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75 ﻲﻟوﺪﻟا ﻲﻤﻠﻌﻟا ﻰﻘﺘﻠﻤﻟا Þìy وووو אאאא دددد
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ﻲﻟوﺪﻟا ﻲﻤﻠﻌﻟا ﻰﻘﺘﻠﻤﻟا
Þìy
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ﺭـﻤﻋ ﻲﻘـﻴﺭﺸ : ﺫﺎﺘﺴﻷﺍ – ﺃ – ﺩﻋﺎﺴﻤ ﺫﺎﺘﺴﺃ : ﺔﺒﺘﺭﻝﺍ –
ﺭـﻤﻋ ﻲﻘـﻴﺭﺸ : ﺫﺎﺘﺴﻷﺍ
– ﺃ – ﺩﻋﺎﺴﻤ ﺫﺎﺘﺴﺃ : ﺔﺒﺘﺭﻝﺍ
– ﻑﻴﻁﺴ ﺔﻌﻤﺎﺠ – ﺭﻴﻴﺴﺘﻝﺍ ﻡﻭﻠﻋﻭ ﺔﻴﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﻡﻭﻠﻌﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﻜ :ﺔﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍ
. ﻑﻴﻁﺴ ، 478 ﻡﻗﺭ 36 ﺱ ﺓﺭﺎﻤﻋ ،ﻥﻜﺴﻤ 750 ﻲﺤ : ﻥﺍﻭﻨﻌﻝﺍ
0773 65 99 15 :ﻑﺘﺎﻬﻝﺍ
cherigui_omar@yahoo.fr :ﻲﻨﻭﺭﺘﻜﻝﻻﺍ ﺩﻴﺭﺒﻝﺍ

ﺹﺨﻠﻤﻝﺍ

:

ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﺎﺒ ﻁﺒﺘﺭﻤ ﺭﻴﺨﻷﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﺍ ﻥﺇﻭ ،ﻲﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺀﺍﺯﺠﺃ ﻡﻫﺃ ﺩﺤﺃ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺭﺒﺘﻌﻴ ﻥﻤ ﺭﻴﺜﻜﻝﺍ ﺭﻭﻬﻅﻭ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻕﺍﻭﺴﻷﺍ ﺔﻤﻝﻭﻋ ﻭﻫ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﺍ ﻡﺩﻋ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺕﺩﺃ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺏﺎﺒﺴﻷﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﻥﻤﻭ ،ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ . ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﻻﺍ ﻥﺎﻤﻀ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺔﻓﺩﺎﻬﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺩﻴﻠﻘﺘ ﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﻭﺩﻷﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻌﻓ ﻥﻤ ﺩﺤﻝﺍ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺕﺩﺃ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻜ ﺘﺒﻻﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﻻﺍ ﻥﺎﻤﻀﻭ ﻅﺎﻔﺤﻝﺍ ﻰﻝﺇ ﻑﺩﻬﺘ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﺎﻬﻝﺍ ﺔﺜﻴﺩﺤﻝﺍ لﺌﺎﺴﻭﻝﺍ ﻯﺩﺤﺇ ﺔﻠﺨﺍﺩﻤﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻲﻓ لﻭﺎﻨﺘﻨ ﻑﻭﺴﻭ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﻘﻠﻌﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﻁﺎﻘﻨﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺩﻴﺩﻌﻠﻝ ﻕﺭﻁﺘﻨﺴ ﺙﻴﺤ ،ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﻲﻫﻭ ﻻﺃ ﺹﺎﺨ لﻜﺸﺒ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍﻭ لﻜﻜ ﻲﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺍﺭﻴﺨﺃﻭ ،ﻱﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﻊﻗﺍﻭ لﻭﺎﻨﺘﻨﺴ ﺎﻤﻜ ،ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ﺔﻔﺼﺒ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻤﺎﻋ ﺔﻔﺼﺒ . ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻤﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﺯﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺠﺘﺴﻤ : ﺔﻴﺤﺎﺘﻔﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻜﻝﺍ . ﺔﻴﻤﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﺯﻷﺍ ، لﺯﺎﺒ ﺕﺎﻴﻗﺎﻔﺘﺍ ،ﻱﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻝﺍ ، ﻲﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ،ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ،ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ،ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ

Abstract:

The banking system is the corner stone of the financial system, and the stability of the later is dependent on the former. Among the causes of the banking system instability is the globalization of financial market, emerging of financial innovations in manner which held to the inefficiency of the traditional tools. This paper aim to discuss the modern tools used to maintain the stability of the financial system as whole, and particularly the banking system, this tool is the governance. We’ll talk about the different points of the banking system’s governance in Algeria. Key words:

Governance, banking system, banks, financial system, Algerian banking system, Basel committee, international financial crisis.

: ﺔﻤﺩﻘﻤ

ﺭﻴﺨﻷﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﺍ ﻥﺇﻭ ،ﻲﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺀﺍﺯﺠﻷﺍ ﻡﻫﺃ ﺩﺤﺃ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻝﺍ ﻭﺃ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺭﺒﺘﻌﻴ ﻡﺩﻋ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺕﺩﺃ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺏﺎﺒﺴﻷﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﻥﻤﻭ .ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﻻﺍ ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘﺒ ﺎﻘﻴﺜﻭ ﺎﻁﺎﺒﺘﺭﺍ ﻁﺒﺘﺭﻤ ﺕﺩﺃ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻜﺘﺒﻻﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺭﻴﺜﻜﻝﺍ ﺭﻭﻬﻅﻭ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻕﺍﻭﺴﻷﺍ ﺔﻤﻝﻭﻋ ﻭﻫ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﺍ ﺭﺒﺘﻌﺘﻭ .ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﻻﺍ ﻥﺎﻤﻀ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺔﻓﺩﺎﻬﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺩﻴﻠﻘﺘﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﻭﺩﻷﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻌﻓ ﻥﻤ ﺩﺤﻝﺍ ﻰﻝﺇ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﻻﺍ ﻥﺎﻤﻀﻭ ﻅﺎﻔﺤﻝﺍ ﻰﻝﺇ ﻑﺩﻬﺘ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﺎﻬﻝﺍ ﺔﺜﻴﺩﺤﻝﺍ لﺌﺎﺴﻭﻝﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻝﻵﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ . ﺹﺎﺨ لﻜﺸﺒ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍﻭ لﻜﻜ ﻲﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻠﻴﻠﻘﻝﺍ ﺩﻭﻘﻌﻝﺍ لﻼﺨ ﺔﻴﻤﺎﻨﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻤﺩﻘﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺩﻴﺩﻌﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺎﺒ ﻡﺎﻤﺘﻫﻻﺍ ﻡﻅﺎﻌﺘ ﺩﻘﻝﻭ ﺎﻜﻴﺭﻤﺃﻭ ﺎﻴﺴﺁ ﻕﺭﺸ لﻭﺩ ﺎﻬﺘﺩﻬﺸ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻴﻬﻨﻻﺍ ﺏﺎﻘﻋﺃ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻭ ،ﺔﻴﻀﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻋﺍﺩﺘ ﻥﻤ ﻲﻜﻴﺭﻤﻷﺍ ﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﻩﺩﻬﺸ ﺎﻤ ﻙﻝﺫﻜﻭ ،ﻥﻴﺭﺸﻌﻝﺍ ﻥﺭﻘﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺕﺎﻴﻨﻴﻌﺴﺘﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻴﺴﻭﺭﻭ ﺔﻴﻨﻴﺘﻼﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺎﻴﻝﺎﺤ ﻡﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﻩﺩﻬﺸﻴ ﺎﻤﻭ ،2002 ﺔﻨﺴ لﻼﺨ ﺔﻴﻜﻴﺭﻤﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﺏﺎﻁﻗﺃ ﻥﻤ ﺩﺩﻌﻝ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻴﻬﻨﻻﺍ . ﺔﻴﻜﻴﺭﻤﻷﺍ ﺓﺩﺤﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻻﻭﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﻰﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﺎﻬﺘﺭﺍﺭﺸ ﺕﻘﻠﻁﻨﺍ ﻲﺘﻝ ﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻴﻤﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﺯﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻋﺍﺩﺘ : ﺙﺤﺒﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻜﺸﺇ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺌﺸﺎﻨﻝﺍﻭ ﺎﻬﻨﻤ ﺔﻤﺩﻘﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺩﻴﺩﻌﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﺒ ﺭﻴﺒﻜﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻤﺘﻫﻻﺍ ﻥﺇ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻴﻬﻨﻻﺍ ﺏﺎﻘﻋﺃ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻭ ،ﻲﻝﺎﺤﻝﺍ ﻥﺭﻘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺍﺩﺒﻭ ﻲﻀﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﺭﻘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺎﻬﻨ ﺕﻘﻠﻁﻨﺍ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﺯﻷﺍ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﻡﻭﻴﻝﺍ ﻡﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﻩﺩﻬﺸﻴ ﺎﻤﻭ ،ﺔﻤﺎﻋ ﺔﻔﺼﺒ ﻲﻤﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﺎﻫﺩﻬﺸ ﺎﻬﺘﺎﻴﻋﺍﺩﺘ ﺕﻝﺎﻁ ﺔﻴﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﺍ ﺔﻤﺯﺃ ﻰﻝﺇ لﻭﺤﺘﺘ ﺕﺃﺩﺒ ﻲﺘﻝﺍﻭ ،ﺔﻴﻜﻴﺭﻤﻷﺍ ﺓﺩﺤﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻻﻭﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﻰﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﺎﻬﺘﺭﺍﺭﺸ . ﻡﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ لﻭﺩ ﻡﻅﻌﻤ

ﺔﻤﺯﻷﺎﺒ ﺍﺭﺜﺄﺘ ﺔﻴﺒﺭﻭﻷﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻜﻴﺭﻤﻷﺍ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﺭﺒﻜ ﻥﻤ ﺩﻴﺩﻌﻠﻝ ﺱﻼﻓﺇ ﻥﻤ ﻩﺎﻨﻴﺃﺭ ﺎﻤﻝ ﺍﺭﻅﻨﻭ ﺍﺫﻫ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﺍﻭ ﺔﻤﻼﺴ ﻥﺃ ﺭﺎﺒﺘﻋﺎﺒ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺭﻭﺩ ﻥﻋ ﺙﻴﺩﺤﻠﻝ ﺎﻨﺩﻭﻘﻴ ﻙﻝﺫ ﻥﺈﻓ ،ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻔﺼﺒ ﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻗﻭ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻕﺍﺭﻭﻷﺍ ﻕﻭﺴ ﺔﻤﻼﺴﻝ ﺔﻴﺴﺎﺴﻷﺍ ﺯﺌﺎﻜﺭﻝﺍ ﺩﺤﺃ ﺭﺒﺘﻌﻴ ﺭﻴﺨﻷﺍ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺭﻭﺩ ﻭﻫ ﺎﻤ :ﻲﻝﺎﺘﻝﺍ لﻜﺸﻝﺎﺒ ﺎﻬﻏﻭﺼﻨ ﻲﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﺎﻨﺜﺤﺒ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻜﺸﺇ ﻕﺜﺒﻨﺘ ﺎﻨﻫ ﻥﻤﻭ .ﺔﻤﺎﻋ ؟ﻡﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺎﻫﺩﻬﺸﻴ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﺯﻷﺍ لﻅ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ : ﺙﺤﺒﻝﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﺃﻭ ﺔﻴﻤﻫﺃ ﻰﻨﺎﻋ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻴﻬﻨﻻﺍ ﺏﺎﻘﻋﺃ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ﺓﺭﻴﺒﻜ ﺔﻴﻤﻫﺃ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﻉﻭﻀﻭﻤ ﻲﺴﺘﻜﻴ ﺔﻤﺯﺄﺒ ﺕﻓﺭﻋ ﻲﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﺤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﺯﻷﺍ ﺹﺨﻷﺎﺒﻭ ،ﻡﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻲﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻝﺍ ﺎﻬﻨﻤ ﻲﻨﺎﻌﻴﻭ . ﺔﻴﻜﻴﺭﻤﻷﺍ ﺓﺩﺤﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻻﻭﻝﺎﺒ ﻱﺭﺎﻘﻌﻝﺍ ﻥﻫﺭﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻤﺎﻋ ﺔﻔﺼﺒ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﻡﻭﻬﻔﻤ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺀﻭﻀﻝﺍ ﻁﻴﻠﺴﺘ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺎﻨﺜﺤﺒ ﻑﺩﻬﻴ ،ﻕﻠﻁﻨﻤﻝﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻥﻤﻭ ﻥﻤ لﻴﻠﻘﺘﻝﺍ لﻗﻷﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻴﻬﻨﻻﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻤﺯﻷﺍ ﻱﺩﺎﻔﺘﻝ ﺙﻴﺩﺤ لﻴﺩﺒﻜ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ﺔﻔﺼﺒ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻫﺃﻭ ﺭﻭﺩ ﺔﻓﺭﻌﻤ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﻀﻹﺎﺒ ،ﻲﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻬﺘﺩﺤ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﺎﺒ ﺎﻘﻴﺜﻭ ﺎﻁﺎﺒﺘﺭﺍ ﻁﺒﺘﺭﻤ ﺭﻴﺨﻷﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺙﻴﺤ ، ﻲﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺀﺯﺠﻜ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﻭﻁﺨﻝﺍﻭ ، ﻱﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﻊﻗﺍﻭ ﺔﻓﺭﻌﻤ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺙﺤﺒﻝﺍ ﻑﺩﻬﻴ ﺎﻤﻜ .ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ . ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻝﺍ ﻯﻭﺘﺴﻤ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ لﺎﺠﻤ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﺎﻬﺘ ﺩﻤﺘﻋﺍ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺞﻤﺍﺭﺒﻝﺍ ﻭﺃ : ﺙﺤﺒﻝﺍ ﺭﻭﺎﺤﻤ : ﺔﻴﻝﺎﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺴﻴﺌﺭﻝﺍ ﺭﻭﺎﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻠﺨﺍﺩﻤﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻲﻓ لﻭﺎﻨﺘﻨ ﻑﻭﺴ ،ﺎﻨﺜﺤﺒ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻜﺸﺇ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﺒﺎﺠﻺﻝ .ﻑﺭﺎﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﻡﻭﻬﻔﻤ :ﻻﻭﺃ - .ﺎﻫﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤﻭ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺤﻤ :ﺎﻴﻨﺎﺜ - .ﺎﻬﻨﻤ ﻑﺩﻬﻝﺍﻭ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻫﺃ :ﺎﺜﻝﺎﺜ - .ﻱﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﻊﻗﺍﻭ :ﺎﻌﺒﺍﺭ - .ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻤﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﺯﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺠﺘﺴﻤ :ﺎﺴﻤﺎﺨ -

. ﻑﺭﺎﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﻡﻭﻬﻔﻤ : ﻻﻭﺃ ﺎﻬﺘﺩﻬﺸ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻴﻬﻨﻻﺍ ﺩﻌﺒ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﻡﻭﻬﻔﻤﺒ ﺩﻴﺍﺯﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻤﺘﻫﻼﻝ ﺍﺭﻅﻨ ﻩﺩﻬﺸﺎﻤ ﻙﻝﺫﻜﻭ ،ﻲﻀﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﺭﻘﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺕﺎﻨﻴﻌﺴﺘﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻴﺴﻭﺭﻭ ﺔﻴﻨﻴﺘﻼﻝﺍ ﺎﻜﻴﺭﻤﺃﻭ ﺎﻴﺴﺁ ﻕﺭﺸ لﻭﺩ ﻥﻤ ﺩﺩﻋ ﺍﺫﻫ ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﻝﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺩﻴﺩﻌﻝﺍ ﺕﺼﺭﺤ ﺩﻘﻓ ،ﻲﻝﺎﺤﻝﺍ ﻥﺭﻘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺍﺩﺒ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻜﻴﺭﻤﻷﺍ ﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ . ﻪﻠﻴﻠﺤﺘﻭ ﻡﻭﻬﻔﻤﻝﺍ : ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﻑﻴﺭﻌﺘ ﺎﻤﺃ ، "Corporate governance" ﺢﻠﻁﺼﻤﻠﻝ ﺓﺭﺼﺘﺨﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﺠﺭﺘﻝﺍ ﻭﻫ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺢﻠﻁﺼﻤ ﻥﺇ

1 ."ﺓﺩﻴﺸﺭﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺕﺎﻁﻠﺴ ﺔﺴﺭﺎﻤﻤ ﺏﻭﻠﺴﺃ " :ﻲﻫ ﺎﻬﻴﻠﻋ ﻕﻔﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﺠﺭﺘﻝﺍ : ﻲﺘﻵﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﺼﺨﻠﻨ ﺔﺼﺘﺨﻤ ﺔﻴﻝﻭﺩ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤ ﺎﻬﺘﻤﺩﻗ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻠﻝ ﺕﺎﻔﻴﺭﻌﺘ ﺓﺩﻋ ﻙﺎﻨﻫ ﻭ ﻪﺘﻁﺴﺍﻭﺒ ﻡﺘﻴ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ ":ﺎﻬﻨﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ OCDE ﺔﻴﻤﻨﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﻱﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﻥﻭﺎﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻅﻨﻤ ﺕﻓﺭﻋ ﻥﻴﺒ ﺕﺎﻴﻝﻭﺅﺴﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﺒﺠﺍﻭﻝﺍ ﻊﻴﺯﻭﺘ ﺭﺎﻁﺇﻭ لﻜﻴﻫ ﺩﺩﺤﺘ ﺙﻴﺤ ،ﺎﻬﻴﻠﻋ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍﻭ لﺎﻤﻋﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﻅﻨﻤ ﻪﻴﺠﻭﺘ ﺩﻋﺍﻭﻘﻝﺍ ﻊﻀﺘﻭ ،ﺢﻝﺎﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺏﺎﺤﺼﺃ ﻥﻤ ﻡﻫﺭﻴﻏﻭ ﻥﻴﺭﻴﺩﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺱﻠﺠﻤ لﺜﻤ ﺔﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻴﻜﺭﺎﺸﻤﻝﺍ

2 ." ﺔﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﻥﻭﺅﺸﺒ ﺔﻘﻠﻌﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺭﻘﻝﺍ ﺫﺎﺨﺘﻻ ﻡﺎﻜﺤﻷﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻪﻝﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﻡﺘﻴ ﻱﺫﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ":ﺎﻬﻨﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﻝﻭﺩﻝﺍ لﻴﻭﻤﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﺴﺴﺅﻤ ﺎﻬﺘﻓﺭﻋ ﺎﻤﻜ

".ﺎﻬﻝﺎﻤﻋﺃ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻜﺤﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻝﻭﺅﺴﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻋﻭﻤﺠﻤ ": ﺎﻬﻨﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﻴﻨﻭﻨﺎﻘﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﺒﺴﺎﺤﻤﻠﻝ ﻲﺒﺭﻌﻝﺍ ﻊﻤﺠﻤﻝﺍ ﻑﺭﻋ ﺩﻗﻭ ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ ﻥﺎﻤﻀﻭ ﻲﺠﻴﺘﺍﺭﺘﺴﺍ ﻪﻴﺠﻭﺘ ﻡﻴﺩﻘﺘ ﻑﺩﻬﺒ ﺔﻴﺫﻴﻔﻨﺘﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍﻭ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺱﻠﺠﻤ ﺎﻬﻌﺒﺘﻴ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺭﺎﻤﻤﻝﺍﻭ

".لﻭﺅﺴﻤ ﻭﺤﻨ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻤ لﻼﻐﺘﺴﺍﻭ ، ﻡﺌﻼﻤ لﻜﺸﺒ ﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻥﻤ ﻕﻘﺤﺘﻝﺍﻭ ،ﻑﺍﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﻪﺒ ﺱﺭﺎﻤﺘ ﻱﺫﻝﺍ ﺏﻭﻠﺴﻷﺍ ﻪﺒ ﺩﺼﻘﻴ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ ﻲﻫ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺎﻨﻝ ﻥﻴﺒﺘﻴ ﻑﻴﺭﺎﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤﻭ ﺭﺜﺅﺘ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺴﺎﺴﻷﺍ ﻑﺍﺭﻁﻷﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﺕﺎﻗﻼﻌﻝﺍ ﻡﻜﺤﻴ ﻱﺫﻝﺍ ﻭﻫ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺍﺫﻫﻭ ،ﺓﺩﻴﺠ ﺔﻘﻴﺭﻁﺒ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺕﺎﻁﻠﺴ ﻯﺩﻤﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻬﺘﻴﻭﻘﺘﻭ ﺔﻤﻅﻨﻤﻝﺍ ﺡﺎﺠﻨﻝ ﺔﻴﺴﺎﺴﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﻭﻘﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ لﻤﺸﻴ ﺎﻤﻜ ،ﺔﻤﻅﻨﻤ ﻱﺃ لﺨﺍﺩ ﺀﺍﺩﻷﺍ ﻲﻓ

3

4

ﺔﻤﻅﻨﻤﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﻗﻼﻋ ﺎﻬﻝ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﻑﺍﺭﻁﻷﺍ ﻊﻴﻤﺠ ﻕﻭﻘﺤ ﻥﺎﻤﻀﻭ ﺎﻬﻠﺨﺍﺩ ﺕﺎﻴﻝﻭﺅﺴﻤﻝﺍ ﺩﻴﺩﺤﺘ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﻀﻹﺎﺒ ،ﺩﻴﻌﺒﻝﺍ

. ﺔﻝﺍﺩﻌﺒﻭ

: ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﻑﻴﺭﻌﺘ ﺔﻨﺭﺎﻘﻤ ﻑﺍﺭﻁﻷﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺭﻴﺒﻜ ﺩﺩﻋ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭﺜﺅﻴ ﺎﻫﺭﺎﻴﻬﻨﺍ ﻥﻷ ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﻲﻗﺎﺒ ﻥﻋ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻑﻠﺘﺨﺘ ﺩﻗ ﻲﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤ ﺔﻤﺯﺃ ﺙﻭﺩﺤ ﻰﻝﺇ ﻱﺩﺅﻴ ﺎﻤﻤ لﻜﻜ ﻲﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺭﺎﻴﻬﻨﺍ ﻰﻝﺇ ﻱﺩﺅﻴ ﺩﻗ ﺎﻤﻜ ،ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺎﺒ . ﻩﺭﺴﺄﺒ ﺩ ﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﺌﻴﺴﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻤﻴﺨﻭﻝﺍ ﺎﻬﺒﻗﺍﻭﻋ ﺓﺭﺌﺍﺩ ﺓﺩﺎﻴﺯ ﻲﻝﺎﺘﻝﺎ ﺒﻭ ، ﺔﻴﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﺍ ﺔﻤﺯﺃ ﻰﻝﺇ لﻭﺤﺘﺘ

ﺎﻬﺒ ﺭﺍﺩﺘ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺏﻴﻝﺎﺴﻷﺍ ":ﺎﻬﻨﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻑﺭﺎﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻭﺴﺘﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒ ﻑﺭﻌﻴﻭ

ﺔﻴﺎﻤﺤﻭ لﻴﻐﺸﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﻙﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﺃ ﻊﻀﻭ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻜ ﺩﺩﺤﺘ ﻲﺘﻝﺍﻭ ،ﺎﻴﻠﻌﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍﻭ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺱﻠﺠﻤ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻥﻤﻀﻴ ﺎﻤﺒ ﺓﺩﺌﺎﺴﻝﺍ ﻡﻅﻨﻝﺍﻭ ﻥﻴﻨﺍﻭﻘﻝﺎﺒ ﻡﺍﺯﺘﻝﻻﺍ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﻙﻝﺫﻭ ،ﺢﻝﺎﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺏﺎﺤﺼﺃﻭ ﻥﻴﻤﻫﺎﺴﻤﻝﺍ ﺢﻝﺎﺼﻤ

".ﻥﻴﻋﺩﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﻕﻭﻘﺤ ﺔﻴﺎﻤﺤ

ﺎﻬﺒ ﺭﺍﺩﺘ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻘﻴﺭﻁﻝﺍ لﻤﺸﻴ ﻑﺭﺎﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ ﻥﺃ ،

ﺩﻴﺩﺤﺘ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭﺜﺅﻴ ﺎﻤﺒ ،ﺎﻴﻠﻌﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍﻭ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺱﻠﺠﻤ ﻥﻤ لﻜ ﻪﺒ ﻁﻭﻨﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﻭﺩﻝﺍ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﻙﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻥﻭﺅﺸ . ﻥﻴﻋﺩﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﻕﻭﻘﺤ ﺔﻴﺎﻤﺤﻭ ﺢﻝﺎﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺏﺎﺤﺼﺃ ﻕﻭﻘﺤ ﺓﺎﻋﺍﺭﻤﻭ ﻙﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﺃ

: ﺎﻫﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤﻭ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺤﻤ : ﺎﻴﻨﺎﺜ : ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺤﻤ - 1 ﺔﻴﻠﺨﺍﺩ ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺤﻤ ﻲﻫﻭ : ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﻥﻴﺘﻋﻭﻤﺠﻤ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻑﻗﻭﺘﻴ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻠﻝ ﺩﻴﺠﻝﺍ ﻕﻴﺒﻁﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﺇ . ﺔﻴﺠﺭﺎﺨ ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺤﻤﻭ : ﺔﻴﻠﺨﺍﺩﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺤﻤﻝﺍ - ﺃ ﺕﺎﻁﻠﺴﻝﺍ ﻊﻴﺯﻭﺘﻭ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺭﻘﻝﺍ ﺫﺎﺨﺘﺍ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻜ ﺩﺩﺤﺘ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺱﺴﻷﺍﻭ ﺩﻋﺍﻭﻘﻝﺍ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺭﻴﺸﺘ ﻥﻴﺭﻴﺩﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺱﻠﺠﻤ ،ﺔﻤﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻌﻤﺠﻝﺍ :ﻲﻫﻭ ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﺔﻴﺴﻴﺌﺭ ﻑﺍﺭﻁﺃ ﺔﺜﻼﺜﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﺔﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ لﺨﺍﺩ ﻑﺍﺭﻁﻷﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺢﻝﺎﺼﻤ ﻥﻴﺒ ﺽﺭﺎﻌﺘﻝﺍ لﻠﻘﻴ ﺎﻫﺩﻭﺠﻭ ﻥﺃ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺔﻴﻤﻫﺃ ﻊﺠﺭﺘﻭ .ﻥﻴﻴﺫﻴﻔﻨﺘﻝﺍ

.ﺔﺜﻼﺜﻝﺍ : ﺔﻴﺠﺭﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺤﻤﻝﺍ - ﺏ : ﻲﻠﻴ ﺎﻤ لﻤﺸﺘﻭ ،ﺔﻝﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺭ ﺎﻤﺜﺘﺴﻼﻝ ﻡﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺥﺎﻨﻤﻝﺍ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﺠﺭﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﻴﺸﺘ ﻊﻨﻤﻭ ﺔﺴﻓﺎﻨﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﻴﻅﻨﺘﻭ ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍﻭ لﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻕﻭﺴ ﻥﻴﻨﺍﻭﻗ :لﺜﻤ ﻱﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﻁﺎﺸﻨﻠﻝ ﺔﻤﻅﻨﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﻨﺍﻭﻘﻝﺍ - . ﺱﻼﻓﻹﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﺭﺎﻜﺘﺤﻻﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺭﺎﻤﻤﻝﺍ .ﺕﺎﻋﻭﺭﺸﻤﻠﻝ ﻡﺯﻼﻝﺍ لﻴﻭﻤﺘﻝﺍ ﺭﻴﻓﻭﺘ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻝﺍ ﺓﺀﺎﻔﻜ - .ﺝﺎﺘﻨﻹﺍ ﺭﺼﺎﻨﻋﻭ ﻊﻠﺴﻝﺍ ﻕﺍﻭﺴﺃ ﺔﻴﺴﻓﺎﻨﺘ ﺔﺠﺭﺩ - ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻤﺠﻝﺍ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﻀﻹﺎﺒ ،ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻜﺤﺇ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ ﺕﺂﻴﻬﻝﺍﻭ ﺓﺯﻬﺠﻷﺍ ﺓﺀﺎﻔﻜ - ﻥﻴﻤﺎﺤﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻥﻴﺒﺴﺎﺤﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻥﻴﻌﺠﺍﺭﻤﻝﺍ لﺜﻤ ﻕﻭﺴﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻴﻠﻤﺎﻌﻠﻝ ﻑﺭﺸ ﻕﺎﺜﻴﻤ ﻊﻀﺘ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻨﻬﻤﻝﺍ .ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﻀﻹﺎﺒ ،ﺎﻫﺭﻴﻏﻭ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻕﺍﺭﻭﻷﺍ ﻕﻭﺴ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻠﻤﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍﻭ ﻥﻤﻀﺘ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﻨﺍﻭﻘﻝﺍﻭ ﺩﻋﺍﻭﻘﻝﺍ ﺫﻴﻔﻨﺘ ﻥﻤﻀﻴ ﺎﻫﺩﻭﺠﻭ ﻥﻭﻜﻝ ﺔﻴﺠﺭﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻫﺃ ﻊﺠﺭﺘﻭ ﺹﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﺩﺌﺎﻌﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻜﺭﺸﻠﻝ ﻲﻋﺎﻤﺘﺠﻻﺍ ﺩﺌﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﺽﺭﺎﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ لﻠﻘﺘ ﻲﺘﻝﺍﻭ ،ﺔﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻥﺴﺤ

8 .ﺎﻬﻝ : ﻲﻝﺎﺘﻝﺍ لﻜﺸﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﺠﺭﺎﺨﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻠﺨﺍﺩﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺹﺨﻠﻨ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻜﻤﻴﻭ

5

6 ﺩﻴﻌﺴﻝﺍ ﺔﻝﺎﻫ ﺓﺭﻭﺘﻜﺩﻝﺍ ﻯﺭﺘ ﺎﻤﻜ

7

. ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﻠ ﺨﺍﺩﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﺠﺭﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺤﻤﻝﺍ :( 1 ) ﻡﻗﺭ لﻜﺸ ﻝﺍ

ﺔﻴﻠﺨﺍﺩﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺤﻤﻝﺍ

ن ه ا

ن ه ا ةراد ا ﻰﻝﺇ ﺭﻴﺭﻘﺘ ﻊﻓﺭﻴ ﺏﻗﺍﺭﻴﻭ ﻥﻴﻌﻴ ةراد ا

ةراد ا

ﻰﻝﺇ ﺭﻴﺭﻘﺘ ﻊﻓﺭﻴ

ﺏﻗﺍﺭﻴﻭ ﻥﻴﻌﻴ

ةراد ا

ﻡﻭﻘﺘ ا ا
ﻡﻭﻘﺘ
ا ا

ﺔﻴﺠﺭﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺤﻤﻝﺍ

ﺔﺼﺎﺨ

ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ا ب أ :* ت ن ا و ن ∑ ن ∑

ا ب أ

ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ا ب أ :* ت ن ا و ن ∑ ن ∑ ا ∑
ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ا ب أ :* ت ن ا و ن ∑ ن ∑ ا ∑
ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ا ب أ :* ت ن ا و ن ∑ ن ∑ ا ∑

:* ت ن ا و ن ن ا ر ا ك تار ا ا م ا

ﺔﻴﻤﻴﻅﻨﺘ

:

ا

ا

ا

ى

أ

ا او ا ا

: ا ع ا

ضو ه ل ا سأر

:قا ا قا ا أ ر ا ا

ت آ ا

و . ا او ،م ا وو ، ا ا ةراد ا ت آو ،ص ا ع ا إ ا ت ا * .ةراد يز ا ك ا ء ا و ،ت آ ا ا رد و ،ت ا ا م ا ت ا

لﺎﻘﻤ .2007 ﻭﻴﻨﻭﻴ .ﻲﻝﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﺭﺎﻤﺜﺘﺴﻻﺍ ﻙﻨﺒ ،ﺎﻫﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤﻭ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺤﻤ ،ﻑﺴﻭﻴ ﻥﺴﺤ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ :ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻝﺍ http://www.saaid.net/doat/hasn/hawkama.doc :ﻲﻨﻭﺭﺘﻜﻝﻻﺍ ﻊﻗﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺡﺎﺘﻤ

: ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤ - 2 ﻥﻤ ﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤ ﺎﻬﻝ ﻊﻀﻭﺘ ﻥﺍﺩﻴﻤﻝﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻠﻋﺎﻔﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍ لﻌﺠ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺎﺒ ﺩﻴﺍﺯﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻤﺘﻫﻻﺍ ﻥﺇ ﻱﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﻥﻭﺎﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻅﻨﻤ ﺕﻠﺼﻭﺘ ﺩﻘﻓ .ﺎﻬﻨﻤ ﺓﻭﺠﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ ﻲﻝﺎﺘﻝﺎﺒﻭ ، ﻡﻴﻠﺴﻝﺍ ﻕﻴﺒﻁﺘﻝﺍ لﺠﺃ ﺕﻠﺨﺩﺃ ﺩﻗﻭ ،ﺔﻤﺎﻋ ﺔﻔﺼﺒ ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤ ﺹﺨﺘ ﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤ ﺔﺴﻤﺨ ﻊﻀﻭ ﻰﻝﺇ 1999 ﻡﺎﻋ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﻤﻨﺘﻝﺍﻭ

9 :ﻲﻠﻴ ﺎﻤﻴﻓ ﺎﻬﺼﺨﻠﻨﻭ ﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤ ﺔﺘﺴ ﺕﺤﺒﺼﺃ ﺙﻴﺤ 2004 ﺔﻨﺴ ﺕﻼﻴﺩﻌﺘ ﺎﻬﻴﻠﻋ

ﻡﺎﻅﻨ ﻡﻫﺎﺴﻴ ﻥﺃ ﺭﺎﻴﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻥﻤﻀﺘﻴﻭ : ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝ لﺎﻌﻓ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝ ﺱﺎﺴﺃ ﺩﻭﺠﻭ ﻥﺎﻤﻀ

ﻡﺎﻜﺤﺃ ﻊﻤ ﺎﻘﺴﺎﻨﺘﻤ ﻥﻭﻜﻴ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺠﻴ ﺎﻤﻜ ، ﻕﺍﻭﺴﻷﺍ ﺓﺀﺎﻔﻜﻭ ﺔﻴﻓﺎﻔﺸﻝﺍ ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤ ،ﻡﻴﻅﻨﺘﻝﺍ ،ﻑﺍﺭﺸﻹﺍ : ﺔﺼﺼﺨﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺂﻴﻬﻝﺍ ﻊﻤ ﺕﺎﻴﻝﻭﺅﺴﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﻴﻴﻘﺘ ﺡﻭﻀﻭﺒ ﻎﻴﺼﻴ ﻥﺃﻭ ، ﻥﻭﻨﺎﻘﻝﺍ . ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍﻭ ﺫﻴﻔﻨﺘﻝﺍ .ﻥﻴﻤﻫﺎﺴﻤﻝﺍ ﻊﻴﻤﺠ ﻕﻭﻘﺤ ﻅﻔﺤ

.ﻥﻴﻤﻫﺎﺴﻤﻝﺍ ﻊﻴﻤﺠ ﻥﻴﺒ ﺔﻴﻭﺎﺴﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻠﻤﺎﻌﻤﻝﺍ

ﻲﻓ ﺕﺎﺒﺎﺴﺤﻝﺍ ﺏﻗﺍﺭﻤ ﺭﻭﺩﻭ ﺔﻤﺎﻬﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﻭﻠﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺡﺎﺼﻓﻹﺍ لﻤﺸﻴﻭ :ﺔﻴﻓﺎﻔﺸﻝﺍﻭ ﺡﺎﺼﻓﻹﺍ

ﻥﻴﻤﻫﺎﺴﻤﻝﺍ ﻊﻴﻤﺠ ﻥﻴﺒ ﺔﻝﺩﺎﻋ ﺔﻘﻴﺭﻁﺒﻭ ﺔﻴﻓﺎﻔﺸ لﻜﺒ ﺕﺎﻤﻭﻠﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺡﺎﺼﻓﻹﺍ ﻡﺘﻴﻭ ،ﺔﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ .ﺏﺴﺎﻨﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﻗﻭﻝﺍ ﻲﻓﻭ ﺢﻝﺎﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺏﺎﺤﺼﺃﻭ ،ﺔﻴﻨﻭﻨﺎﻘﻝﺍ ﻪﺘﺎﺒﺠﺍﻭﻭ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺱﻠﺠﻤ لﻜﻴﻫ ﺭﺎﻴﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ لﻤﺸﻴﻭ :ﺔﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﺱﻠﺠﻤ ﺕﺎﻴﻝﻭﺅﺴﻤ .ﺔﻴﺫﻴﻔﻨﺘﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻑﺍﺭﺸﻹﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻩﺭﻭﺩﻭ ،ﻪﻤﺎﻬﻤﻭ ﻪﺌﺎﻀﻋﺃ ﺭﺎﻴﺘﺨﺍ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻜﻭ

ﺏﺎﺤﺼﺄﺒ ﺩﺼﻘﻴﻭ :ﺔﻜﺭﺸﻝﺎﺒ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺕﺎﻁﻠﺴ ﺔﺴﺭﺎﻤﻤ ﺏﻴﻝﺎﺴﺃ ﻲﻓ ﺢﻝﺎﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺏﺎﺤﺼﺃ ﺭﻭﺩ

ﻥﻴﺩﺭﻭﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﺕﺍﺩﻨﺴﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻠﻤﺤﻭ ﻥﻴﻠﻤﺎﻌﻝﺍﻭ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺢﻝﺎﺼﻤﻝﺍ

ﻡﻬﺘﻜﺭﺎﺸﻤ ﺕﺎﻴﻝﺁ ﻙﻝﺫﻜﻭ ،ﻕﻭﻘﺤﻝﺍ ﻙﻠﺘﻝ ﻙﺎﻬﺘﻨﺍ ﻱﺃ ﻥﻋ ﺽﻴﻭﻌﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻨﻭﻨﺎﻘﻝﺍ ﻡﻬﻗﻭﻘﺤ ﻡﺍﺭﺘﺤﺍ .ﺔﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻝﺎﻌﻔﻝﺍ

ﺭﺎﻴﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ لﻤﺸﻴﻭ .ﺦﻝﺍ

ﺀﻼﻤﻌﻝﺍﻭ

: ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤ ﺔﻴﻤﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻠﻝ لﺯﺎﺒ ﺔﻨﺠﻝ ﺕﻌﻀﻭ ﺩﻘﻓ ،ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺹﺨﻴ ﺎﻤﻴﻓ ﺎﻤﺃ

:ﻲﺘﻵﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﺼﺨﻠﻨﻭ ،ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤ . ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻝﻭﺅﺴﻤ ﺩﻴﺩﺤﺘﻭ ﻙﻨﺒﻠﻝﻭ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﺠﻴﺘﺍﺭﺘﺴﻹﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﻥﻋ ﻥﻼﻋﻹﺍ - 1 ﺀﺎﻁﺨﺃ ﺩﻭﺠﻭ ﻡﺩﻋﻭ ،ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﻡﻭﻬﻔﻤﻝ لﻤﺎﻜﻝﺍ ﻡﻬﻜﺍﺭﺩﺇﻭ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺱﻠﺠﻤ ﺀﺎﻀﻋﺃ ﺓﺀﺎﻔﻜ ﻥﻤ ﺩﻜﺄﺘﻝﺍ -2 .ﺎﻴﻠﻌﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ لﺒﻗ ﻥﻤ ﺓﺩﻭﺼﻘﻤ .ﻲﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ ﻡﻫﺭﻭﺩ ﺔﻴﻤﻫﻷ ﻡﻬﻜﺍﺭﺩﺇﻭ ﻥﻴﺒﻗﺍﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﻭﺩ ﺔﻴﻠﻋﺎﻓ ﻥﺎﻤﻀ -3 .ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍﻭ ﻙﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺔﻁﺸﻨﺃﻭ لﺎﻤﻋﺃ ﺔﻓﺎﻜ ﻲﻓ ﺡﺎﺼﻓﻹﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻓﺎﻔﺸﻝﺍ ﺭﻓﻭﺘ ﺓﺭﻭﺭﻀ -4

: ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻠﻝ ﻡﻴﻠﺴﻝﺍ ﻕﻴﺒﻁﺘﻠ ﻝ ﺔﻴﺴﺎﺴﻷﺍ ﺭﺼﺎﻨﻌﻝﺍ : ﻲ ﻠﻴ ﺎﻤﻴﻓ ﺎﻬﺼﺨﻠﻨ ﺔﻴﺴﺎﺴﺃ ﺭﺼﺎﻨﻋ ﺓﺩﻋ ﺭﻓﻭﺘ ﺏﻠﻁﺘﻴ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻠﻝ ﻡﻴﻠﺴﻝﺍ ﻕﻴﺒﻁﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﺇ .ﺔﻴﻓﺎﻔﺸﻝﺍ - . لﺎﻌﻓ ﺕﺎﻤﻭﻠﻌﻤ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ ﺭﻓﻭﺘ - .ﻙﻨﺒﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﺠﻴﺘﺭﺘﺴﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﺃ ﻊﻀﻭ - .ﺏﻴﺭﺩﺘﻝﺍ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻴﺭﺸﺒﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺀﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﻯﻭﺘﺴﻤﺒ ﺽﻭﻬﻨﻝﺍ - .ﻥﻴﻴﺠﺭﺎﺨﻝﺍﻭ ﻥﻴﻴﻠﺨﺍﺩﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﻌﺠﺍﺭﻤﻝﺍ لﻤﻋ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻴﻠﻌﻔﻝﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻔﺘﺴﻻﺍ - .ﻙﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻡﻅﻨ ﻊﻤ ﺯﻓﺍﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ ﻕﻓﺍﻭﺘ ﻥﺎﻤﻀ - .ﻙﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﻝﻭﺅﺴﻤﻠﻝ ﺔﺤﻀﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﺴﺎﻴﺴ ﺫﻴﻔﻨﺘﻭ ﻊﻀﻭ - .ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺱﻠﺠﻤ ﺀﺎﻀﻋﺃ ﺓﺀﺎﻔﻜ ﻥﺎﻤﻀ - .ﺎﻴﻠﻌﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺔﻁﺴﺍﻭﺒ ﺔﻤﺌﻼﻤ ﺔﺒﻗﺍﺭﻤ ﺭﻓﺍﻭﺘ ﻥﺎﻤﻀ - .ﺔﻴﻝﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺒﺴﺎﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﻕﻴﺒﻁﺘ - : ﺎﻤﻫﻭ ﻑﺭﺎﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﻕﻴﺒﻁﺘ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻴﺘﻠﻋﺎﻓ ﻥﻴﺘﻋﻭﻤﺠﻤ ﻙﺎﻨﻫ ﻥﺃ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺭﻴﺸﻨﻭ ﺔﻴﺫﻴﻔﻨﺘﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ،ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺱﻠﺠﻤ ،ﻡﻬﺴﻷﺍ ﺔﻠﻤﺤ :ﻡﻫﻭ ﻥﻴﻴﻠﺨﺍﺩﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﻠﻋﺎﻔﻝﺍ ﻡﻀﺘﻭ :ﻰﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﺔﻋﻭﻤﺠﻤﻝﺍ

. ﻥﻭﻴﻠﺨﺍﺩﻝﺍ ﻥﻭﻌﺠﺍﺭﻤﻝﺍﻭ ،ﻡﻼﻋﻹﺍ لﺌﺎﺴﻭ ،ﻊﺌﺍﺩﻭﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﻤﺄﺘ ﻕﻭﺩﻨﺼ ،ﻥﻭﻋﺩﻭﻤﻝﺍ :ﻡﻫﻭ ﻥﻴﺠﺭﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﻠﻋﺎﻔﻝﺍ ﻡﻀﺘﻭ :ﺔﻴﻨﺎﺜﻝﺍ ﺔﻋﻭﻤﺠﻤﻝﺍ

10

. ﻲﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍﻭ ﻲﻤﻴﻅﻨﺘﻝﺍ ﻲﻨﻭﻨﺎﻘﻝﺍ ﺭﺎﻁﻹﺍﻭ ، ﻲﻨﺎﻤﺘﺌﻻﺍ ﻡﻴﻴﻘﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﻑﻴﻨﺼﺘﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸ

: ﺎﻬﻨﻤ ﻑﺩﻬﻝﺍﻭ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻫﺃ : ﺎﺜﻝﺎﺜ

11 :ﺔﻴﻝﺎﺘﻝﺍ ﻁﺎﻘﻨﻝﺍ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻫﺃ ﺭﻬﻅﺘ . ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﻠﻴﻐﺸﺘﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻠﻤﻌﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻭ ﻪﻴﺠﻭﺘ ﻪﺒﺠﻭﻤﺒ ﻡﺘﻴ ﺎ ﻤﺎﻅﻨ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺭﺒﺘﻌﺘ - ﺱﻜﻋ ﻥﺃ ﻲﻓ ،ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﺓﺀﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﺴﺤﺘ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻴﺴﻴﺌﺭ ﺍﺭﺼﻨﻋ ﺔﻤﻴﻠﺴﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ لﺜﻤﺘ - .ﻲﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻱﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﻻﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭﺜﺅﻴ ﺩﻗ ﻙﻝﺫ :ﻲﻠﻴ ﺎﻤﻴﻓ ﺎﻬﺼﺨﻠﻨ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺩﻴﺩﻌﻝﺍ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺎﻬﻁﺒﺍﻭﻀﻭ ﺎﻫﺩﻋﺍﻭﻗ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﻑﺩﻬﺘﻭ .ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺔﻝﺀﺎﺴﻤ ﻕﺤ ﺢﻨﻤﻭ ﺔﻝﺍﺩﻌﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻓﺎﻔﺸﻝﺍ ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ - .ﻥﻴﻤﻫﺎﺴﻤﻝﺍ ﻕﻭﻘﺤﻝ ﺔﻴﺎﻤﺤﻝﺍ ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ - .ﻥﻴﻋﺩﻭﻤﻝﺍ لﺍﻭﻤﻷ ﺔﻴﺎﻤﺤﻝﺍ ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ - .ﻙﻨﺒﻠﻝ ﻲﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺀﺍﺩﻷﺍ ﺔﻌﺠﺍﺭﻤ ﻥﺎﻤﻀ ﻰﻠﻋ لﻤﻌﻝﺍ - .ﻙﻨﺒﻝﺍ لﺨﺍﺩ لﺎﻤﻋﻷﺍ ﻊﻴﻤﺠ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻠﻘﺘﺴﻤ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭ ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ - .ﻙﻨﺒﻠﻝ ﺔﻤﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺔﺤﻠﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﻴﻏ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻁﻠﺴﻝﺍ لﻼﻐﺘﺴﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺩﺤﻝﺍ -

: ﻑﺭﺎﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺯﻴﺯﻌﺘ ﻲﻓ ﻱﺯﻜﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺭﻭﺩ ﺎﻬﻘﻴﺒﻁﺘ ﻥﻤ ﺩﺒﻻ ﻥﻜﻝﻭ ،ﺔﻴﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ ﺩﻋﺍﻭﻘﻝﺍ ﻊﻀﻭﺒ ﻁﻘﻓ ﻑﺭﺎﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺡﺎﺠﻨ ﻁﺒﺘﺭﻴﻻ ﻥﻤ ﻲﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍﻭ ﻲﻓﺍﺭﺸﻹﺍ ﻩﺭﻭﺩﻭ ﻱﺯﻜﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭﻴﺒﻜ لﻜﺸﺒ ﺩﻤﺘﻌﻴ لﺎﺤﻝﺍ ﺔﻌﻴﺒﻁﺒ ﺍﺫﻫﻭ ، ﻡﻴﻠﺴ لﻜﺸﺒ . ﻯﺭﺨﺃ ﺔﻬﺠ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻴﻨﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋﻭ ، ﺔﻬﺠ

ﺏﺎﺒﺴﻸﻝ ﻙﻝﺫﻭ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺩﻴﺠﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺯﻴﺯﻌﺘ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻴﺴﺎﺴﺃ ﺍﺭﻭﺩ ﺏﻌﻠﻴ ﻱﺯﻜﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻥﺈﻓ ﺍﺫﻬﻝﻭ

:ﺔﻴﻝﺎﺘﻝﺍ

12

؛ﻱﺯﻜﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﻓﺍﺭﺸﻹﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻝﻭﺅﺴﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻤﻀ ﻊﻘﻴ ﺓﺩﻴﺠﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﻕﻴﺒﻁﺘ ﻥﺇ

،ﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤﻝﺍ لﻤﺤﺘ ﺎﻬﻠﻤﻋ ﺔﻌﻴﺒﻁ ﻥﻷ ﺔﻤﻫﺎﺴﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺎﻫﺭﻴﻏ ﻥﻋ ﻑﻠﺘﺨﺘ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻥﺇ

؛ (ﻥﻴﻋﺩﻭﻤﻝﺍ) ﺭﻴﻐﻝﺍ لﺍﻭﻤﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻅﻓﺎﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺔﻝﻭﺅﺴﻤ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻥﻭﻜ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﻀﺇ

،ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻕﺍﺭﻭﻷﺍ ﺔﺼﺭﻭﺒ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﻤﻬﺴﺃ لﻭﺍﺩﺘ ﺏﺒﺴﺒﻭ ﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻬﻝ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺽﺭﻌﺘﻝ ﺔﺠﻴﺘﻨ

؛ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻬﻝ ﺓﺭﻭﺭﻀ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺩﻭﺠﻭ ﻥﺈﻓ

ﺔﻌﻴﺒﻁ ﺎﻬﻝ ﺽﺭﻌﺘﺘ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻥﺎﻤﻀ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺱﻠﺠﻤ ﺀﺎﻀﻋﺃ ﺝﺎﺘﺤﻴ

ﻥﻤ ﺩﻜﺄﺘﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﻨﻭﻨﺎﻘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﻭﺅﺴﻤﻝﺍ ﻱﺯﻜﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻯﺩﻝ ﻥﺃﻭ، ،ﻡﻴﻠﺴ لﻜﺸﺒ ﺭﺍﺩﺘ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ لﺎﻤﻋﺃ

.ﻙﻝﺫ

: ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﺃ ﻡﻏﺭﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋﻭ ﺙﻴﺤ ،ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﺃ ﻥﻤ ﺍﺀﺯﺠ ﺔﻴﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﺃ لﺜﻤﺘ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﺴﻴﺌﺭ ﺓﺩﺩﺤﻤ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻡﺎﻋ ﻕﺎﻔﺘﺍ ﺩﺠﻭﻴ ﻪﻨﺃ ﻻﺇ ،ﻡﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ لﻭﺩ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ ﻡﻅﻨ ﻑﻼﺘﺨﺍ ﻥﻤ

13

:ﻲﻫﻭ ﺔﻴﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ

: ﺎﻤﻫ ﻥﻴﺘﻴﺴﺎﺴﺃ ﻥﻴﺘﻁﻘﻨ ﻥﻤﻀﺘﻴﻭ : ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻲﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻅﺎﻔﺤﻝﺍ

