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PYHSICS AND MECHANICS

ILAO, RAMLYN R.
PROBLEM NO. 1
What is the acceleration of the body that increase the velocity from 25 m/s in 8
sec?
Given:
V = 25 m/s
t = 8 secs.
Required:
Acceleration, a
Solution:
𝑉
𝑎=
𝑡
25 𝑚/𝑠
𝑎=
8𝑠

𝑎 = 3.125 𝑚/𝑠 2

ILAO, RAMLYN R.
PROBLEM NO. 2
A stone is dropped over a cliff and falls for 10 seconds before reaching the
bottom. How high above the bottom is the cliff?
Given:
t = 10 secs.
Required:
Distance, s
Solution:
1
𝑆 = 𝑉𝑜 𝑡 + 𝑔𝑡 2
2
1
𝑆 = 0 + (9.81)(10)2
2

𝑆 = 490.50 𝑚

MENDOZA, EDWARD M.
3. If a car travelling at 50 mph suddenly locks it breaks and skids 350ft, how long will it
take for the car to come to a complete stop?
Given:
V = 50 mph
S = 350 ft.
Required:
Time, t
Solution:
1mi = 5280 ft.
1
𝑆 = 𝑣𝑜 𝑡 + 𝑎𝑡 2
2
𝑉𝑓 −𝑉𝑜 0−50 𝑚𝑖 5280𝑓𝑡
𝑎= = 𝑥
𝑡 𝑡 ℎ𝑟 1𝑚𝑖𝑙𝑒
−264000𝑓𝑡 −73.33𝑓𝑡 1
𝑎= = 𝑥
𝑡 𝑠 𝑡
1 −73.33𝑓𝑡
350𝑓𝑡 = 73.33𝑓𝑡 + ( )(𝑡)2
2 𝑠
1
350𝑓𝑡 = 73.33(𝑡) − (−73.33)(𝑡)
2

350𝑓𝑡 = 36.67(𝑡)
𝑡 = 9.54 𝑠𝑒𝑐𝑠.

MENDOZA, EDWARD M.
4. A bicycle moves with a constant deceleration of -3 ft/s². If the initial velocity of the
bike was 12 ft/s², how far does it travel in 3 seconds?
Given:
a = -3 ft/s²
V = 12 ft/s
t = 3 secs.

Required:
Distance, s
Solution:
1
𝑆 = 𝑣𝑜 𝑡 + 𝑎𝑡 2
2
𝑓𝑡 1 𝑓𝑡
𝑆 = 12 (3𝑠) + (−3 2 )(3𝑠)²
𝑠 2 𝑠

𝑆 = 22.50 𝑓𝑡.

Castillo, Jehuclydon C.
5. A ball is dropped from a height of 86 m above ground. How long will it take to hit the
ground?
S = 0.5 x g x t2
86 m = 0.5 x 9.81 m/s2 x t2
t = 4.19 seconds

6. A ball is thrown vertically upward with an initial speed of 60 ft/s. How long will it take
for the ball to return to the thrower?
S = VO2/2g
S = (60 ft/s)2/(2 x 32.2 ft/s2)
S = 55.90062112 feet
S = VO t – (0.5 x g x t2)
55.90062112 feet = 60 ft/s (t) – (0.5 x 32.2 x t2)
t = 3.72670795 seconds

GOMEZ, ANGELIKA R.
7. A solid disk flywheel (I = 250 kg-m2 ) is rotating with a speed of 600 rpm. What is the
rotating kinetic energy?
Solution:
KER = ½ I ω2
KER = ½ (250 kg-m2) ( (600rev / 60 sec) x ( 2 rad / 1 rev ))2
KER = 493,480. 2201 J = 493.4802201 KJ

GOMEZ, ANGELIKA R.
8. A car travels 100 miles to city A in 3 hours, then travels 200 miles to city B in 4 hours.
What is the average speed of the car for the trip?
Solution:
Average Speed = ( 100 miles + 200 miles ) / (3 hours + 4 hours )
Average Speed = 42.85 mph

REJUSO, DARWIN CARL C.


