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Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.

A plate is of cross-section thickness L = 0.1m has an initial temp


of T0 = 250 °C, when it is suddenly immersed into an oil bath of
temperature Ta = 50 °C with heat transfer coefficient of h =
80W/m2 °C. The plate material properties are thermal
conductivity k = 204W/m°C, density = 2707 kg/m3 and specific
heat Cp = 896 J/kg °C. It is required to determine the time taken
for the slab to cool to a temperature of 200 °C.

Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033


Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
Go to menu Model. Type of Analysis.
The analysis type (2D) to calculate the distribution load is Thermal-Transient.

Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033


Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
Go to menu Model > Global Properties. Then, in General tab type number of
time steps :500 and Timesteps:1. Then select the Output Options tab and
enable Element field values (non-averaged).

Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033


Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
The cross section and the material conductivity are entered from the menu
Model > Materials. Click Add, Type Material 1 as name. In Geometric tab,
choose None.

Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033


Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
– Enter Mechanical Properties: 2707 kg/m3 in Mechanical Tab ( Isotropic)
• Go to Thermal tab , Choose Isotropic
– Enter Thermal Conductivity: 204 W/m°C
– Enter specific heat: 896 J/kg °C

Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033


Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
• Go to Nodes tab , Choose Add Single.
– Enter and Add the coordinate of 4 nodes as below .

Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033


Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
Click Close button to exit the dialog. You have created 4 nodes. View-X-Y
Click Show Node Numbers On/Off symbol.

Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033


Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
Go to menu Elements > Add Single, choose material 1 , then select quad4 for element and select
nodes 1,2,3,4.Click Show Element Numbers On/Off symbol.

Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033


Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
Go to menu Elements > Refine Custom. Refine Element 1 to 32 elements.
R=4 , S=8 , T=0

Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033


Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
All nodes have temperature constraint about 250 °C . Pick the all node to be restrained, i.e. Select all
nodes, then go to menu Constraints . Add/Edit and a Node Properties dialog appears. Select the Property
selection bar to temperature then click Add then enter initial value=250 and set Time Step at 0 and exit
the dialog and back to the previous dialog. Click Close button to exit the Node Properties dialog.

Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033


Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
On left and right edges are influenced by convection heat transfer to the air. Select all left edges
nodes, Click Loads > Convection then Add To Selected Surface , Enter 50,80 . The complete
convection should appear as follows: > Close

Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033


Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
Then do the same procedure for all right edges nodes. . Select all right edges nodes, Click Loads .
Convection then Add To Selected Surface , Enter 50,80 . The complete convection should appear as
follows

Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033


Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
The convection symbols can be seen in the following picture.

Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033


Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
Run the solver. After the solver completing doing the analysis successfully, then click
the Post Processor button to open the viewing result environment

Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033


Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
Result of temperature distribution at time 430 sec should show
what is captured in below Figure. It can be found that temperature decreased up to 200°C

Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033


Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
Node 25 temperature result table

Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033


Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
Plot the data from node 25 using the previous data table by excel

Unsteady-State Temperature
250

240

230
CT° 220

210

200

190
0 100 200 300
Time, seconds
400

Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033


500

Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol