Sie sind auf Seite 1von 17

# Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.

## A plate is of cross-section thickness L = 0.1m has an initial temp

of T0 = 250 °C, when it is suddenly immersed into an oil bath of
temperature Ta = 50 °C with heat transfer coefficient of h =
80W/m2 °C. The plate material properties are thermal
conductivity k = 204W/m°C, density = 2707 kg/m3 and specific
heat Cp = 896 J/kg °C. It is required to determine the time taken
for the slab to cool to a temperature of 200 °C.

## Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033

Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
Go to menu Model. Type of Analysis.
The analysis type (2D) to calculate the distribution load is Thermal-Transient.

## Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033

Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
Go to menu Model > Global Properties. Then, in General tab type number of
time steps :500 and Timesteps:1. Then select the Output Options tab and
enable Element field values (non-averaged).

## Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033

Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
The cross section and the material conductivity are entered from the menu
Model > Materials. Click Add, Type Material 1 as name. In Geometric tab,
choose None.

## Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033

Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
– Enter Mechanical Properties: 2707 kg/m3 in Mechanical Tab ( Isotropic)
• Go to Thermal tab , Choose Isotropic
– Enter Thermal Conductivity: 204 W/m°C
– Enter specific heat: 896 J/kg °C

## Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033

Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
• Go to Nodes tab , Choose Add Single.
– Enter and Add the coordinate of 4 nodes as below .

## Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033

Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
Click Close button to exit the dialog. You have created 4 nodes. View-X-Y
Click Show Node Numbers On/Off symbol.

## Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033

Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
Go to menu Elements > Add Single, choose material 1 , then select quad4 for element and select
nodes 1,2,3,4.Click Show Element Numbers On/Off symbol.

## Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033

Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
Go to menu Elements > Refine Custom. Refine Element 1 to 32 elements.
R=4 , S=8 , T=0

## Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033

Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
All nodes have temperature constraint about 250 °C . Pick the all node to be restrained, i.e. Select all
nodes, then go to menu Constraints . Add/Edit and a Node Properties dialog appears. Select the Property
selection bar to temperature then click Add then enter initial value=250 and set Time Step at 0 and exit
the dialog and back to the previous dialog. Click Close button to exit the Node Properties dialog.

## Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033

Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
On left and right edges are influenced by convection heat transfer to the air. Select all left edges
nodes, Click Loads > Convection then Add To Selected Surface , Enter 50,80 . The complete
convection should appear as follows: > Close

## Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033

Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
Then do the same procedure for all right edges nodes. . Select all right edges nodes, Click Loads .
Convection then Add To Selected Surface , Enter 50,80 . The complete convection should appear as
follows

## Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033

Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
The convection symbols can be seen in the following picture.

## Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033

Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
Run the solver. After the solver completing doing the analysis successfully, then click
the Post Processor button to open the viewing result environment

## Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033

Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
Result of temperature distribution at time 430 sec should show
what is captured in below Figure. It can be found that temperature decreased up to 200°C

## Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033

Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
Node 25 temperature result table

## Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033

Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6- Unsteady/Transient Problem: Exercise 6.4
Plot the data from node 25 using the previous data table by excel

250

240

230
CT° 220

210

200

190
0 100 200 300
Time, seconds
400

500