9. A flywheel is brought rest up to a speed of 900 rpm in 1 minute. What is the average
angular acceleration until the wheel stops?
Solution:
ω = 900 rpm (2πrad/rev)(1minute/60s)= 30π rad/s
a = ω/t= (30π rad/s / 60 s)
a = 1.570796327 rad/s2

10. A flywheel is brought rest up to a speed of 600 rpm in 1 minute. What is the number
of revolutions until the wheel stops?
Solution:
ω = 600 rpm (2πrad/rev)(1minute/60s)= 20π rad/s
a = ω/t= (20π rad/s / 60 s)
a = 1.047197551 rad/s2
Θ = ωot + 0.5at2 = (20π rad/s)(60s) + 0.5(1.047197551 rad/s2)(60s)2
Θ = 1800π rad
No. of rev = 1800π rad (1 rev / 2 rad)
No. of rev = 900 revolution
Barola John Christopher R.
11. Two cars A and B accelerate from a stationary start. The acceleration of A is 4 ft/s 2
and that of B is 5 ft/ s2. If B was originally 20 feet behind A, how long will it take B to
overtake A?

Given:
aA = 4 ft/s2
aB = 5 ft/s2
B is 20 ft behind A
Required:
time to overtake (t)
Solution:
Car A Car B
S = S + Vot + 1/2at2 S = S + Vot + 1/2at2
S = 20 + 0 + ½(4)(t2) eq. 1 S = 0 + 0 + ½(5)(t2) eq.2
Equate 1 & 2:
20 + 0 ½(4)(t2) = 0 + 0 ½(5)(t2)
t = 6.32455532 s

Barola John Christopher R.


12. Bombs from a plane drop at a rate of one per second. Calculate the vertical distance
between two bombs after the first had dropped for 7 seconds. Assume freely falling
body with g = 9.81 m/s2

Given:
rate = 1 drop/sec
t = 7 sec
g = 9.81 m/s2
Required:
Vertical distance (h)
Solution:
Bomb 1 Bomb 2 distance (h):
S = Vot ½ gt2 S = Vot + ½ gt2 h = S1 – S 2
S = 0 +½ (9.81)(7)2 S = 0 + ½(9.81)(7-1) h = 240.345 – 176.58
S = 240.345 m S = 176.58 h = 63.765 m

Ruta, John Mark Cjaye G.


13. How much does a 50 lb. object weight on the moon? (𝑔𝑚𝑜𝑜𝑛 = 5.47 𝑓𝑡/𝑠 2 )
Given:
m = 50 lb
𝑔𝑚𝑜𝑜𝑛 = 5.47 𝑓𝑡/𝑠 2
Required:
Weight on the moon of object, 𝑊𝑚𝑜𝑜𝑛
Solution:
𝑚
𝑊𝑚𝑜𝑜𝑛 = 𝑥 1.622 𝑚/𝑠𝑒𝑐 2
9.81 𝑚/𝑠𝑒𝑐 2

50 𝑙𝑏𝑠
𝑊𝑚𝑜𝑜𝑛 = 𝑥 1.622 𝑚/𝑠𝑒𝑐 2
9.81 𝑚/𝑠𝑒𝑐 2

𝑊𝑚𝑜𝑜𝑛 = 8.267074414 = 8.27 𝑙𝑏

Ruta, John Mark Cjaye G.


14. What force is acting if a 70-slug object accelerates at 8 ft/𝑠𝑒𝑐 2 ?
Given :
m = 70 slug
a = 8 ft/𝑠𝑒𝑐 2
Required:
Force, F
Solution:
Working formula ; F = ma
Substitute the values to the working formula
F= (70 slug)(8ft/𝑠𝑒𝑐 2 )
F = 560 lb

Briones, Kim O.
15. A force of 45 N causes an acceleration of 2 𝑚 / 𝑠𝑒𝑐 2 when acting on a 7 kg mass.
What is the frictional force also acting?
Given:
F = 45 N
a = 2 𝑚 / 𝑠𝑒𝑐 2
m = 7 kg
Required:
Frictional Force
Solution:
F = m (a) + (Ff)
45 N = 7 kg (2 𝑚 / 𝑠𝑒𝑐 2 ) + (Ff)
Ff = 31 N

