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Legal Research and Writing I

Citation Exercise

Long Case Citations

Directions: In this part of the exercise, you will be drafting the entire long citation for each case.
Assume that you are citing these cases in a memo. Use the following parts of the Bluebook to
complete this exercise:

Case Names: B2, B10.1.1, Rule 10.2, T6, and T10

Case Location: B10.1.2, Rule 3.2, Rule 6.1(a), Rule 10.3, and T1

Court and Date: B10.1.3, Rule 6.1(a), Rule 6.2(b), Rule 10.4, Rule 10.5, T1, T7,
and T10

In addition to the material that was covered in class regarding citations, the following checklists
will be helpful in completing these citations:

Case Names
1. Have you italicized or underlined the party name, per B2? [Note: The Texas Rules of
Form provide that case names must be italicized.]

2. Have you followed the rules for case names, per B10.1.1 and Rule 10.2?

3. Have you abbreviated any word in T6 and/or T10, as required by B10.1.1 and Rule 10.2?

Case Location
1. Have you included the volume number, reporter, first page of the opinion, and pincite (if
applicable) per B10.1.2 and Rule 10.3?

2. If the opinion is published in more than one reporter, have you used the preferred
reporter, as outlined in T1?

3. Have you checked T1 to make sure that you correctly abbreviated the reporter name? As
a follow-up, is your citation consistent with the spacing rules in Rule 6.1(a)?

4. Have you included both the first page number of the opinion and the pincite (if
applicable), separated by a comma and a space, per B10.1.2 and Rule 10.3?

5. Have you listed the pincite correctly, per Rule 3.2?

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1. Unless an exception applies per B10.1.3 and Rule 10.4, have you used T1 to locate the
proper abbreviation for the court information in the parenthetical?

2. If T1 did not provide an example of the proper court abbreviation, then have you used T7
and T10 to form the proper court abbreviation in the parenthetical?

3. Have you checked to make sure that your court abbreviation conforms with the rules on
spacing in Rule 6.1(a) and ordinals in Rule 6.2(b)?

1. Have you included the date of the decision per B10.1.3 and Rule 10.5?

Provide the complete long citation for each example.

1. The North Carolina Supreme Court decided State of North Carolina v. Morris Lee Shaw
on March 30, 1982. It is reported in volume 289 of the South Eastern Reporter, Second
Series. The opinion starts on page 325, and you are referencing material on page 329.

State v. Shaw, 289 S.E.2d 325, 329 (N.C. 1982)

2. Warner-Lambert Pharmaceutical Company, Inc. versus John J. Reynolds, Inc., et al. was
decided by the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York on
November 6, 1959. It is reported at volume 178, page 655, of the Federal Supplement.
You are referencing material that appears on page 657.

Warner-Lambert Pharm. Co. v. John J. Reynolds, Inc., 178 F. Supp. 655,677 (S.D. N.Y. 1959)

3. The Supreme Judicial Court of Maine decided Clarence B. Michaud versus The Mutual
Fire, Marine & Inland Insurance Company case in 1986. It is reported in volume 505 of
the Atlantic Reporter, Second Series, starting on page 786. You are referencing material
found on page 790.

Michaud v. The Mutual Fire, Marine & Inland Ins. Co., 505 A.2d 786 (Me. 1986)

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4. The United States Supreme Court decided State of Oregon, versus Bruce Alan
Kennedy in 1982. You are citing this case generally. It can be found in the following
a. Volume 72 of the Lawyer’s Edition, Second Series, starting on page 416.
b. Volume 456 of the United States Reports, starting on page 667.
c. Volume 102 of the Supreme Court Reporter, starting on page 2083.

Oregon v. Kennedy, 72 L.Ed.2d 416 (U.S. 1982)

Oregon v. Kennedy, 456 U.S. 667 (U.S. 1982)
Oregon v. Kennedy, 102 S.Ct. 2083 (U.S. 1982)

5. United States of America versus Pascal L. Two Elk was decided by the 8th Circuit in
2008. It was published in the Federal Reporter, Third Series, in volume 536, starting on
page 890. You are referencing material that appears on page 895.

United States v. Elk, F.3d 890,895 (8th Cir. 2008)

Short Case Citations

Directions: In this part of the exercise, you will be providing the short form citations for an
excerpted selection of a legal memo. The information that you will need for these citations is in
parentheses within the excerpted selection. Use B10.2 and rule 10.9 for this exercise.

Excerpted Memo:

A traditional company picnic at a local park can be classified in the same way. Feaster v. S. K.

Kelso & Sons, 347 A.2d 521, 524 (Pa. Commw. Ct. 1975).

Attendance need not be mandatory at social events, and it is not necessary that employers

pay employees for their attendance. (Feaster p. 523) (Feaster, 347 A.2d at 523)_____________.

Rather, the courts look for furtherance of an employer’s business through encouraged attendance,

sponsorship of the event, or company tradition when determining a claim for worker’s

compensation. Pinn, 754 A.2d at 43-44. These elements demonstrate the employer’s desire to

obtain goodwill and high morale among employees through a social event. (Feaster p. 523)

(Feaster, 347 A.2d at 523). Once this furtherance of business is established, an employee can

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recover worker’s compensation even if she was not paid to attend the off-site event. (Feaster p.

523) Id.

Statutory Citations

Directions: In this part of the exercise, you will be drafting long and short statutory citations.
Assume that you are citing these statutes in a memo. Use the following parts of the Bluebook to
complete this exercise:

Federal statutes: B12.1.1 and T1

State statutes: B12.1.2 and T1

Year of code: Rule 12.3.2

Short cites: B12.2 and Rule 12.10


1. Section 411.402(4) of Michie’s Kentucky Revised Statutes Annotated. The entire text of
this statute appears in the 2014 supplement.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 411.402(4) (LexisNexis 2013)

§ 411.402(4)

2. You have cited the statutory subsection for question 1 in long cite form. You want to cite
the same statutory subsection in the next sentence with no intervening cites.

Id. §411.402(4)

3. Subsection (j)(5) of section 941 of title 47 of the current United States Code. This statute
appears entirely in the 2012 main volume.

47 U.S.C. § 941(j)(5) (2012)

47 U.S.C. § 941(j)(5)

4. You cite to three cases in the next three sentences of your memo. Then, you want to cite
to the statutory subsection in question 3, which has already been cited in long form.

47 U.S.C § 941(j)(5)

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