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Quality Control Procedure for

Subgrade Construction
CONTENTS

1. OBJECTIVE.................................................................................................4

2. APPLICABILITY..........................................................................................4

3. REFERENCE DOCUMENT.............................................................................4

4. DEFINITIONS.............................................................................................5

5 RESPONSIBILITIES....................................................................................5

6 MEASURABLE PARAMETERS.......................................................................5

7 DESCRIPTION............................................................................................6

7.1 EQUIPMENT:..............................................................................................6

7.2 PROCEDURE...............................................................................................6

7.2.1 MATERIAL................................................................................................6

7.2. APPROVAL OF BORROW AREA...................................................................7

7.3 CONSTRUCTION PROCEDURE:...................................................................8

7.3.1 SETTING OUT...........................................................................................8

7.3.2 TRANSPORTATION...................................................................................8

7.3.3 SEQUENCE OF CONSTRUCTION................................................................8

7.4 INSPECTION AND TEST PLAN....................................................................8

7.5 PRECAUTIONS.............................................................................................9

7.6 SAFETY MAESURES.....................................................................................9

8 RECORD.....................................................................................................9

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9 ATTACHMENT.............................................................................................9

1. OBJECTIVE
The purpose of this procedure is to ensure that Welspun Enterprises Limited
(WEL) undertakes all Subgrade Construction activities related to Highway
Construction in accordance with the Civil Project specifications and applicable
codes & standards.

2. APPLICABILITY
This procedure is applicable for Highway Project for all highway projects for
subgrade construction activities to be performed . The intent of this procedure is
to ensure that uniform understanding is established between all persons involved
in the project activities Partners, Consultants and Client during project execution
to avoid or eliminate possible errors. This work shall consist of laying, spreading
and compacting Subgrade layer with approved material in accordance with clause
305 of MORTH specification.

3. REFERENCE DOCUMENT

MORTH
Specification

Approved
Drawing

Contract
Agreement

IS:2720 Part-5 Method Of Test For Soil (Laboratory Determination


of Liquid and Plastic Limits)

IS:2720 Part-4 Method Of Test For Soil (Grain size analysis).

IS:2720 Part-6 Method Of Test For Soil (CBR)

IS:2720 Part-8 Method Of Test For Soil (Determination of water


content –Dry density relation using heavy
compaction)
IS:2720 Part 28 Method of Test For Soil (Determination of Dry density
of soil in place by sand replacement method)
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Determination of free swell index of soil.
IS:2720 Part 40 Soluble Sulphate Content

BS: 1377 Test 10


Soil Classification.
IS :1498

4. DEFINITIONS
MoRT&H Ministry of Road Transport and Highways
PI Plasticity Index
MDD Maximum Dry Density
OMC Optimum Moisture Content
CBR California Bearing Ratio
FSI Free Swell Index

5 RESPONSIBILITIES

5.1. PROJECT MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS

Refer Project Quality Plan for Assigned Duties and responsibilities of Project
Management Functions.

6 MEASURABLE PARAMETERS
Criteria / Methods

Records Available
When to control

Review (Who /
Responsibility
effectiveness

Parameters
to evaluate
Process

When)
Control
Target

at

Material Countercheck Prior to >7 Source QC QC Manager, Laboratory


Suitability by client the days Approval Engineer Periodically
( Borrow Area commen document/
Identification) cement Lab test
of work results
Ensuring Cross During >7 Office
proper toe line checking Constru days Plan and Highway Highway
& Compacted ction Manager, (Planning / Billing)
Layer thickness Profile Engineer Periodically

Visual Cross During >7 Office


Inspection of checking Constru days Field Highway Highway
surface for ction Manager, (Planning / Billing)
entrapped Book/ RFI Engineer Periodically
moisture,
particle size of
the filling
material,
surface
moisture, tyre

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impression
Level of Cross After >7 Office
Subgrade Top checking Constru days Survey Surveyor/ Highway (Planning / Billing)
ction Manager,
Log Book Highway Periodically

Engineer

Compaction Cross After >7 Office


checking Constru days Field Test Highway Highway (Planning / Billing)
ction Manager/QC
data Engineer Manager,
Periodically
record / QC

Engineer

7 DESCRIPTION
7.1 EQUIPMENT:
As required from the list given below

1) Excavator
2) Tippers
3) Motor grader
4) Vibratory Roller (80-100 KN capacity)
5) Water Tankers