Briones, Kim O.
16. An elevator weighing 4,000 lb attain an upward velocity of 20 fps in 6 sec with
uniform acceleration. The tension in the supporting cable is:
Given:
W = 4,000 lb
v = 20 fps
t = 6 sec
Required:
Tension in the supporting cable; T
Solution:
V = Vo + at
20 ft/sec = 0 + (a) (6 sec)
a = 3.33333 ft/sec2
∑ Fv = 0
T = W + REF
𝑊
T = W + ( 𝑔 ∗ 𝑎)

4,000 𝑙𝑏
T = 4,000 lb + (32.2 𝑓𝑡/𝑠2 )(3.333 𝑓𝑡/𝑠 2 )

T = 4,414.078675 lbs

Ilustre, Klynt D.
17. A car of mass m = 1200 slugs accelerates in 12 seconds from rest at a constant rate
to a speed of v = 25 ft/s. What is the resultant force on the car due to this acceleration?
Given:
m = 1000 slugs
v = 25 ft/s
t = 12 s
Solution:
F = ma
𝑓𝑡⁄
25 𝑠
𝐹 = 1200 𝑠𝑙𝑢𝑔𝑠 𝑥 ( )
12 𝑠

F = 2500 lbs

Ilustre, Klynt D.
18. A man weighs himself in an elevator is at rest, he weighs 165 pounds; when the
elevator starts moving upwards, he weighs 200 pounds. How fast is the elevator
accelerating, assuming constant acceleration?
Given:
𝑊@𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑡 = 165 𝑙𝑏𝑠
𝑊𝑖𝑛 𝑚𝑜𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 = 200 𝑙𝑏𝑠
Solution:
𝑊𝑖𝑛 𝑚𝑜𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 = 𝑊@𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑡 (1 − 𝑎⁄𝑔)

200 𝑙𝑏𝑠 = 165 𝑙𝑏𝑠(1 − 𝑎 )


⁄32.2 𝑓𝑡⁄
𝑠2
a = 6.83 ft/s2

Anonuevo, John Nelson


19. A truck weighing 4kips moves a slope of 20°. What is the force generated by the
engine if the truck is accelerating at a rate of 9 ft/s2? Assume f = 0.10.
Given:
a = 9 ft/s2
f = 0.10
F = 4kips
ϴ = 20°
Solution:
∑Fy = 0
N = 4000 lb sin (70°)
N = 3758.770483lb

Ff = fN
Ff = 0.1(3758.770483lb)
Ff = 375.8770483lb

∑Fx = ma
9 ft/s2
F = 4000cos (70°) + 375.8770483lb + 4000(32.2 ft/s2)

F = 2861.97lb

Anonuevo, John Nelson


20. A 20kg box is released from rest and travel down from a 30° inclined plane. If the
coefficient of friction is 0.3, what will be the velocity of the box when it travels from its
initial position?
Given:
m = 20kg
ϴ = 30°
f = 0.3
Solution:
∑Fy = 0
N = 20kg(9.81 m/s2 )sin (60°)
N = 169.9141842N

Ff = fN
Ff = 0.3(169.9141842N)
Ff = 50.97425527N

∑Fx = ma
50.97425527N = (20kg) a
a = 2.35m/s2

V2 = Vo2 + 2as
V2 = 02 +2(2.35m/s2)(12m)
V = 7.52 m/s

Espino, Anne Marielle N.

21. A projectile is launched at 45 deg from horizontal with an initial velocity of 3400 ft/s,
if the mass of the projectile is 40 lbm, what is the total kinetic and potential energy
possessed by the projectile at t= 13 sec?
Given:
V
o= 3400 ft/s t = 13 sec
m = 40 lbm Required:
ø = 45 deg Total kinetic and potential energy
Solution:
VOR = 3400 ft/s (cos45) = 2404.16 ft/s
VOY = 3400 ft/s (sin45) = 2404.15 ft/s
@ t= 13s
VOY = 2404.16 ft/s – [ (32.2 x 13) ]
VOY = 1985.563056 ft/s

