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GENERAL CHEMISTRY 1 LONG QUIZ 6

COLLIGATIVE PROPERTIES AND DILUTION 6) Which of the following aqueous solutions will have
the highest boiling point?
Name____________________Date Taken __________ A) 0.20 m glucose
Instructions: This test is good for 45 mins only. Shade B) 0.10 m Na2SO4
the circle corresponding to the letter of your choice. Use C) 0.10 m NaCl
black ink only. Do not forget to write your class number D) 0.25 m sucrose
and section on your answer sheet. Cheating in any form E) 0.10 m SrSO4
will be treated according to the student manual. Put your
answers on the 20-item zipgrade answersheet. 7) Which one of the following solutes has a limiting
van't Hoff factor (i) of 3 when dissolved in water?
1) A 0.200 m solution of which one of the following A) CH3OH
solutes will have the lowest vapor pressure?
B) Na2SO4
A) glucose
B) AlCl3 C) KNO3
C) KCl D) CCl4
D) LiCl E) sucrose
E) CaCl2
8) The ratio of the actual value of a colligative property
2) A 0.100 m solution of which one of the following to the value calculated, assuming the substance to be a
solutes will have the highest vapor pressure? nonelectrolyte, is referred to as ________.
A) Al(ClO4)3 A) osmotic pressure
B) freezing point depression
B) KClO4
C) the van't Hoff factor
C) NaCl D) vapor pressure lowering
D) sucrose E) Henry's law
E) Ca(ClO4)2
9) Arrange the following aqueous solutions in order of
3) The magnitudes of Kf and of Kb depend on the increasing boiling points: 0.050m Mg(NO3)2; 0.100m
identity of the ________. ethanol; 0.090m NaCl.
A) solvent A) Mg(NO3)2 < NaCl < ethanol
B) solute B) ethanol < Mg(NO3)2 < NaCl
C) solute and solvent C) ethanol < NaCl < Mg(NO3)2
D) solvent and on temperature D) NaCl < ethanol < Mg(NO3)2
E) solution E) Mg(NO3)2 < ethanol < NaCl

4) As the concentration of a solute in a solution 10) Arrange the following aqueous solutions in order of
increases, the freezing point of the solution ________ increasing boiling points: 0.300m C6H12O6, 0.110m
and the vapor pressure of the solution ________. K2CO3, and 0.050m Al(ClO4)3
A) decreases, is unaffected A) C6H12O6 < K2CO3 < Al(ClO4)3
B) increases, decreases B) Al(ClO4)3 < C6H12O6 < K2CO3
C) decreases, increases C) C6H12O6 < Al(ClO4)3 < K2CO3
D) increases, increases D) K2CO3 < C6H12O6 < Al(ClO4)3
E) decreases, decreases E) K2CO3 < Al(ClO4)3 < C6H12O6

5) Hydrogen bonds also affect the boiling temperature 11) Assuming 100% dissociation, which of the following
elevation of solutions. Increased number of sites for compounds is listed correctly with its van't Hoff factor i?
hydrogen bonds increases the boiling point of the A) Ca(ClO3)2, i = 2
solution. Assuming equal molal concentrations, which B) (NH4)2SO4, i = 3
solute will give the highest boiling temperature? C) (NH4)3PO4, i = 5
A) aqueous ethylene glycol, C2H6O2 D) Urea, i = 2
B) aqueous glycerol, C3H8O3 E) Sc2(SO4)3, i = 6
C) aqueous glucose, C6H12O6
D) aqueous sucrose, C12H22O11
E) the solutions will have equal boiling points
1 |Integrity is doing the right thing even when no one is watching.
12) Which of the following statements is true regarding
simple dilution?
A. the moles of solute increases after dilution 17. What will be the concentration upon adding 450mL
B. the moles of solvent decreases after dilution of pure water to 50 mL of 8.50 M HNO3 solution?
C. the moles of solute is unchanged after dilution A. 0.85M
D. the concentration of the solution increases B. 0.94 M
E. the concentration of the solution decreases because C. 1.06 M
the moles of solute increased D. 7.65 M
E. none of these
13) Which of the following aqueous solutions has the
highest osmotic pressure at 25°C (assume 100% 18. What volume of a 12.0 M solution is needed to
dissociation for all soluble ionic compounds)? prepare 750 mL of 5.00 M HCl solution?
A) 0.15m K3PO4 A. 5.56 x 10-4mL
B) 0.20m KI B. 313 mL
C) 0.25m K2CO3 C. 1500 mL
D) 0.30m NH4NO3 D. 1.80 x 103 mL
E) 0.45m C12H22O11 E. none of these

14) Consider a solution made from a nonvolatile solute 19. How much water is needed to prepare 250- mL of a
and a volatile solvent. Which statement is true? 1.50 M NaOH solution from a 9.00 M NaOH stock
A) The vapor pressure of the solution is always solution?
greater than the vapor pressure of the pure A. 750 mL
solvent. B. 208.3 mL
B) The boiling point of the solution is always C. 41.7 mL
greater than the boiling point of the pure D. 0.0540 mL
solvent. E. none of these
C) The freezing point of the solution is always
greater than the freezing point of the pure 20. How much water is needed to prepare a 1.50 M
solvent. NaOH solution from 10.0 mL of 9.00 M NaOH stock
solution?
15. According to Raoult's law, which statement is false? A. 1.67 mL
A) The vapor pressure of a solvent over a solution B. 8.33 mL
decreases as its mole fraction increases. C. 50.0 mL
B) The solubility of a gas increases as the D. 60.0 mL
temperature decreases. E. none of these
C) The vapor pressure of a solvent over a solution
is less than that of pure solvent. End of quiz.
D) The greater the pressure of a gas over a Get some sleep and good food in prepping for the exam.
solution the greater its solubility. Sleep is our friend. 😊
E) Ionic solutes dissociate in solution causing an
enhancement of all colligative properties.

Note: Numbers 16 to 20 are worth 2 points per item

16. What is the boiling point of a solution of 11.0 g of


lactose (C12H22O11 = 342 g/mol) in 145.0g of water? (Kb
(H2O) = 0.52 °C/m)
A) 0.1°C
B) 99.9 °C
C) 100.1°C
D) 102.2 °C
E) 105.7 °C

2 |Integrity is doing the right thing even when no one is watching.


3 |Integrity is doing the right thing even when no one is watching.