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UNDERSTANDING CULTURE, SOCIETY AND POLITICS

Prepared by: Monique Philips B. Totanes


S.Y. 2018-2019
TOPIC/LESSON NAME Political organizations and leadership structures
CONTENT STANDARD The learners demonstrate an understanding of:

1. cultural, social, and political institutions as sets


of norms and patterns of behavior that relate to
major social interests
PERFORMANCE STANDARD MINIMUM:
identify one’s role in social groups and institutions

BEYOND MINIMUM:
Assess different roles in a social group and
institutions
LEARNING COMPETENCIES MINIMUM:
1. compare different social forms of social
organization according to their manifest and latent
functions
2. analyze social and political structures

BEYOND MINIMUM:
1. Evaluate different social forms of social
organization according to their manifest and latent
functions
2. Show the distinctiveness of each social and
political structures
SPECIFIC LEARNING OUTCOMES At the end of the lesson, the learners are able to:

Evaluate Political and leadership structures in their


community
TIME ALLOTMENT 200 minutes
SOURCES Contreras, Antonio et.al. Understanding Culture,
Society and Politics (2016)
MATERIALS Monitor/Projector, Marker, Books

LESSON OUTLINE:
INTRODUCTION (10 MINUTES): Introduce the learning objectives and recap
previous discussion
MOTIVATION (20 MINUTES): Video Analysis
INSTRUCTION AND DELIVERY (80 MINUTES): Gallery Walk
PRACTICE (30 MINUTES): Enumerate and explain the different political organization
ENRICHMENT (30 MINUTES): Reader’s Theater
EVALUATION (30 MINUTES): Essay

PROCEDURE
INTRODUCTION:
Present the specific learning outcome and recap the previous discussion.
At the end of the lesson, the learners are able to:
Evaluate Political and leadership structures in their community.

MOTIVATION:
Show the music video of Gloc 9’s UPUAN, a song that talk about power and authority.
Let the learners share their insights about the song.

INSTRUCTION/DELIVERY:
Process Questions:
1. How can a society maintain the peace and order between diverse people and
cultures?
2. Do all societies have the same way of maintaining it?

Activity: Journey to my community!


Divide the class into four. Each group is assigned with a specific political organization.
The learners are tasked to demonstrate their political structure, practices and leadership
of their assigned political organization.

POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS
1. BAND is typically formed by several families living together based on marriage
ties, common descendants, friendship, affiliations and members usually have
a common interest or enemy. The main source of integration is kinship by
blood or affinity. The political structural of bands are less hierarchal because
family members are seen to be equal.
2. TRIBE is a band that have increased its population, survived fission and social
velocity, and adopted multiple forms of livelihood. It is often headed by a
village headman but with no absolute power. He derives his authority from
having senior position, coupled with an ability to force others to obey him.
3. CHIEFDOM is defined as a political organization that is more defined. It has a
formal leadership and authority rests solely on the members of a selected
family. It is composed of a number of communities that is ruled by a
permanent paramount chief coming from the elite family. Social classes exist
and are differentiated according to the level of their power in relation to the
permanent ruler.
4. NATION is a cultural and identity-based term. It has no exact territory but
members share the same culture, values and practices with each other.
5. STATE refers to a political organization bounded by a territory, and headed
by a government. The government is headed by people voted by the citizens
or can also be hierarchal for those that are led by a royal family.

PROCESS QUESITON:
1. How do the political leaders exercise its power?
When talking about power, we tend to be confused between authority and legitimacy.
Both are vital aspects in leading a society. Authority is the power to make binding
decisions and issue commands. Legitimacy is a moral and ethical concept that bestows
on who possesses power the right to exercise such power since such is perceived to be
justified and proper. Thus, for authority to be binding and stable, it must be legitimate.

PROCESS QUESTION:
1. Why do other political organizations fail in leading its people?

PRACTICE:
I. Enumerate the 5 Political organizations and explain each.
II. How are Authority and Legitimacy related to one another?

ENRICHMENT:
With the same groups, let the learners identify and portray the differences and
similarities of each political organization.

EVALUATION:
1. Do the political leaders in our country exercise its authority legitimately? Why do
you say so?
2. Is our political organization today effective? Why or why not?