V = √𝑉𝑜𝑥 2 + 𝑉𝑜𝑦 2
V = 3118.086055 ft/s
For KE = ½ 𝑚𝑣 2
1 𝑓𝑡
(40𝑙𝑏)(3118.086055 )2
2 𝑠
= 𝑓𝑡−𝑙𝑏 𝑓𝑡
778 𝑥 32.2
𝐵𝑇𝑈 𝑠
1

KE = 7761.947859 BTU
h = VOYt – ½ g𝑡 2
= 2404.16ft/s (13) – ½ (32.2) 132
h = 28533.219 ft
PE = mgh
40 (32.2)(28533021978 𝑓𝑡)
= 𝑓𝑡 𝑙𝑏−𝑓𝑡
32.2 (778)
𝑠2 𝐵𝑇𝑈

PE= 1467.003858 BTU


KE + PE = 9228.95144 BTU
Espino, Anne Marielle N.

22. A car travels 100 km to city A in 2 h, then travels 200 km to city B in 3h. What is the
average speed of the car for the trip?
Given:
S1 = 100 km T2 = 3h
T1 = 2h Required:
S2 = 200 km Average speed of the car
Solution:
𝑆1+𝑠2
Ave Speed = 𝑡1+𝑡2

100 𝑘𝑚+200𝑘𝑚
=
2ℎ+3ℎ

Ave Speed = 60 km/hr


Macalalad, Jona Mariz D.
23. A position of a particle moving along the x-axis is given by x (t) = t2- t +8, where x is
in units of meters, and t is in seconds. Find the velocity of the particle when t = 5
seconds.
Solution:
x(t) = t2 – t + 8 ; t = 5 secs
𝑑𝑥
= 2𝑡 − 1
𝑑𝑡
𝒅𝒙
= 𝒗 = 𝟗 𝒎/𝒔
𝒅𝒕

Macalalad, Jona Mariz D.


24. If a particle’s position is given by the expression x(t) = 3.4 t2 – 5.40t m, what is the
most nearly the acceleration of the particle at t = 5 secs.
Solution:
x(t) = 3.4 t2 – 5.4t m; t = 5 secs
𝒅𝒙
= 2(3.4 t) – 5.4
𝒅𝒕

𝒅𝟐 𝒙
= a = 6.8 m/s
𝒅𝒕

Lopez, Adrien E.
25. A car starts from rest and moves with a constant acceleration of 6 m/s2. What is the
speed of the car after 4 s?
Given:
Vo = 0 m/s
a = 6 m/s2
t=4s
Vf = ?
Solution:
Vf = Vo + at
Vf = 0 m/s + (6 m/s2)(4 s)
Vf = 24 m/s

Lopez, Adrien E.
26. A car starts from rest and has a constant acceleration of 3 m/s2. What is the
average velocity during the first 10 s of motion?
Given:
Vo = 0 m/s
a = 3 m/s2
t = 10 s
Vave = ?
Solution:
Vave = Vo + Vf / 2
Vf = Vo + at
Vf = 0 m/s + (3 m/s2)(10 s)
Vf = 30 m/s
Vave = (0 m/s + 30 m/s)/2
Vave = 15 m/s

MARASIGAN, GLADYS GENELL B.


PROBLEM 27.
A truck increases its speed uniformly from 13km/h to 50km/h in 25 s. What
is most nearly the acceleration of the truck?
GIVEN:
Vo = 13km/h = 3.6111 m/s
Vf = 50km/h = 13.8888 m/s
t = 25 sec
REQUIRED:
Acceleration of the truck
SOLUTION:
𝑉 = 𝑉𝑜 + 𝑎𝑡
𝑚 𝑚
13.8888 = 3.6111 + (𝑎)(25s) ; 𝒂 = 𝟎. 𝟒𝟏𝟏𝟏 𝒎/𝒔𝟐
𝑠 𝑠

MARASIGAN, GLADYS GENELL B.


PROBLEM 28.
A bicycle moves with a constant deceleration of -2m/s2. If the initial
velocity of the bike is 4.0m/s, how far does it travel in 3s?
GIVEN: t = 3s
a = -2m/s2 REQUIRED:
Vo = 4.0m/s Distance travelled
SOLUTION:
1
𝑠 = 𝑉𝑜 𝑡 + 𝑎𝑡 2
2

𝑚 1 𝑚
𝑠 = (4 𝑠 ) (3𝑠) + 2 (−2 𝑠2 ) (3𝑠)2

S = 3m
FERNANDEZ, MARC LOUIS E.
29. A ball is dropped from a height of 6 m above the ground. How long does it take to hit
the ground?

