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LAMPIRAN

1. Pemanasan KClO3 (1 mol gas O2)


To = 0oC = 273 K
Po = 1 atm
R (untuk air) = 0,8
Reaksi:
2KClO3 (s) → 3O2 (g) + 2KCl(s)

a. Percobaan ke-1
h = 16,2 cm = 16,2 x 10-2 m
T = 29oC = 302 K
 mol KClO3 dan mol O2
massa KClO3 = 0,149 g
Mr KClO3 = 122,5 g/mol
𝑚 0,149 g
n KClO3 = 𝑀𝑟 = 122,5 g/mol = 12 × 10−4 mol
3
n O2 = 2 × 12 × 10−4 mol = 18 × 10−4 mol

 Tekanan barometer terbaca


Pbar = ρair . g . hair
= (103 kg/m3 )(9,8 m/s 2 )(16,2 × 10−2 m)
= 1587,6 kg/ms 2
= 1587,6 Pa

 Tekanan terkoreksi barometer


Ptotal = Pbar - C
= 1587,6 Pa − 3,58 mmHg
1 atm 760 mmHg
= 1587,6 Pa [1, 01×105Pa × ] − 3,58 mmHg
1 atm

= 11,95 mmHg − 3,58 mmHg = 8,37 mmHg


 Tekanan gas sesungguhnya
Pgas = Ptotal -PH2O (1- r)
= 8,37 mmHg − 30,1 mmHg (1 − 0,8)
= 8,37 mmHg – 6,02 mmHg
= 2,35 mmHg
1 atm
= 2,35 mmHg × 760 mmHg = 3,1×10-3 atm

 Volume percobaan
𝑛RT
V= P
(18×10−4 mol)(0,082 Latm/mol K )(302 K)
= 3,1×10-3 atm
0,045 Latm
= 3,1×10-3 atm

= 14,52 L

 Volume gas keadaan STP


P V To
Vo = Po T

(3,1×10−3 atm)(14,52 L)(273 K)


= (1 atm)(302 K)
12,29 L atm K
= 302 atm k

= 0,040 L

 Volume molar
V
Vm = moloO
2

0,040 L
= 18×10−4 mol

= 22,22 L/mol

b. Percobaan ke-2
h = 22,4 cm = 22,4 x 10-2 m
T = 29oC = 302 K
 mol KClO3 dan mol O2
massa KClO3 = 0,150 g
Mr KClO3 = 122,5 g/mol
𝑚 0,150 g
n KClO3 = 𝑀𝑟 = 122,5 g/mol = 12 × 10−4 mol
3
n O2 = 2 × 12 × 10−4 mol = 18 × 10−4 mol

 Tekanan barometer terbaca


Pbar = ρair . g . hair
= (103 kg/m3 )(9,8 m/s 2 )(22,4 × 10−2 m)
= 2195,2 kg/ms 2
= 2195,2 Pa

 Tekanan terkoreksi barometer


Ptotal = Pbar - C
= 2195,2 Pa − 3,58 mmHg
1 atm 760 mmHg
= 2195,2 Pa [1, 01×105Pa × ] − 3,58 mmHg
1 atm

= 16,52 mmHg − 3,58 mmHg = 12,94 mmHg

 Tekanan gas sesungguhnya


Pgas = Ptotal -PH2O (1- r)
= 12,94 mmHg − 30,1 mmHg (1 − 0,8)
= 12,94 mmHg – 6,02 mmHg
= 6,92 mmHg
1 atm
= 6,92 mmHg × 760 mmHg = 9,1×10-3 atm

 Volume percobaan
𝑛RT
V= P
(18×10−4 mol)(0,082 Latm/mol K )(302 K)
= 9,1×10-3 atm
0,045 Latm
= 9,1×10-3 atm

= 28,06 L

 Volume gas keadaan STP


P V To
Vo = Po T

(9,1×10−3 atm)(4,945 L)(273 K)


= (1 atm)(302 K)
12,28 L atm K
= 302 atm k

= 0,041 L

 Volume molar
V
Vm = moloO
2

0,041 L
= 18×10−4 mol

= 22,78 L/mol

c. Percobaan ke-3
h = 14,4 cm = 14,4 x 10-2 m
T = 28oC = 301 K
 mol KClO3 dan mol O2
massa KClO3 = 0,149 g
Mr KClO3 = 122,5 g/mol
m 0,149 g
n KClO3 = Mr = 122,5 g/mol = 12 × 10−4 mol
3
n O2 = 2 × 12 × 10−4 mol = 18 × 10−4 mol

 Tekanan barometer terbaca


Pbar = ρair . g . hair
= (103 kg/m3 )(9,8 m/s 2 )(14,4 × 10−2 m)
= 1411,2 kg/ms 2
= 1411,2 Pa

 Tekanan terkoreksi barometer


Ptotal = Pbar - C
= 1411,2 Pa − 3,41 mmHg
1 atm 760 mmHg
= 1411,2 Pa [1, 01×105Pa × ] − 3,41 mmHg
1 atm

= 10,62 mmHg − 3,41 mmHg = 7,21 mmHg

 Tekanan gas sesungguhnya


Pgas = Ptotal -PH2O (1- r)
= 7,21 mmHg − 28,3 mmHg (1 − 0,8)
= 7,21 mmHg – 6,02 mmHg
= 1,19 mmHg
1 atm
= 1,19 mmHg × 760 mmHg = 1,57×10-3 atm

 Volume percobaan
𝑛RT
V= P
(18×10−4 mol)(0,082 Latm/mol K )(301 K)
= 1,57×10-3 atm
0,044 Latm
= 1,57×10-3 atm

= 28,03 L

 Volume gas keadaan STP


P V To
Vo = Po T

(1,57×10−3 atm)(28,03 L)(273 K)


= (1 atm)(301 K)
12,01 L atm K
= 301 atm k

= 0,039 L
 Volume molar
V
Vm = moloO
2

0,039 L
= 18×10−4 mol

= 21,67 L/mol

22,22 L/mol + 22,78 L/mol + 21,67 L/mol


𝐕𝐦 𝐫𝐚𝐭𝐚−𝐫𝐚𝐭𝐚 = 𝟑
66,67 L/mol
= 3

= 22,22 L/mol

Massa
V O2 ∆h T2 Pbar Ptotal Pgas Vm O2 Vm rata-rata
No. KClO3 (cm)
(mL) (℃) (Pa) (mmHg) (atm) (L/mol) (L/mol)
(g)
1 0,149 11,1 16,2 29 1587,6 8,37 3,1×10-3 22,22
2 0,150 33,2 22,4 29 2195,2 12,9 9,1×10-3 22,78 22,22
3 0,149 15,0 14,4 28 1411,2 7,21 1,6×10-3 21,67