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BIOETHICS

EVALS 3
TRANS 8
HUMAN DIGNITY, PRINCIPLE OF AUTONOMY, STEWARDSHIP AND ACCOUNTABILITY,
TOTALITY
5. Partisan in favor of those who suffer from dehumanizing
OUTLINE situations/the poor
Preferential option in practice in favor of the liberation of
1. Human Dignity (Page 1) those human beings whose humanity has been disfigured
2. Principles of Autonomy (Page1) by dehumanizing situations — the oppressed, the
3. Stewardship and Accountability (Page 2) destitute, and other marginalized persons.
4. Totality (Page 2)
5. Quick Summary (Page 2) CONCRETE DIMENSIONS OF HIS/HER PERSONHOOD

Human dignity entails respecting the human person in all the


HUMAN DIGNITY concrete dimensions of his personhood:
1. His/her Corporeity
● Dignity of human person = Structural Nucleus of Ethics The biological bodies and the bases for their human
o Moral life is basically actualization of what it means to be consciousness and thus for their personhood, and so
a person in relation to other persons and sentient beings. participate in the dignity of the human person.
o RESPECT for the dignity of all persons and each person is 2. His/her Social Nature
the necessary condition for all morally good attitudes and Human persons are social by nature. They live together
acts. and interact in society.
o E.g. Lying is a form of disrespect because you are Within society, the rights and responsibilities of a person
depriving the truth from someone. should be recognized, and as persons, they should be
o Human person has intellect and the object of intellect is active participants in social and cultural life in relation to
the TRUTH. equality with other persons.
o Even those acts done in private (when a person acts as if 3. His/her reason and liberty
he/she is NOT a rational being) is a form of disrespect to Human persons are characterized by reason and liberty
oneself. and are called to realize themselves responsibly as
persons.
BASES OF THE DIGNITY OF THE HUMAN PERSON They should be active and responsible subjects of their
own lives.
1. Every human person is created in His image and likeness. Consequently, they have a right to access to information
● Where in the human person is God’s image and that affects them.
likeness? It is in his/her intellect and will. Liberty of human person must be respected as long as its
1. Every human person is endowed with intelligence to know exercise does not violate/injure the rights of other
and will to decide/choose. persons.
2. The creation of the human soul is a direct action of God.
3. Every human person is called into existence in relation to PRINCIPLES OF AUTONOMY
God.
4. Each human person is unique and irreplaceable. AUTONOMY
5. Each human person is called to maturity and eternal life. “One has the moral right to choose and follow one’s own
plan of life”
SCOPE OF REFERENCE OF HUMAN DIGNITY
IMPLICATIONS OF AUTONOMY
Respect for the dignity of the human person should be:
1. Concrete 1. This does not mean absolute freedom to do anything as
It refers not to abstract human nature, but to concrete one wishes.
and actual human beings immersed in complex and 2. To act morally, the human person still has to follow the
conflictive historical realities. guidelines of moral law and conscience.
2. Universal 3. One has a right to determine what will be done to
It applies to all persons, going beyond geographical and him/her.
political boundaries. 4. One has a duty not to constrain another’s autonomous
3. Egalitarian choices and actions.
It affirms the equality of all human persons in dignity, 5. Human beings should be treated with dignity.
rejecting all discrimination, whether based on race, 6. Human beings should be allowed to make decisions for
religion, sex, ideology, generation, social class, others. themselves
4. Absolute
It is inherent in human persons precisely as persons and
not for what they possess, nor for what they can give, nor
for their physical, intellectual, and social capabilities, but
for what they are—persons.
Human person is valuable most of all because s/he is a
person; s/he is an end in himself and should never be
used or manipulated as means for another end.


BIOETHICS:Human Dignity, Principle of Autonomy, Stewardship and Accountability, Totality 1/3
Name of Lecturer: Fr. Tiong