Given: H=6m

Required: time the ball will take until it hits the ground, t

1 2
Solution: H= gt
2

1
6 m = 2 (9.81 m/s2 )( t2 )

2(6 m)
t2 = 9.81 m/s2

t2 = 1.22324159 s2

t = 1.106002527 s

t = 1.1 s

FERNANDEZ, MARC LOUIS E.

30. A man driving a car at 65 km/h suddenly sees an object in the road 20 m ahead.
Assuming instantaneous reaction on the driver’s part, what constant deceleration is
required to stop the car in this distance?

Given: Vo = 65 km/h

S = 20 m

Required: deceleration, a

Solution: 𝑉𝑓 2 = 𝑉𝑜 2 + 2aS
0 = (65 km/h)2 + 2a(20 m)

km 2 1000 m 2 1 hr 2
- (65 ) ( ) (3600 s) = a(40 m)
hr 1 km

- 326.0030864 m2 /s2 = a (40 m)

a = - 8.15007716 m/s2

a = - 8.15 m/s2

Silang, Andrea Nicole R.


31. A ball is thrown vertically upward with an initial speed of 24 m/s. Most nearly
how long will it take for the ball to return to the thrower.
Solution:
1
ℎ = 𝑉𝑜 𝑡 − 𝑔𝑡 2
2
ℎ𝑢𝑝𝑤𝑎𝑟𝑑 = ℎ𝑑𝑜𝑤𝑛𝑤𝑎𝑟𝑑
𝑚 1 1
24 𝑡 − (9.81)𝑡 2 = 0𝑡 + (9.81)𝑡 2
𝑠 2 2
𝑚
24 𝑡 − 4.905𝑡 − 4.905𝑡 2 = 0
2
𝑠
𝒕 = 𝟐. 𝟒𝟒𝟔𝟓 𝒔 ≈ 2.6 s
Silang, Andrea Nicole R.
32. A projectile is launched upward from level ground at an angle of 60̊ from the
horizontal, it has an initial velocity of 45 m/s. How long will it take before the
projectile hits the ground?
Solution:
𝑉𝑜 𝑠𝑖𝑛2𝜃
𝑅 = 𝑉𝑜 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝜃𝑡 =
𝑔
452 𝑠𝑖𝑛2(60)
45 cos(60) 𝑡 =
9.81
(45 𝑚/𝑠)2 sin(120)
𝑡= 𝑚
(45 𝑠 )cos(60)(9.81)

𝒕 = 𝟕. 𝟗𝟒𝟓𝟏𝟖𝟕𝟏𝟗𝟏 𝒔

Dimalibot, Reuben Miko V.


33. A man standing at a 5 m tall window watches a falling ball past by the window in
0.3 s. From approximately how high above the top of the window was the ball
released from a stationary position?
Solution:
1
ℎ = 𝑉𝑜 𝑡 − 𝑔𝑡 2
2
1
5𝑚 = 𝑉𝑜 (0.3𝑠) − (9.81)(0.3)2
2
𝑉𝑜 = 15.1952 𝑚/𝑠

Vf 2 - Vo 2 = ± 2as
(15.1952 m/s)2 - (0 m/s)2 = 2(9.81 m/s/s)s
S = 11.7683m = 12m
Dimalibot, Reuben Miko V.
34. A car starting from rest moves with a constant acceleration of 15 km/h 2 for 1h,
then the decelerates at a constant -7.5 km/h2 until it comes to a stop. Most
nearly how far has it travelled?
Solution:
a = 15km/hr*hr
Vf 2 - Vo 2 = ± 2as
(15 km/hr*hr)2 - (0)2 = 2(15 km/hr*hr)s
S = 7.5 km
Vf - Vo 2 = ± 2as
2

(0)2 - (15 km/hr*hr)2 = 2(-7.5 km/hr*hr)s


S = 15 km
𝑆𝑡𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 = 7.5 km + 15 km
𝑺𝒕𝒐𝒕𝒂𝒍 = 22.5 km = 23 km

Comia, Nina Lyka M.


