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A Quantitative Research
Presented to the
Faculty of the Dr. Beato C. Macayra National High School
Purok Jasmin 1 Barangay Kinablangan
Municipality of Baganga
Province of Davao Oriental


In Partial Fulfillment of the

The Requirements for the Practical Research 2
Grade 12- GAS

Limbing, Diego

Amper, Marjorie

Lico, Jovie Ann


Chapter 1



According Eke (1986), poor academic performance implies obtaining low or poor

grades by majority of students. Poor academic performance of students has been of great

concern to educationists, guidance and counselors in particular (McCelland, 2000).

Hanson (2000) reported that students academic performance is affected by different

factors such as learning abilities, gender and race. Economic and social development of

a country is directly associated with academic performance of students. The student

academic performance play’s a vital role in creating the finest quality alumnae who will

be become a leader and manpower consequently responsible for the social and

academic development (Ali, 2009)

The students need to be counselled on the need to developed good study habit that

will enhance a good academic performance. Onwuegbuzie (2001) suggested that

guidance services are needed on student study habit for a better academic performance.

According to Osa-edoh and Alutu 2012, which examined the usefulness of imbibing

in the students study habit, as a means of enhancing their academic performance,

revealed a high correlation between study habits that their academic performance can be

improved upon.

However, the definition presented by Azikiwie, Bajwa et al. introduces study habits

or technique used to dominate a topic after a classroom learning study habits play an

important role in academic success, and effective study cannot be conducted without
using this skills. Student who better academic achievement adopt a wider utilization of

these skills than those who who make poor progress.


The main purpose of this study is to determine which domain of study habits best

influences to academic performance, this has the following objectives;

1. To ascertain the level of study habits in terms of;

1.1. Note Taking;

1.2. Use of Library;

1.3. Time allocation to study.

2. To assess the level of academic performance in terms of;

2.1. Personal Condition;

2.2. Home-Related Aspect;

2.3. School-Related Aspect;

2.4. Teacher-Related Aspect.

3. To identify significant relationship between Study Habits and Academic


4. To determine which domain of Study Habits best influence to Academic



1. There is no significant relationship between Study Habits and Academic


2. There is no domain of Study Habits influences to Academic Performance.



According to M.T.V Ngaraju (2004), that study habit serves as the vehicle of learning

and poor study habits makes tension in the understudies. On the off chance that he

ponders well, propensities for good examination will make him give a decent execution.K.

Premalakshmi (2002), conducted a study on the study habits and academic performance

of the students. It stated that the variable, study habit is contributing to the academic

performance of students. Study habit is an individual capacity. Some students read so

anyone might hear and some read noiselessly. It may defines as “strategies of a work”,

in which the students do differents types of study habit.

However, See (1999), in his study described study habits as a generic term which

refers to the attitude, study materials, study techniques, study environment and actual

study time that will described the study habits as a very good, good, fair or poor.Azikiwe

(1998), describes the study habit as “the adopted way and manner of student plans his

private readings, after classroom learning as to attain mastery of the subject”. According

to her, “good study habits are good assets to learners because they assist students to

attain mastery in areas of specialization and consequent excellent performance, while

opposite constitute constraints to learning and achievement leading to failure”.

According also to Good (1998), define the term study habit as: The students way of

study whether systematic efficient or inefficient etc.”. Going by this definition it literally

means that good study habits produces positive academic performance while inefficient

study habit leads to academic failure. According to Marc (2011), explains that students
with learning problems, however, may still have generally inefficient and ineffective study

habits. Becoming aware of your learning habits or styles will help students to understand

why they sometimes get frustrated with common study methods. He observes that good

study habits are essential to educational success; as they contribute to successful

academic failure.


According to Nuthana and Yenagi (2009), stated that student’s academic

performance occupies a very important place in education as well as in the learning

process. It is considered as a key criterion to judge one’s total potentialities and capacities

which are frequently measured by the examination results.

Academic performance is important for an institution for the good outcomes that lead

to the job performance in the future (Kuncel et. Al., 2005). According to Hijazi and Naqui

(2006), the academic performance is not affected by age, gender, and place of residence

but they also said those who live near to school can perform much better than others who

live far from school.

Furthermore, Sentamu (2003), the educational attainment of parents determines the

kind of school to which their students go. Such schools are near somehow the same to

the ones their parents attended. This tends lay a foundation for better performance of

their students while at school. Beegle et. Al. (2005), further observes that the home

environment is rarely mentioned as a factor contributing through academic performance.

Onsomu (2006), observes that students academic performance or success at school is

closely related to their home background.

