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Barretto, Jose Alberto Christopher D.

14-0235 PolEco
TFG1

I. Fourth floor: Gold of Ancestors


1. What is the boxer codex?
- In 1947, an American professor named Charles Boxer acquired a 16th
century manuscript describing the people and customs of Asia. Known
today as the Boxer codex, the manuscript provides the earliest
descriptions of the peoples of the Philippines in a western language. It
was most likey commisioned by a high-ranking Spanish official to gain
insight into the islands and its peoples. The codex documents the
complete texts and illustations pertaining to the Philippines.

2. What did the Datu’s attire manifest?


- The Datu’s attire manifested his extradordinary access to precious materials
and labor-intensive technologies. The Datu’s appearance enhanced and
affirmed his leadership.

3. What beliefs about the afterlife are manifested in the funerary masks and grave
furniture?
- Funerary Masks: spiritual forces were believed to travel in and out of the
body through the fontanel or facial orifices such as the eyes, nose, or mouth.
These openings were covered by precious materials to prevent malignant
spirits from taking over the body.
- Grave furniture: Bahandi heriloom wealth such as gold, textiles and porcelain
were placed in the grave and ritually offered by the deceased person’s family
to accompany the soul to the afterlife.

II. Art and order of nature in the Philippine Textiles


- The Yakan
- Originally from Basilan, the Yakan are a Muslim group that have been
forced by warfare to migrate north to Zamboanga.
-Seputangan: literally meaning handkerchief. It is used as a headcloth as a
kerchief slung on the shoulder or as a woman’s belt. It is also used during
wedding ceremonies and symbolizes prosperity and fertility.

III. A millennium of contact: Chinese and southeast Asian Trade Ceramics

1. Central Vietnam
- It is a Brown semi-glazed Jar from the 15th century in Calatagan, Batangas

2. Pandanan shipwreck
- It is a brown jar with impressed design from the 15th century in Palawan

3. Guangdong
- A brown jar with four horizontal lugs from the 12th – 14th century in Puerto
Galera, Mindoro
IV. Third floor: Citadel to city

-“Figures at a dining table”


-A painting that embodies classical romantic art. It has paintings of workers and
ordinary city folk, along with other portrayals of the underbelly of Parisian society
and people dining by gaslight. It also portrays the elite and the generals fine dining.

V. Second floor: Diorama Experience

1. Give one social service provided by the missionaries


- Real Sociedad Economica de los Amigos del Pais
- A social service founded by Damian Domingo, who was considered the
father of Philippine painting. He eliminated racial discrimination at the
academy by admitting Spanish, indio and mestizo students alike.

2. What were some problems after the end of the second World war?
- One of the problems after the end of the second world war was that there were
a lot of infrastructure such as buildings, houses, etc, that was destroyed. Another
problem was that the people, specifically the farmers that fought against the
Japanese, eventually got scared from the democracy, thus leading them to revolt
against the government and the allied forces.

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