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Chapter 3 for a uniformily accelerated body ?

(2)

Motion in a straight line Imp. September – 2012


1. A car is moving along the circumference of a
Imp. August – 2014
circle of radius r.
1. Velocity is defined as the rate of change of a) What is the distance travelled in one revolution
displace ment ? (½)
a). Distinguish between average velocity and b) What is its displacement in one revolution?
instantaneous velocity. (2) (½)
b)When does the average velocity becomes equal to c) What does the speedometer of the car
the inatantaneous velocity ? measure? (½)
(1) d) Can a body have acceleration without velocity.
c). A car travels from A to B at 60 km/h and returns Explain. (1)
to A at 90 km/h . What is the average velocity and 2. a) State in the following cases whether the
average speed ? (2) motion is one, two or three dimensions.
i) A butterfly flying around a flower.(½)

March – 2014 ii) A bus moving along a long and straight


road. ( ½)
1. Acceleration is defined as the rate of change of
velocity b) Derive the equations of motion for non-
uniform motion in one dimension. (3)
a). Is it possible for a body to have acceleration without
velocity.? Explain . (1) c) Look at the graph in fig. (a) and fig. (b)
b). Draw the velocity time graph of a body moving carefully and state which of these can’t
with uniform acceleration a and initial velocity v0 possibly represent one dimensional motion
(1) with reasons. (1)
c). Using the above graph obtain the equation for
displacement in time t. (2)

Imp. October – 2013


March – 2012
1. Acceleration – time graph of a body is shown
below 1. Acceleration – time graph of a body starts from
rest as shown below :

t
a). Draw the corresponding velocity time graph (1)
b) What does the area under the velocity – time graph
represent? (1) a) What is the use of the acceleration –time
graph? (1)
c). Arrive at a relation connecting velocity (v) and time (t)
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b) Draw the velocity-time graph using the (a). (1)
above graph. (2) b) If the initial speed is doubled keeping the
c) Find the displacement in the given interval retardation same, by how much will the
stopping distance change? (1)
of time from 0 to 3 seconds. (1)
September - 2010
Imp. October - 2011
1. If v is the velocity and a is the acceleration,
1. A food packet is dropped from a plane flying give an example of a physical situation for each
horizontally. of the following cases.
a) Sketch the path of the falling food packet.(1) a) v  0, a = 0
b) If the time taken by the packet to reach the b) v = 0, a  0
earth’s surface is ‘6’ seconds, calculate the
c) v > 0, a < 0
height from which the packet is dropped.
(Take g = 10m/s2) (2) d) v < 0, a > 0 (1x4=4)
2. Acceleration is the time rate of change of Imp. August - 2009
velocity. Give an example of a body possessing
zero velocity and still accelerating. (1) 1. a)Acceleration is the time rate at which velocity
of a body changes. Show that for a car, moving
3. Graph representing the motion of two bodies are
shown below. State with reason whether it can with constant acceleration for a period of time,
represent one dimensional motion. (3) the distance travelled in the second half is three
times of that in the first half. (1)
b) The acceleration caused by the earth’s
attraction towards its centre is known as
acceleration due to gravity. It is always
directed towards the centre of earth. Show that
in the absence of air resistance, for a ball
March - 2011 thrown upwards, the time of ascent is equal to
the time of descent. (2)
1.a)The figure shows the position – time graph of a
body moving along a straight line. c) Show that when air resistance is also taken
into account, the time of descent is greater
than the time of ascent. (2)

i. Draw the velocity – time graph of the body. March - 2009


(1) 1. Motion is common to everything in the
ii. From the graph, find the displacement in 20 Universe. It is the change of position of an
seconds. (1) object with time.
b) From the velocity-time graph of a body moving a) The slope of position-time graph of a particle gives:
with uniform acceleration, deduce the velocity-
time relation and the velocity-displacement A) Acceleration B) Displacement
relation. (2) B) Velocity D) Momentum (1)
2. When brakes are applied on a moving vehicle, b) Give an example of a body possessing zero
it stops after travelling a distance. This distance velocity and that is still accelerating. (1)
is called stopping distance.
c) A car starts accelerating from rest for sometimes,
a) Write an expression for stopping distance in moves with a uniform velocity for sometimes and
terms of initial velocity (u) and retardation
comes to rest with a uniform retardation. Draw the
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velocity time graph of the car. (1) straight line for t ≤ 0 and on a parabolic path for
d) A car covers the first half of the distance between 𝑡 > 0? justify your answer (1)
two places at a speed of 40 kmph and the second b) Can a body have an acceleration without
half at 60 kmph. Calculate the average speed of the velocity? Justify your answer with a physical
car. (2)
situation. (1)
February - 2008 c) The table given below shows the velocity of a car
-1
1. A balloon is ascending at the rate of 14 ms and at at different times.
a height of 98 m above the ground. A stone is
dropped from it. Time (Sec) Velocity (m/s)
a) State whether the motion of the balloon is
0 11
accelerated or retarded. (1)
1 16
b) After how much time does the stone reach the
ground? (2) 2 21

c) Determine the velocity with which the stone strikes 3 26


the ground. (2) 4 31
March - 2007 5 36

1. A ball is thrown verticallyupwards and comes


back. Which of the following graph represents
the velocity-time graph of the ball during its
flight? (1)

i) Plot the acceleration-time graph of this motion. What


do you infer from this graph (1)
(a) 4 (b) 2 (c) 1 (d) 3 ii) Find the distance traelled by the car in 6 sec. (2)
1. A stone is thrown upwards from the ground 1. Imagine yourself in a rain steadily falling vertically
with a velocity ‘u’. with a speed of 2ms-1.
a) What is the maximum height attained by the a) If you start moving with 1ms-1 due east, in which
velocity ‘u’. direction should you hold the umbrella to protect
b) Check the correctness of the equation obtained in yourself from the rain? (2)
(a) using the method of dimensional analysis.(1)
b) On a sunny day at 12 noon, you hold the umbrella
c) Draw the position-time graph of the stone during vertically. If you run at certain speed, do you need to
its return journey. (g=10m/s2) (2) incline the umbrella? Justify your answer. (1)

3. a)
Figure shows the position- time graph of one
dimensional motion of a particle. It is correct to
say from the graph tha the particle moves in a

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