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Faras Combine Marketing Company

Material Safety Data Sheet

Formic Acid
1. Product Identification:
Chemical Name: Formic Acid
CAS No: 64-18-6
Molar Mass: 46.03 g/mol
Chemical Formula: CH2O2

2. Composition/Information on Ingredients:

Ingredient CAS No Percent Hazardous

--------------------------------------- ------------ ------- ---------

Formic Acid 64-18-6 85% Yes

3. Hazards Identification:
According to Hazardous Products Regulations (HPR) (SOR/2015-17)

Classification of the product

Flam. Liq. 4 Flammable liquids

Acute Tox. 3 (Inhalation - vapour) Acute toxicity

Acute Tox. 4 (oral) Acute toxicity

Skin Corr./Irrit. 1B Skin corrosion/irritation

Eye Dam./Irrit. 1 Serious eye damage/eye irritation

Label elements


Hazard Statement:

H227 Combustible liquid.

H331 Toxic if inhaled.

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H302 Harmful if swallowed.

H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.

Precautionary Statements (Prevention):

P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face


P261 Avoid breathing vapours.

P260 Do not breathe mist or vapour.

P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other

ignition sources. No smoking.

P260 Do not breathe dust or mist.

Corrosive to the respiratory tract.

4. First-Aid Measures:
Description of first aid measures

General advice:

First aid personnel should pay attention to their own safety. If the patient is likely to become

unconscious, place and transport in stable sideways position (recovery position). Immediately

remove contaminated clothing.

If inhaled:

Keep patient calm, remove to fresh air. Assist in breathing if necessary. Consult a physician.

If on skin:

Flush with copious amounts of water for at least 15 minutes. Immediate medical attention required.

If in eyes:

In case of contact with the eyes, rinse immediately for at least 15 minutes with plenty of water.

Immediate medical attention required.

If swallowed:

Rinse mouth and then drink plenty of water. Do not induce vomiting.

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5. Fire-Fighting Measures:
Suitable extinguishing media:

water spray, dry powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide

Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture

Hazards during fire-fighting:

carbon monoxide,

The substances/groups of substances mentioned can be released if the product is involved in a fire.

Advice for fire-fighters

Protective equipment for fire-fighting:

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and chemical-protective clothing.

Further information:

Collect contaminated extinguishing water separately, do not allow to reach sewage or effluent


6. Disposal to Environment:
Do not empty into drains.

Methods and material for containment and cleaning up

For large amounts: Pump off product.

For residues: Pick up with suitable absorbent material (e.g. acid binder). Dispose of absorbed

material in accordance with regulations.

7. Handling and Storage:

Precautions for safe handling

Ensure thorough ventilation of stores and work areas. Sealed containers should be protected against

heat as this results in pressure build-up.

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Segregate from alkalies and alkalizing substances.

Suitable materials for containers: Stainless steel 1.4571, Stainless steel 1.4404, High density

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polyethylene (HDPE), Low density polyethylene (LDPE), glass

Storage stability:

Storage temperature: < 30 °C

Storage duration: <= 36 Months

8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection:

Components with occupational exposure limits

Formic Acid OSHA PEL 5 ppm 9 mg/m3 ; TWA value 5 ppm 9 mg/m3 ;

ACGIH TLV STEL value 10 ppm ; TWA value 5 ppm ;

Personal protective equipment

Respiratory protection:

Wear the following respiratory protection if exposure limits may be exceeded: Wear a NIOSH-

certified (or equivalent) respirator as necessary.

Hand protection:

Chemical resistant protective gloves, Suitable materials, polyvinylchloride (Pylox)

Eye protection:

Tightly fitting safety goggles (chemical goggles) and face shield.

Body protection:

Body protection must be chosen depending on activity and possible exposure, e.g. apron, protecting

boots, chemical-protection suit.

General safety and hygiene measures:

9. Physical & Chemical Properties:


Color and Form Crystal Clear Liquid

Odor Pungent Odor
Specific Gravity @ 20°C 1.197

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Boiling Point 100.8°C
Flash Point 69°C


Formula Weight 46.1

Purity 85% minimum
Chloride Contents < 02 ppm
Iron Contents < 02 ppm
SO Contents < 03 ppm

10. Stability & Reactivity Data:

Stability: The product is stable.

Instability Temperature: Not available.

Conditions of Instability: Heat, ignition sources, incompatible materials

Incompatibility with various substances: Highly reactive with oxidizing agents. Reactive with organic
materials, metals, acids, alkalis.