35. A train with a top speed of 75 km/h cannot accelerate or decelerate faster than
1.2 m/s2. What is the minimum distance between the two trains’ stops in order
for the train to be able to reach its top speed?
Solution:
Vf 2 - Vo 2 = ± 2as
2
(75 km⁄hr × 1 hr⁄3600 s × 1000 m⁄1 km ) - 0= ± 2 (1.2 m/s2 )(s)
S = 180.84 m (2)
S = 360 m

Comia, Nina Lyka M.


36. A rope is used to tow an 800 kg car with free rolling wheels over a smooth, level
road. The rope will break if the tension exceeds 2000 N. What is the greatest
acceleration that the car reaches without breaking the rope?
Solution:
F = ma
2000 N = 800 kg (a)
a = 2.5 m⁄ 2
s

Carino, John Christian D.


37. A force of 15 N acts on a 16kg body for 2 s. if the body is initially at rest how far
is it displaced by the force?
Solution:
F = ma
15N = 16 kg (a)
a= 0.9375 m⁄ 2
s
1 2
S=Vot + at
2
1
S=0(t) + (0.9375 m⁄ 2 ) (t2 )
2 s
S = 1.875 m ≈ 1.9 m
Carino, John Christian D.
38. A car of mass m=150 kg accelerates in 10 s from rest at a constant rate to a
speed of v = 6 m/s. What is the resultant force on the car due to this
acceleration?
Solution:
Vf =Vo +at
6=0+a(10s)
a=0.6 m⁄ 2
s
F=ma
F=150kg(0.6 m⁄ 2 )
s
F=90N

Mandigma, Glayce Joy C.


Problem No. 39
A man weighs himself twice in an elevator. When elevator is at rest, he weight
824 N; when the elevator starts moving upward, he weighs 932 N. Most nearly how fast
is the elevator accelerating, assuming constant acceleration?
Given:
F1 = 824 N
F2 = 932 N
Required:
Acceleration
Solution:
F=ma
F 824N
m= = =83.99592253kg
a 9.81m/s2

F=ma
932N=83.99592253kg (9.81m/s 2 + a)
a=1.285776699 m/s 2
a=1.3 m/s 2
Problem No. 40
Two particles collide, stick together, and continue their motion together. Each
particle has mass of 10 grams, and their respective velocities before the collision were
20m/s and 90m/s. What is their common velocity after collision?
Given:
v1 =20m/s
v2 =90m/s
Required:
The common velocity after the collision
Solution:
m(v1+v2)
= mv3
2
10 g(20m/s+90m/s)
= (10g)v3
2
550gm/s = (10g)v3

v3=55m/s

Luterte, Lhoyd Vincent C.


Problem No. 41
What is the kinetic energy of a 1000lb motorcycle traveling at 60 mph?
Given:
𝑚 = 1000𝑙𝑏
88𝑓𝑡
𝑣 = 60𝑚𝑝ℎ = 𝑠𝑒𝑐

Required:
KE
Solution:

1 1000𝑙𝑏 𝑓𝑡
𝐾𝐸 = 2 ( 𝑓𝑡 ) (88 𝑠 )2
32.2 2
𝑠

𝐾𝐸 = 120,248 𝑓𝑡 − 𝑙𝑏

Problem No. 42
A power of 12kw is supplied to the motor of a crane. The motor has an efficiency
of 80%. With what constant speed does the crane lifted 1500lbf weight?
Given:
𝑃𝑜𝑤𝑒𝑟 = 12𝑘𝑊
𝐹𝑜𝑟𝑐𝑒 = 1500𝑙𝑏𝑓
𝑒𝑓𝑓𝑖𝑐𝑖𝑒𝑛𝑐𝑦 = 80%
Required:
𝑣𝑒𝑙𝑜𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑦
Solution:
𝑃 = 𝐹𝑣
9.81𝑚
12000𝑊 (. 8) = (680.3886𝑘𝑔)( )(𝑣)
𝑠2

