Sie sind auf Seite 1von 5

WHAT IS A RESUME?

A resume summarizes the most important information an employer needs to know when they consider a new hire.
The job seeker's relevant qualifications, training, and work history are listed under easily understood resume headings
such as "Summary of Qualifications," "Professional Experience," or "Education." A typical resume will include the
following:

1. Contact information
Job seeker's name, address, phone numbers, and email.
2. Objective or Summary of Qualifications
Relevant and impressive qualifications for the desired position, presented at the top of the page, directly under the
contact information.
3. Work History
Present and/or past employment, including dates, companies, job titles, and relevant skills and accomplishments.
4. Education
Highest level of education completed.

THE PURPOSE OF A RESUME

The purpose of a resume is to provide a summary of your skills, abilities and accomplishments. It is a quick advertisement
of who you are. It is a "snapshot" of you with the intent of capturing and emphasizing interests and secure you an
interview. It is not an autobiography. Since your resume is a primary tool in your job search, it needs to be carefully written
and critiqued. The rest of this website is designed to guide you through the process.

TYPES OF RESUME

Chronological Resume

A chronological resume starts by listing your work history, with the most recent position listed first. Below your
most recent job, you list your other jobs in reverse chronological order. Employers typically prefer this type of resume
because it's easy to see what jobs you have held and when you have worked at them. This is the most common resume
type.This type of resume works well for job seekers with a strong, solid work history. If you are starting your career, or if
you are changing career fields, you might consider a different resume type.
Functional Resume

A functional resume focuses on your skills and experience, rather than on your chronological work history. Instead
of having a “work history” section at the top of your resume, you might have a “professional experience” or
“accomplishments” section that lists various skills you have developed over the years. Functional resumes are used most
often by people who are changing careers or who have gaps in their employment history. It is also useful for people who
are new to the workforce, have limited work experience, or who have a gap in their employment. By highlighting skills
rather than work history, one can emphasize that he or she is qualified for the job.

Combination Resume

A combination resume is a mix between a chronological resume and a functional resume. At the top of the
resume is a list of one’s skills and qualifications. Below this is one’s chronological work history. However, the work history
is not the focus of the resume and typically does not take up much space on the resume. This kind of resume helps you
highlight what makes you the best fit for the job, while still giving the employer all the information he or she wants.

Infographic Resume

Infographic resumes include graphic design elements in addition to or instead of text. A traditional resume uses
text to list a candidate's work experience, education, and skills, while an infographic resume uses layout, color, design,
formatting, icons, and font styling to organize content.

Resume With Profile

A resume with a profile section includes a concise summary of an applicant’s skills, experiences, and goals as
they relate to a specific job. This summary (typically no more than a couple of sentences long) helps the candidate “sell”
his or herself to the company to which he or she is applying. Adding a profile is helpful for almost any applicant. If you
have extensive experience, a profile can concisely explain that experience to the hiring manager right away. If you have
limited work experience, a profile can help you highlight the skills that you do have.
Targeted Resume

A targeted resume is a resume that is customized to specifically highlight the experience and skills you have that
are relevant to the job you are applying for. It takes more work to write a targeted resume than to click to apply with your
existing resume. However, it's well worth the effort, especially when applying for jobs that are a perfect match for your
qualifications and experience.

Nontraditional Resume

A nontraditional resume is a unique version of your resume that may include photos, graphics, images, graphs,
and other visuals. It might be an online resume, or a physical resume with infographics, as mentioned above. It could also
be a video or a resume on a social networking website. Nontraditional resumes are ideal for people in creative fields, who
want to demonstrate their ability to create visually engaging designs or to create web pages. It can be a good way for a
job candidate to stand out from the crowd in professions like design, web design, journalism, and more.

Mini Resume

A mini resume contains a brief summary of your career highlights and qualifications. It only contains the
information that relates to the position you are applying for or the industry you would like to work in. In most cases, your
traditional resume will be appropriate. A mini resume, however, can be useful at job fairs or career networking events
when you're meeting with many people and want to leave them with something more than just a business card. You can
also use a mini resume when you're networking and would like your contact to pass on your information to a hiring
manager or recruiter.

PARTS OF A RESUME
Header

Include your name, full address, phone number and email. Generally employers will contact you via phone or
email. For this reason, it is no longer necessary to provide two addresses if you are relocating in the near future.

Professional Objective (optional)

This is a phrase or sentence that highlights your intentions and accomplishments. Be specific enough to give an
element of career direction to your resume. Tailor this to each organization and position. State clearly whether you are
looking for an internship, part-time or full-time job. If you are designing the resume for a job fair, convey broad interests.
Highlight your key qualifications instead of personal preferences, such as advancement opportunities. NOTE: An
alternative is to exclude a career objective from your resume and relay the information in the cover letter.
Qualifications Summary (optional)

In lieu of an objective, you may use a qualifications summary to highlight your most noteworthy attributes. This
typically includes your years of experience, technology proficiency, languages and highest achievements. This may also
contain a keyword section. Your resume should then support these attributes by providing evidence throughout the
remaining document.

Education

List the highest level of education first. Include the name of the college, degree, major, minor, and month and year
of your anticipated graduation. Dates of attendance or high school information is not needed. If you transferred to
Augustana, only note your previous institution if you earned a certificate or degree. Include your GPA if it is above a 3.0,
as well as any other academic honors, relevant coursework, study abroad participation or major research projects. Note:
Augustana awards Bachelor of Arts degrees and not Bachelor of Science degrees.

Experience

This category typically reflects your contact with specific employers. Include co-ops, internships, part-time, jobs,
volunteer work, summer jobs, special projects or military experience under this category. You do not need to include all of
your previous jobs, only those that relate to the position you are seeking. As you progress in your studies at Augustana
avoid including outdated high school achievements. List position titles first, followed by the names of organizations,
locations (city and state), dates (month and year) and duties. Each descriptive phrase begins with a strong action verb.
Use present tense for current positions and past tense for previous jobs.

References

Generally references are not listed on a resume and only provided if requested by an employer. To share your
references, list in alphabetical order the names, titles, addresses, telephone numbers and e-mail addresses of at least
three people on a separate page. Include your contact information in a format consistent with your resume in the event
that your resume and reference list are separated. People who have known you for at least a year and within a context
similar to the position you are seeking will provide the strongest endorsements. Faculty are often your best source of
references since they have assessed the knowledge, skills and abilities that employers are often seeking. Whomever you
select, remember to ask these individuals for permission before listing them as a reference. Provide them with a copy of
your resume and the job description to enhance their ability to speak to your qualifications. Always thank your references
once you accept an offer. They like to celebrate your achievements!

Other possible headings to consider include the following:

International Experience

Professional Affiliations & Memberships

Publications & Presentations

Languages

Community Service

Technology Skills

Honors & Awards

Leadership Activities

Collegiate Involvement
HOW TO WRITE A RESUME?
STEP 1: Review professional resume examples

STEP 2: Choose a resume template

STEP 3: Write your professional title and resume summary

STEP 4: Include your contact information

STEP 5: Match your skills to the ones in the job ad

STEP 5: Use resume keywords and action verbs

STEP 6: Focus on your achievements

STEP 7: Select the right font and color theme

STEP 8: Proofread before sending