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FINAL PROJECT

Prof. Usman Sattar

DATA COMMUNICATION & NETWORKING


Table of Contents
Phase I – Into the Project .............................................................................................................................. 3
Software Required: .................................................................................................................................. 4
CISCO 1921-K9 Router .............................................................................................................................. 4
Phase II – IP Schemes’ & Connections .......................................................................................................... 6
IP Distribution........................................................................................................................................... 6
Server .................................................................................................................................................... 6
Router no. 1 .......................................................................................................................................... 6
Router no. 2 .......................................................................................................................................... 7
IP Distribution........................................................................................................................................... 8
Server .................................................................................................................................................... 8
Router no. 1 .......................................................................................................................................... 8
Router no. 2 .......................................................................................................................................... 8
Router no. 3 .......................................................................................................................................... 9
IP Distribution......................................................................................................................................... 10
Server .................................................................................................................................................. 10
Router no. 1 ........................................................................................................................................ 10
Router no. 2 ........................................................................................................................................ 10
Router no. 3 ........................................................................................................................................ 10
Phase III – Physical Layout of the Labs ........................................................................................................ 11
Phase IV – Costing & Budgeting .................................................................................................................. 14
No. of Items......................................................................................................................................... 14
Name of Item ...................................................................................................................................... 14
Unit Price (PKR) ................................................................................................................................... 14
Total Price (PKR) .................................................................................................................................. 14
No. of Employees ................................................................................................................................ 15
Position of an Employee ..................................................................................................................... 15
1-month Salary of an Employee (PKR) ................................................................................................ 15
1-month Total Cost per Position (PKR) ............................................................................................... 15
3 years Cost per Position (PKR) ........................................................................................................... 15
No. of Items......................................................................................................................................... 16

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Name of Item ...................................................................................................................................... 16
Unit Price (PKR) ................................................................................................................................... 16
Total Price (PKR) .................................................................................................................................. 16
No. of Employees ................................................................................................................................ 17
Position of an Employee ..................................................................................................................... 17
1-month Salary of an Employee (PKR) ................................................................................................ 17
1-month Total Cost per Position (PKR) ............................................................................................... 17
3 years Cost per Position (PKR) ........................................................................................................... 17
No. of Items......................................................................................................................................... 18
Name of Item ...................................................................................................................................... 18
Unit Price (PKR) ................................................................................................................................... 18
Total Price (PKR) .................................................................................................................................. 18
No. of Employees ................................................................................................................................ 19
Position of an Employee ..................................................................................................................... 19
1-month Salary of an Employee (PKR) ................................................................................................ 19
1-month Total Cost per Position (PKR) ............................................................................................... 19
3 years Cost per Position (PKR) ........................................................................................................... 19
Phase V – Conclusion & Proof of Products ................................................................................................. 20

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Phase I – Into the Project

Introduction:
In this project, we will be connecting the 3 network labs between PTCL Wapda Town
exchange, PTCL Garden Town exchange and MCB head office in Lahore. The area and
number of clients in each lab are as follows:
 PTCL Wapda Town Exchange is having 6 labs of 25 clients with a size of each lab
75 × 45.
 Garden Town exchange is having 6 labs of 25 clients. Size of 2 labs are 65 × 45
and remaining are 75 × 45.
 MCB Head Office is having 5 Labs of 30 clients. Size of 2 labs are 95 × 45 and
remaining are 85 × 45.

All the above labs will have unique IP Schemes. The Main Server of each organization
will be separate from others. We will take advantage of routers and switches to
establish our network labs and to ensure the security installed is foolproof. We will also
demonstrate the arrangements of computers, desks, lights. It also illustrates the
physical position of cameras, fans, and other equipment. We will also provide detailed
information to illustrate the connections, wires, and IPs between the labs. Each solution
will be provided to the bank as well as to the IT Companies.

Purpose of this Project:


 Provide an exclusive summary of the network
 Provide a diagram of all the IPs and setup
 Provide detailed information regarding the placement of the computers and the
labs.

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 Demonstration of a fully working network through simulators VM Ware and Cisco
Packet Tracer
 Show fully interlinked and functional 350 clients and 3 servers together via
switches and routers.
 Costing of each and every products and service used throughout. The costing will
be broken down to 3 streams:
o Fixed Expense
o Continues Cost up to 3 years
o Final Cost

Software Required:

Microsoft Visio: Microsoft Visio is a cross-platform visual diagramming tool that is


owned by Microsoft. Microsoft Visio allows the users to design the diagrams and
illustrate what and how the final project will look like in real life. We will use Microsoft
Visio to illustrate the placement of components in the given area, such as computers
placement, tables placement, routers and other minor and major components that will
be used to create a successful network.

CISCO Packet Tracer: CISCO Packet Tracer is also a cross-platform tool like Microsoft
Visio. Cisco Packet Tracer is a visual simulation program designed by CISCO systems that
allow users to create network topologies and imitate modern computer networks. The
software allows users to simulate the configuration of CISCO routers and switches using
a simulated command line interface. In this simulation, we used tools like multi-layer
switches, routers, computers, and appropriate cables between switches and computers
to connect. In this project, the simulation implemented and used is star topology.

Hardware Required:
CISCO 1921-K9 Router

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Routers are devices that help linking
multiple computer networks together. The
wired or wireless routers allow the data to
be communicated easily with their
convenience. The router we used in the
labs is CISCO 1921-K9 Router, which is a
1900 Series Integrated Services Router. The
CISCO 1921 router ticks our requirements
for creating a successful network. It allows
to transfer high load data and is designed
for secure data connectivity. CISCO 1921
router also uses K9 Security system which
helps the data and the network away from
unauthorized users or accesses.

D-Link DQS-5000-32S Switch


A switch is a networking device that
connects the devices together. It sends,
receives and processes the data. Since we
will be using a large number of devices,
we will use a 32-port switch, i.e. the D-
Link DQS-5000-32S Switch. It fulfills our
needs to establish the connections
between the whole network. The Switch
is integrated with D-Link 5000 series
which provide scalable, dynamic data
forwarding-table allocations, and routing.
The maximum capacity supported is 2.56
Tbps. allowing you to use 1 Gigabit
Ethernet SFP and upgrade to 10 Gigabit
Ethernet when needed.

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Phase II – IP Schemes’ & Connections

PTCL Wapda Town Exchange Connections:


In PTCL Wapda Town Exchange we have 6 labs of each having 25 clients. The dimension
of all the labs is 85 × 45. We will demonstrate the IP Scheme as well as the connections
of all the components together. Please refer to figure 2.1 below:

Figure 2. 1: Shows the connections from servers to clients with the help of DHCP. The green color indicates a valid connection
between the clients, switches, routers and the server.

IP Distribution
Server
Server IP Address 198.48.1.10
Server Default Gateway 198.48.1.1
Server DNS 198.48.1.10
Server Subnet Mask 255.255.255.0

Router no. 1
FastEthernet 0/0 198.48.1.1

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FastEthernet 0/1 198.48.2.1

Router no. 2
FastEthernet 0/0 198.48.1.1
FastEthernet 0/1 198.48.3.1

PTCL Garden Town Exchange Connections:


Now, PTCL Garden Town Exchange we have 6 labs of each having 25 clients. The
measurement of 2 labs are 65 × 45 and the remaining are 75 × 45. We will exhibit the IP
Scheme as well as the connections of all the components together. Please refer to figure
2.2 below:

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Figure 2. 2: The PTCL Garden Town Exchange shows 5 labs that are connected together through switches and routers.

IP Distribution
Server
Server IP Address 199.48.1.10
Server Default Gateway 199.48.1.1
Server DNS 199.48.1.10
Server Subnet Mask 255.255.255.0

Router no. 1
FastEthernet 0/0 199.48.1.1
FastEthernet 0/1 199.48.2.1

Router no. 2
FastEthernet 0/0 199.48.1.1
FastEthernet 0/1 199.48.3.1

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Router no. 3
FastEthernet 0/0 199.48.1.1
FastEthernet 0/1 199.48.4.1
Router no. 4
FastEthernet 0/0 199.48.1.1
FastEthernet 0/1 199.48.5.1
Router no. 5
FastEthernet 0/0 199.48.1.1
FastEthernet 0/1 199.48.6.1
Router no. 6
FastEthernet 0/0 199.48.1.1
FastEthernet 0/1 199.48.7.1

