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Lesson 1 - Successful in their respective

fields of interest.
2 general types of Upper Class:
- Group of people.
- Shared a common territory, a. New Rich (nouveau riche)
language & culture. - Have humble beginnings.
- Act together for survival. - Often experienced rags to riches
- Dependence for survival. turn of fortunes.
b. Traditional Upper Class
Culture - Powerful elite who acquired
- Complex whole. wealth through inheritance &
Learned 2. Middle Class
Characteristics - Have small businesses & industry
Symbolic of Culture operators.
Shared - Mostly owners, managers,
professionals, office workers,
Politics farm owners.
- Income average enough to
- Theory\ art on practice of
provide a comfortable & decdnt
Terms and Concept in USCP 3. Lower Class
- Farm employees, skilled &
 Gender unskilled artisans, service
- How you characterized yourself. workers, unemployed/ under
- Being male or female. employed.
- Society’s division into two - Indigent families\ informal
distinctive categories between settlers.
sex. - Largest in terms of number &
 Socio economic Status relatively earn their living thru
- Category of person when it subsistence.
comes to economic preferences.  Ethnicity
- Who have more or less same - Indigeneous group.
economic privileges in a society.
Ethnic Group
Priveleges due to inherited, wealth,
occupational status or breadwinner. - Identified themselves as distinct
& unique based on
3 kinds of SOCIO ECONOMIC STATUS distinguishable cultural features
1. Upper Class that set them apart from others
- Elite families. such as shared ancestry,
common origin, language, - Distinctly set away from the
customs & traditions. norm.
 Religion
2 category of Deviance:
- Spritiual sphere.
 Exceptionality 1. Formal Deviance
- Intellectually gifted or talented. - Disobedience of the laws or
- Being physically\ mentally rules.
challenged conditions such as - Violated the enacted laws.
communication (learning Ex: robbery, theft, graft, rape, other
disability, speech impairment, forms of criminality.
hearing problems) intellectual
2. Informal Deviance
(mild intellectual & mental
- Disobedience of the prescription
development disabilities),
& standard behavior.
physical (low vision, blind)
- Not codified into laws.
- Disability.
 Nationality Lesson 3
- Country’s identity (person).
Social Change
Lesson 2
- Modifications & variations of
Norms society’s pattern of living.

Rules Indicators of Social Change

- Do’s and dont’s that should be a. Rise and Fall

strictly implemented. b. Change in Structures of Role

Prescription Cultural Change

- Optional. (either to follow or not) - Changes in a culture’s content &

Standard Behavior - Affecting new traits or trait
- Something measureable about complexes.
behaviors. Political Change
Deviance (another word for Norm) - Changes in open, participatory, &
- Unconformity\ disobedience. accountable politics.

Deviant Behavior Open Government

- Behavior that should be observed - Everyone’s level of awareness in

when you’re disobeying. governance.
Participatory Government - Assimilation of culture.
- Change in worldviews, attitudes,
- Collaborative work of people & behavior, perspective of looking
government. at things.
Accountable Government Causes of Cultural Change
- Accountability group. 1. Physical Environment
3 causes of Social Change - Disasters, other interruptions.
- Such as earthquakes, flooding,
1. Invention droughts.
- New combination, new use of - Exposures to natural calamities:
existing knowledge. sense of resiliency, new
perspective, coping mechanisms.
2 types of Invention
2. Population Movement
a. Material Invention - Migration.
- Objects, ideas. - Due to dislocation,
Ex: bow & arrow, mobile phone, reterritorialization, urban
airplaine explosions.
b. Social Invention - Increase\ decrease in
- Social patterns. population size.
Ex: alphabet, texting, jejemon, 3. War and Conquest
shortcut. - Territorial sovereignity.
2. Discovery - Recognitions of one’s political
- Finding new things that already dtermination for identity.
existing. 4. Random Events
3. Diffusion - Includes events such as oil price
- Spread of culture traits. hike, high inflation rate.
- Consumer responses to these as
Under diffusion: barometer to social order.
5. Technology
a. Enculturation
- Impact of science & technology.
- Transfer of culture through
- Major impetus for change.
Ex: Invention of the computer and
b. Socialization
internet access, social media.
- Culture adaption through
Causes of Political Change
- Experience culture.
a. Based on needs.
c. Association
b. Based on trends.
- Cultural convergence.
- Connection with the culture.
d. Integration