumentative essay?” “An argumentative essay tries to change the reader’s
mind by convincing the reader to agree with the
writer’s point of view”.

“Do you have any questions?”


“None. Ma`am”

“Okay, that’s great! Let us have a seatwork”.

F. Application

“I have here example of argumentative essay”. Marine mammals are part of nature. They should not
“You are going to label the parts of argumentative be bought, sold, or thrown in an aquarium. I believe
essay “ that they have right to be kept in their natural
environment. Captivity have negative effects to marine
mammals.
*opinion First, captivity causes many health problems in
*thesis statement marine mammals. Many tanks have water full of
*Focus point 1,2 ,3 chemicals, and bacteria; this results in blindness and
*Supporting details 1, 2, 3 many skin problems in dolphins and other mammals.
*Summary of focus points Dolphins in the wild can swim up to 40-100 miles per
*restate your opinion day but in pools they go around swimming in
repetitive patterns. Due to boredom and limited space
many dolphins abuse themselves; they often bang their
heads against tank and aquarium walls.
Aside from that, marine mammals breed very
poorly captivity with very high infant death rates. For
this reason, when a baby dolphin is born into captivity,
its birth is usually kept a secret from its mother until it
shows signs of survival. Marine mammals do breed in
captivity is not as successful as in the wild.
Lastly, some of these poor innocent creatures face
abusive treatment by their caretakers, thus shortening
their life span. In fact, Keiko, the killer whale, the star
of Free Willy was a victim of this type of abuse.
Marine mammals should definitely not be held in
captivity. Captivity causes many health problems,
marine mammals breed very poorly and it make their
life span shortened. In a world where much of nature
and the wild has already been lost to us, it is up to us
to let these beautiful marine mammals be free

G. Closure

com·pel·ling
/kəmˈpeliNG/
adjective
capable of causing someone to believe or agree; very interesting; able to capture and hold your attention

Prepared by:
_____________________________
Jielyn Sasota Checked by:
BSEd-IV/ English _____________________
Mr. Randall Dimaculangan- English Teacher