MCB Head Office Connections:


In MCB Lahore Head Office Labs’ we have a total of 5 labs each lab having 30 clients. The
size of 2 labs are 95 × 45 and outstanding are 85 × 45. Please refer below to find the IP
Scheme as well as the connections of all the components together. Please refer to figure
2.3 below:

Figure 2. 3: MCB Head Office Labs connected through switches and routers. Green Color indicates that the connection is valid

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IP Distribution
Server
Server IP Address 200.48.1.10
Server Default Gateway 200.48.1.1
Server DNS 200.48.1.10
Server Subnet Mask 255.255.255.0

Router no. 1
FastEthernet 0/0 200.48.1.1
FastEthernet 0/1 200.48.2.1

Router no. 2
FastEthernet 0/0 200.48.1.1
FastEthernet 0/1 200.48.3.1

Router no. 3
FastEthernet 0/0 200.48.1.1
FastEthernet 0/1 200.48.4.1
Router no. 4
FastEthernet 0/0 200.48.1.1
FastEthernet 0/1 200.48.5.1
Router no. 4
FastEthernet 0/0 200.48.1.1
FastEthernet 0/1 200.48.6.1

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Phase III – Physical Layout of the Labs

Below we have branches which include a total of 13 labs. PTCL Wapda Town Exchange
consist of 2 labs, PTCL Garden Town Exchange has 6 labs and MCB Lahore Head Office
has a total of 5 labs. The diagram below shows the arrangements of all the components
such as desks, computers, printers, servers, wires, etc. It also shows the IPs that we
need to assign to the server, routers, and switches.
PTCL Wapda Town Exchange Layout:
PTCL Wapda Town Exchange has 6 labs of each having 25 clients. The dimension of all
the labs is 85 × 45. Below we have illustrated the physical layout of the labs in Wapda
Town Exchange. Please refer to figure 3.1 below:

Figure 3. 1: Server is connected to the switch through a copper wire. The switch is connected to the router that connects the labs
through a switch which is linked to the Wi-Fi device in labs through that the clients are connected wirelessly.

PTCL Garden Town Exchange Connections:


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Our second branch is PTCL Garden Town Exchange. The branch consists of total of 6 labs
where each having 25 clients. The area of 2 labs are 65 × 45 and remaining are 75 × 45.
We will now show the physical arrangments as well the IP allocated to each router and
switch. Please find the figure 3.2 below:

Figure 3. 2: Server is connected to the switch through a copper wire. The switch is connected to 2 routers that joins all the 6 labs
via a switch which is linked to the Wi-Fi device in labs through that the clients are connected wirelessly.

MCB Head Office Connections:


Our final labs are in MCB Lahore Head Office. MCB Head Office has a total of 5 labs each
lab having 30 clients. The size of 2 labs are 95 × 45 and outstanding are 85 × 45. Please
indicate below to find the IP Arrangements as well as the networks the components
together. Please consider the figure 3.3 below:

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Figure 3. 3: We have created a network of 5 labs in which the server is connected to the switch through a copper wire. The
switch is connected to 2 routers that join the 5 labs via switch & is linked to the Wi-Fi device in labs through the clients are
connected.

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Phase IV – Costing & Budgeting

Costing provides a complete financial idea about the total cost of the project. The
costing would be divided into 3 major parts:
A) Fixed costs
B) Running costs
C) Full cost

Fixed costs are the costs that are not variable. Whereas the running costs are the costs
that occur after every certain day. Below is the list of detailed pricing of each item and
services needed in order to run a smooth and worry-free network. We will breakdown
the costs with respect to the branch.
PTCL Wapda Town Exchange:
Please find the list of items and services as well as the price for each item that is needed
for PTCL Wapda Town Exchange:

Unit Price
No. of Items Name of Item Total Price (PKR)
(PKR)
50 Computer Tables 11,500 575,000