ﻡﺩﻋ ﻥﺎﻤﻀﻭ ،ﺔﻴﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺭﺎﻤﻤ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻑﺍﺭﺸﻹﺍ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺱﻼﻓﺇ ﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤ ﺏﻨﺠﺘ - . لﻜﻜ ﻲﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍﻭ ﻲﻓﺭ ﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﺎﻤﺤ ﺎﻫﺭﺜﻌﺘ ﺕﺎـﻴﻠﻤﻌﻠﻝ ﺔﺒـﺴﻨﻝﺎﺒ ﺀﺍﻭﺴ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻭﺼﺨﻝﺍﻭ لﻭﺼﻷﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺈﺒ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﻴﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﺩﻋﺍﻭﻘﻝﺍ ﻊﻀﻭ - . ﺔﻴﻝﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻴﻠﺤﻤﻝﺍ

: لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﻙﻝﺫ ﻥﻭﻜﻴﻭ : ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻝﺍ لﻤﻋ ﺓﺀﺎﻔﻜ ﻥﺎﻤﻀ

،ﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤﻠﻝ ﺎ ﻬﻀﺭﻌﺘ ﺏﻨﺠﺘﻭ لﻭﺼﻷﺍ ﺓﺩﻭﺠ ﻥﻤ ﺩﻜﺄﺘﻠﻝ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﻨ ﺘﺴﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﺒﺎﺴﺤﻝﺍ ﺹﺤﻓ - ﺭـﻁﻷﺍ ﻊﻤ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﻕﻓﺍﻭﺘﻭ ﺔﻴﺴﻴﺌﺭﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﺼﺎﻨﻌﻝﺍ لﻴﻠﺤﺘﻭ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﻴﻠﺨﺍﺩﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻠﻤﻌﻝﺍ ﻡﻴﻴﻘﺘ - ،ﺔﻋﻭﻀﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﻨﺍﻭﻘﻠﻝ ﺔﻤﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺽﻌﺒ لﻴﻭﻤﺘ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻅﺎﻔﺤﻝﺍ ﻑﺩﻬﺒ ،ﺎﻬﺘﺎﻤﺍﺯﺘﻝﺎﺒ ﺀﺎﻓﻭﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻬﺘﺭﺩﻗ ﻥﻤ ﺩﻜﺄﺘﻠﻝ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻠﻝ ﻲﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻊﻀﻭﻝﺍ ﻡﻴﻴﻘﺘ - ﺎـﻬﻠﻴﻭﻤﺘ ﺭﻴﺒﺩـﺘ ﺹﺎـﺨﻝﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻝﺍ ﻊﻴﻁﺘﺴﻴ ﻻ ﻲﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻤﺎﻬﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻭﻴﺤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﺔﻁﺸﻨﻷﺍ

. لﻤﺎﻜﻝﺎﺒ

ﺫﺎـﺨﺘﺍﻭ ﺎﻬﺘﺭﻁﻴـﺴ ﺽﺭﻔﻝ ﺔﻴﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻁﻠﺴﻝﺍ لﺨﺩﺘ ﻕﻴﺭﻁ ﻥﻋ ﻙﻝﺫ ﻥﻭﻜﻴﻭ :ﻥﻴﻋﺩﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺎﻤﺤ ﺫﻴﻔﻨﺘ ﻡﺩﻋ ﺔﻝﺎﺤ ﻲﻓ لﺍﻭﻤﻷﺍ ﺎﻬﻝ ﺽﺭﻌﺘﺘ ﺩﻗ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻠﻤﺘﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤﻝﺍ ﻱﺩﺎﻔﺘﻝ ﺔﺒﺴﺎﻨﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺀﺍﺭﺠﻹﺍ .لﻭﺼﻷﺍ ﺔﻤﻼﺴﺒ ﺔﻘﻠﻌﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻭ ﻥﻴﻋﺩﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﻩﺎﺠﺘ ﺎﻬﺘﺎﻤﺍﺯﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻨﺎﻤﺘﺌﻻﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍ

. ﺔﻝﺎﻌﻓ ﺔﻴﻓﺭﺼﻤ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭ ﺔﺴﺭﺎﻤﻤﻝ ﺔﻴﺴﺎﺴﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﻠﻁﺘﻤﻝﺍ

ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘـﺴﻻﺍ ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩﻋﺎﺴﻴ لﻤﺎﻜﺘﻤ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ ﻥﻤ ﺍﺀﺯﺠﹰ

14

ﺩﻌﺘ ﺔﻴﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻰﻝﺇ لﺯﺎﺒ ﺔﻨﺠﻝ ﺕﺭﺎﺸﺃ

:ﺔﻴﻝﺎﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﺴﻤﺨﻝﺍ ﺭﺼﺎﻨﻌﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﻙﻝﺫ ﻥﻭﻜﺘﻴﻭ ﻲﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ

. ﺔﻤﻴﻠﺴﻭ ﺓﺭﻘﺘﺴﻤ ﻲﻠﻜ ﺩ ﺎﺼﺘﻗﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺎﻴﺴ . 1

:لﻤﺸﺘ ﺓﺭﻭﻁﺘﻤ ﺔﻴﺴﺎﺴﺃ ﺔﻴﻨﺒ .2 . ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻜﻠﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻙﻠﻬﺘﺴﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺎﻤﺤﻭ ،ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻠﻝ ﺔﻤﻅﻨﻤ ﻥﻴﻨﺍﻭ ﻗ

. ﺃ

.ﺎﻴﻝﻭﺩﹰ

ﺎﻬﺒ ﻑﺭﺘﻌﻤ ﺔﻴﺒﺴﺎﺤﻤ ﺉﺩﺎﺒﻤﻭ ﺩﻋﺍﻭﻗ .ﺏ

.ﺭﻴﺒﻜﻝﺍ ﻡﺠﺤﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻨﺍﺯﻴﻤ ﺔﻌﺠﺍﺭﻤﻝ لﻘﺘﺴﻤ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ .ﺔﻝﺎﻌﻓ ﺔﻴﻓﺭﺼﻤ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭ

ﺔﻌﺠﺍﺭﻤﻝ لﻘﺘﺴﻤ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ .ﺔﻝﺎﻌﻓ ﺔﻴﻓﺭﺼﻤ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭ

.ﺝ

.ﺩ

. ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻑﻼﺨﺒ ﻯﺭﺨﻷﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎ ﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍ لﺎﻤﻋﺃ ﻡﻴﻅﻨﺘﻝ ﺓﺩﺩﺤﻤ ﺩﻋﺍﻭﻗ . ـﻫ .ﺕﺎﻋﻭﻓﺩﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻭﺴﺘﻝ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ .ﻭ

ﻥﻴﺭﻤﺜﺘـﺴﻤﻝﺍ ﻰـﻝﺇ ﻥﻴـﻀﺭﺘﻘﻤﻝﺍ ﻥـﻤ ﺕﺎﻤﻭﻠﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﻕﻓﺩﺘ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩﻤﺘﻌﻴ ﻱﺫﻝﺍ ﻕﻭﺴﻠﻝ لﺎﻌﻔﻝﺍ ﻁﺎﺒﻀﻨﻻﺍ .3 .ﻥﺎﻤﺘﺌﻻﺍ ﺢﻨﻤ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ﺔﻔﺼﺒﻭ ﻑﺍﺭﻁﻷﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺭﻗ ﺔﻋﺎﻨﺼ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻤﻭﻜﺤﻝﺍ لﺨﺩﺘﻝﺍ ﻡﺩﻋﻭ ،ﻥﻴﻨﺌﺍﺩﻝﺍﻭ ﺓﺩﺎـﻋﺇ ﻭﺃ ﺓﺭـﺜﻌﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﻙﻭـﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺔـﻝﺎﻗﻹ ﺔﻴﺤﻴﺤﺼﺘﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺀﺍﺭﺠﻹﺍ ﺫﺎﺨﺘﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ ﺔﻁﻠﺴﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﺤﻼﺼ .4 .ﺔﺠﺭﺤﻝﺍ ﺕﻻﺎﺤﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺔﻴﻔﺼﺘ/ﺔﻠﻜﻴﻫ ﺽﺭـﻌﺘﻴ ﺎﻤﺩـﻨﻋ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺎﻤﺤ ﻑﺩﻬﺒ ﻲﻤﻭﻜﺤﻝﺍ لﺨﺩﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﻡﺌﻼﻤ ﻯﻭﺘﺴﻤ ﺭﻴﻓﻭﺘﻝ ﺕﺎﻴﻝﺁ .5 .ﺕﺎﺒﻘﻌﻝ

: ﻱﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﻊﻗﺍﻭ : ﺎﻌﺒﺍﺭ : ﺕﺎﺤ ﻼﺼﻹﺍﻭ ﻱﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﺍ ﺎﻬﺠﺎﻬﺘﻨﺍﻭ ﻲﺠﺭﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﻡﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﺡﺎﺘﻔﻨﺍﻭ ﻡﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻠﺼﺎﺤﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﻭﻁﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﺇ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻡﻫﺃﻭ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺎﻬﻨﻤﻭ ﺔﻤﻅﻨﻷﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺩﻴﺩﻌﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺎﺤﻼﺼﻹﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺩﻴﺩﻌﻝﺎﺒ ﻡﻭﻘﺘ ﺎﻬﻠﻌﺠ ﻕﻭﺴﻝﺍ ﺭﻭﺩﺼﺒ 1990 ﺕﺎﺤﻼﺼﺇ ﺕﻨﺎﻜ ﺎﻬﻤﻫﺃ ﻥﻜﻝﻭ ،1988 ﺕﺎﺤﻼﺼﺇﻭ 1986 ﺕﺎﺤﻼﺼﺇ :ﺕﺎﺤﻼﺼﻹﺍ لﻭﺎﺤ ﺩﻗﻭ ،2003ﺔﻨﺴ 11-03 ﺭﻤﻷﺎﺒ لﺩﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﺽﺭﻘﻝﺍﻭ ﺩﻘﻨﻝﺍ ﻥﻭﻨﺎﻗ ﻥﻤﻀﺘﻤﻝﺍ 10-90 ﻡﻗﺭ ﻥﻭﻨﺎﻘﻝﺍ ﺎﻴﺸﺎﻤﺘ ﻙﻝﺫﻭ ،ﺭﺤﻝﺍ ﻕﻭﺴﻝﺍ ﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﻠﻁﺘﻤ ﻊﻤ ﻱﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﻑﻴﻴﻜﺘ ﺽﺭﻘﻝﺍﻭ ﺩﻘﻨﻝﺍ ﻥﻭﻨﺎﻗ . ﻲﻜﺍﺭﺘﺸﻻﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺎﻬﻴﻠﺨﺘ ﺩﻌﺒ ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﺎﻬﺘﺭﺸﺎﺒ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﺕﺎﺤﻼﺼﻹﺍ ﻊﻤ ﺕﺎﻋﺎﻁﻘﻝﺍ ﻑﻠﺘﺨﻤ لﻴﻭﻤﺘ ﺔﻴﺭﺤ ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻠﻤﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻠﻝ ﺽﺭﻘﻝﺍﻭ ﺩﻘﻨﻝﺍ ﻥﻭﻨﺎﻗ ﻰﻁﻋﺃ ﺩﻗﻭ ﺍﺫﻫ ﺢﺘﻓ ﺎﻤﻜ .ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ لﻤﻌﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﻝﻭﻤﺸﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﻫﺎﻅﻝ ﺎﻘﺒﻁ لﺎﺠﻵﺍ ﻑﻠﺘﺨﻤﺒ ﻥﺎﻤﺘﺌﻻﺍ ﻡﻴﺩﻘﺘﻭ ﺔﻴﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ . ﺔﻴﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻕﻭﺴﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ لﻤﻌﻠﻝ ﻲﺒﻨﺠﻷﺍﻭ ﺹﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻤﺃ لﺎﺠﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻭﻨﺎﻘﻝﺍ ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻠﻤﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻱﺯﻜﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭ ﺭﻴﺭﻘﺘﻝ ﺽﺭﻘﻝﺍﻭ ﺩﻘﻨﻝﺍ ﻥﻭﻨﺎﻗ ﺀﺎﺠ ﺩﻗﻭ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﺭﺜﻜﺃ ﺕﺎﻴﺤﻼﺼﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺕﺯﺯﻌﺘ ﺩﻗﻭ ،ﺔﻴﻝﻼﻘﺘﺴﻻﺍ ﻥﻤ ﻊﺴﺍﻭ ﺭﺎﻁﺇ ﻲﻓ ﻪﻠﻤﻋ ﺀﺍﺩﺃ ﻥﻤ ﻪﻨﻴﻜﻤﺘﻭ ﺔﻨﺴﻝ 11-03 ﺭﻤﻷﺍ ﻡﺜ ،2001 ﺔﻨﺴﻝ 01-01 ﺭﻤﻷﺍ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﻥﻭﻨﺎﻘﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕﻠﺨﺩﺃ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺕﻼﻴﺩﻌﺘﻝﺍ

. 2003

لﻤﻌﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﻤﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﻴﺎﺴﺘ ﻥﺃ ﻕﻭﺴﻝﺍ ﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﺍ ﺎﻬﻝﻭﺨﺩﺒ ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻤﺍﺯﻝ ﻥﺎﻜ ﺩﻗﻭ . ﺔﻴﻤﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻠﻝ ( 2 1 ) لﺯﺎﺒ ﺔﻨﺠﻝ ﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤ ﺎﻬﻤﻫﺃﻭ ،ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺩـﻋﺍﻭﻘﺒ ﺔـﻘﻠﻌﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﻻﺩـﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﻅﻌﻤ 1994/11/29 ﻲﻓ ﺓﺭﺩﺎﺼﻝﺍ 94-74 ﻡﻗﺭ ﺔﻤﻴﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺕﺩﺩﺤ ﺩﻘﻝ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻤﻴﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺕﻀﺭﻓ ﺩﻘﻓ .لﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺱﺃﺭ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﺒ ﺔﻘﻠﻌﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﻙﻠﺘ ﺎﻬﻤﻫﺃﻭ ﺎﻴﻤﻝﺎﻋ ﺔﻓﻭﺭﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﺫﺤﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻁﻴﺤﻝﺍ ﺔـﻠﺤﺭﻤﻠﻝ ﺓﺎـﻋﺍﺭﻤ ﻲﺠﻴﺭﺩﺘ لﻜﺸﺒ ﻕﺒﻁﺘ %8 ﻱﻭﺎﺴﺘ ﻭﺃ ﺭﺒﻜﺃ لﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺱﺃﺭﻝ ﺓﺀﻼﻤ ﺔﺒﺴﻨﺒ ﻡﺍﺯﺘﻝﻻﺍ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺭﺒﻤـﺴﻴﺩ ﺔـﻴﺎﻬﻨ ﻙﻝﺫـﻝ لﺠﺃ ﺭﺨﺁ ﺕﺩﺩﺤﻭ ، ﺓﺭﺘﻔﻝﺍ ﻙﻠﺘ ﻲﻓ ﻱﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﺎﻬﺒ ﺭﻤﻴ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻘﺘﻨﻻﺍ : ﺔﻴﻝﺎﺘﻝ ﺍ لﺤﺍﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﻕﻓﻭ ﻙﻝﺫﻭ ، 1999 1995 . ﻥﺍﻭﺠ ﺭﻬﺸ ﺔﻴﺎﻬﻨ ﻊﻤ % 4 - .1996 ﺭﺒﻤﺴﻴﺩ ﺭﻬﺸ ﺔﻴﺎﻬﻨ ﻊﻤ %5 - .1997 ﺭﺒﻤﺴﻴﺩ ﺭﻬﺸ ﺔﻴﺎﻬﻨ ﻊﻤ %6 - .1998 ﺭﺒﻤﺴﻴﺩ ﺭﻬﺸ ﺔﻴﺎﻬﻨ ﻊﻤ %7 - . 1999 ﺭﺒﻤﺴﻴﺩ ﺭﻬﺸ ﺔﻴﺎﻬﻨ ﻊﻤ % 8 - ﻪـﺌﺯﺠ ﻲـﻓ ﻙـﻨﺒﻠﻝ ﺹﺎـﺨﻝﺍ لﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺱﺃﺭ ﺏﺎﺴﺤ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻜ ﺔﻘﺒﺎﺴﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻴﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ 05 ﺓﺩﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺩﺩﺤ ﺩﻗﻭ ،ﻙـﻨﺒﻠﻝ ﻲـﻠﻴﻤﻜﺘﻝﺍ لﺎـﻤﻝﺍ ﺱﺃﺭ ﻥﻤﻀ ﺏﺴﺤﺘ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺭﺼﺎﻨﻌﻝﺍ 0706 ﻥﻴﺘﺩﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺩﺩﺤ ﺎﻤﻨﻴﺒ ،ﻲﺴﺎﺴﻷﺍ ﻲـﺘﻝﺍ ﺭﺼﺎﻨﻌﻝﺍ ﻉﻭﻤﺠﻤ 08 ﺓﺩﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﻨﻴﺒ ﺎﻤﻨﻴﺒ ،ﻙﻨﺒﻠﻝ ﺹﺎﺨﻝﺍ لﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺱﺃﺭ لﻜﺸﻴ ﻥﻴﺃﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﺫﻫ ﻉﻭﻤﺠﻤﻭ ﺔﺒـﺴﻨﻝﺎﺒ ﺀﺍﻭﺴ ﺎﻬﺒ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﺍﺯﻭﺃ ﻕﻓﻭ 11 ﺓﺩﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺎﻬﺘﻔﻨﺼ ﻡﺜ ،ﺓﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﺼﻨﻋ ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﺭﻓﻭﺘﻴ ﺔﻴــﻗﺎـﻔﺘﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺩﺭﻭ ﺎﻤﻝ ﺔﻬﺒﺎﺸﻤ ﺔﻘﻴﺭﻁﺒ ﻙﻝﺫ لﻜﻭ ،ﺔـﻴﻨﺍﺯﻴﻤﻝﺍ ﺝﺭﺎﺨ ﺭﺼﺎﻨﻋ ﻭﺃ ﺔـﻴﻨﺍﺯﻴﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﺼﺎﻨﻌﻝ

15 .1 لﺯﺎﺒ

2002/11/14 ﺦﻴﺭﺎـﺘﺒ 03-02 ﻡﻗﺭ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒ ﺭﺩﺼﺃ ﺩﻘﻓ 2 لﺯﺎﺒ ﺔﻴﻗﺎﻔﺘﻻ ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻝﺎﺒ ﺎﻤﺃ ﻰـﻠﻋ ﺔـﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎـﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺭﺒﺠﻴ ﻱﺫﻝﺍﻭ ،ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﻠﺨﺍﺩﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﻗﺍﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻤﻀﺘﻴ ﺔـﻴﻗﺎﻔﺘﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺩﺭﻭ ﺎﻤ ﻊﻤ ﺎﻴﺸﺎﻤﺘ ﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤﻝﺍ ﻑﻠﺘﺨﻤ ﺔﻬﺠﺍﻭﻤ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻫﺩﻋﺎﺴﺘ ﺔﻴﻠﺨﺍﺩﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﻗﺍﺭﻤﻠﻝ ﺔﻤﻅﻨﺃ ﺱﻴﺴﺄﺘ . 2 لﺯﺎﺒ

ﻙﻭـﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻰـﻠﻋ ﺏـﺠﻴ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﺨﺍﺩﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﻗﺍﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻭﻤﻀﻤ ﺩﻴﺩﺤﺘ ﻰﻝﺇ ﻩﻼﻋﺃ ﺭﻭﻜﺫﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﻑﺩﻬﻴﻭ ﺔـﺼﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﺔـﻤﻅﻨﻷﺍﻭ ﺭﻁﺎـﺨﻤﻝﺍ لـﻴﻠﺤﺘﻭ ﺭﻴﺩﻘﺘﺒ ﺔﻘﻠﻌﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻅﻨﻷﺍ ﺎﻤﻴﺴﻻ ،ﺎﻬﺘﻤﺎﻗﺇ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍﻭ

16 .ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﻡﻜﺤﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﺎﻬﺘﺒﻗﺍﺭﻤﺒ ﻙﻭـﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻰـﻠﻋ ﻲـﺘﻝﺍ ﺔـﻴﻠﺨﺍﺩﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﻗﺍﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻅﻨﺃ ﻥﺈﻓ ﻩﻼﻋﺃ 03-02 ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺔﺜﻝﺎﺜﻝﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻤﻠﻝ ﺎﻘﻓﻭﻭ : ﺔﻴﻝﺎﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻅﻨﻷﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻱﻭﺘﺤﺘ ﻥﺃ ﻲﻐﺒﻨﻴ ،ﺎﻬﺘﻤﺎﻗﺇ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕ ﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍﻭ ،ﺔﻴﻠﺨﺍﺩﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺀﺍﺭﺠﻹﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻠﻤﻌﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﻗﺍﺭﻤ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ ،ﺕﺎﻤﻭﻠﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﺠﻝﺎﻌﻤﻭ ﻲﺒﺴﺎﺤﻤ ﻡﻴﻅﻨﺘ ،ﺞﺌﺎﺘﻨﻝﺍﻭ ﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﻴﻴﻘﺘ ﺔﻤﻅﻨﺃ ،ﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻜﺤﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻅﻨﺃ .ﻡﻼﻋﻹﺍﻭ ﻕﻴﺜﻭﺘﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ ﺔﻤﺎﻗﻹ ﺔﻤﺯﻼﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺤﻴﻀﻭﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﺕﺍﺀﺍﺭﺠﻹﺍ ﻑﻠﺘﺨﻤ ﻰﻝﺇ ﻕﺭﻁﺘ ﺩﻗ 03-02 ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺭﻴﺸﻨ ﺎﻤﻜ ﺎﻬﺘﻴﻤﻫﺃﻭ ﺎﻬﻁﺎﺸﻨ ﻡﺠﺤﻭ ﺔﻌﻴﺒﻁﻝ ﺎﻬﻔﻴﻴﻜﺘ ﺓﺎﻋﺍﺭﻤ ﻊﻤ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺎﺒ ﺭﻜﺫﻝﺍ ﺔﻘﺒﺎﺴﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻅﻨﻷﺍ . ﺎﻬﻝ ﺽﺭﻌﺘﺘ ﺩﻗ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤﻝﺍ ﻑﻠﺘﺨﻤ ﻊﻤ ﻡﻴﻅﻨﺘﻝﺍ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﻱﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻊﻴﺭﺸﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻱﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻪﺘﻅﺤﻼﻤ ﻥﻜﻤﻴ ﺎﻤﻭ ،1 لﺯﺎﺒ ﺔﻴﻗﺎﻔﺘﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺀﺎﺠ ﺎﻤ ﺽﻌﺒ ﻕﻴﺒﻁﺘ لﻭﺎﺤ ،1994 ﺔﻨﺴﻝ 74-94 ﺔﻤﻴﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍﻭ 1991 ﺔﻨﺴﻝ 09-91 ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﻠﺨﺍﺩﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﻗﺍﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻤﻀﺘﻤﻝﺍ 2002 ﺔﻨﺴﻝ 03-02 ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ لﻭﺎﺤ ﺎﻤﻜ

ﻪﻘﻴﺒﻁﺘ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻜﻝ ﺔﺤﻀﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﻴﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺩﻴﺩﻌﻝﺍ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺝﺎﺘﺤﻴ ﻲﻘﺒ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻥﻜﻝ ،2 لﺯﺎﺒ ﺔﻴﻗﺎﻔﺘﺍ ﺩﻭﻨﺒ ﻕﻴﺒﻁﺘ . ﺔﻴﻨﺍﺩﻴﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺤﺎﻨﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺓﺭﻴﺒﻜ ﺕﺍﺩﻴﻘﻌﺘﺒ ﺯﻴﻤﺘﺘ 2 لﺯﺎﺒ ﺔﻴﻗﺎﻔﺘﺍ ﻥﺃﻭ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ : ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍﻭ ﻱﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺽﺭﻘﻝﺍﻭ ﺩﻘﻨﻝﺍ ﻥﻭﻨﺎﻗ ﺭﻭﺩﺼ ﺩﻌﺒ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ﺕﺍﺯﻬﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺩﻴﺩﻌﻝﺍ ﻱﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻝﺍ ﻪﺠﺍﻭ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻡﻫﺃ ﻥﻤ لﻌﻝﻭ ،ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﻁﺎﺸﻨ ﺔﺴﺭﺎﻤﻤﻝ ﺔﻴﺒﻨﺠﻷﺍﻭ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻠﻝ لﺎﺠﻤﻝﺍ ﺢﺘﻓ ﻱﺫﻝﺍ ﻑﻌﻀ ﺔﻠﺤﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺯﻴﻤ ﺎﻤ ﻡﻫﺃ ﻥﻜﻝ .ﻱﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻱﺭﺎﺠﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﻲﻋﺎﻨﺼﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻔﻴﻠﺨﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒ ﻲﻫ ﺕﺭﻬﻅ ﺕﺯﻫ ﺕﺎﻤﺯﺃ ﻲﻓ ﻉﻭﻗﻭﻝﺍ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺎﻬﺒ ﻯﺩﺃ ﺎﻤﻤ ﺎﻬﻁﺎﺸﻨ ﺔﻴﺍﺩﺒ ﺩﻌﺒﻭ لﺒﻗ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻬﻝ ﻱﺯﻜﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻱﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻥﻁﺍﻭﻤﻝﺍ لﺒﻗ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻘﺜﻝﺍ ﻥﺍﺩﻘﻓ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﻀﻹﺎﺒ ،ﻱﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻔﺼﺘ ﺩﻌﺒ ﺔﻴﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻕﻭﺴﻝﺍ ﺕﻠﺨﺩ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺒﻨﺠﻷﺍﻭ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺍﺭﻴﺜﻜ ﺭﺜﺃ ﺎﻤ ﻭﻫﻭ ،ﺔﻤﺎﻋ ﺔﻔﺼﺒ . ﻥﻴﻜﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﺫﻫ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺀﻭﺴ ﻭﻫ لﺎﺤﻝﺍ ﺔﻌﻴﺒﻁﺒ ﺓﺭﺘﻔﻝﺍ ﻙﻠﺘ ﻲﻓ ﻱﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻝﺍ ﺯﻴﻤ ﺎﻤ ﻥﺇ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺏﻴﻗﺭﻝﺍﻭ ﻑﺭﺸﻤﻝﺍ ﻪﺘﻔﺼﺒ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ﺔﻔﺼﺒ ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒﻭ ﺔﻤﺎﻋ ﺔﻔﺼﺒ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻝﺍ

. ﻯﺭﺨﻷﺍ

ﺔﻘﻠﻌﺘﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﺎﻬﺘﺍﺭﻜﺫﻤ ﻯﺩﺤﺇ ﻲﻓ – ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒ ﺕﺂﻴﻫ ﻯﺩﺤﺇ – ﺔﻴﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻨﺠﻠﻝﺍ ﺕﺭﺎﺸﺃ ﺩﻗﻭ ﻙﻨﺒﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻔﻴﻠﺨﻝﺍ) ﻥﻴﻜﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺎﻬﻬﺠﺍﻭ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﺯﻷﺍ ﺏﺎﺒﺴﺃ ﻡﻫﺃ ﻥﻴﺒ ﻥﻤ ﻥﺃ ،ﺵﻴﺘﻔﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ ﻁﺎﺸﻨﺒ ﻙﻠﺘ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒﻝ ﺔﻴﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ ﺔﻔﻴﻅﻭﻝﺍ ﺕﺯﻴﻤ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺀﻭﺴ ﻭﻫ (ﻱﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻱﺭﺎﺠﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﻲﻋﺎﻨﺼﻝﺍ

.ﺓﺭﺘﻔﻝﺍ

18 :ﺔﻴﻝﺎﺘﻝﺍ ﺹﺌﺎﻘﻨﻝﺍ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺀﻭﺴ ﺕﺭﻬﻅ ﺩﻘﻓ ﺔﻔﻴﻠﺨﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒﻝ ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻝﺎﺒﻓ ؛ ﺔﺴﺴﺅﻤﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﺒﺴﺎﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺀﺍﺭﺠﻹﺍ ﻡﺍﺭﺘﺤﺍ ﻡﺩﻋ - ؛ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒﻝ ﺭﻴﺭﺎﻘﺘﻝﺍ ﻡﻴﺩﻘﺘ ﻲﻓ ﺭﻴﺨﺄﺘﻝﺍ - ؛ﻥﻴﻁﻭﺘﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻔﻠﻤﻝ ﺔﻤﻅﺘﻨﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﻴﻏ ﺔﻌﺠﺍﺭﻤﻝﺍ - ؛ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺒﺎﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﺏﺎﻴﻏ - . ﺭﺫﺤﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻁﻴﺤﻝﺍ ﺩﻋﺍﻭﻗ ﻡﺍﺭﺘﺤﺍ ﻡﺩﻋ - ﺞﻤﺎﻨﺭﺒ ﺭﺎﻁﺇ ﻲﻓﻭ ،1998 ﺔﻨﺴ ﻩﺩﺎﻤﺘﻋﺍ ﻡﺘ ﻱﺫﻝﺍ ﻱﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻱﺭﺎﺠﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﻲﻋﺎﻨﺼﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒﻠﻝ ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻝﺎﺒ ﺎﻤﺃ ﻥﻤ ﺩﻴﺩﻌﻝﺍ ﺕﺩﺠﻭ ﺩﻘﻓ ،ﻙﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻯﻭﺘﺴﻤ ﻰﻠﻋ 2001 ﺔﻨﺴ ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒ ﻪﺒ ﻡﺎﻗ ﻱﺫﻝﺍ ﺔﻠﻤﺎﺸﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ

19 :ﺎﻬﻨﻴﺒ ﻥﻤﻭ ﻲﻜﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻁﺎﺸﻨﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻴﻅﻨﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻨﻭﻨﺎﻘﻝﺍ ﺩﻋﺍﻭﻘﻠﻝ ﺕﺍﺯﻭﺎﺠﺘﻝﺍ ؛ﺔ ﻋﻭﻓﺩﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﻴﻏ ﺕﺎﻜﻴﺸﻝﺍ ﺔﺠﻝﺎﻌﻤﺒ ﻕﻠﻌﺘﻴ ﺎﻤ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ﺔﻨﻬﻤﻠﻝ ﺩﻴﺠﻝﺍ ﺭﻴﻴﺴﺘﻝﺍ ﻡﺍﺭﺘﺤﺍ ﻡﺩﻋ - ؛ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒ ﻯﺩﻝ ﻙﻨﺒﻠﻝ ﻱﺭﺎﺠﻝﺍ ﺏﺎﺴﺤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜ ﻡﺩﻋ -

17

؛ﻱﺭﺎﺒﺠﻹﺍ ﻲﻁﺎﻴﺘﺤﻻﺍ ﺏﺎﻴﻏ

-

.ﻑﺭﺼﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﻨﺍﻭﻘﻝ ﺕﺍﺯﻭﺎﺠﺘ - ﺎﻤﻬﺘﺭﺩﻗ ﻡﺩﻋ ﻥﻼﻋﺇ ﺩﻌﺒ ﻥﻴﻜﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﺫﻫ ﺔﻴﻔﺼﺘ ﺩﻌﺒ ﺕﺎﻤﺯﻷﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺩﻴﺩﻌﻝﺍ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻝﺍ ﺩﻬﺸ ﺩﻗﻭ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ﻙﻭﻨﺒ ﺓﺩﻋ ﻥﻤ ﺩﺎﻤﺘﻋﻻﺍ ﺏﺤﺴﺒ ﺩﻘﻨﻝﺍﻭ ﺽﺭﻘﻝﺍ ﺱﻠﺠﻤﻭ ﺔﻴﻜﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺔﻨﺠﻠﻝﺍ ﺕﻤﺎﻗ ﺙﻴﺤ ،ﺩﻴﺩﺴﺘﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ

ﻙﻨﺒﻝﺍ ،ﻙﻨﺒ ﻥﻭﻴﻨﻭﻴ ،ﻙﻨﺒﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﺔﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﺭﺍﺭﻏ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺕﻝﺎﻁ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﺩﻌﺒ

ﻱﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻥﺎﻴﺭﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒ ،ﻱﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻝﻭﺩﻝﺍ

. ﺦﻝﺇ

ﺱﻼﺘﺨﻻﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻠﻤﻋ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﻙﻝﺫ ﺭﻬﻅﻴﻭ ،ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺀﻭﺴ ﻥﻤ ﻲﻨﺎﻌﺘ ﻙﻝﺫﻜ ﻲﻬﻓ ﺔﻴﻤﻭﻤﻌﻝﺍ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺎﻤﺃ ﺽﻭﺭﻘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻜﺸﺇ ﻥﻤ ﺭﺍﺭﻤﺘﺴﺎﺒ ﻲﻨﺎﻌﺘ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻥﺃ ﺙﻴﺤ ،ﺔﻤﺨﻀ ﻎﻝﺎﺒﻤﺒﻭ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺽﻌﺒﺒ ﺕﻌﻗﻭ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﻑﻌﻀ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻴﻤﻭﻤﻌﻝﺍ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻲﻨﺎﻌﺘ ﺎﻤﻜ ،ﺔﻴﻤﻭﻤﻌﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻠﻝ ﺔﺤﻭﻨﻤﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ﺓﺭﺜﻌﺘﻤﻝﺍ . ﺓﺩﻤﺘﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﺫﺤﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻁﻴﺤﻝﺍ ﺩﻋﺍﻭﻗ لﻜﻝ ﺎﻬﻘﻴﺒﻁﺘ ﻡﺩﻋ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﻀﻹﺎﺒ ، ﺔﻴﺠﺭﺎﺨﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻠﺨﺍﺩﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ

: ﺔﻤﺎﻜﺤﻝﺍ لﺎﺠﻤ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻨﻁ ﻭﻝﺍ لﻤﻌﻝﺍ ﺞﻤﺎﻨﺭﺒ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ لﺎﺨﺩﺇ ﻡﺘ ﺩﻘﻓ ،ﻲﻜﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻝﺍ ﻯﻭﺘﺴﻤ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻤﺎﻜﺤﻝﺍ لﺎﺠﻤ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻨﻁﻭﻝﺍ لﻤﻌﻝﺍ ﺞﻤﺎﻨﺭﺒﻝ ﺍﺫﻴﻔﻨﺘ

