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Polymer Characterization

LDPE Polyethylene low density HDPE Polyethylene high density ABS Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene SAN Styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer EVA Polyethylene co-vinyl acetate PVA Polyvinyl acetate PerkinElmer Solutions for Polymer Characterization
Tg(ºC): -130 to 100 Cp (J/g*K): 1,8 to 3,4 Tg(ºC): -130 to 100 Cp (J/g*K): 1,8 to 3,4 Tg(ºC): 110 to 125 CpJ/(g*K): 1,25 to 1,7 Tg(ºC): 95 to 110 CpJ/(g*K): 1,2 Tg(ºC): -45 to 20 CpJ/(g*K): 2,3 Tg(ºC): 25 to 35 CpJ/(g*K): -
Tm(ºC): 100 to 120 DHf (J/g): - Tm(ºC): 130 to 140 DHf (J/g): 293 Tm(ºC): - DHf (J/g): - Tm(ºC): - DHf (J/g): - Tm(ºC): 30 to 100 DHf (J/g): 10 to 100 Tm(ºC): - DHf (J/g): -
Td(ºC): 490 to 500 Td(ºC): 490 to 500 Td(ºC): 420 Td(ºC): 420 Td(ºC): 480 Td(ºC): -

PP Polypropylene PS Polystyrene PMMA Polymethylmethacrylate PBMA Polybuthylmethacrylate CA Cellulose acetate EP Epoxy resin Molecular Spectroscopy FTIR Differential Scanning Calorimetry
Tg(ºC): -20 to -5 CpJ/(g*K): 1,8 Tg(ºC): 90 to 110 Cp (J/g*K): 1,8 to 3,4 Tg(ºC): 85 to 100 CpJ/(g*K): 1,45 to 1,5 Tg(ºC): 15 to 25 CpJ/(g*K): - Tg(ºC): 45 to 60 CpJ/(g*K): - Tg(ºC): 50 to 200 CpJ/(g*K): 1,6 to 2,1 Identify and quantitate organic molecules and compounds, Glass transition & melting temperatures, crystallinity, heat of
Understand chemical & physical composition of laminates & fusion, reaction rates, specific heat & heat capacity, curing,
Tm(ºC): 165 to 175 DHf (J/g): 207 Tm(ºC): - DHf (J/g): - Tm(ºC): - DHf (J/g): - Tm(ºC): - DHf (J/g): - Tm(ºC): - DHf (J/g): - Tm(ºC): - DHf (J/g): - adhesives , Troubleshoot chemical origin of occlusions Identify safety & stability studies
Td(ºC): 450 Td(ºC): 445 Td(ºC): 360 to 390 Td(ºC): - Td(ºC): - Td(ºC): 400 to 450 orientation of molecules

Mechanical Analysis
Modulus, stiffness, damping, crystalline, alpha and beta
transitions, glass transition & melting temperatures

PET Polyethylene terephthalate PBT Polybutylene terephthalate PTFE Polytetrafluoroethylene POM Polyoxymethylene UP Polyester resin PF Phenol formaldehyde resin
Tg(ºC): 70 to 80 CpJ/(g*K): 1,05 to 1,2 Tg(ºC): 45 to 65 Cp (J/g*K): 1,3 Tg(ºC): 120 to 130 CpJ/(g*K): 1 Tg(ºC): -75 to -60 CpJ/(g*K): 1,5 Tg(ºC): 60 to 170 CpJ/(g*K): 1,2 to 2,3 Tg(ºC): 70 to 210 CpJ/(g*K): 1,2
Tm(ºC): 245 to 265 DHf (J/g): 140 Tm(ºC): 220 to 230 DHf (J/g): 142 Tm(ºC): 320 to 330 DHf (J/g): 82 Tm(ºC): 140 to 175 DHf (J/g): 190 Tm(ºC): - DHf (J/g): - Tm(ºC): - DHf (J/g): -
Td(ºC): 425 to 440 Td(ºC): 410 Td(ºC): 580 Td(ºC): 400 Td(ºC): 340 to 480 Td(ºC): 450 to 480
Hyphenated Techniques Thermogravimetry
Identify and quantitate evolved gases in resins and compounds Wt % Additive & bi-product losses, Wt % Fillers & Ash,
Decarboxylation, Pyrolization, Decomposition and Stability
studies

Polymer Properties and Classification


PVC Polyvinylchloride PVC-P Polyvinylchloride plasticizer PEEK Polyether ether ketone PES Polyethersulfone PUR Polyurethane PDMS Polydimethylsiloxane THERMOPLASTIC
Tg(ºC): 65 to 85 CpJ/(g*K): 0,8 to 1,2 Tg(ºC): -50 to 80 CpJ/(g*K): 0,8 to 0,9 Tg(ºC): 145 to 155 CpJ/(g*K): - Tg(ºC): 220 to 230 CpJ/(g*K): 1,3 to 1,40 Tg(ºC): 10 to 180 CpJ/(g*K): 1,7 to 2,1 Tg(ºC): -130 to -120 CpJ/(g*K): 1,3 to 1,5 A polymer that becomes moldable above a specific temperature and solidifies upon
Tm(ºC): - DHf (J/g): - Tm(ºC): - DHf (J/g): - Tm(ºC): 335 to 345 DHf (J/g): 130 Tm(ºC): - DHf (J/g): - Tm(ºC): - DHf (J/g): - Tm(ºC): -50 to -40 DHf (J/g): 35 cooling, in a reversible process.
Td(ºC): 290 to 460 Td(ºC): 290 to 460 Td(ºC): 600 Td(ºC): 580 to 590 Td(ºC): 240 to 350 Td(ºC): 530
Are made of polymers linked by intermolecular interactions or van der Waals forces,
forming long linear or branched structures.