BIOETHICS: DIGNITY, AUTONOMY, STEWARDSHIP & TOTALITY EVALS 3 TRANS 8

NON-VIOLATIONS OF THE PRINCIPLE OF AUTONOMY PREROGATIVE IN HUMAN LIFE

● When a person expresses his/her autonomous wish to ● A human has, at most, only a “prerogative for use” over
waive consent or delegate authority to others. human life
o The physician’s delegated prerogative refers to ● Absolute prerogative in human life is an exclusively divine
the authority of a physician over his patient as prerogative
an authority delegated to him by the patient.
● When respecting a person’s autonomy competes with TOTALITY
other moral principles.
PRINCIPLE OF TOTALITY
● states that all parts of the human body as parts, are
STEWARDSHIP/ACCOUNTABILITY meant to exist and function for the good of the whole
body, and are thus naturally subordinated to the good of
● Humans are not the independent lord of their lives but the whole body (Basically, the parts are supposed to
are only stewards subject to the sovereignty of God, and serve the whole body)
s/he is responsible for it because s/he is accountable to
God. Human’s bodily life is entrusted to his/her freedom. IMPLICATIONS OF THE PRINCIPLE OF TOTALITY
➔ Responsibility = towards our self
➔ Accountability = towards other people ● When a part or function becomes detrimental to the
good of the whole body, it is in accord with right order to
STEWARDSHIP remove such a part or to suppress its function;
● Justified mutilation is limited or has restrictions (if there
● The human is accountable in the way s/he uses his/her is a medical need)
autonomy and freedom and in the way s/he respects
and maintains his/her own (and that of others’) dignity. QUICK SUMMARY
● (Prudent) stewardship means seeing that the powers
entrusted to the people are gifts and that the true Structural Nucleus of Ethics Dignity of Human Person
meaning of these powers is to be found in respecting the
dignity of everyone and everything.
Scope of reference of Human Concrete, Universal,
● The human must use his/her freedom responsively, in Dignity Egalitarian, Absolute, and
conformity with the ends which are set forth by the Partisan In favor of the poor.
inclination of his/her own nature as a rational being.
Concrete Concrete human beings not
DANGERS AND RISKS
theoretical
● Earthly life lies constantly exposed to many dangers. But
human life is altogether impossible without a free risk of Universal Applies to all persons
bodily loss in the quest for life’s meaning. Excessive
concern about bodily risks is not acceptable. Egalitarian Equality of all persons
● It is a matter of weighing values or ideals, and a question
of prudence; Absolute Human life is valuable
● The expected benefit must be proportionate to the risk. because s/he is a human
The greater the love with which man risks his life, and person. Never use as means
the higher the service rendered for the common good or for an end!
for a particular fellow man, the purer is the witness to
faith, hope, and love, and so the more justifiable the risk. Partisan in favor of the poor Preferential treatment for the
poor, the oppressed and the
ABSOLUTE PREROGATIVE destitute.

● One is said to have the Absolute Prerogative over a thing Concrete Dimensions Corporiety, Social Nature, and
when it is essentially subordinated to one’s final end. and Reason and Liberty
has become the object of one’s lawful rights.
Corporiety Biological Body
PREROGATIVE “FOR USE”
Social Nature Active participants in their
● That restricted power which a human has, whereby s/he social and cultural life in
has some right to use the thing, but with certain relation to equality with other
restriction, which are imposed by the higher rights of persons
others.
Reason and Liberty Active and responsible
DELEGATED PREROGATIVE subjects of their own lives

● Is the authority or power given by the patient to his/her Autonomy Right to choose and follow
doctor by virtue of the patient’s right and obligation as an one’s own plan in life
individual to preserve his/her health and bodily integrity.

BIOETHICS:Human Dignity, Principle of Autonomy, Stewardship and Accountability, Totality 2/3


Name of Lecturer: Fr. Tiong
BIOETHICS: DIGNITY, AUTONOMY, STEWARDSHIP & TOTALITY EVALS 3 TRANS 8

Stewardship Responsibility towards oneself,
Accountability towards others

Risking Earthly Life Excessive concern about


bodily risk is not acceptable.
The expected benefit must be
proportionate to the risk.

Absolute Prerogative Making something an object of


one’s lawful rights

Totality Body parts exist and function


for the good of the body

REFERENCES
1. Lecture notes
2. PPT
TRANSCRIBERS
1. TRANS GROUP: 17 and 18B
2. SUBTRANSHEAD: Lauren Raquel

De La Salle – Health Science Institute College of Medicine


Batch Twenty Twenty-Two

“non sibi sed omnibus”

You can get through this week, kapatid! Super-cat will help you!
Last Bioethics na this sem! PUUUUUSH!!!

BIOETHICS:Human Dignity, Principle of Autonomy, Stewardship and Accountability, Totality 3/3


Name of Lecturer: Fr. Tiong