According also to Moys (1946), greatly emphasized the importance of having

qualified teachers in the field of teaching and said that success of academic performance

of the students is conditioned by the ability of the teachers to teach. If there is failure at

this point the whole structure fails. Moreover, Dayad (2000), mentioned that good

academic performance of the students relies on the teachers ability to teach. A good

teachers constantly on the alert for methods and instructional materialsdequate

motivation on the part of student, lack of information couple with teacher's nonchalant

attitude to work and students negative self-concept have often resulted into student in

consistent and poor academic performances.

Omolawa (2002), Affirmed that academic performance of the child could be traced to

the home he comes from. Synder et. Al. (2000), claimed that the family environment is

the most powerful influence in determining the students academic performance. It is

obvious that substantial influence on the students academic performance.

However, Badhiri (1991), It could be stated that the variable that influence academic

performance and students by and large fall in the following four categories highlighted;

(1). Student-related: intelligence, anxiety, interest, achievement, attitude, emotional

stability, study habits and language ability. (2). Teacher-Related: teaching skills, method

of teaching personality and behavior, classroom interaction, teaching experience, teacher

motivation, homework and reinforcement. (3). Home-Related: socio-economic status,

home environment religion, birth order, family size and cultural influence. (4). Social-

related: social climate, medium of instruction type and location of school.

Correlation Between Measures

According to Hills (2000), a very good conductive learning environment of

encourage students study habit and might have the Positive impact of their academic

performance. The problem associated with study habit might have a major effect on a

Students academic performance, it is Believe that everyone has a different study habit

and it is important to find out the best personal way of study.

Furthermore, Aremu (2001), the problems associated with study habit might have a

major effect on a Students academic performance, it is Believe that everyone has a

different study habit and it is important to find out the best personal way to study.

Does, Gettinger and Seibert (2002), stated that students who demonstrate poor

study habits, are most likely the ones to have low academic Performance. having good

study habits could reduce the failure rate within educational institutions since studying

tends to increase a Students academic ability.

According also to Nagaraju (2012) pointed that for good academic performance,

good study habit is important. Hence, it is imperative and desirable that a probe into the

pattern of study habit of students be made. And studies have shown that learning new

information in different environment, at varying noise levels and even mood states, can

significantly improve Students ability to recall that same information when taste day


Furthermore, Abid 2006, stated that the quality of a nation depends upon the quality

of its citizen depends upon the quality of its education. Which in turn depends on the study

habits of the Students. In addition, quality of education is reflected through academic

performance which is function of Students study habits. However, Osa-edoh and Alutu

2012, examined the usefulness of imbibing in the study habit, as a means of enhancing

their academic performance, revealed a high correlation between study habits and

Students academic performance. This suggest that it is only when students imbibe or

cultivate proper study habits that their academic performance can be improved upon.


It is hope that this study will provide information for governments, teachers, school

administrators, agencies, students, communities to reflect upon various factors that can

help students in achieving their academic goals. In so doing, they can investigate the

possibility of introducing the factors to the school, which may consequently lead to

enhancing student educational outcomes in school, it shares a lot of similarities with many

other counterparts. In this connection, this study provides a valuable reference to the

society and other school to reflects upon the study habits as it affects the academic

performance of students (Ramirez et al 2002).

The result of the finding of this study enable students to develop good study habits

which could lead to good academic performance. it would help also parents sensitize on

how to encourage their children to develop effective study habits to develop effective habit

through the information that would be provided in this study. Teachers would see the

findings useful especially discharging their duty in the school. It also give them information

as we find the result and made them students to encourage and go through the field of

study to achieve a good academic performance.



 Note taking  Personal Condition

 Use of Library  Home-Related Aspect

 Time Allocation to  School-Related Aspect

 Teacher-Related

The independent variable of this study is study habit with an indicators note taking,

Use of Library and Time location to study. According to Hills and Ballow (2000), the study

habits of students play a vital role in reflecting the standard of education. The students

need to be counselled on the need to develop good study habit that will enhanced a good

academic performance

While the dependent variable of this study is academic performance with an

indicators, personal condition, home-Related aspect, school-related aspect and teacher-

related aspect.

Study Habit

- this study defined study habit as a behavior style that is

systematically formed by students towards learning and


Academic Performance

- It is a term used for students based on how they are going to

participate in their studies and classes.


 Published by Europian Centre for Research Training and

Development UK (


 Human Resource Management Academic Research Society


 Miguel A. Cerna &Ksenia Pavliushchenko


 10 Habits of High Effective Students. (n. d.). Retrieved from

 Evans Atsiaya siahi &Julius K. Maiyo


 IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social