7.2 PROCEDURE
7.2.1 Material
As per clause 305.2 of MORTH, the material to be used for construction of
embankment shall be satisfying the following requirements.
1. The Particle size of the filling material shall not be more than 50 mm.
2. Free swell index of the material shall not be more than 50 percent when tested as
per IS: 2720 (Part-40).
3. Dry unit weight of the material shall not less than 1.75 gm/cc when tested as per
IS: 2720 (Part-8).
4. The values of maximum dry density and optimum moisture content shall be
obtained in accordance with IS: 2720 (Part 8).
5. Liquid limit shall not be more than 50 percent as per clause 305.2.1.1 of MORTH.
6. Plasticity index shall not be more than 25 percent as per 305.2.1.1 of MORTH.
7. The material to be used in sub grade should satisfy the requirement of the 4 day
soaked minimum CBR as per design requirement.
8. Roots and stumps shall be removed if any, while spreading.

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9. Moisture content shall be checked before commencing the compaction, if it is less
than -2% of OMC, water shall be added by sprinkler and if it is more than +1% of
OMC, it shall be dried by aeration and exposure to the sun till it reaches the OMC.
10.Rolling shall be carried out from lower edge to upper edge with 80-100KN
vibratory roller till it achieves the required compaction and no visible tyre
impression or drum impression on the surface.

7.2.2 APPROVAL OF BORROW AREA

Suitable borrow area are identified field with detail location distance from site
chainages samples taken from the borrow area are tested for its suitability in
subgrade construction as per technical specification and clause No 903.2.1 The
testing of samples shall be carried out up to1.5 m depth from ground level. The
number of samples shall be decided jointly or as per MORTH based on borrow area
volume.

7.2.3 QUALITY CONTROL


Quality control for the construction of embankment shall be as per table 900-3 of
MORTH.

1. Moisture content shall be checked before compaction for preceding the work.
2. The compacted surface shall be checked for field density at the frequency of 1
set of measurement per 2000sq.m. The degree of compaction shall not be less
than 97%.
3. The surface shall be checked for levels at close intervals longitudinally and
transversely.
4. The compacted layer thickness shall not exceed 250mm

7.3 CONSTRUCTION PROCEDURE:

7.3.1 SETTING OUT


After compaction of Embankment top, the limits of Subgrade shall be marked on
both sides at regular interval of 15 meter for commencing the work.

7.3.2 TRANSPORTATION

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The material for Subgrade from the approved source of borrow areas will be
transported in dump truck (Tipper / Dumper) or in some cases by tractor trolley.
The filling of earth in Dumpers shall be done by excavators / JCB. The dumping of
materials shall be done systematically.

7.3.3 SEQUENCE OF CONSTRUCTION


1. Treatment on ground supporting embankment if any
2. Checking of Toe line and surface.
3. Placing of layers
4. Checking FDD for each layer.
5. Checking levels for Top Layer of Subgrade.

7.4 INSPECTION AND TEST PLAN

Item Description Frequency


1. Sand Test 2 Test per 3000 m3
2. Plasticity Test 2 Test per 3000 m3 per type
3. Density Test 2 Test per 3000 m3 per type
4. Moisture Content 1 Test per 250 m3
5 CBR Test 1 Test per 3000 m3
6. Field Density Test 1 Set 2000 m2 at every layer

7.5 PRECAUTIONS

I. In the field one can estimate OMC without instrument just by adding water or
drying borrow material until a squeezed handful of soil is deformed with finger
marks for about an average squeeze effort and the molded soil resists breaking
apart.
II. Roots and stumps shall be removed at borrow area before loading.
III. The area where cracks are developed after compaction shall be harrowed and
compacted.
IV. The surface can be ensured that it has achieved required compaction by
continuing the rolling until there are no wavy or sponge action.
.
7.6 SAFETY MAESURES

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All safety precautionary measures shall be taken as stated below:
 Cautionary / Warning Signboards shall be placed along the road side.
 Moveable signboards, safety cone Etc. shall be placed at area where heavy
machineries and survey works are being carried out. Flagmen shall be deployed to
where necessary to control the movement of machines and tippers / dumpers at
these areas.

8 RECORD

Record Retention Period


Level Sheets Till project completion
Field compaction test Results
Material Test Reports
RFI

9 ATTACHMENT

NIL

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