D-Link DQS-5000-32S
03 749,999 2,199,997
Switch

01 CISCO 1921-K9 Router 54,999 54,999

02 Epson EB-X18 Projector 95,000 190,000

50 Office Mesh Chairs 6,000 300,000

50 HP 24UH Monitor 17,799 889,950

50 Mouse & Keyboard 1,000 50,000

50 Dell OptiPlex 780 6,150 307,500

04 HP LaserJet 1320 Printer 8,300 33,200

04 PEL Air Conditioner 2 Ton 79,200 316,800

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04 Smart Gadget CCTV 2,599 10,396

APC UPS - 1.5kVA /


04 55,000 220,000
980Watts
LTE Pakistan – Fiber Optic 850 per
35 Meter 29,750
Cable Meter

1 Pack Netcare Cross-Over Cables 359,995

TP-Link AC2300 WiFi 61,488


02 30,744
Router

- Construction Material 90,000 90,000

30 Philips Ceiling LED Lights 300 9,000

Total Cost of each corresponding 1,568,585 5,338,080

Below is the list of running costs which includes employees that we should need in order
to run and maintain the work flow smoothly:

1-month Total
No. of Position of an 1-month Salary of 3 years Cost per
Cost per Position
Employees Employee an Employee (PKR) Position (PKR)
(PKR)
02 Architecture 50,000 100,000 3,600,000

3 Construction Labor 11,000 33,000 1,188,000

Construction
1 30,000 30,000 1,080,000
Manager

2 Lab Cleaner 11,000 22,000 792,000

- Electricity Bill 100,000 100,000 3,600,000

2 Paint Labor 20,000 40,000 1,440,000

5 Tile Labor 18,000 90,000 3,240,000

3 Technicians 30,000 90,000 3,240,000

4 Electricians 16,000 64,000 2,304,000

1 Project Manager 75,000 75,000 2,700,000

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2 IT Expert 35,000 70,000 2,520,000

2 Computer Expert 30,000 60,000 2,160,000

2 Network Engineer 35,000 70,000 2,520,000

2 UPS Technicians 20,000 40,000 1,440,000

2 Software Engineer 45,000 90,000 3,240,000

1 Lab Manager 125,000 125,000 4,500,000

Total Cost of each corresponding 651,000 1,099,000 39,564,000

PTCL Garden Town Exchange:


Please find the list of items and services as well as the price for each item that is needed
for PTCL Garden Town Exchange:

Unit Price
No. of Items Name of Item Total Price (PKR)
(PKR)
150 Computer Tables 11,500 1,725,000

D-Link DQS-5000-32S
07 749,999 5,249,993
Switch

02 CISCO 1921-K9 Router 54,999 109,998

02 Epson EB-X18 Projector 95,000 190,000

150 Office Mesh Chairs 6,000 900,000

150 HP 24UH Monitor 17,799 2,669,850

150 Mouse & Keyboard 1,000 150,000

150 Dell OptiPlex 780 6,150 922,500

12 HP LaserJet 1320 Printer 8,300 99,600

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24 PEL Air Conditioner 2 Ton 79,200 1,900,800

12 Smart Gadget CCTV 2,599 31,188

APC UPS - 1.5kVA /


12 55,000 660,000
980Watts
LTE Pakistan – Fiber Optic 850 per
105 Meter 89,250
Cable Meter
2,159,970
6 Pack Netcare Cross-Over Cables 359,995

TP-Link AC2300 WiFi


06 30,744 184,464
Router

- Construction Material 540,000 540,000

90 Philips Ceiling LED Lights 300 27,000

Total Cost of each corresponding 2,018,585 15,958,977

Below is the list of running costs which includes employees that we should need in order
to run and maintain the work flow smoothly:

1-month Total 3 years Cost per


No. of Position of an 1-month Salary of
Cost per Position Position (PKR)
Employees Employee an Employee (PKR)
(PKR)
06 Architecture 50,000 300,000 10,800,000

09 Construction Labor 11,000 99,000 3,564,000

Construction
02 30,000 60,000 2,160,000
Manager

12 Lab Cleaner 11,000 132,000 4,752,000

- Electricity Bill 300,000 300,000 10,800,000

09 Paint Labor 20,000 180,000 6,480,000

15 Tile Labor 18,000 270,000 9,720,000

18 Technicians 30,000 540,000 19,440,000

12 Electricians 16,000 192,000 6,912,000

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3 Project Manager 75,000 225,000 8,100,000