ﻲﻓ ﻁﺎﺒﻀﻨﻻﺍﻭ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ ﺯﻴﺯﻌﺘﻭ ﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﻴﻴﺴﺘ ﻥﻴﺴﺤﺘ ﺔﻴﻐﺒ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ 2 لﺯﺎﺒ

ﺔﻴﺠﻴﺭﺩﺘ ﺭﻴﺒﺍﺩﺘ ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒ ﺩﻤﺘﻋﺍ ﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤﻝﺍ ﺍﺫﻬﻝ ﺍﺫﻴﻔﻨﺘﻭ ﺙﻴﺤ ،

:ﻲﻠﻴ ﺎﻤﻜ ﻲﻫﻭ ﺔﻴﺴﻴﺌﺭ ﺕﺍﺀﺍﺭﺠﺇ ﺓﺩﻋ ﺫﺨﺘﺍ ﺩﻗﻭ ،ﺔﻴﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻁﺎﺴﻭﻷﺍ ﻊﻤ ﺔﻘﺴﻨﻤﻭ ﺭﻭﺎﺸﺘﻝﺎﺒ لﻤﻌﻴﻭ ،ﺔﻴﺠﺭﺎﺨ ﺓﺩﻋﺎﺴﻤ ﻑﺍﺭﺸﺇ ﺕﺤﺘ 2 لﺯﺎﺒ ﻕﺎﻔﺘﺍ ﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤﻝ ﺹﺼﺨﻤ ﻕﻴﺭﻓ ﺀﺎﺸﻨﺇ - . ﺔﻴﻝﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺒﺴﺎﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤ ﺫﻴﻔﻨﺘ ﻰﻠﻋ لﻭﺅﺴ ﻤﻝﺍ ﻕﻴﺭﻔﻝﺍ ﻊﻤ ﺔﻴﺒﻠﺘﻝ ﺎﻫﺩﺍﺩﻌﺘﺴﺍ ﻯﺩﻤ ﻡﻴﻴﻘﺘ ﺔﻴﻐﺒ ﺔﻴﺭﺎﺠﺘﻝﺍ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻑﺭﺼﺘ ﺕﺤﺘ ﺎﻤﻬﻌﻀﻭﻭ ﻥﻴﻨﺎﻴﺒﺘﺴﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋﺇ - .ﺙﻼﺜﻝﺍ ﻩﺯﺌﺎﻜﺭﺒ 2 لﺯﺎﺒ ﺕﺎﻴﻀﺘﻘﻤ لﺍﻭﻤﻷﺎﺒ ﻕﻠﻌﺘﻴ ﻲﺴﻴﺌﺭ ﺏﻠﻁﻤ) ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒ ﻑﺭﻁ ﻥﻤ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺍﺫﻬﻝ ﻲﻤﻜﻝﺍ ﺭﺜﻷﺍ ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺍﺩﻋﺇ - .(ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﺴﺤﺘ ﻑﺩﻬﺒ ﺕﺎﺤﻼﺼﺇ ﺓﺩﻋ ﻲﻜﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﺕﻠﺨﺩﺃ ﺩﻘﻓ ﺞﻤﺎﻨﺭﺒﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺫﻝ ﺍﺫﻴﻔﻨﺘﻭ ،ﻪﺘﻴﺩﻭﺩﺭﻤﻭ ﻲﻜﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻝﺍ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﺍ ﺯﻴﺯﻌﺘ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻯﻭﺘﺴﻤ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺫﻴﻔﻨﺘ ﻡﺠﺭﺘ ﺩﻗﻭ .ﺕﺎﻤﺩﺨﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻋﻭﻨ ﻥﻴﺴﺤﺘﻭ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﺩﺎﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻨﻘﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﺩﻋﺎﻘﻝﺍ لﻜﺎﻴﻬﻝﺍ ﺔﻨﺭﺼﻋ : ﻲﻠﻴ ﺎﻤﺒ ﺕﺎﺤﻼﺼﻹﺍ ﺩﻌﺒ ﻙﻝﺫﻭ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻱﺭﻴﺴﻤ ﺏﺘﺍﻭﺭﻝ ﺓﺩﻴﺩﺠ ﺔﻋﺎﺠﻨ ﺩﻭﻘﻋ ﺩﺍﺩﻋﺇ ﻡﺘ ﺙﻴﺤ : ﺓﺀﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﺩﻭﻘﻋ ﻊﻀﻭ -

ﺙﻼﺜﻝﺍ ﻩﺯﺌﺎﻜﺭ ﻕﻴﺒﻁﺘﺒ ﻙﻝﺫﻭ ﻕﻭﺴﻝﺍ

20

21

. 2004 ﺔﻨﺴﻝ ﺔﻋﺎﺠﻨﻝﺍ ﺩﻭﻘﻋ ﻡﻴﻴﻘﺘ ﻲﻀﻘﺘ ﺓﺩﻴﺩﺠ ﺕﺎﻤﻴﻅﻨﺘ ﻊﻀﻭﻭ ﺎﻬﻠﻴﻜﺸﺘ ﺓﺩﺎﻋﺇ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﻙﻝﺫﻭ :ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺱﻝﺎﺠﻤ ﺭﻭﺩ ﻥﻴﺴﺤﺘ - .ﺀﺎﻀﻋﻷﺍ ﺓﺭﺒﺨ ﺯﻴﺯﻌﺘ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﺯﺯﻌﺘﻴﺴ ﺭﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﺍﺫﻫﻭ ،ﻕﻴﻗﺩﺘ ﺔﻨﺠﻝ ﺀﺎﺸﻨﺈﺒ .ﺔﻨﻬﻤﻝﺍ ﻕﻼﺨﺃ ﺔﻨﻭﺩﻤﻭ ﺔﻴﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻝﻭﺅﺴﻤﻠﻝ ﻕﺎﺜﻴﻤ ﺩﺍﺩﻋﺇ ﺭﺒﻋ ﻙﻝﺫﻭ :ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻥﻴﺴﺤﺘ - ﺩﻴﺩﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻲﺒﺴﺎﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺫﻴﻔﻨﺘﻝ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋﺇ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ :ﻲﻜﻨﺒﻝﺍ لﻼﻐﺘﺴﻻﺍ ﻑﻭﺭﻅ ﻥﻴﺴﺤﺘ -

ﺭﻴﻐﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﺠﻷﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ ) ﺔﻴﺭﺸﺒﻝﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻤﻠﻝ لﻀﻓﺃ ﻥﻴﻤﺜﺘ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﺍﺫﻜﻭ ، 2 لﺯﺎﺒ ﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤ ﻕﻴﺒﻁﺘﻭ

.(ﺀﺍﺩﻷﺎﺒ ﻥﻭﺭﻘﻤﻝﺍ ﻊﻀﻭﺒ 2006 ﻡﺎﻋ ﺫﻨﻤ ﺎﻫﺯﻴﺯﻌﺘﻭ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﺩﺎﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻨﻘﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺩﻋﺎﻘﻝﺍ لﻜﺎﻴﻬﻝﺍ ﺙﻴﺩﺤﺘ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﺕﺩﺴﺠﺘ ﺩﻗﻭ ﺔﺼﺎﻘﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻡﻼﻋﻺﻝ ﻲﻠﺨﺍﺩ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ ﺍﺫﻜﻭ ،ﺓﺭﻴﺒﻜﻝﺍ ﻎﻝﺎﺒﻤﻠﻝ ﻲﺴﺎﻴﻗ ﺕﻗﻭ ﻲﻓ ﻱﺭﻭﻔﻝﺍ ﺩﻴﺩﺴﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻭﺴﺘﻠﻝ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ ﻥﻤ % 96.4 ﻥﺃ ﺫﺇ ،2008 ﺔﻴﻠﻴﻭﺠ ﺔﻴﺎﻬﻨ ﻲﻓ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺍﺫﻬﺒ لﻤﻌﻝﺍ ﻉﺭﺸ ﺩﻗﻭ (ATCI) ﺩﻴﺩﺴﺘﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﻝﻵﺍ

ﻊﻓﺩﻝﺍ ﺓﺍﺩﺃ ﺔﺼﺎﻘﻤ

22

ﺩﺎﻤﺘﻋﺍﻭ ﻊﻀﻭ ،ﻲﻤﻴﻅﻨﺘﻭ ﻲﻨﻭﻨﺎﻗ ﺭﺎﻁﺇ ﺔﺌﻴﻬﺘﺒ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﺢﻤﺴ ﺩﻗﻭ .ﺔﻴﻨﻭﺭﺘﻜﻝﺇ ﺔﻘﻴﺭﻁﺒ ﻡﺘﺘ

ﺔﻔﻴﻜﻤ ﺔﻜﺒﺸ ﻊﻀﻭ ،ﺔﻴﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﺎﻤﺘﺌﻻﺍ ﺕﺎﻗﺎﻁﺒ ﻡﺍﺩﺨﺘﺴﺍ ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﺎﻤﺒ ﻊﻓﺩﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﻭﺩﺃ ﻊﻴﻤﺠ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻘﺒﻁﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤﻝﺍ

ﺯﻴﺯﻌﺘﻭ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﻲﻜﻠﺴ ﻼﻝﺍﻭ ﻲﻜﻠﺴﻝﺍ لﺎﺼﺘﻼﻝ ﺔﻗﻭﺜﻭﻤﻭ

ﻙﻨﺒ ﻑﺭﺸﻴ ،ﻪﺘﻤﻼﺴﻭ ﻲﻜﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺔﻫﺍﺯﻨ ﻥﺎﻤﻀ ﺔﻴﻐﺒﻭ ،ﻲﻜﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻑﺸﻜﻝﺍﻭ ﻕﻴﻗﺩﺘﻝﺍ لﺎﺠﻤ ﻲﻓﻭ ﻡﺌﺍﺩﻝﺍ ﻕﻴﻗﺩﺘﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺽﺭﻘﻝﺍﻭ ﺩﻘﻨﻝﺍ ﺱﻠﺠﻤ ﻥﻋ ﺓﺭﺩﺎﺼﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻴﻠﻌﺘﻠﻝ ﺍﺫﻴﻔﻨﺘ ﺔﻤﺍﺭﺼﺒ ﺔﻴﻜﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺔﻨﺠﻠﻝﺍﻭ ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﻀﺇﻭ .ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﻡﻜﺤﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﺎﻫﺭﻴﻴﺴﺘﻭ ﺎﻫﺩﺼﺭﻭ ﺭﺎﻁﺨﻷﺍ ﻡﻴﻴﻘﺘ ﺕﺍﺀﺍﺭﺠﺇ ﺎﻤﻴﺴ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻠﻝ ﻱﺫﻝﺍﻭ ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒ ﻯﺩﻝ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺤﻴﺭﺼﺘ ﺱﺎﺴﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻱﺭﺎﺠﻝﺍ ﻕﺌﺎﺜﻭﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻕﻴﻗﺩﺘﻝﺍ

23 ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ

ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻰﻝﺇ ﻕﻴﻗﺩﺘﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﻨﺍﺩﻴﻤ ﻕﺭﻓ لﺎﺴﺭﺇ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒ ﻉﺭﺎﺴﻴ ،ﺭﺍﺫﻨﻹﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝ ﻰﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﺓﻭﻁﺨﻝﺍ لﻜﺸﻴ

.ﺔﻴﻜﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺔﻁﺎﺴﻭﻠﻝ ﻡﻅﻨﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﻴﻭﻁﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﺎﻤﻀ ﻑﺩﻬﺒ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻲﻨﺎﺜﻝﺍ ﻲﺴﺍﺩﺴﻝﺍ لﻼﺨ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺎﺒ ﺹﺎﺨ ﻡﻴﻴﻘﺘﻭ ﺔﺒﻗﺍﺭﻤ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ ﺩﺎﻤﺘﻋﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒ ﻅﻓﺎﺤﻤ ﻑﺸﻜ ﺎﻤﻜ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻡﺍﺭﺘﺤﺍ ﻯﺩﻤ ﻱﺃ ،ﺩﻴﺩﺴﺘﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﺩﻘﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻝﻭﻴﺴﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻭ ﺓﺀﻼﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﻗﺍﺭﻤﺒ ﻕﻠﻌﺘﻴﻭ ،2009 ﺔﻨﺴ ﻥﻤ ﻲﻓ ﺩﻴﺩﺠﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﺝﺭﺩﻨﻴ ﺙﻴﺤ ،لﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺱﺃﺭﺒ ﺔﻨﺭﺎﻘﻤ ﺓﺩﻤﺘﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﺽﻭﺭﻘﻝﺍ ﺏﺴﻨﻭ ﺭﺫﺤﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻁﻴﺤﻝﺍ ﺩﻋﺍﻭﻘﻝ ﺎﻬﺘﺭﺩﻗﻭ ﺎﻬﺘﻴﺩﻭﺩﺭﻤ ﻡﻴﻴﻘﺘﻝ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻠﻝ ﻁﻴﻘﻨﺘ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ ﻊﻀﻭ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﻀﻹﺎﺒ ،ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ ﻡﻴﻋﺩﺘ ﻕﺎﻴﺴ

25 .ﺔﺤﺎﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﻴﻴﺴﺘ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﻜﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻁﻭﺭﺸﻝﺍ لﺎﺠﻤ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺩﻴﺩﺠﻝﺍ ﺩﻋﺍﻭﻘﻝﺍ ﻪﻴﻓ ﺩﺩﺤﻴ ﺎﻤﺎﻅﻨ ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒ ﺭﺩﺼﺃ 2009 ﻱﺎﻤ ﻲﻓﻭ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻠﻝ ﻥﻜﻤﻴ ﻪﻨﺃ ﺙﻴﺤ ،ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻠﻤﻌﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻘﺒﻁﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤﻠﻝ لﻀﻓﺃ ﺭﻴﺩﻘﺘ لﺠﺃ ﻥﻤ ﻪﻨﺃ ﺭﻴﻏ ،ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ﺔﻴﻓﺭﺼﻤ ﺕﺎﻤﺩﺨ ﺎﻬﻨﺌﺎﺒﺯ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺡﺭﺘﻘﺘ ﻥﺃ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺩﻴﺩﺠ ﺝﻭﺘﻨﻤ ﺽﺭﻋ لﻜ ﻊﻀﺨﻴ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻴﻌﺘﻴ ﺕﺍﻭﺩﻷﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﻡﺎﺠﺴﻨﻻﺍ ﻥﺎﻤﻀﻝﻭ ﺩﻴﺩﺠﻝﺍ ﺝﻭﺘﻨﻤﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﻘﻠﻌﺘﻤﻝﺍ

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ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒ ﻪﺤﻨﻤﻴ ﻕﺒﺴﻤ ﺹﻴﺨﺭﺘ ﻰﻝﺇ ﻕﻭﺴﻝﺍ

ﺔﻴﺭﺤ لﻜﺒ ﺩﺩﺤﺘ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻪﻨﻤ ﺔﻌﺒﺍﺭﻝﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻤﻠﻝ ﺎﻘﻓﻭﻭ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻲﻓ ﺀﺎﺠ ﺩﻗﻭ ،ﺔﻴﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻠﻤﻌﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻘﺒﻁﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﻻﻭﻤﻌﻝﺍ ﻯﻭﺘﺴﻤﻭ ﺕﻻﺩﻌﻤ ﺍﺫﻜﻭ ﺔﻨﻴﺩﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻨﺌﺍﺩﻝﺍ ﺓﺩﺌﺎﻔﻝﺍ ﺕﻻﺩﻌﻤ ﺯﻭﺎﺠﺘﺘ ﻥﺃ لﺍﻭﺤﻷﺍ ﻥﻤ لﺎﺤ ﻱﺃ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻜﻤﻴ ﻻﻭ ﺩﺌﺍﺯﻝﺍ ﺓﺩﺌﺎﻔﻝﺍ لﺩﻌﻤ ﺩﺩﺤﻴ ﻥﺃ ﻪﻨﻜﻤﻴ ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒ ﻥﺃ ﺭﻴﻏ لﺩﻌﻤ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻑﺭﻁ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻋﺯﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﺽﻭﺭﻘﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﺠﻹﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﻌﻔﻝﺍ ﺓﺩﺌﺎﻔﻝﺍ ﺕﻻﺩﻌﻤ . ﺩﺌﺍﺯﻝﺍ ﺓﺩﺌﺎﻔﻝﺍ

: ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝ ﺔﻴﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﺔﻨﻭﺩﻤﻝﺍ ﻕﻼﻁﺇ ﺕﻗﻭﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺀﺎﺠ ﻱﺫﻝﺍﻭ 2009/03/11 ﻲﻓ ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝ ﺔﻴﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﺔﻨﻭﺩﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﺍﺩﺼﺇ ﻡﺘ

ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻝﺍ ﻊﻤ ﺔﻝﺩﺎﺒﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻘﺜﻝﺍ ﺀﺎﻨﺒ ﻲﻓ ﺩﻋﺎﺴﻴﺴ ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤ ﺩﻋﺍﻭﻗ ﻕﻴﺒﻁﺘ ﻥﺃ ﺙﻴﺤ ،ﺏﺴﺎﻨﻤﻝﺍ ﺩﻌﻴ ﻱﺫﻝﺍ ﻱﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﻭﻤﻨﻝﺍ ﺯﻴﺯﻌﺘﻭ لﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺱﺃﺭ ﻰﻠﻋ لﻭﺼﺤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻫﺃ ﻪﻴﻓ ﺩﻴﺍﺯﺘﺘ ﺕﻗﻭ ﻲﻓ ،ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ

ﻱﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻬﺘﺎﻴﻋﺍﺩﺘ ﻥﻤ لﻴﻠﻘﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻤﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﺯﻷﺍ ﻲﻁﺨﺘ ﻲﻓ ﺱﺎﺴﻷﺍ ﺭﺠﺤﻝﺍ ﻕﺎﻁﻨ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺏﺎﻴﻏ ﻥﺃ ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝ ﻱﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ لﻤﻌﻝﺍ ﻕﻴﺭﻓ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﺱﻴﺌﺭ ﺩﻜﺃ ﺩﻗﻭ ﻭﺃ ﺀﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﻭﺃ ﻑﺭﺎﺼﻤﻝﺍ لﺎﺠﺭ ﻡﻭﻘﻴ ﻥﻝﻭ ،ﺭﻭﻁﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﺭﺎﻜﺘﺒﻻﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻨﺎﻜﻤﺇ ﻥﻤ ﺩﺤﻴ ﺎﻬﺘﺍﺫ ﺔﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤ ﺔﻨﻭﺩﻤﺒ ﻡﺍﺯﺘﻝﻻﺍ ﻥﺈﻓ ﺍﺫﻝ ،ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺔﻔﻴﻌﻀ ﺕﺎﻋﻭﺭﺸﻤ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺎﻤﺜﺘﺴﻻﺎﺒ ﻥﻭﺭﻤﺜﺘﺴﻤﻝﺍ

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لﺎﻤﻋﻷﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻨﺘ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩﻋﺎﺴﻴﻭ ﺭﺒﻜﺃ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻤ ﻕﻠﺨﻴﺴ

ﻥﺃ ﺔﻁﺴﻭﺘﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﺓﺭﻴﻐﺼﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﻴﺯﻭ ﺍﺩﺎﺒ ﻥﺒ ﻰﻔﻁﺼﻤ ﺩﻴﺴﻝﺍ ﺩﻜﺃ ﺩﻘﻓ ﻕﺎﻴﺴﻝﺍ ﺱﻔﻨ ﻲﻓﻭ ﺔﻘﺜﻝﺍ ﺯﻴﺯﻌﺘ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ لﺎﻤﻋﻷﺍ ﺕﺂﺸﻨﻤﻭ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﺕﺎﻗﻼﻌﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﺴﺤﺘ ﻰﻠﻋ لﻤﻌﺘﺴ ﺓﺩﻴﺸﺭﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ

29 ﺔﻴﻓﺎﻔﺸﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺩﻴﺯﻤﻝﺍ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﻙﻝﺫﻭ ﻲﻝﺎﺤﻝﺍ ﺕﻗﻭﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺩﻘﺘﻔﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻝﺩﺎﺒﺘﻤﻝﺍ

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.ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻤﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﺯﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺠﺘﺴﻤ :ﺎﺴﻤﺎﺨ ﺕﻻﺎﺤ ﺔﻤﺯﻷﺍ ﺕﻔﺸﻜ ﺙﻴﺤ ،ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻤﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﺯﻷﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﺔﻗﻼﻌﻠﻝ ﺓﺭﻴﺒﻜ ﺔﻴﻤﻫﺃ ﻙﺎﻨﻫ ﺕﺎﻬﺠﻝﺍ لﺸﻓ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﻀﻹﺎﺒ ،ﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇﻭ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺱﻝﺎﺠﻤ ﺔﺒﻴﻜﺭﺘﻭ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺩﻋﺍﻭﻗ ﻲﻓ لﺸﻔﻠﻝ ﺓﺭﻴﺜﻜ ﺎﻬﻤﺠﺭﺘﺘ ﻡﻝﻭ ﺔﺤﻴﺤﺼﻭ ﺔﻤﻴﻠﺴ ﺓﺭﻭﺼﺒ ﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺠﺤ ﺭﻴﺩﻘﺘ ﻲﻓ لﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺭﻴﺜﻜ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻤﻴﻅﻨﺘﻝﺍ . ﺔﺤﻀﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﺫﻴﻔﻨﺘ ﺕﺍﺀﺍﺭﺠﺇ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹ (2) لﺯﺎﺒ ﺔﻨﺠﻝ ﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤ ﺔﻴﻤﻫﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻥﺄﺸﻝﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻲﻓ ﻱﺩﻴﻌﺴﻝﺍ ﺭﺼﺎﻨ ﺭﻭﺘﻜﺩﻝﺍ ﺩﻜﺃ ﺩﻗﻭ

ﺔﻴﻤﻫﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩﻜﺃ ﺎﻤﻜ ،ﻲﻝﺎﺤﻝﺍ ﺕﻗﻭﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ لﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﻊﻴﻤﺠ ﻪﺠﺎﺘﺤﺘ ﺎﻤ ﻭﻫﻭ لﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺱﺃﺭ ﺓﺀﺎﻔﻜﻭ ﺔﻝﻭﻴﺴﻝﺍ ﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤ

ﻁﻘﻓ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍ ﺱﻴﻝﻭ ﺎﻬﺴﻔﻨ ﺔﻴﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻬﺠﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤ

ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﺯﻷﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻥﺎﻔﻴﻝﻭﺴ.ﺩ ﻥﻭﺠ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻋﻭﺭﺸﻤﻝﺍ ﺯﻜﺭﻤﻝ ﻱﺫﻴﻔﻨﺘﻝﺍ ﺭﻴﺩﻤﻝﺍ ﺩﻜﺃ ﺩﻗﻭ

ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺩﻋﺍﻭﻘﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﺴﺎﺴﻷﺍ لﻜﺎﻴﻬﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﻥﺯﺍﻭﺘﻝﺎﺒ ﺍﺭﻴﺜﻜ ﻡﺎﻤﺘﻫﻻﺍ ﻲﻐﺒﻨﻴ ﻪﻨﺃ ﺎﻫﺩﺎﻔﻤ ﺔﻘﻴﻘﺤ ﺕﺭﻬﻅﺃ ﺔﻴﻤﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺕﻻﺎﻤﺘﺤﺍ ﻥﺈﻓ ﺍﺩﻴﺠ ﻥﺯﺍﻭﺘﻝﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻡﻬﻓ ﻡﺘﻴ ﻡﻝ ﻥﺇﻭ .ﺎﻬﻘﻠﺨﺘ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺠﺤ ﻥﻴﺒﻭ ،ﻕﺍﻭﺴﻷﺍ ﺯﺯﻌﺘ ﻥﻭﺩ ﻕﻭﺴﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻝﺁ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻁﻘﻓ ﺯﻴﻜﺭﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺎﻤﻜ ،ﺓﺭﻴﺒﻜ ﺔﺠﺭﺩﺒ ﺩﻴﺍﺯﺘﺘ ﺔﻴﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﺯﻷﺍ ﻉﻭﻗﻭ

ﺏﺴﺤﻓ ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤﻝﺍ ﻑﺼﻨ ﺞﻝﺎﻌﻨ ﺎﻨﻨﺃ ﻲﻨﻌﻴ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻝﻵ ﻑﺎﻜ ﻡﺎﻤﺘﻫﺍ ﻪﻴﺠﻭﺘ

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ﻱﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﻥﻭﺎﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻅﻨﻤﺒ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤ ﺉﺩﺎﺒﻤ ﺔﻌﺠﺍﺭﻤ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻭﻜﺭﺎﺸﻤﻝﺍ ﺩﻜﺃ ﺎﻤﻜ ﺭﺎﺸﺘﻨﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺭﻴﺒﻜﻭ ﻥﻴﻘﻴ لﻜﺸﺒ ﺕﻤﻬﺴﺃ ﻲﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤ ﺫﻴﻔﻨﺘ ﻲﻓ ﺓﻭﺠﻔﻝﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺔﻴﻤﻨﺘﻝﺍﻭ

.ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻲﻓ ﺭﻴﺒﻜ لﻜﺸﺒ ﺩﻋﺎﺴﺘ ﺎﻀﻴﺃ ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤ ﻥﺃﻭ ،ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﺯﻷﺍ ﺱﻠﺠﻤ ﻥﻋ ﺔﻘﺜﺒﻨﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺩﻘﻨﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻭﺅﺸﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﻝﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﺔﻨﺠﻠﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﺼﻭﺘ ﻥﻴﺒ ﻥﻤ ﻪﻨﺃ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺭﻴﺸﻨﻭ ﺎﻴﻜﺭﺘﺒ لﻭﺒﻤﻁﺴﺈﺒ ﻥﻴﺭﺸﻌﻝﺍ ﺎﻬﻋﺎﻤﺘﺠﺍ ﻲﻓ 2009 ﺭﺒﻭﺘﻜﺃ 04 ﻲﻓ ﺓﺩﻘﻌﻨﻤﻝﺍ ﻲﻝﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﺩﻘﻨﻝﺍ ﻕﻭﺩﻨﺼ ﻲﻅﻓﺎﺤﻤ

ﻱﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﻭﻤﻨﻝﺍ ﻊﻓﺩ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻝﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﺩﻘﻨﻝﺍ ﻕﻭﺩﻨﺼ ﺭﻭﺩ لﻴﻌﻔﺘ ﻥﺃ لﻋ ﺩﻴﻜﺄﺘﻝﺍ ،

ﻲﻫﻭ ﺔﻴﺴﻴﺌﺭ ﻁﺎﻘﻨ 03 ﺏﻠﻁﺘﻴ ﻥﺯﺍﻭﺘﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻡﺍﺩﺘﺴﻤﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺌﺸﺎﻨﻝﺍ لﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﺏﻴﺼﻨ ﺓﺩﺎﻴﺯ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ﻲﻝﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﺩﻘﻨﻝﺍ ﻕﻭﺩﻨﺼ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ ﺭﻴﻭﻁﺘ :ﻻﻭﺃ . ﻲﻤﺎﻨﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﻱﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﺎﻬﻠﻘﺜ ﻊﻤ ﺏﺴﺎﻨﺘﻴ ﺎﻤﺒ % 5 ﻭﺤﻨﺒ ﺔﻴﺘﻴﻭﺼﺘﻝﺍ ﺹﺼﺤﻝﺍ ﻥﺍﺯﻴﻤﻭ ﻑﺭﺼﻝﺍ ﺭﺎﻌﺴﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻠﻝ ﻕﻴﻀﻝﺍ ﻡﻭﻬﻔﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﻕﻭﺩﻨﺼﻠﻝ ﻲﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ ﺭﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﻊﻴﺴﻭﺘ :ﺎﻴﻨﺎﺜ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺒﺒﺴﺘ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻋﺎﻁﻘﻝﺍ ﻲﻫﻭ ،ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻕﺍﻭﺴﻷﺍﻭ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ ﻥﻤﻀﺘﻴﻝ ﺕﺎﻋﻭﻓﺩﻤﻝﺍ . ﺎﻬﻴﻠﻋ ﺔﻠﻋﺎﻔﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ ﺏﺎﻴﻏ ﺏﺒﺴﺒ ﺓﺭﻴﺨﻷﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﺯﻷﺍ ﻉﻭﻗﻭ . ﻥﺯﺍﻭﺘﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻡﺍﺩﺘﺴﻤﻝﺍ ﻭﻤﻨﻠﻝ ﺔﻤﺯﻼﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺩﻘﻨﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎ ﺴﺎﻴﺴﻝﺍ ﻡﻋﺩ : ﺎﺜﻝﺎﺜ ﻕﻭﺩﻨﺼﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﺔﻜﺭﺘﺸﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﻜﺒﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﺍﺫﻨﻻﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﺕﻘﻠﻁﺃ ﺎﻬﻨﺃ ﺎﻬﻨﺎﻴﺒ ﻲﻓ ﻩﻼﻋﺃ ﺔﻨﺠﻠﻝﺍ ﺕﺭﺎﺸﺃ ﺩﻗﻭ ﺭﺩﺍﻭﺒ ﺭﻭﻬﻅ ﺔﻴﺍﺩﺒﻭ ﺔﻴﻤﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﺯﻷﺍ ﺭﺎﺴﺤﻨﺍ ﻊﻤ ﻪﻨﺃ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺕﺭﺎﺸﺃ ﺎﻤﻜ ،ﻲﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﻻﺍ ﺱﻠﺠﻤﻭ ﺔﻴﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﻻﻼﺘﺨﻹﺍ ﺹﻴﺨﺸﺘﻝ ﻲﻝﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﺩﻘﻨﻝﺍ ﻕﻭﺩﻨﺼﻝ ﻲﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ ﺭﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻫﺃ ﺩﺍﺩﺯﺘ ، ﺝﺍﺭﻔﻨﻻﺍ . ﻯﺭﺨﺃ ﺓﺭﻤ ﻲﻤﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﺔﻤﻼﺴ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕﺎﻴﻋﺍﺩﺘ ﺎﻬﻝ ﻥﻭﻜﻴ ﺩ ﻗ ﻲﺘﻝﺍﻭ لﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻋﻭﻤﺠﻤ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻝﻭﺩ ﻲﻓ

: ﺕﺎﻴﺼﻭﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻤﺘﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻝﺍﻭ لﻜﻜ ﻲﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻼﺴﻝ ﺔﻴﺴﺎﺴﻷﺍ ﺯﺌﺎﻜﺭﻝﺍ ﺩﺤﺃ ﺭﺒﺘﻌﻴ ﻡﻴﻠﺴ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ ﺩﻭﺠﻭ ﻥﺇ ﺎﻤﻜ ،ﻲﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺀﺍﺯﺠﻷﺍ ﻡﻫﺃ ﺩﺤﺃ ﺭﺒﺘﻌﻴ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻝﺍ ﻥﻷ ﻙﻝﺫﻭ ،ﺔﻤﺎﻋ ﺔﻔﺼﺒ ﻱﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ . ﺔﻴﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻨﺘﻠﻝ لﻭﻷﺍ لﻭﻤﻤﻝﺍ ﺭ ﺒﺘﻌﻴ ﺭﻴﺒﺍﺩﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﺕﺍﺀﺍﺭﺠﻹﺍ ﺓﺭﺩﻗ ﻯﺩﻤ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕﺎﻤﺯﻷﺍ ﺔﻬﺠﺍﻭﻤ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﺩﻗ ﻑﻗﻭﺘﺘﻭ لﺨﺩﺘﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻬﺘﺭﺩﻗ ﻯﺩﻤ ﻰﻠﻋﻭ ،ﺕﺎﻤﺯﻷﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻴﺎﻗﻭﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﺩﻘﻨﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻁﻠﺴﻝﺍ لﺒﻗ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻋﻭﻀﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺯﺍﺭﺘﺤﻻﺍ . لﻭﺼﻷﺍ ﺭﻭﻫﺩﺘﻭ ﺭﺌﺎﺴﺨﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ لﻴﻠﻘﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﺩﺤﻠﻝ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ لﻤﺍﻭﻌﻝﺍ ﺕﺩﻴﺍﺯﺘ ﺎﻤﺩﻌﺒ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻴﻠﺴﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻫﺃ ﺕﺎﺴﺍﺭﺩﻝﺍ ﺕﻨﻴﺒ ﺩﻘﻝﻭ ﺭﻴﺭﺤﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﺴﺎﻴﺴﻭ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻕﺍﻭﺴﻷﺍ ﺔﻤﻝﻭﻋ لﻅ ﻲﻓ ﻙﻝﺫﻭ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﻻﺍ ﻡﺩﻋ ﻰﻝﺇ ﻱﺩﺅﺘ . ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻝﻭﻌﻝﺍ ﺔﺠﻴﺘﻨ ﺔﻤﺎﻋ ﺔﻔﺼﺒ ﺔﻴﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ لﻤﻌﻝﺍ ﺔﺌﻴﺒ ﺭﻴﻐﺘﻭ ، ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺎﻬﺠﻬﺘﻨﺘ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻁﺒﺍﻭﻀﻝ ﻡﻴﻠﺴﻝﺍ ﻕﻴﺒﻁﺘﻝﺍ ﻡﺩﻋﻭ ﺩﺎﻌﺘﺒﻻﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺔﻨﻫﺍﺭﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﺯﻷﺍ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﺎﻨﻅﺤﻻ ﺩﻗﻭ ﺩﻋﺍﻭﻘﻝﺍ ﻙﻠﺘ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺕﻌﺠﺭ لﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﻡﻅﻌﻤ ﻥﺃ ﺎﻤﻜ ،ﺔﻤﺯﻸﻝ ﺔﻴﺴﻴﺌﺭﻝﺍ ﺏﺎﺒﺴﻷﺍ ﻥﻤ ﻭﻫ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺩﻋﺍﻭﻗﻭ . ﺎﻬﻨﻤ ﺝﻭﺭﺨﻠﻝ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺩﻋﺎﺴﺘ ﺩﻗ ﺎﻬﻨﺃ ﻯﺭﻨ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﺼﻭﺘﻝﺍ ﺽﻌﺒ ﺡﺭﺘﻘﻨ ﺭﻴﺨﻷﺍ ﻲﻓﻭ : ﻲﺘﻷﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﺼﺨﻠﻨﻭ ،ﻱﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ -

ﺭﻜﺒﻤﻝﺍ ﺅﺒﻨﺘﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﻠﺨ ﺏﻴﺼﻨﺘ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻼﺴ ﻡﻋﺩﺘ ﻥﺃ ﺔﻝﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺏﺠﻴ ﻊﻤﺠﻝ ﺩﻴﺠ ﺕﻻﺎﺼﺘﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ ﺭﻴﻓﻭﺘ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﻙﻝﺫ ﻥﻭﻜﻴ ﺙﻴﺤ ،ﺔﻴﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﺯﻷﺍ ﺙﻭﺩﺤﺒ ﻊﻀﻭﻠﻝ لﻤﺎﺸ ﺭﻭﺼﺘ ﺀﻭﻀ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﻝﺍ ﺫﺎﺨﺘﻻ ﺎﻬﻠﻴﻠﺤﺘﻭ ﺏﺴﺎﻨﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﻗﻭﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﺘﺤﺎﺘﺇﻭ ﺕﺎﻤﻭﻠﻌﻤﻝﺍ ؛ﻲﻜﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻝﺍ لﺨﺍﺩ ؛ﻱﺯﻜﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻑﺍﺭﺸﺇ ﺕﺤﺘ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻯﻭﺘﺴﻤ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻠﻝ ﻥﺎﺠﻝ ﻕﻠﺨ ﻰﻠﻋ لﻤﻌﻝﺍ - ﻊﻤ ﻡﺀﻼﺘﻴﻝ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻱﺯﻜﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﻙﻨﺒﻠﻝ ﻲﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍﻭ ﻲﻓﺍﺭﺸﻹﺍ ﺭﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﺭﻴﻭﻁﺘ - ؛ﺔﺜﻴﺩﺤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﺠﻭﻝﻭﻨﻜﺘﻝﺍ ﻡﺍﺩﺨﺘﺴﺍ لﻅ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺩﻴﺩﺠﻝﺍ ﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤﻝﺍ ؛ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻯﻭﺘﺴﻤ ﻰﻠﻋ 2 لﺯﺎﺒ ﺔﻴﻗﺎﻔﺘﺍ ﺩﻭﻨﺒ ﻊﻴﻤﺠ ﻕﻴﺒﻁﺘ ﻲﻓ ﻉﺍﺭﺴﻹﺍ - .ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﻴﻝﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﺴﺎﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤ ﻕﻴﺒﻁﺘ ﻲﻓ ﻉﺍﺭﺴﻹﺍ -

32

33 ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤ ﺭﻴﺯﻭ 24 ﺔﻜﺭﺎﺸﻤﺒ

:

34

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: ﻲﻨﻭﺭﺘﻜﻝ ﻻﺍ ﻊﻗﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺡﺎﺘﻤ لﺎﻘﻤ . 2007 ﻭﻴﻨﻭﻴ ،ﻲﻤﻭﻘﻝﺍ ﺭﺎﻤﺜﺘﺴﻻﺍ ﻙﻨﺒ . ﺎﻫﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤﻭ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺤﻤ ،ﻑﺴﻭﻴ ﻥﺴﺤ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ http://www.saaid.net/Doat/hasn/hawkama.doc ،ﺭﺸﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺩﺩﻌﻝﺍ ،ﻥﺩﺭﻷﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺔﻠﺠﻤ .ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻜﺎﺤﻝﺍ ﺭﻴﻭﻁﺘﻭ ﻥﻴﺴﺤﺘ ،ﻑﺎﻔﻋ ﺭﺯ ﻭﺒﺃ ﻕﺤﺴﺇ ،ﻡﻴﻌﻨ ﺵﻤﻫﺩ .27ﺹ ،2003 ﺭﺒﻤﺴﻴﺩ ،ﻥﻭﺭﺸﻌﻝﺍﻭ ﻲﻨﺎﺜﻝﺍ ﺩﻠﺠﻤﻝﺍ . ﻕﺒﺎﺴ ﻊﺠﺭﻤ ،ﻑﺴﻭﻴ ﻥﺴﺤ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ http://www.ascasociety.org .2004 ﻱﺭﻔﻴﻓ ،53 ﺩﺩﻋ ،ﺔﻴﺭﻬﺸ ﺔﻴﻨﻭﺭﺘﻜﻝﺇ ﺓﺭﺸﻨ ،ﻥﻴﻴﻨﻭﻨﺎﻘﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﺒﺴﺎﺤﻤﻠﻝ ﻲﺒﺭﻌﻝﺍ ﻊﻤﺠﻤﻝﺍ http://www.idbe-egypt.com/doc/governance.doc :ﻲﻨﻭﺭﺘﻜﻝﻻﺍ ﻊﻗﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺡﺎﺘﻤ لﺎﻘﻤ .ﻑﺭﺎﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ :ﻲﻨﻭﺭﺘﻜﻝﻻﺍ ﻊﻗﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺡﺎﺘﻤ لﺎﻘﻤ .ﺔﻤﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﻕﻴﺒﻁﺘ ،ﺩﻴﻌﺴﻝﺍ ﺔﻝﺎﻫ

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http://islamfin.go-forum.net/montada-f43/topic-t1780.htm

7 Fawzi.s, Assessment of corporate governance in Egypt. working paper n° 82, Egypt, the Egyptian center of economic studies, April 2003, p 4.

8 Ibid, p3,4.

.ﻕﺒﺎﺴ ﻊﺠﺭﻤ ،ﻑﺴﻭﻴ ﻥﺴﺤ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ

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10 Oman Charles, Blume Daniel, la gouvernance d’entreprise : un défit pour le développement. Repères n° 03, centre de développement de l’OCDE , p14.

http://www.usinfo.state.gov./journals/ites/0205/.ijee/wray.htm

.30-27ﺹ ،ﻕﺒﺎﺴ ﻊﺠﺭﻤ ،ﻑﺎﻔﻋ ﺭﺯ ﻭﺒﺃ ﻕﺤﺴﺇ ،ﻡﻴﻌﻨ ﺵﻤﻫﺩ ﺩﻋﺍﻭﻗ ﺀﺎﺴﺭﺇ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻫﺭﻭﺩﻭ ﻲﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻲﻜﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ، لﺩﺠﻤ ﻅﻴﻔﺤﻝﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﺩﻤﺤﺃ ،ﻱﺭﺍﻭﻫ ﺭﺩﺎﻘﻝﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﺝﺍﺭﻌﻤ :2008/03/12 ﻡﻭﻴ ﻲﻨﻭﺭﺘﻜﻝﻻﺍ ﻊﻗﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺡﺎﺘﻤ لﺎﻘﻤ .ﺔﻴﻓﺎﻔﺸﻝﺍ jpsdirectory.brinkster.net/forum/forum_poste.asp ?TID=2045 http:// .11ﺹ ،2001،ﺓﺭﻫﺎﻘﻝﺍ ، ﻊﺒﺍﺭﻝﺍ ﺩﺩﻌﻝﺍ .ﺔﻤﺩﻘﺘﻤﻝﺍ لﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ ﻡﻅﻨ ،ﺔﻴﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﺓﺭﺸﻨﻝﺍ ،ﻱﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻲﻠﻫﻷﺍ ﻙﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﻥﻭﻨﺎﻘﻠﻝ ﻲﻨﻭﺭﺘﻜﻝﻻﺍ لﻴﻝﺩﻝﺍ .لﺯﺎﺒ ﺔﻨﺠﻝ ﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤﻭ ﺔﻴﻤﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﺕﻻﻭﺤﺘﻝﺍ لﻅ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﺎﻗﺭﻝﺍ ،ﻲﺒﻠﺸ ﺩﻤﺤﺍ ﺓﺩﺠﺎﻤ www.arablawinfo.com .28ﺹ ،ﻲﺒﺭﻌﻝﺍ ﺩﺩﻌﻝﺍ ،ﻑﻴﻁﺴ ﺔﻌﻤﺎﺠ ،ﺭﻴﻴﺴﺘﻝﺍ ﻡﻭﻠﻋﻭ ﺔﻴﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﻡﻭﻠﻌﻝﺍ ﺔﻠﺠﻤ .لﺯﺎﺒ ﺕﺎﻴﻗﺎﻔﺘﺍﻭ ﻱﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓﺭﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ،ﺭﺼﺎﻨ ﻥﺎﻤﻴﻠﺴ .159ﺹ ، 2006/06 ،2002 ﺔﻨﺴﻝ 84 ﺩﺩﻋ ﺭ ﺝ .ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﻠﺨﺍﺩﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﻗﺍﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻤﻀﺘﻴ 2002/11/14 ﻲﻓ ﺥﺭﺅﻤ 03-02ﻡﻗﺭ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ .25ﺹ ، 01 ﺓﺩﺎﻤﻝﺍ

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17 Guernaout.M, Crises financières et faillites des banques algériennes. Edition GAL, Alger, 2004,

p43.

.ﻕﺒﺎﺴ ﻊﺠﺭﻤ ،لﺩﺠﻤ ﻅﻴﻔﺤﻝﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﺩﻤﺤﺃ ،ﻱﺭﺍﻭﻫ ﺭﺩﺎﻘﻝﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﺝﺍﺭﻌﻤ .ﻕﺒﺎﺴﻝﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﺱﻔﻨ :ﺔﻴﻝﺎﺘﻝﺍ ﺙﻼﺜﻝﺍ ﺯﺌﺎﻜﺭﻝﺍ 2 لﺯﺎﺒ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ لﻤﺸﻴ . ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻝﺍ لﺍﻭﻤﻷﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻁﻐﺘﻭ ﺔﻴﻠﺨﺍﺩﻝﺍ ﺎﻬﺘﻤﻅﻨﺃ ل ﻼﺨ ﻥ ﻤ ﻙﻭﻨﺒﻝﺍ ﺏﻨﺎﺠ ﻥﻤ ﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﻴﻴﻘﺘ : ﻰﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﺓﺯﻴﻜﺭﻝﺍ . ﺔﻝﺀﺎﺴﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻓﺎﻔﺸﻝﺍﻭ ﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﻴﻴﺴﺘﺒ ﺔﻘﻠﻌﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﺼﻭﺘﻝ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﺌﺎﻗﻭﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﻗﺍﺭﻤﻝﺍ : ﺔﻴﻨﺎﺜﻝﺍ ﺓﺯﻴﻜﺭﻝﺍ ﺔﻠﺼﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺔﻴﺴﺎﺴﻷﺍ لﻤﺍﻭﻌﻝﺍ ﻡﻴﻴﻘﺘ ﻥﻤ ﻕﻭﺴﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻴﻠﻋﺎﻔﻝﺍ ﻑﻠﺘﺨﻤ ﻥﻴﻜﻤﺘ ﺔﻴﻐﺒ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ لﺎﺠﻤ ﻲﻓ لﺼﺍﻭﺘﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﻭﺭﻀ :ﺔﺜﻝﺎﺜﻝﺍ ﺓﺯﻴﻜﺭﻝﺍ . ﺕﺎﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤﻝ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻝﺍ لﺍﻭﻤﻷﺍ ﺀﺎﻔﻴﺘﺴﺍ ﻯﺩﻤ ﻡﻴﻴﻘﺘ ﻲﻝﺎ ﺘﻝﺎﺒﻭ ،ﺎﻬﻤﻴﻴﻘﺘ ﺕﺍﺀﺍﺭﺠﺇ ﺍﺫﻜﻭ ،ﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤﻠﻝ ﺎﻬﻀﺭﻌﺘﻭ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻝﺍ لﺍﻭﻤﻷﺎﺒ

.ﺔﻤﺎﻜﺤﻝﺍ لﺎﺠﻤ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻨﻁﻭﻝﺍ لﻤﻌﻝﺍ ﺞﻤﺎﻨﺭﺒ ﺫﻴﻔﻨﺘ ﺔﻝﺎﺤ لﻭﺤ ﺔﻴﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺭﻭﻬﻤﺠﻝﺍ ﺭﻴﺭﻘﺘ ،ﺀﺍﺭﻅﻨﻝﺍ لﺒﻗ ﻥﻤ ﻡﻴﻴﻘﺘﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﻘﻴﺭﻓﻹﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﻵﺍ . 134،135 ﺹ ، 2008 ﺭﺒﻤﻓﻭﻨ ،ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ .148،149ﺹ ،ﻕﺒﺎﺴﻝﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﺱﻔﻨ .152 ﺹ ،ﻕﺒﺎﺴﻝﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﺱﻔﻨ .153 ﺹ ،ﻕﺒﺎﺴﻝﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﺱﻔﻨ .2009/05/05 ﻡﻭﻴﻝ 5627 ﺩﺩﻋ ،ﺭﺒﺨﻝﺍ ﺓﺩﻴﺭﺠ

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26 Banque d’Algérie, Règlement n° 09/03 du 26/05/2009 fixant les règles générales en matière de conditions de banque applicables aux opérations de banque. Articles 02 et 03. ﺎﻴﻘﻴﺭﻓﺇ لﺎﻤﺸﻭ ﻁﺴﻭﻷﺍ ﻕﺭﺸﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﺭﻭﺩ ﺔﻴﺭﺸﻨ .ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝ ﺔﻴﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﺔﻨﻭﺩﻤﻝﺍ ﻕﻼﻁﺇ ،ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻋﻭﺭﺸﻤﻝﺍ ﺯﻜﺭﻤ

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ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤ : ﻥﺍﻭﻨﻌﺒ

. 03 ، 01 ﺹ ،ﻕﺒﺎﺴﻝﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﺱﻔﻨ . 03 ﺹ ،ﻕﺒﺎﺴﻝﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﺱﻔﻨ ﺽﻌﺒﻭ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﺯﻷﺍ ﺭﺎﺜﺁ :لﻭﺤ ﻰﻘﺘﻠﻤ .ﻥﻭﺎﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺱﻠﺠﻤ لﻭﺩ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻕﻴﺒﻁﺘﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﻤﺯﻷﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﺭﻭﺩ ،ﻱﺩﻴﻌﺴﻝﺍ ﺭﺼﺎﻨ :ﻲﻨﻭﺭﺘﻜﻝﻹﺍ ﻊﻗﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺡﺎﺘﻤ .2009/01/26 ﻡﻭﻴ ﻲﺒﻅ ﻭﺒﺃ ،ﻊﻠﺴﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻕﺍﺭﻭﻷﺍ ﺔﺌﻴﻫ ﻪﺘﻤﻅﻨ ،ﺔﺤﺭﺘﻘﻤﻝﺍ لﻭﻠﺤﻝﺍ

http://awareness.sca.ae/news/pages/2009-01-26.aspx

. 01 ﺹ ، 2009 ،ﺭﺸﻋ ﺱﺩﺎﺴﻝﺍ ﺩﺩﻌﻝﺍ . ﺕﺎﻫﺎﺠﺘﺍﻭ ﺎﻴﺎﻀﻗ

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،ﻕﺒﺎﺴ ﻊﺠﺭﻤ .ﻕﺍﻭﺴﻷﺍ ﺓﺩﻭﺠﻝ ﻲﺴﺎﺴﺃ ﺭﺼﻨﻋ ﺓﺩﻴﺸﺭﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ :ﺔﻤﺯﻷﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺱﻭﺭﺩ ،ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻋﻭﺭﺸﻤﻝﺍ ﺯﻜﺭﻤ

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. 04

. 04 ﺹ ،ﻕﺒﺎﺴﻝﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﺱﻔﻨ ،ﺎﻴﻘﻴﺭﻓﺇ ﺏﻭﻨﺠ ،ﻥﻭﺒﺎﻐﻝﺍ ،ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻝﺍ ،ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻤﻹﺍ ،ﺔﻴﺩﻭﻌﺴﻝﺍ :ﻥﻤ لﻜ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻤ ﺀﺍﺭﺯﻭ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﻀﻹﺎﺒ ،ﺔﻴﻨﺎﻤﺜﻝﺍ ﺔﻋﻭﻤﺠﻤ لﻭﺩ ﻥﻭﻠﺜﻤﻴ . ﺩﻴﻭﺴﻝﺍﻭ ﺎﻜﻴﺠﻠﺒ ،ﺍﺩﻨﻝﻭﻫ ،ﺍﺭﺴﻴﻭﺴ ،ﺎﻴﻨﺎﺒﺴﺇ ،ﺔﻴﺒﻭﻨﺠﻝﺍ ﺎ ﻴﺭﻭﻜ ،ﺎﻴﺴﻴﻨﻭﺩﻨﺇ ،ﻥﻴﺼﻝﺍ ،ﺩﻨﻬﻝﺍ ،ﻥﻴﺘﻨﺠﺭﻷﺍ ،لﻴﺯﺍﺭﺒﻝﺍ :ﻲﻨﻭﺭﺘﻜﻝﻻﺍ ﻊﻗﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺡﺎﺘﻤ .2009/10/04 ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘﺒ ،ﻲﻝﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﺩﻘﻨﻝﺍ ﻕﻭﺩﻨﺼﻝ ﺔﻤﻜﻭﺤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ ﺭﻴﻭﻁﺘ ،ﻲﻝﺎﻏ ﺱﺭﻁﺒ ﻑﺴﻭﻴ

http://elbashayeronline.com/news-65531.html

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