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Semi – Detailed Lesson Plan in Mathematics 9

Prepared by: Jewmer T. Villagantol


PEC Student

I. Learning Objectives II. Learning Content III. Teaching - Learning Procedure IV. Evaluation V. Assignment

At the end of the class the learners A. Topic: A. Preliminaries Perform each of the Directions: Analyze and
should be able to: following quadratic answer the following show
- Solving Quadratic 1. Prayer equations by your solutions.
Equations by 2. Greetings factoring.
Factoring 3. Checking of attendance and  Solve the following
1. Familiarize factoring of quadratic quadratic equation by
management of the classroom. 2
1. X + 7x = 0
equations. factoring.
B. Reference:
B. Lesson Proper 2. 6s2 + 18s = 0
2. Perform factoring of quadratic - Mathematics 1. x2 - 14 = 5x
equation Learner’s Material 9 1. Introduction / Presentation 3. t2 + 18t + 16 = 0 2. 11r + 15 = -2r2
3. Think and solve on real-life C. Instructional Materials: C. Recall 4. x2 - 10x + 25 = 0 3. x2 - 25 = 0
problems involving quadratic
equation. - Visual Aids Factor each of the following
5. h2 + 6h = 16
polynomials? 4. 81 - 4x2 = 0
- Chalk
1. 2x2 – 8x 3. -3s2 + 9s 5. 4s2 - 9 = 12s
D. Skills 2. 5t – 10t2

- Problem solving and


cooperative learning.
E. Time Frame
D. Discussion
25 minutes

What is Quadratic Equation?

- In algebra, a quadratic equation is


any equation having the form
where x represents an unknown,
and a, b, and c represent known
numbers, with a ≠ 0. If a = 0, then
the equation is linear, not
quadratic, as there is no term.

- A quadratic equation is an equation


of the second degree, meaning it
contains at least one term that is
squared.

The standard form is


ax² + bx + c = 0 with a, b, and c
being constants, or numerical
coefficients, and x is an unknown
variable.

One absolute rule is that the first


constant "a" cannot be a zero.
What is Factoring?

- In mathematics, factorization or
factoring consists of writing a number
or another mathematical object as a
product of several factors, usually
smaller or simpler objects of the same
kind.

- For example, 3 × 5 is a factorization of


the integer 15, and is a factorization of
the polynomial x² – 4

Here are some examples:

1. 2x2 + 5x + 3 = 0

In this one

A = 2, b = 5, c = 3

This one is a little more tricky:

2. x2 - 3x = 0

Where is a? well a = 1, as we don’t


usually write ”1x2”

b=3

and c = 0, is not shown.


3. 5x – 3 = 0

This is not a quadratic equation


because it is missing x2

(in other words a = 0, which means


it can’t be quadratic)

Example:

Find the Solution of x2 + 9x = -8 by


factoring.

a. Transform the equation into


standard form ax2 + bx + c = 0

b. Factor the quadratic expression


x2 + 9x + 8.

x2 + 9x + 8 = 0  (x + 1)(x + 8) = 0

c. Apply the zero product property by


setting each factor of the quadratic
expression equal to 0.

(x + 1) (x + 8) = 0 

x + 1 = 0; x + 8 = 0
d. Solve each resulting equation.

x + 1 = 0  x + 1 – 1 = 0 -1
x = -1

x+8=0x+8–8=0–8
x=-8

e. Check the values of the variable


obtained by substituting each in the
equation x2 + 9x = -8.

For x = 1:

x2 +9x = - 8

( -1 )2 + 9 ( - 1 ) = - 8

1–9=-8
- 8=-8

For x = - 8

x2 +9x = - 8

( - 8 )2 + 9 ( - 8 ) = - 8

64 – 72 = - 8
- 8=-8
Both values of x satisfy the given
equation. So the equation x2 + 9x = - 8
Is true when x = -1 or when x = -8.
2. Activity

The teacher will assign some group


activity for them to motivate to cooperate with
their respective group.

- Solve the equation, factor the


quadratic expression.

- Equate each factor to 0.

- Solve each resulting equation.

- Check the values of the variables


obtained by substituting each in
the equation 9x2 – 4 = 0.

9x2 – 4 = 0
3. Analysis

- The teacher will ask questions about


the activity.

1. How did you factor quadratic


expression?
2. How would you know if the factors
you got are the correct ones?
What is Quadratic Equation?
In algebra, a quadratic equation is any equation having the form where x represents an unknown, and a, b, and c represent known numbers,
with a ≠ 0. If a = 0, then the equation is linear, not quadratic, as there is no term.

Standard form of Quadratic Equation

ax2 + bx + c = 0
Here are examples of quadratic equations in the standard form (ax² + bx + c = 0):
1. 6x² + 11x - 35 = 0
2. 2x² - 4x - 2 = 0
3. -4x² - 7x +12 = 0
4. 20x² -15x - 10 = 0

Here are examples of quadratic equations lacking the linear coefficient or the "bx":
1. 2x² - 64 = 0
2. x² - 16 = 0
3. 9x² + 49 = 0
4. -2x² - 4 = 0

Here are examples of quadratic equations lacking the constant term or "c":
1. x² - 7x = 0
2. 2x² + 8x = 0
3. -x² - 9x = 0
4. x² + 2x = 0
What is polynomial?
An expression of more than two algebraic terms, especially the sum of several terms that contain different powers of the same variable(s).
The equations formed with variables and exponents and coefficients are called as polynomial equations.

What is Coefficients?
A numerical or constant quantity placed before and multiplying the variable in an algebraic expression (e.g. 4 in 4x y).