The polymer can take two different types of structures, amorphous (characterized by the
glass transition) or crystalline structures (characterized by the melting point) , being
possible the existence of both structures in the same thermoplastic material

THERMOSETTING

A polymer that irreversibly becomes rigid when heated in a irreversible process.


PVF Polyvinylfluoride PCL Polycaprolactone PSU Polysulfone PPS Polyphenylene sulfide BR Butadiene Rubber SBR Styrene-butadiene rubber Are made by polymers joined together by chemical bonds, acquiring a highly crosslinked
polymer structure responsible for the high mechanical and physical strength, on the other
Tg(ºC): 30 to 45 CpJ/(g*K): 1 to 1,8 Tg(ºC): -60 CpJ/(g*K): - Tg(ºC): 185 to 195 CpJ/(g*K): 1,35 Tg(ºC): 80 to 90 CpJ/(g*K): Tg(ºC): -95 to -85 CpJ/(g*K): 1,7 to 2,0 Tg(ºC): -55 to -35 CpJ/(g*K): 1,85 to 2,0 hand is this highly crosslinked structure which provides a poor elasticity.
Tm(ºC): 190 to 200 DHf (J/g): 164 Tm(ºC): 60 DHf (J/g): - Tm(ºC): - DHf (J/g): - Tm(ºC): 275 to 290 DHf (J/g): 80 Tm(ºC): 110 to 130 DHf (J/g): - Tm(ºC): -20 DHf (J/g): 170
Td(ºC): 430 to 445 Td(ºC): - Td(ºC): 530 Td(ºC): 510 to 550 Td(ºC): 350 to 370 Td(ºC): 435 to 455 Thermosets are completely amorphous and have no melting properties, and their
properties are governed by its glass transition temperature.

ELASTOMER

A polymer with viscoelasticity and very weak inter-molecular forces, generally having low
Young's modulus and high failure strain compared with other materials

Depending on the distribution and degree of the chemical bonds of the polymers,
elastomeric materials can have properties or characteristics similar to thermosets or
thermoplastic
PA6 Polyamide 6 PA66 Polyamide 66 EVOH Ethylene vinyl alcohol PVOH Polyvinylalcohol NBR Acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber CR Chloroprene rubber Elastomers are amorphous polymers with properties governed by its glass transition
temperature that are below 0ºC.
Tg(ºC): 40 to 60 CpJ/(g*K): 1,6 to 1,7 Tg(ºC): 50 to 60 CpJ/(g*K): 1,9 Tg(ºC): 50 to 70 CpJ/(g*K): - Tg(ºC): 80 to 90 CpJ/(g*K): 1,55 Tg(ºC): -40 to 5 CpJ/(g*K): 1,95 Tg(ºC): -50 to -30 CpJ/(g*K): -
Tm(ºC): 210 to 220 DHf (J/g): 190 Tm(ºC): 240 to 265 DHf (J/g): 185 Tm(ºC): 150 to 190 DHf (J/g): - Tm(ºC): 220 to 260 DHf (J/g): 156 Tm(ºC): - DHf (J/g): 485 Tm(ºC): 40 to 70 DHf (J/g): 1 to 10 -
Td(ºC): 435 Td(ºC): 450 Td(ºC): - Td(ºC): 260 to 320 Td(ºC): 450 Td(ºC): 380 to 460 Tg is the range of temperatures over glass transition occurs.
Tg Glass transition is the reversible transition in amorphous region of a material from a hard and
relatively brittle "glassy" state into a molten or rubber-like state.

Tm is the range of temperatures over melting occurs.


Tm Melting is the physical process that results in the phase transition of a substance from a solid to a
liquid.

Td is the range of temperatures over decomposition occurs.


Td Thermal decomposition is a process of extensive chemical species change caused by heat.

PA12 Polyamide 12 PA610 Polyamide 6/10 PC Polycarbonate PAM Polyacrylamide NR Natural rubber EPDM Ethylene-propylene-diene rubber DHf DHf is the is the change of enthalpy resulting from providing energy, typically heat, to a specific
quantity of the substance to change its state from a solid to a liquid at constant pressure
Tg(ºC): 40 to 50 CpJ/(g*K): 1,1 to 1,25 Tg(ºC): 40 to 70 CpJ/(g*K): 1,6 Tg(ºC): 140 to 150 CpJ/(g*K): 1,2 to 1,5 Tg(ºC): 160 to 170 CpJ/(g*K): - Tg(ºC): 95 to 110 CpJ/(g*K): 1,2 Tg(ºC): 95 to 110 CpJ/(g*K): 1,2
Cp is a measurable physical quantity equal to the ratio of the heat added to (or removed from) an
Tm(ºC): 170 to 180 DHf (J/g): 95 Tm(ºC): 210 to 230 DHf (J/g): 117 to 127 Tm(ºC): - DHf (J/g): - Tm(ºC): - DHf (J/g): - Tm(ºC): - DHf (J/g): - Tm(ºC): - DHf (J/g): - Cp object to the resulting temperature change.
Td(ºC): 465 Td(ºC): 450 to 465 Td(ºC): 480 Td(ºC): - Td(ºC): 420 Td(ºC): 420

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