𝑣 = 1.438285815 m/s
Lemuel Arnel A. Rivera
43. An engine has an efficiency of 36%. It uses 5 gallons of gasoline per hour. Gasoline
has a heating value of 20500BTU/lbm and a specific gravity of 0.82. What is the power
output of the engine?
Given:
𝑒𝑓𝑓𝑖𝑐𝑖𝑒𝑛𝑐𝑦 = 36%
𝑓𝑙𝑜𝑤𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑒 = 5𝑔𝑎𝑙/ℎ𝑟
ℎ𝑒𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑣𝑎𝑙𝑢𝑒, 𝑄ℎ𝑣 = 205000 𝐵𝑇𝑈/𝑙𝑏𝑚
𝑆𝑝𝑒𝑐𝑖𝑓𝑖𝑐 𝐺𝑟𝑎𝑣𝑖𝑡𝑦, 𝑆𝐺 = 0.82
Required:
𝑃𝑜𝑤𝑒𝑟, 𝑘𝑊
Solution:

5 𝑔𝑎𝑙 3.76𝐿 1𝑚3 3.2808𝑓𝑡 3 1ℎ𝑟 𝑓𝑡 3


𝑓𝑙𝑜𝑤𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑒 = 𝑥 𝑥 𝑥( ) 𝑥 = 0.00018441
ℎ𝑟 1 𝑔𝑎𝑙 1000𝐿 1𝑚 3600𝑠𝑒𝑐 𝑠𝑒𝑐
𝑓𝑡 3 𝑙𝑏 𝑙𝑏
𝑚𝑎𝑠𝑠 𝑓𝑙𝑜𝑤𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑒 = 0.00018441 𝑥0.82𝑥62.4 3 = 0.0094361
𝑠𝑒𝑐 𝑓𝑡 𝑠𝑒𝑐
𝑙𝑏 𝐵𝑇𝑈 1.055𝑘𝐽
𝑃𝑜𝑤𝑒𝑟 = 0.0094361 𝑥 20500 𝑥0.36𝑥
𝑠𝑒𝑐 𝑠𝑒𝑐 1 𝐵𝑇𝑈
𝑃𝑜𝑤𝑒𝑟 = 73.4686 𝐾𝑊

Lemuel Arnel A. Rivera


44. What is the decrease in height of a 4 kg body whose kinetic energy increase from 30J
to 180J as a result of moving downward along an incline plane?
Given:
mass = 4 kg
energy= 30J to 180J
Required:
𝐻𝑒𝑖𝑔ℎ𝑡, ℎ
Solution:
PE=mgh
𝑚
180𝐽 − 30𝐽 = 4𝑘𝑔𝑥9.81 𝑥ℎ
𝑠2
h=3.82m
Ocampo, Michael Paul L.
45. A 150 kg box is dragged 90 m down the sidewalk at constant velocity. What work is
done if the coefficient of sliding friction between the box and the pavement is 0.30?
Given:
m = 150 kg
d = 90 m
f = 0.30
Required:
Work, kj
Solution:
W =F x d x f
F=mxa

= (150 kg) x (9.81 m/s2 )


= 1471.5 N = 1.4715 kN
W = (1.4751 kN) x (90m) x (0.3)
W = 39.7305 kJ
46. An engine burns 12 liter of fuel each 15 minutes. The fuel has a specific gravity of
0.85, and a heating value of 45 MJ/kg. The engine has an efficiency of 35%. What is the
brake horsepower of the engine?
Given:
2L 1𝑚3 1min 1𝑚3
Vflowrate = 15min x 1000L x = 450 000s
60s
Density
SG = Densityoil/Densitywater ; .85 = 1000 kg/𝑚3

engine efficiency = 35 %
HV = 45 MJ/kg
Required:
Brake power, hp

Densityoil = 850 kg/𝑚3


mflowrate = Vflowrate x Densityoil
1𝑚3 17 kg
mflowrate = 450 000s 𝑥 850 kg/𝑚3 = 9000 s

efficiency = BP / IP
BP = efficiency x IP
17 kg 𝐽 1hp
IP = mflowrate x HV = 9000 s 𝑥 45000000 𝑘𝑔 x 746 W

IP = 113.9410188 hP
BP = IP x Efficiency = 113.9410188 hP x 0.35

BP = 39.8793565 hP