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B.S.Hoyle No. 18

April 28, 1983

Foreign Related Research Study

The geographical study of seaports and seaport systems is recognised as one of the Department's major
interests in the context of research in human geography, and several members of staff and a number of
research students and assistants are involved in work in this field or have recently contributed towards
its development. An attempt is made in this paper to review the development of port geography and
port-related research at Southampton in the context of the wider fields of urban and transport
geography within which this work is set; to identify a series of themes emerging from recent research; to
indicate some present trends; and to look towards the future in terms of research plans and priorities.

The extent to which port development patterns are a reflection of regional development strategies, and
the extent to which (if at all) they are able to initiate new trends, is a theme recently examined by Dr.
Hoyle in two contrasted areas.

Beyond the limits of port-city relationships we have been concerned to explore the significance of ports
in terms of regional economic growth, and the theme of ports and regional development is one that has
come to occupy a good deal of attention.

In relation to this study, since one of the purpose of the researchers is that to redevelop the existing
Calbayog Port that will serve its purpose and at the same time give an additional impact to the economy
of the city. This research study will guide the researchers on how to reflect the use of the of seaport as a
term for regional economic growth by the use of its geographical considerations.
Factors affecting seaport capacity: Managerial implications for a simulation framework

S. Islama and T.L. Olsena

6 December 2013

Foreign Related Research Study

The purpose of this study is to propose a System Dynamics (SD) framework for managerial decision
making that is developed based on the factors affecting seaport capacity. From a micro-level
perspective, a seaport facilitates in the transfer of containerized goods from one mode of transport to
another, such as; from container trucks to ships, or from ships to container trucks (Carbone and De
Martino, 2003). In a broader sense and from a different perspective, a port is an important part of a
chain of organizations that brings products to the final customers (Panayides, 2006). To indicate the
importance of performing that role correctly within a cluster of organizations (e.g., wholesalers,
retailers, importers and exporters) within the supply chain, ..ports should ensure that existing
infrastructure and equipment is utilized to maximum economic and technical efficiency in order to
optimize the container production process”. In contrast, ports often lack the necessary capacity to
execute their operations competently. This weakens the goal of supply chain integration with other
members of the same network of organizations. Capacity shortage is one of the limiting problems
currently facing many ports of the world (Paul and Maloni, 2010).

Many seaports of the world are currently facing the problem of capacity shortage (Paul and Maloni,
2010). Several factors are influencing the demand for container port capacity. The capacity shortage
problem has compelled seaport authorities to build new facilities and infrastructure for their container
terminals. Therefore, to further establish the maritime logistics field, by identifying the consequences of
capacity shortage at seaports and the corresponding supply chains.

In relation to this study, since a seaport is a key part of a supply chain. However the problem of system-
wide capacity shortage puts seaport authorities under pressure to keep up to date with ways in which to
solve it. This study helps the researchers for the proposed capacity management framework inherits the
potential for use at ports in capacity-management-related problem solving. The framework would be of
importance in assisting managers in identifying possible capacity expansion opportunities.
Ports: definition and study of types, sizes and business models
Ivan Roa, Yessica Peña, Beatriz Amante , María Goretti
July 2013

Foreign Related Article

The Ports are areas that are attached to a sea, ocean or river by connecting waterway
and are essentially considered as entities. They are equipped with infrastructure and
technical facilities of any kind that allow them to manage the load type for which t hey
are specialized. Its basic function is to provide shelter to a different extent to ships,
allowing the transfer of goods from one means of transport to another. They also function
as node link between sea and land and are a clear example of intermodali ty (Tarantola,

The ports are managed under a complex legal concept and managed through an
organizational model that mostly generates the need for convergence of the public and
private sectors. It is therefore an organizational model whose study is by no means trivial.
The management model used in Spanish territory is fairly standardized. In this model,
infrastructure is publicly owned and service delivery tends to be private and regulation is
carried out by a public official (Bofarull, 2010). Obviously, although this is perhaps the
most widespread model, is not alone as reflected in the World Bank report (2007). For
the present article we propose a study to determine the most common organizational
model of this type of facility, first defining the types of ports by physical characteristics
and under development activity. Furthermore we’ll study the size basing on certain
criteria and finally will specify the business model.
In relation this study, This article aims to determine the type of port and the most
common size, in order to find out which business model is applied in that segment and
what is the legal status of the companies of such infrastructure.