6 IT Expert 35,000 210,000 7,560,000

6 Computer Expert 30,000 180,000 6,480,000

6 Network Engineer 35,000 210,000 7,560,000

6 UPS Technicians 20,000 120,000 4,320,000

6 Software Engineer 45,000 270,000 9,720,000

2 Lab Manager 125,000 250,000 9,000,000

Total Cost of each corresponding 851,000 3,538,000 127,368,000

MCB Head Office Lahore:


Please find the list of items and services as well as the price for each item that is needed
for MCB Head Office Lahore:

Unit Price
No. of Items Name of Item Total Price (PKR)
(PKR)
150 Computer Tables 11,500 1,725,000

D-Link DQS-5000-32S
06 749,999 4,499,994
Switch

02 CISCO 1921-K9 Router 54,999 109,998

02 Epson EB-X18 Projector 95,000 190,000

150 Office Mesh Chairs 6,000 900,000

150 HP 24UH Monitor 17,799 2,669,850

150 Mouse & Keyboard 1,000 150,000

150 Dell OptiPlex 780 6,150 922,500

05 HP LaserJet 1320 Printer 8,300 41,500

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20 PEL Air Conditioner 2 Ton 79,200 1,584,000

10 Smart Gadget CCTV 2,599 25,990

APC UPS - 1.5kVA /


10 55,000 550,000
980Watts
LTE Pakistan – Fiber Optic 850 per
87 Meter 73,950
Cable Meter

05 Pack Netcare Cross-Over Cables 359,995 1,799,975

TP-Link AC2300 WiFi


05 30,744 153,720
Router

- Construction Material 540,000 540,000

75 Philips Ceiling LED Lights 300 22,500

Total Cost of each corresponding 2,018,585 15,956,977

Below is the list of running costs which includes employees that we should need in order
to run and maintain the work flow smoothly:

1-month Total 3 years Cost per


No. of Position of an 1-month Salary of
Cost per Position Position (PKR)
Employees Employee an Employee (PKR)
(PKR)
05 Architecture 50,000 250,000 9,000,000

09 Construction Labor 11,000 99,000 3,564,000

Construction
02 30,000 60,000 2,160,000
Manager

10 Lab Cleaner 11,000 110,000 3,960,000

- Electricity Bill 250,000 250,000 9,000,000

08 Paint Labor 20,000 160,000 5,760,000

15 Tile Labor 18,000 270,000 9,720,000

15 Technicians 30,000 450,000 16,200,000

10 Electricians 16,000 160,000 5,760,000

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2 Project Manager 75,000 150,000 5,400,000

5 IT Expert 35,000 175,000 6,300,000

5 Computer Expert 30,000 150,000 5,400,000

5 Network Engineer 35,000 175,000 6,300,000

5 UPS Technicians 20,000 100,000 3,600,000

5 Software Engineer 45,000 225,000 8,100,000

2 Lab Manager 125,000 250,000 9,000,000

Total Cost of each corresponding 801,000 3,034,000 109,224,000

Phase V – Conclusion & Proof of Products

Conclusion:
The analysis that we performed over the project in regards to construction of the labs and running a
successful network, we can state that all 3 labs have same resources practically, with the same-skilled
employees in regards to their roles in the lab. All the labs will be interconnected to the router and linked
with a switch so that the data or information can easily be transferred to the computers over the
network and data sharing can also be made efficiently and effectively. The products that we have short
listed are top-notch quality with no compromising on the quality therefore, the quotation maybe high
but the main purpose of the network is to provide high-speed internet or network within all of these
organizations’ labs so the users of these organizations can seamlessly access and benefit themselves
using the established network.

The Total cost that would be required in order to establish all the 13 labs in these 3 organization is,
44,925,034/- that is to be paid immediately (within 30 days) after hiring and establishing the network. A
1- month training course would be provided to the to ensure that every user has a firm grip on the
software and the network. In any case of mishap or bug PTCL and MCB employees have privilege to
contact us 24/7 for the next 365 days of delivery so that we can denote a timely action to prevent
unwanted scenarios.

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Figure 4; Full view of Labs in VIsco

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Proof of Goods:

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