Corrosivity: Highly corrosive in presence of copper. Corrosive in presence of stainless steel (304). Non-
corrosive in presence of glass, of aluminum, of stainless steel (316).

Special Remarks on Reactivity: Formic acid is a strong reducing agent. Decomposes slowly during
storage! Vent Container At Least Monthly. Formic acid may react with alkalis and oxidizing materials
such as peroxides, nitric acid, and chromic acid. It is also incompatible with concentrated Sulfuric Acid,
Nitromethane, finely powdered metals, permanganates, strong bases, and oxidizing agents. (Formic
acid) Special Remarks on Corrosivity: Corrosive to metals

Polymerization: Will not occur.

11. Toxicological information:

Routes of entry for solids and liquids are ingestion and inhalation, but may include eye or skin contact.
Routes of entry for gases include inhalation and eye contact. Skin contact may be a route of entry for
liquefied gases.

Acute Toxicity/Effects

Acute toxicity

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Assessment of acute toxicity: Of moderate toxicity after single ingestion. Of pronounced toxicity after
short-term inhalation. The toxicity of the product is based on its corrosivity.


Type of value: LD50

Species: rat (male/female)

Value: 730 mg/kg (OECD Guideline 401)


Type of value: LC50

Species: rat (male/female)

Value: 7.85 mg/l

Exposure time: 4 h


Assessment of irritating effects: Highly corrosive! Damages skin and eyes.


As the product corrodes the skin, it can be expected to have a similar effect on the eyes also.

Genetic toxicity:

Assessment of mutagenicity: No mutagenic effect was found in various tests with bacteria and

mammalian cell culture.

Genetic toxicity in vitro: Ames-test with and without metabolic activation negative

Cytogenetic assay with and without metabolic activation negative


Assessment of carcinogenicity: The product has not been tested. The statement has been derived from
substances/products of a similar structure or composition. The results of various animal studies gave no
indication of a carcinogenic effect.

Reproductive toxicity

Assessment of reproduction toxicity: The product has not been tested. The statement has been

derived from substances/products of a similar structure or composition. The results of animal studies

gave no indication of a fertility impairing effect.


Faras Combine Marketing Company
Assessment of teratogenicity: The product has not been tested. The statement has been derived

from substances/products of a similar structure or composition. No indications of a developmental

toxic / teratogenic effect were seen in animal studies.

Assessment biodegradation and elimination (H2O)

Readily biodegradable (according to OECD criteria).

Elimination information

100 % DOC reduction (9 d) (OECD 301E/92/69/EEC, C.4-B) (aerobic, municipal sewage treatment

plant effluent)

Waste disposal of substance:

Dispose of in accordance with national, state and local regulations. Do not discharge into waterways

or sewer systems without proper authorization.

12. Ecological Information:

Ecotoxicity: Not available.

BOD5 and COD: Not available.

Products of Biodegradation: Possibly hazardous short term degradation products are not likely.
However, long term degradation products may arise.

Toxicity of the Products of Biodegradation: The products of degradation are less toxic than the product

Special Remarks on the Products of Biodegradation: Not available

13. Disposal Consideration:

Waste Disposal: Waste must be disposed of in accordance with federal, state and local environmental
control regulations.

14. Transport Information:

Land transport


Hazard class: 8

Packing group: II

ID number: UN 1779

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Hazard label: 8, 3

Proper shipping name: FORMIC ACID

Sea transport


Hazard class: 8

Packing group: II

ID number: UN 1779

Hazard label: 8, 3

Marine pollutant: NO

Proper shipping name: FORMIC ACID

Air transport


Hazard class: 8

Packing group: II

ID number: UN 1779

Hazard label: 8, 3

Proper shipping name: FORMIC ACID

15. Other Regulatory Information:

OSHA: Hazardous by definition of Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200).

WHMIS (Canada): CLASS B-3: Combustible liquid with a flash point between 37.8°C (100°F) and 93.3°C
(200°F). CLASS E: Corrosive liquid.

Health Hazard: 3, Fire Hazard: 2, Reactivity: 0,
National Fire Protection Association (U.S.A.):
Health: 3, Flammability: 2, Reactivity: 0
Specific hazard
Protective Equipment: Gloves. Full suit. Vapor respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified
respirator or equivalent. Wear appropriate respirator when ventilation is inadequate.

Faras Combine Marketing Company

16. Other Information:

References: Not available.
Other Special Considerations: Not available.
Created: 10/09/2008 04:30 PM
Last Updated: 18/04/2018 12:00 PM
The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available
to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with
respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their
own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes.