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# ib qt – t yc

The following information relates to questions 1 and 2 below. b) An electrical heater for swimming pools has the following

## information written on its side:

A substance is heated at a constant rate of energy transfer.

erutarepmet

## (i) Estimate how many days it would take this

P
heater to heat the water in the swimming pool. [4]

## N O (ii) Suggest two reasons why this can only be an

approximation. [2]

L M

helium gas.

piston

time

helium gas

## existing in a mixture of two phases?

The following data are available for the helium with the

A. KL, MN and OP
piston in the position shown.

B. LM and NO 3 3

Volume = 5.2 × 10 m

C. All regions 5

Pressure = 1.0 × 10 Pa

D. No regions
Temperature = 290 K

## 2. In which region of the graph is the specic heat capacity of

(i) Use the data to calculate a value for the universal

## the substance greatest?

gas constant. (2)

A. KL
(ii) State the assumption made in the calculation

B. LM in (a)(i). (1)

fusion of ice.
D. OP

## A student determines the specic latent heat of fusion of

3. When the volume of a gas is isothermally compressed to

ice at home. She takes some ice from the freezer, measures
a smaller volume, the pressure exerted by the gas on the

## its mass and mixes it with a known mass of water in an

container walls increases. The best microscopic explanation

insulating jug. She stirs until all the ice has melted and
for this pressure increase is that at the smaller volume

## B. the gas molecules repel each other more strongly

temperature of the water.

## C. the average velocity of gas molecules hitting the wall is greater

She records her measurements as follows:

walls is greater
i

## Initial temperature of ice T 12 °C

4. A lead bullet is red into an iron plate, where it deforms and
i

## stops. As a result, the temperature of the lead increases by an

Initial mass of water m 0.40 kg
w

amount ∆T. For an identical bullet hitting the plate with twice

w

A. ∆T f

B. 2 ∆T

C. 2 ∆T
1 1 1 1

w i

D. 4 ∆T

## 5. In winter, in some countries, the water in a swimming pool

transfers during the process of coming to thermal

needs to be heated.
equilibrium, that will enable her to solve for the

a) Estimate the cost of heating the water in a typical swimming specic latent heat L of ice. Insert values into the
i

pool from 5 °C to a suitable temperature for swimming. You equation from the data above, but do not solve

may choose to consider any reasonable size of pool. the equation. [5]

Clearly show any estimated values. The following b) Explain the physical meaning of each energy transfer

information will be useful: term in your equation (but not each symbol). [4]

1 1

Specic heat capacity of water 4186 J kg K c) State an assumption you have made about the

## 3 experiment, in setting up your equation in (a). [1]

Density of water 1000 kg m

## d) Why should she take the temperature of

Cost per kW h of electrical energy \$0.10

## ice does not increase while it is melting. [4]

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