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LAMPIRAN PERHITUNGAN

A. Perhitungan p-tersedia
No Standar (X) Absorban (Y) XY X2
1 0 0,000 0 0
2 1 0,007 0,007 1
3 2 0,15 0,3 4
4 3 0,28 0,84 9
5 4 0,49 1,96 16
6 5 0,73 3,65 25
 15 1,657 6,757 55

= 6,757 – (15 . 1,657)


X = X 6
n 55 – (15)2

= 15 6
6 = 0.134
= 2,5
a= y – b x
Y = Y
= 0,276 – 0,134 (2,5)
n
= 1,657 = -0,059
6 Bray I
= 0,276 1.Ultisol 1 = .0,011
2.ultisol 2 = 0,011
b= XY – (X. Y) 3.gambut 1 = 0,167
n 4.gambut 2 =.0,245
X – (X)2
2

1. ppm kurva = y–a 3. ppm kurva = y–a


b b
= 0,011 – (-0,059) = 0,167 – (-0,059)
0,134 0,134
= 0,522 = 1,29
2. ppm kurva =0,011 – (-0,059) 4. ppm kurva = y–a
0,134 b
= 0,522 = 0,245 – (-0,059)
0,134
= 2,268

1. P tersedia = ppm × 10 × 142/ 90 × fk


= 0,522 × 10 × 142/ 190 × 1,075
= 7,512
2. P tersedia = ppm × 10 × 142/ 90 × fk
= 0,522 × 10 × 142/ 190 × 1,075
= 7,512
3. P tersedia = ppm × 10 × 142/ 190 × fk
= 1,29 × 10 × 142/ 90 × 2,43
= 23,416
4. P tersedia = ppm × 10 × 142/ 190 × KKA
= 2,268 × 10 × 142/ 90 × 2,43
= 41,168

B. Perhitungan P-Total

No Standar (X) Absorban (Y) XY X2


1 0 0,000 0 0
2 1 0,025 0,025 1
3 2 0,102 0,208 4
4 3 0,148 0,444 9
5 4 0,193 1,772 16
6 5 0,288 1,44 25
 15 0,756 2,885 55

X = X = 2,885 – (15 . 0,756)


n 6
= 15 55 – (15)2

6 6
= 2,5 = 0,0568

Y = Y
a= y – b x
n
= 0,756 = 0,126 – 0,0568 . 2,5
6 = -0,016
= 0,126 HCl 25%
1.Ultisol 1 = 0,008
b= XY – (X. Y) 2.ultisol 2 = 0,007
n 3.gambut 1 = 0,067
X2 – (X)2 4.gambut 2 =.0,058

1. ppm kurva = y–a


b 3. ppm kurva
= 0,008 – (-0,016) = 0,067 – (-0,016)
0,0568 0,0568
= 0,422 = 1,461
2. ppm kurva 4. ppm kurva
= 0,007 – (-0,016) = 0,058 – (-0,016)
0,0568 0,0568
= 0,404 = 1,302
1. P tersedia = ppm × 10 × 142/ 190 × KKA
= 0,422 × 10 × 142/ 190 × 1,0753
= 3,38
2. P tersedia = ppm × 10 × 142/ 190 × KKA
= 0,404× 10 × 142/ 90 × 1,0753
= 3,24
3. P tersedia = ppm × 10 × 142/ 190 × KKA
= 1,461 × 10 × 142/ 90 × 2,43
= 26,52
4. P tersedia = ppm × 10 × 142/ 190 × KKA
= 1,302 × 10 × 142/ 90 × 2,43
=23,63

C. Perhitungan C- organik
No Larutan c (X) Absorban (Y) XY X2
1 0 ppm 0,000 0 0
2 250 ppm 0,534 133,5 62500
 250 0,534 133,5 62500

X = X = 0,0021
n
= 250 a= y – b x
2 = 0,267 – (0,002136) . (125)
= 125 = 0,00

Y = Y
n
= 0,534
2
= 0,267

b= XY – (X. Y)


n
X – (X)2
2

= 133,5 – (250 . 0,534)


2
62500 – (250)2
2
1. Gambut = 323,97
ppm kurva = y–a % C-organik = ppm kurva ×
b 10/500 × KKA
= 0,692 – 0,00 = 323,97 ×
0,002136 10/500 × 2,43
= 15,74 % % C-organik = ppm kurva ×
% B.O = 15,74 % × 10/500 × KKA
= 119,8 ×
1,724
10/500 × 1,14
= 27,14 % = 2,72%
2. Gambut 2 % B.O = 2,72 % ×
ppm kurva = y–a 1,724
b
= 4,69 %
= 0,667 – 0,0
0,002136
= 312,26 4. Ultisol 2
% C-organik = ppm kurva × ppm kurva = y–a
10/500 × KKA b
= 312,26 × = 0,056 – 0,0
10/500 × 2,43 0,002136
= 15,17 % = 26,217
% B.O = 15,17 % × % C-organik = ppm kurva ×
1,724 10/500 × KKA
= 26,217 ×
= 26,16 %
10/500 × 1,14
3. Ultisol 1 = 0,5977 %
ppm kurva = y–a % B.O = 0,5977 % ×
b
1,724
= 0,255 – 0,0
0,002136 = 1,031 %
= 119,8

D. Perhitungan Pengabuan kering


1. Gambut % c-organik = % BO × 0,58
Furnace 500oC = 128,3 x 0,58
BB = 2,14 = 74,41 %
BK = 1,01 2. Ultisol
K. abu = w2/w × Fk × 100 Furnace 500oC
= 1,01/2,14 × 2,43× 100 BB = 3,5
= 114,69 % BK = 3,21
% BO = (w- w2 )/ w × Fk × 100 K. abu = w2/w × Fk × 100
=( 2,14 – 1,01) / 5 × 2,43 × 100 = 3,21/3,5 × 1,0753× 100
= 128,3 % =98,6 %
K.BO = (w- w2 )/ w × Fk × 100 K. c-organik = % BO × 0,58
=(3,5 – 3,21 ) / 5 × 1,073 × 100 = 8,91 % x 0,58
= 8,91 % = 5,167 %

E. perhitungan respirasi dan biomassa


1. Perhitungan biomassa
No Larutan c (x) Absorban xy X2
1 0 0,000 0 0
2 250 0,3099 77,475 62500
 250 0,3099 77,475 62500

X = X = 38,738
n 31250
= 250 =0,00124
2
= 125 a= y – b x
= 0,155 – 0,00124. 125
Y = Y
= 0,00
n
= 0,3099 Data
2 Kontrol gambut I= 0,0204
= 0,154 Kontrol gambut II = 0,0967
Kontrol ultisol I = 0,0801
b= XY – (X. Y) Kontrol ultisol II = 0,0346
n gambut cloroform I = 0,0691
X – (X)2
2
gambut cloroform II = 0,0741
ultisol cloroform I = 0,107
ultisol cloroform II = 0,0306

Kontrol / Tanpa Cloroform Gambut II


Gambut I ppm kurva = y–a
ppm kurva = y–a b
b = 0,0967 – 0,0
= 0,0204 – 0,0 0,0124
0,0124 = 77,98 mg/ L
= 16,45 mg/ L Ultisol I
ppm kurva = y–a ppm kurva = y–a
b b
= 0,0801 – 0,0 = 0,0346 – 0,0
0,0124 0,0124
= 64,59 mg/ L = 27,9 mg/ L
Ultisol II
Dengan Cloroform Ultisol I
Gambut I ppm kurva = y–a
ppm kurva = y–a b
b = 0,1070 – 0,0
= 0,0691 – 0,0 0,0124
0,0124 = 86,29 mg/ L
= 55,73 mg/ L Ultisol II
Gambut II ppm kurva = y–a
ppm kurva = y–a b
b = 0,0306 – 0,0
= 0,0714 – 0,0 0,0124
0,0124 = 24,678 mg/ L
= 57,58 mg/ L
Biomassa Tanah Ultisol Ulangan I
%C-Organik Fumigasi = mg kurva/ mg sampel x fk x 100%
= 86,29/ 5000 x 1,075 x 100%
= 1,859 %
%C-Organik Non-Fumigasi = mg kurva/ mg sampel x fk x 100%
= 64,59/ 5000 x 1,075 x 100%
= 1,387 %
% C-Organik = %C-organik Fumigasi - %C-organik non-fumigasi
= 1,859 % - 1,387%
= 0,472 %
Biomassa = %C-organik x 2,46
= 0,472 % x 2,46
= 1,161 %
Biomassa Tanah Ultisol Ulangan II
%C-Organik Fumigasi = mg kurva/ mg sampel x fk x 100%
= 24,678/ 5000 x 1,075 x 100%
= 0,5305 %
%C-Organik Non-Fumigasi = mg kurva/ mg sampel x fk x 100%
= 27,9/ 5000 x 1,075 x 100%
= 0,5998 %
% C-Organik = %C-organik Fumigasi - %C-organik non-fumigasi
= 0,5305 % - 0,5998%
= -0,0693 %
Biomassa = %C-organik x 2,46
= -0,0693 % x 2,46
= -0,1704 %
Biomassa Tanah Gambut Ulangan I
%C-Organik Fumigasi = mg kurva/ mg sampel x fk x 100%
= 55,73/ 5000 x 2,43 x 100%
= 2,7084 %
%C-Organik Non-Fumigasi = mg kurva/ mg sampel x fk x 100%
= 16,45/ 5000 x 2,43 x 100%
= 0,7995 %
% C-Organik = %C-organik Fumigasi - %C-organik non-fumigasi
= 2,7084 % - 0,7995%
= 1,9089 %
Biomassa = %C-organik x 2,46
= 1,9089 % x 2,46
= 4,69 %
Biomassa Tanah Gambut Ulangan II
%C-Organik Fumigasi = mg kurva/ mg sampel x fk x 100%
= 57,58/ 5000 x 1,075 x 100%
= 2,7984 %
%C-Organik Non-Fumigasi = mg kurva/ mg sampel x fk x 100%
=77,98 / 5000 x 1,075 x 100%
= 3,789 %

% C-Organik = %C-organik Fumigasi - %C-organik non-fumigasi


= 2,7984 % - 3,7898%
= -0,9914 %
Biomassa = %C-organik x 2,46
= -0,9914 % x 2,46
= - 2,4388 %
2.Perhitungan respirasi
Data HCl terpakai
ultisol = 9 ml
Gambut = 6,6 ml
Kontrol 2,5 ml

Ultisol = (a-b) × 2,4 × 100 Gambut = (a-b) × 2,4 × 100


n n
= (9 - 2,5) × 2,4 × 100 = (6,6 – 2,5) × 2,4 × 100
8 hari 8 hari
= 195 mg CO2 / hari = 123 mg CO2 / hari

E. Perhitungan Kapasitas Tukar Kation


Data
 Ultisol 1 = 9 ml
 Ultisol 2 = 7,3 ml
 Gambut 1 = 17 ml
 Gambut 2 = 15 ml

 Perhitungan sampel ultisol 1


KTK (Cmol/kg) = (Vc-Vb ) x N H2SO4 x 40 x fk
= (9 – 0,1)x 0,1 x 40 x1,073
= 30,31 Cmol/kg
 Perhitungan sampel gambut 1
KTK (Cmol/kg) = (Vc-Vb ) x N H2SO4 x 40 x fk
= (17 – 0,1)x 0,1 x 40 x 2,37
= 80,106 Cmol/kg
 Perhitungan sampel ultisol 2
KTK (Cmol/kg) = (Vc-Vb ) x N H2SO4 x 40 x fk
= (7,3 – 0,1)x 0,1 x 40 x 1,073
= 15,45 Cmol/kg

 Perhitungan sampel gambut 2


KTK (Cmol/kg) = (Vc-Vb ) x N H2SO4 x 40 x fk
= (15 – 0,1)x 0,1 x 40 x 2,37
= 70,626 Cmol/kg